210 years ago
Sepoys in Vellore, India mutinied against the British East India Company, killing or wounding 200 British troops before the rebellion was brutally crushed.
100 years ago
Born on this date
Judith Jasmin. Canadian journalist. Miss Jasmin, a native of Terrebonne, Quebec, was a reporter with Radio-Canada radio and television. She died of cancer on October 20, 1972 at the age of 56.
80 years ago
Chuck Klein hit 4 home runs in 5 at bats to lead the Philadelphia Phillies to a 9-6 win over the Pittsburgh Pirates in 10 innings at Forbes Field in Pittsburgh. Mr. Klein's first homer was a 3-run blow, but the others, including one on the first pitch of the 10th inning, were solo shots. Mr. Klein became the first National League player in the 20th century to hit 4 homers in a game.
The St. Louis Cardinals scored an unearned run in the bottom of the 13th inning to defeat the New York Giants 5-4 at Sportsman's Park in St. Louis.
Lou Gehrig hit 2 home runs and Red Ruffing pitched a 7-hit shutout as the New York Yankees routed the Cleveland Indians 18-0 before 5,000 fans at Yankee Stadium. Bill Dickey and Joe DiMaggio also homered, while Mr. Ruffing had 2 singles, a run, and 2 runs batted in.
75 years ago
Died on this date
Ferdinand "Jelly Roll" Morton, 50. U.S. musician and composer. Mr. Morton, a native of New Orleans, was one of the 20th century's most noted ragtime and blues pianists.
Soviet authorities claimed that the Nazi offensive into the U.S.S.R. had stalled.
The Icelandic Althing voted 139-3 to approve the government's agreement with the United States for the stationing of occupation forces. The U.S. House of Representatives passed the May amendment to the draft act, raising the maximum draft age to 28 and requiring draft boards to publicize their reasons for granting deferments. U.S. Senator Robert Reynolds (Democrat--North Carolina) introduced three resolutions to permit the President to induct more than 90,000 draftees annually; to keep all soldiers in service until six months after the emergency ended; and to employ the Army "within or beyond the limits of the Western Hemisphere."
At least 340 Jews were massacred by 23 local men in Jedwabne, Poland, aided by Nazi police. The Jews were locked in a barn which was then set on fire.
Mexican Foreign Minister Ezequiel Padilla announced that his country supported Uruguay's suggestion that any American nation engaged in a foreign war be considered a non-belligerent.
Politics and government
South Carolina Governor Burnet Maybank (Democrat) appointed U.S. District Court Judge Alva Lumpkin to the United States Senate to take the place of James Byrnes--now a U.S. Supreme Court Justice--until an election could be held.
The U.S. Senate unanimously passed a House of Representatives bill appropriating $40 million to the Tennessee Valley Authority to expand its power-generating facilities, chiefly for aluminum production purposes.
70 years ago
The Austrian Parliament voted to define "German assets" in Austria, liable to be taken for reparations, as property owned by Germans before the 1938 German anschluss of Austria.
Canada's first drive-in movie theatre - the Skyway - opened in Stoney Creek, Ontario, just outside Hamilton.
At the Paris conference of foreign ministers, U.S.S.R. Foreign Minister Vyacheslav Molotov opposed dismemberment, federalization, or "agrarianization" of Germany, and rejected French proposals for the separation of Ruhr and Rhineland.
In a policy statement submitted to the United Nations Atomic Energy Commission, U.S. representative Bernard Baruch said that unless war was abolished, the United States would have no alternative but to develop more and bigger atomic bombs.
Acting on a directive from the U.S.S.R., the government of the German state of Thuringia ordered the restoration of property taken from Jews there after 1933.
Egyptian police seized 1,000 political suspects as the government banned an anti-British general strike scheduled for the following day.
Economics and finance
Hungarian hyperinflation set a record with inflation of 348.46% per day, or prices doubling every 11 hours.
60 years ago
Died on this date
Joe Giard, 57. U.S. baseball pitcher. Mr. Giard played with the St. Louis Browns (1925-1926) and New York Yankees (1927), compiling a record of 13-15 with an earned run average of 5.96 in 68 games. He was with the Yankees when they won the World Series. In eight seasons in the minor leagues from 1922-1929, Mr. Giard was 44-64; his best season was 1924, when he was 20-17 with the Toledo Mud Hens of the American Association.
Israeli Foreign Minister Golda Myerson protested to the United Nations against a "renewed outbreak of attacks on the Jordan border."
U.S. Vice President Richard Nixon briefly conferred with Spanish Foreign Minister Alberto Martin Artajo in Majorca.
U.S.S.R. Ambassador to the United Nations Georgi Zarubin formally protested to U.S. Secretary of State John Foster Dulles that U.S. military aircraft had "grossly violated" Soviet air space in western Russia in July 1955.
U.K. Prime Minister Anthony Eden announced plans for a state visit to the U.S.S.R. in 1957.
Politics and government
U.S. President Dwight Eisenhower told Republican congressional leaders that he still intended to run for a second term in the election of November 1956 despite his recent intestinal operation.
Major League All-Star Game @ Griffith Stadium, Washington
National League 7 @ American League 3
Ken Boyer of the St. Louis Cardinals had 3 singles and made 3 great defensive plays, while St. Louis teammate Stan Musial and Willie Mays of the New York Giants added home runs as the NL defeated the AL before 28,843 fans for their sixth win in the last seven years. Ted Williams of the Boston Red Sox and Mickey Mantle of the New York Yankees hit consecutive home runs for the American League in the 6th inning.
50 years ago
The Chicago Freedom Movement, led by Rev. Martin Luther King, Jr., held a rally at Soldier Field in Chicago. As many as 60,000 people heard Rev. King as well as Mahalia Jackson, Stevie Wonder, and Peter Paul and Mary.
40 years ago
#1 single in Italy (Hit Parade Italia): Non si puo' morire dentro--Gianni Bella
#1 single in the Netherlands (Veronica Top 40): Arms of Mary--Sutherland Brothers and Quiver (2nd week at #1)
#1 single in the U.K.: Young Hearts Run Free--Candi Staton
#1 single in the U.S.A. (Billboard): Afternoon Delight--Starland Vocal Band
U.S.A. Top 10 (Cash Box)
1 Afternoon Delight--Starland Vocal Band (3rd week at #1)
2 Kiss and Say Goodbye--The Manhattans
3 More, More, More (Part 1)--Andrea True Connection
4 Silly Love Songs--Wings
5 Love is Alive--Gary Wright
6 Moonlight Feels Right--Starbuck
7 Let Her In--John Travolta
8 Misty Blue--Dorothy Moore
9 Shop Around--Captain & Tennille
10 Take the Money and Run--Steve Miller Band
Singles entering the chart were (Shake, Shake, Shake) Shake Your Booty by K.C. and the Sunshine Band (#74); Summer by War (#84); Springtime Mama by Henry Gross (#87); Dancin' Kid by Disco Tex and the Sex-O-Lettes (#93); Who'd She Coo? by Ohio Players (#95); Cotton Candy by the Sylvers (#96); Hell Cat by the Bellamy Brothers (#97); I've Been Lovin' You by Easy Street (#98); Magic Man by Heart (#99); and Gotta Be the One by Maxine Nightingale (#100).
Canada's top 10 (RPM)
1 Roxy Roller--Sweeney Todd (3rd week at #1)
2 More, More, More (Part 1)--Andrea True Connection
3 Never Gonna Fall in Love Again--Eric Carmen
4 Misty Blue--Dorothy Moore
5 Shop Around--Captain & Tennille
6 Get Up and Boogie (That's Right)--Silver Convention
7 Takin' it to the Streets--The Doobie Brothers
8 Afternoon Delight--Starland Vocal Band
9 Moonlight Feels Right--Starbuck
10 Silly Love Songs--Wings
Singles entering the chart were You'll Never Find Another Love Like Mine by Lou Rawls (#94); Steppin' Out by Neil Sedaka (#95); Don't Stop the Music by the Bay City Rollers (#96); Gimme Love by April Wine (#97); Devil Woman by Cliff Richard (#98); Super Do Nothing Day by Rick Livingston (#99); and Flaming Youth by Kiss (#100).
Died on this date
Derek Barker, 35; Daniel Gearhart, 34; Costas Georgiou, 25; Andrew McKenzie, 25. U.K. and U.S. mercenaries. The men--three Britons and an American (Mr. Gearhart)--were executed by firing squad after being convicted on June 28 by the People's Revolutionary Tribunal for their roles during the Angolan civil war in 1975. They had fought for the National Liberation Front of Angola (FNLA) against the Popular Movement for the Liberation of Angola (MPLA). Mr. Georgiou was the only one of the four to admit to involvement in "an organised group on the fringe of the law."
The accidental release of chemicals at a manufacturing plant in Seveso, Italy resulted in no known human fatalities, but in the deaths of 3,300 animals.
Johnny Miller won the British Open at Royal Birkdale Golf Club in Southport, England with a 9-under-par score of 279, 6 strokes ahead of Jack Nicklaus and Seve Ballesteros. First prize money was £7,500.
Toronto (1-1-1) 25 @ Hamilton (0-3) 10
30 years ago
Calgary (1-2) 31 @ Ottawa (2-1) 15
Upset that he wasn't selected to the American League team for the All-Star Game despite an 11-6 record, Boston Red Sox' pitcher Oil Can Boyd stormed out of Fenway Park in Boston prior to the Red Sox' scheduled game against the California Angels and scuffled with police, eventually checking into a hospital for psychiatric testing. With the game tied 4-4 after 11 innings, the Angels scored 3 runs in the top of the 12th inning, only to see the Red Sox come back with 4 in the bottom of the inning to win 8-7, as Dwight Evans scored the winning run on a balk by Todd Fischer, who had just entered the game in relief of Mike Cook. For Mr. Fischer, it was his ninth and last major league game. All of the 12th-inning runs scored with 2 out. 31,305 were in attendance.
The Toronto Blue Jays scored 3 runs in the 5th inning and 5 in the 7th as they beat the Oakland Athletics 8-4 before 28,172 fans at Exhibition Stadium in Toronto.
John Shelby tripled home 3 runs and came around to score as the Baltimore Orioles broke a 1-1 tie with 4 runs in the top of the 9th inning, and withstood a 2-run rally in the bottom of the 9th to defeat the Chicago White Sox 5-3 before 18,038 fans at Comiskey Park in Chicago.
The New York Yankees scored 9 runs in the 6th inning--7 before the first out was recorded--as they routed the Minnesota Twins 11-1 before 21,759 fans at Hubert H. Humphrey Metrodome in Minneapolis.
The Montreal Expos scored 2 runs in the 1st inning and 6 in the 4th as they held on to defeat the Cincinnati Reds 8-6 before 12,089 fans at Olympic Stadium in Montreal.
25 years ago
#1 single in Sweden (Topplistan): Senza una donna--Zucchero featuring Paul Young (4th week at #1)
Politics and government
Boris Yeltsin was sworn in as the first elected President of Russia.
Economics and finance
U.S. President George Bush lifted economic sanctions against South Africa.
Canadian Justice Minister Kim Campbell unveiled a new draft extradition law to sent wanted criminals to home countries, in which the stages of appeal were decreased from seven to three. She also drafted a law on criminal insanity, under which insane defendants could no longer be jailed indefinitely.
Canadian Environment Minister Jean Charest ordered a full-scale environmental assessment of the Great Whale hydro project in the James Bay region of Quebec, but no stoppage, prompting criticism from Québec, environmentalists, and Cree Indians.
The South African cricket team was readmitted into the International Cricket Council following the end of Apartheid.
20 years ago
Hurricane Bertha concluded three days of activity in the Caribbean islands and eastern United States, killing 14 people and causing major damage in St. Thomas, the U.S. Virgin Islands, Puerto Rico, and coastal North Carolina.
Calgary (3-0) 62 @ Montreal (0-3) 22
Edmonton (2-1) 24 @ Saskatchewan (2-1) 27
Aaron Ruffin returned a punt 99 yards for a touchdown with 1:01 remaining in regulation time to give the Roughriders their win over the Eskimos at Taylor Field in Regina. Edmonton fullback Tony Burse scored his fourth touchdown of the season, but suffered a hand injury that put him out of action for the next 6 games. Shalon Baker scored the other Edmonton TD on an 86-yard punt return, and Frank Jagas added 2 converts, 3 field goals, and a single. Edmonton slotback Rob Weir had the best game of his CFL career, catching 4 passes for 61 yards.
10 years ago
Died on this date
Shamil Basayev, 41. Chechen terrorist. Mr. Basayev, who also used the name and title Emir Abdallah Shamil Abu-Idris, was a militant Islamist who was responsible for guerrilla attacks on Russian armed forces and hostage-takings of civilians, all in the cause of independence for the Russian breakaway republic of Chechnya. Chechen leaders claimed that he was killed when a dynamite-laden truck in his convoy exploded, while Russian authorities boasted of assassinating him.
The first Clarkson Cup was presented to Canada's Olympic women's hockey team by former Governor General Adrienne Clarkson.
Images of the Dominion Archives Building now on Flickr - Library and Archives Canada collects and preserves the archives of some of Canada’s most notable architects, architectural firms and organizations. These a...
1 day ago