275 years ago
An expedition led by Vitus Bering discovered Kiska Island in the Aleutian Islands chain of Alaska.
100 years ago
The Kingdom of Poland was proclaimed by the Act of 5th November of the emperors of Germany and Austria-Hungary.
A shoot-out in Everett, Washington between local authorities and members of the Industrial Workers of the World resulted in the deaths of 5-12 IWW members and 2 citizen deputies.
80 years ago
On the radio
The Adventures of Sherlock Holmes, starring Louis Hector and Harry West, on MBS
Tonight's episode: The Cardboard Box
75 years ago
Died on this date
Arndt Pekurinen, 36. Finnish activist. Mr. Pekurinen was a pacifist who served time in prison from 1929-1931 for repeatedly refusing military conscription. He was imprisoned again during the Winter War against the U.S.S.R. in 1939-1940. When the Continutation War broke out in 1941, Mr. Pekurinen was sent to the front, and ordered to put on a uniform and bear arms; when he refused, he was executed without trial. The first two soldiers ordered by Captain Pentti Valkonen to shoot Mr. Pekurinen refused, but the third, Corporal Asikainen, obeyed.
The German command announced that its forces had penetrated the Crimean Mountains in southern Crimea and had reached the Black Sea between Yalta and Theodosia.
The Japanese government announced that Saburo Kurusu had been ordered to Washington to assist Ambassador Kichisaburo Nomura in an effort to reach a settlement with the United States.
The government of Chile announced that so far, 11 Latin American governments had agreed to make a joint protest to Germany against the execution of hostages in occupied countries.
The White House announced that U.S. President Franklin D. Roosevelt and Canadian Prime Minister Mackenzie King had agreed at their recent conference in Hyde Park, New York to set up a Joint Defense Production Committee to coordinate the production of defense material.
The New York Herald Tribune reported that the naval government of Guam had ordered the families of U.S. naval personnel stationed there to return home because of growing tension in the Far East. The U.S. War Department announced that it would take over the branches and warehouses of Air Associates Inc. In a five-hour speech, U.S. Senator Burton K. Wheeler (Democrat--Montana) attacked the proposal to amend the Neutrality Act to permit American merchant ships to be armed.
U.S. President Roosevelt's fact-finding board, headed by Wayne Morse, recommended that railroads increase the wages of 1,150,000 employees by a total of $270 million from September 1, 1941 to December 31, 1942.
A dispute between the independent United Aircraft Welders Association and the American Federation of Labor International Association of Machinists halted work at Lockheed Aircraft Corporation plants in southern California.
Drs. Charles Rammelkamp and Chester Keefer of Boston University School of Medicine reported on experiments with a powerful new healing substance, called tyrothrycin or gramicidin, which may be used in healing local infections without harming the tissues.
Dr. Edwin Land of Polaroid Corporation reported that he had perfected a new secret material that permitted the photographing of two superimposed pictures on the same film, making three dimensional still and motion pictures practical.
70 years ago
Politics and government
U.S. mid-term elections resulted in the Republican Party winning control of both houses of Congress and a majority of state governorships. The Republicans gained 12 Senate seats, giving them a total of 51. The Democrats lost 11 seats, dropping to 45. Robert La Follette, Jr., elected as a member of the Progressive Party in Wisconsin 1940, chose to run as a Republican in 1946, but lost his party's nomination to Joseph McCarthy. Republicans won 246 seats in the House of Representatives, an increase of 55 from 1944. The Democrats were reduced to 188 seats, and American Labor Party candidate Vito Marcantonio was elected in New York. New York Governor Thomas Dewey was re-elected by a margin of 680,000 votes, becoming the first Republican in recent history to carry New York City. Among the candidates being elected for the first time were Senator-elect McCarthy (Republican--Wisconsin) and Representatives-elect John F. Kennedy (Democrat--Massachusetts) and Richard Nixon (Republican--California). Alabama voters approved a measure requiring registered voters to "understand and explain" any part of the U.S. Constitution to the satisfaction of county registrars; the measure was aimed at barring Negro voters from the polls. District of Columbia residents voted overwhelmingly for the right to participate in national elections, but the referendum had no official standing.
British authorities in Palestine released eight Jewish Agency leaders from the Latrun detention camp, where they had been held since June 29. Over 2,000 Haganah suspects were also released.
General Lucius Clay of the U.S. military government in Germany told 200 German officials in Stuttgart that they had not proceeded thoroughly enough with denazification, and threatened to place the program in American hands if there was not rapid improvement.
Constitutional amendments outlawing the closed (or union) shop were adopted in Nebraska, South Dakota, and Arizona, while Massachusetts adopted a proposal requiring unions to publish financial statements.
60 years ago
On television tonight
The Australian Broadcasting Commission's ABN Channel 2 service began broadcasting at 7 P.M.
Died on this date
Jules-Géraud Saliège, 86. French clergyman. Cardinal Saliège was the Roman Catholic Archbishop of Toulouse from 1928 until his death. He was known for his opposition to Nazi persecution of Jews during World War II, and his arrest for protesting the deportation of Jews earned Cardinal Saliège the nickname "Primate of Resistance."
Art Tatum, 47. U.S. musician. Mr. Tatum was a jazz pianist, regarded as one of the best ever, in a career running from the early 1930s until his death from uremia, resulting from kidney failure.
British and French paratroops landed at the northern end of the Suez Canal and battled Egyptian forces estimated at three divisions with tanks. The United Nations agreed to implement Canadian External Affairs Minister Lester Pearson's proposal for an international emergency force for the Suez Canal to separate Egypt from the invading French, British, and Israeli forces. Mr. Pearson's peace plan became the model for all later UN peacekeeping actions. Canadian Army General E.L.M. Burns was named commander of the UN Emergency Force.
Crowds estimated at 75,000-100,000 demonstrated in support of Hungarian freedom at the Brandenburg Gate, just inside West Berlin.
The U.S. Supreme Court ordered new trials for Steve Nelson and four other American Communist leaders due to "tainted testimony" in their original trials.
Economics and finance
Colombian Finance Minister Luis Morales Gomez revealed a new austerity program under which 454 luxury items would be banned from import.
7 people were killed and 150 injured in a train wreck on the north side of Chicago.
Saskatchewan 8 @ Winnipeg 19 (Saskatchewan won 2-game total points series 50-26)
The Blue Bombers beat the Roughriders on a muddy field at Winnipeg Stadium, but fell well short of the points needed to win the series. Winnipeg halfback Glenn McWhinney suffered a broken neck, ending his career. It was also the final game in a Winnipeg uniform for end and halfback Bud Grant and quarterback Eagle Day, and the last game for Allie Sherman as Winnipeg's head coach. In three seasons as head coach of the Blue Bombers, Mr. Sherman posted a regular season record of 24-22-2 and a playoff record of 4-6-1, reaching the Western Interprovincial Finals twice, but failing to advance to the Grey Cup.
50 years ago
#1 single in Australia (Kent Music Report): Lady Godiva--Peter and Gordon (2nd week at #1)
#1 single in France: Le Coeur en Bandoulière--Salvatore Adamo
#1 single in Italy (FIMI): Strangers in the Night--Frank Sinatra (8th week at #1)
#1 single in West Germany (Media Control): Bend It--Dave Dee, Dozy, Beaky, Mick and Tich
#1 single in the Netherlands (De Nederlandse Top 40): Little Man--Sonny and Cher (5th week at #1)
#1 single in the U.K. (New Musical Express): Reach Out I'll Be There--Four Tops (2nd week at #1)
#1 single in the U.S.A. (Billboard): Last Train to Clarksville--The Monkees
U.S.A. Top 10 (Cash Box)
1 Last Train to Clarksville--The Monkees (2nd week at #1)
2 Walk Away Renee--The Left Banke
3 Poor Side of Town--Johnny Rivers
4 Have You Seen Your Mother, Baby, Standing in the Shadow?--The Rolling Stones
5 96 Tears--? (Question Mark) & the Mysterians
6 Reach Out I'll Be There--Four Tops
7 Hooray for Hazel--Tommy Roe
8 Dandy--Herman's Hermits
9 If I Were a Carpenter--Bobby Darin
10 Good Vibrations--The Beach Boys
Singles entering the chart were Time After Time by Chris Montez (#60); (Come ’Round Here) I'm the One You Need by the Miracles (#63); A Hazy Shade of Winter by Simon and Garfunkel (#77); Hymn No. 5 by the Mighty Hannibal (#84); It's Only Love by Tommy James and the Shondells (#86); Games that Lovers Play by Mantovani and his Orchestra (#95); Baby What Do You Want Me to Do by Barbara Lewis (#96); Winchester Cathedral by Dana Rollin (#97); (When She Needs Good Lovin’) She Comes to Me by the Chicago Loop (#98); Please Say You're Fooling by Ray Charles (#99); The Proud One by Frankie Valli (#100); I Bet'cha (Couldn’t Love Me) by the Manhattans (also #100); and Can I Get to Know You Better by the Turtles (also #100).
Eddy Arnold performed at the Sales Pavilion in Edmonton; ticket prices ranged from $2.50-$3.50.
Alberta (4-3) 7 @ Saskatchewan 40
The Huskies recovered 7 of 8 Alberta fumbles as they routed the Golden Bears at Griffiths Stadium in Saskatoon and eliminated the defending Western champions from post-season contention. The Huskies fumbled 4 times, losing 1. The game was the last for Gino Fracas as Alberta's head coach; he had succeeded Murray Smith in 1963, and led the team to an unofficial national championship in his first season, three straight Western titles, and a berth in the first Canadian College Bowl in 1965. Mr. Fracas left to build the football program at the University of Windsor and was replaced by Clare Drake, who continued in the position of head coach of the Golden Bears hockey team while also coaching the football team.
40 years ago
#1 single in New Zealand: Dancing Queen--ABBA (2nd week at #1)
#1 single in West Germany (Media Control): Daddy Cool--Boney M (8th week at #1)
#1 single in Switzerland: Daddy Cool--Boney M (4th week at #1)
The American League expansion draft took place, with the Toronto Blue Jays and Seattle Mariners selecting 30 new players apiece. The Mariners had the first choice and selected outfielder Ruppert Jones from the Kansas City Royals, while the Blue Jays picked infielder-outfielder Bob Bailor from the Baltimore Orioles as their first choice.
30 years ago
#1 single in Sweden (Topplistan): Joey Killer--Magnus Uggla (7th week at #1)
Died on this date
Bobby Nunn, 61. U.S. singer. Mr. Nunn was a member of the doo-wop groups the Robins in the early 1950s, and the Coasters later in the decade. He died of heart failure.
Claude Jutra, 56. Canadian film director. Mr. Jutra, a native of Montréal, was a major figure in Quebec cinema, directing films such as Mon Oncle Antoine (1971) and Kamouraska (1973). He was suffering from early-onset Alzheimer's Disease, and drowned as an apparent suicide in the St. Lawrence RIver near Montréal; his body washed up at Cap-Santé on April 19, 1987.
USS Rentz, USS Reeves, and USS Oldendorf visited Qingdao (Tsing Tao) in the first U.S. Naval visit to China since 1949.
25 years ago
Died on this date
Fred MacMurray, 83. U.S. actor. Mr. MacMurray was mainly known for comic roles in movies such as The Absent-Minded Professor (1961) and Son of Flubber (1963), but was also memorable as a "heavy" in films such as Double Indemnity (1944); The Caine Mutiny (1954); and The Apartment (1960). He was best known to a later generation as the star of the television comedy series My Three Sons (1960-1972). Mr. MacMurray died of pneumonia after battling with leukemia for a decade.
Robert Maxwell, 68. Czechoslovakia-born U.K. publisher. The owner of Mirror Group Newspapers and the New York Daily News was cruising off the Canary Islands aboard his yacht Lady Ghislaine, and his body was found in the sea off the coast of Tenerife.
Politics and government
Mike Harcourt was sworn in as Premier of British Columbia, 19 days after his New Democratic Party had unseated the Social Credit government of Premier Rita Johnston in the provincial election.
20 years ago
Died on this date
Eddie Harris, 62. U.S. musician. Mr. Harris was a jazz saxophonist and keyboard player who was known for introducing the electrically amplified saxophone, and playing electric piano and organ. His version of the theme from Exodus was released as a single and reached #16 in the Billboard Rhythm and Blues chart and #36 on the Hot 100 pop chart in 1961, becoming the first jazz record to be certified as a gold record. Mr. Harris died of bone cancer and kidney disease.
Politics and government
Pakistani President Farooq Leghari dismissed the government of Prime Minister Benazir Bhutto and dissolved the National Assembly of Pakistan.
10 years ago
Died on this date
Bülent Ecevit, 81. Prime Minister of Turkey, 1974; 1977; 1978-1979; 1999-2002. Mr. Ecevit led the Republican People's Party (CHP) from 1972-1980 and the Democratic Left Party (DSP) from 1989-2004 in a parliamentary career spanning 1957-2004. He died almost six months after suffering a cerebral hemorrhage.
Former Iraqi President Saddam Hussein and co-defendants Barzan Ibrahim al-Tikriti and Awad Hamed al-Bandar were sentenced to death in the al-Dujail trial for their roles in the massacre of 148 Shi'a Muslims in 1982.
Winnipeg 27 @ Toronto 31
Saskatchewan 30 @ Calgary 21
Michael Bishop came off the bench in the 4th quarter to replace starting quarterback Damon Allen and threw 2 touchdown passes to help the Argonauts defeat the Blue Bombers before 26,214 fans at Rogers Centre. Winnipeg running back Charles Roberts rushed 30 times for 179 yards and 2 touchdowns, but lost a costly fumble in the 4th quarter.
The Roughriders forced 6 turnovers as they came from a 21-5 2nd-quarter deficit to defeat the Stampders before 35,650 fans at McMahon Stadum. Kenton Keith rushed for 2 touchdowns for Saskatchewan.
Canada and the German mercenaries of the American Revolution - By Anik Laflèche If your last name is Schneider, Sigman, Henry, or André, or it has “von” in it, you may be of German descent. In 1776, the Thirteen Coloni...
10 hours ago