Friday, 22 July 2016

July 22, 2016

Born on this date
Happy Birthday, Eileen Sasakamoose!

220 years ago
1796


Americana
A party of surveyors commissioned by General Moses Cleaveland arrived at the mouth of the Cuyahoga River and founded the community that became Cleveland, Ohio.

110 years ago
1906


Transportation
The Grand Trunk Railway changed from left- to right-hand running on double track sections to conform with North American standards; the company had to change all its crossovers, switches and semaphore signals.

100 years ago
1916


Born on this date
Marcel Cerdan
. Algerian-born French boxer. Mr. Cerdan compiled a record of 111-4 in a professional career that began in 1934. He knocked out Tony Zale in 12 rounds to win the world middleweight title on September 21, 1948, and after two more wins in non-title bouts, lost the belt to Jake LaMotta on a 9-round knockout on June 16, 1949. Mr. Cerdan was on his way to the United States for a rematch with Mr. LaMotta when he was one of 37 passengers and 11 crew members killed in the crash of their Lockheed Constellation plane on October 28,1949. Mr. Cerdan was 33 at the time of his death.

Terrorism
In San Francisco, a bomb exploded on Market Street during a Preparedness Day parade, killing 10 and injuring 40.

80 years ago
1936


At the movies
Satan Met a Lady, the second filmed version of Dashiell Hammett's novel The Maltese Falcon, opened in theatres.

Baseball
Johnny Moore hit 3 consecutive home runs to lead the Philadelphia Phillies to a 16-4 rout of the Pittsburgh Pirates at Baker Bowl in Philadelphia in a game that was played in 1 hour 55 minutes. The Phillies scored 11 runs in the first 3 innings.

The Cincinnati Reds scored 5 runs in the 8th inning to defeat the Boston Bees 7-4 before 3,492 fans at National League Park in Boston.

Tom Carey singled home Beau Bell with 2 out in the bottom of the 9th inning to give the St. Louis Browns a 6-5 win over the New York Yankees before 1,500 fans at Sportsman's Park in St. Louis. New York left fielder George Selkirk batted 4 for 4 with a home run and 3 runs batted in, while third baseman Red Rolfe hit a single, double, and triple. Winning pitcher Ivy Andrews pitched a complete game to improve his record for the season to 2-8.

The Philadelphia Athletics trailed 5-0 after 2 innings, but scored 3 runs in the 3rd inning and 4 in the 5th to defeat the Detroit Tigers 7-6 at Navin Field in Detroit in a game that was completed in 1 hour 45 minutes.

The Chicago White Sox scored a run with 1 out in the bottom of the 12th inning to defeat the Washington Nationals 3-2 at Comiskey Park in Chicago. Winning pitcher John Whitehead and losing pitcher Earl Whitehill both pitched complete games.

75 years ago
1941


War
The Royal Canadian Navy commissioned HMCS Brandon (K149) at Quebec City. Reports reaching Turkey alleged that Germans and Croats had executed at least 80,000 Serbians because of guerrilla activity since the Axis had occupied Yugoslavia.

Defense
U.S. Federal Loan Administrator Jesse Jones said that the United States had offered to buy raw materials from the U.S.S.R. in exchange for Soviet purchases of war material. The U.S. Reconstruction Finance Corporation announced a $425-million loan at 3% interest per year to the United Kingdom to pay for war purchases contracted before Lend-Lease had been passed.

Americana
U.S. Census Bureau director J.C. Capt estimated that the country's population would grow at a steadily decreasing rate until about 1985, after which a decline would set in. He predicted a population peak of 153 million in 1980.

70 years ago
1946


Hit parade
U.S. top 10 (Cash Box)
1 The Gypsy--The Ink Spots (10th week at #1)
--Dinah Shore
--Sammy Kaye and his "Swing and Sway" Orchestra
2 Doin' What Comes Natur'lly--Dinah Shore and Spade Cooley and his Orchestra
--Freddy Martin and his Orchestra
--Jimmy Dorsey and his Orchestra
3 They Say it's Wonderful--Perry Como
--Frank Sinatra
4 Prisoner of Love--Perry Como
--The Ink Spots
5 Surrender--Perry Como
--Woody Herman and his Orchestra
6 Laughing on the Outside (Crying on the Inside)--Dinah Shore
--Andy Russell
--Sammy Kaye and his "Swing and Sway" Orchestra
7 My Fickle Eye--Betty Hutton
--Jack Smith and the Five DeMarco Sisters
--Judy Canova
8 Hey! Ba-Ba-Re-Bop--Tex Beneke with the Glenn Miller Orchestra
--Lionel Hampton and his Orchestra
9 I'm a Big Girl Now--Sammy Kaye and his "Swing and Sway" Orchestra
10 In Love in Vain--Dick Haymes and Helen Forrest
--Margaret Whiting

Singles entering the chart were To Each his Own, with versions by Eddy Howard and his Orchestra, Freddy Martin and his Orchestra, and The Modernaires with Paula Kelly (#21); Friar Rock by Harry James and his Orchestra (#36); I've Got a Right to Cry by Erskine Hawkins and his Orchestra (#40); I Got the Sun in the Morning by Les Brown and his Orchestra (#42); and Mabel! Mabel! by Woody Herman and his Orchestra (#43). To Each his Own was the title song of the movie.

On the radio
The Casebook of Gregory Hood, starring Gale Gordon and Carl Harbord, on MBS

Terrorism
91 people were killed and 46 injured when a bomb planted by the Zionist group Irgun Zvai Leumi exploded in the King David Hotel in Jerusalem. The southern wing of the hotel contained the British administrative headquarters for Palestine.

Germanica
General Joseph-Pierre Koenig, French military governor in Germany, announced the incorporation of 79 Rhineland districts covering over 600 square miles into the Saar.

Diplomacy
Madame Sun Yat-sen, widow of the founder of the Republic of China, urged the United States to withdraw its forces from China and refuse to aid the Nationalist government until it was reorganized and "truly representative."

Health
Delegates of 60 nations signed the World Health Organization charter in New York City.

60 years ago
1956


Diplomacy
Presidents of 19 Western Hemisphere states, commemorating the 130th anninversary of the first Latin American congress called by Simon Bolivar, signed the Panama Declaration, reaffirming devotion to democratic principles and friendly international relations.

U.S.S.R. First Deputy Premier Anastas Mikoyan arrived in Yugoslavia for talks with Yugoslavian President Marshal Josip Tito.

Defense
The United States set off the tenth nuclear explosion of its current series in the Pacific testing area.

Politics and government
The Hungarian Communist Party Central Committee expelled former Defense Minister Mihaly Farkas for "breaches of socialist legality."

Economics and finance
A report released by a U.S. Senate Foreign Relations subcommittee estimates that the U.S.S.R. was offering foreign aid credits at more than $1 billion, shifting its aim from India and Afghanistan to progams in Asia, Africa, the Middle East, and Latin America.

50 years ago
1966


Hit parade
#1 single in New Zealand: Paperback Writer--The Beatles (3rd week at #1)

Edmonton's top 10 (CJCA)
1 I Saw Her Again--The Mamas and the Papas
2 Hanky Panky--Tommy James and the Shondells
3 Wild Thing--The Troggs
4 Brainwashed--David Clayton-Thomas
5 Sweet Pea--Tommy Roe
6 Hungry--Paul Revere & the Raiders
7 Red Rubber Ball--The Cyrkle
8 Summer in the City--The Lovin' Spoonful
9 Paperback Writer/Rain--The Beatles
10 Along Comes Mary--The Association
Pick hit of the week: They're Coming to Take Me Away, Ha-Haaa!--Napoleon XIV
New this week: Shades--Dean Martin
Get Away--Georgie Fame and the Blue Flames
The Tip of My Fingers--Eddy Arnold
Petticoat White (Summer Sky Blue)--Bobby Vinton
God Only Knows--The Beach Boys

40 years ago
1976


War
Japan completed its last reparation to the Philippines for war crimes committed during imperial Japan's conquest of the country in World War II.

Olympics
East German swimmer Kornelia Ender, 18, equalled her own world record in the 100-metre women's butterfly and broke the world mark in the 200-metre butterfly within the space of 27 minutes in Montreal. She won four gold medals in the Games, but her feats were tarnished in 1991 when former East German coaches confessed that their swimmers had trained with anabolic steroids.

Football
CFL
Toronto (1-0) 22 @ Winnipeg (0-1) 16
Saskatchewan (1-0) 35 @ British Columbia (0-1) 8

Lui Passaglia, playing his first regular game, caught a 10-yard pass for the only B.C. touchdown and his first of 4,991 points in his 25-year Hall of Fame career. His only other TD came in his last regular season game on November 4, 2000.

30 years ago
1986


Baseball
Ken Griffey hit 3 solo home runs for the Atlanta Braves, but the Braves lost 5-4 in 11 innings to the Philadelphia Phillies before 14,249 fans at Atlanta-Fulton County Stadium.

Reggie Williams hit a 2-run home run to climax a 3-run rally in the top of the 9th inning as the Los Angeles Dodgers edged the Pittsburgh Pirates 4-3 before 10,325 fans at Three Rivers Stadium in Pittsburgh. Mr. Williams played all three outfield positions during the game.

The St. Louis Cardinals scored 2 runs in the first inning and 8 in the 4th as they defeated the San Francisco Giants 10-7 before 23,673 fans at Busch Memorial Stadium in St. Louis in a game that was interrupted by a brawl in the 7th inning.

Glenn Davis hit a home run to lead off the bottom of the 10th inning to give the Houston Astros a 1-0 win over the Montreal Expos before 19,271 fans at the Astrodome. Nolan Ryan struck out 14 and allowed only a double by Mike Fitzgerald in the 5th inning before being relieved by Dave Smith after issuing 2 bases on balls in the top of the 10th. Mr. Smith then quelled the Montreal rally. Losing pitcher Floyd Youmans pitched a complete game, allowing just 3 hits.

The New York Yankees scored 6 runs in the first 2 innings as they beat the Texas Rangers 9-1 before 26,099 fans at Yankee Stadium. Dennis Rasmussen allowed 3 hits in 6 2/3 innings as he improved his record for the season to 12-2.

Walt Terrell allowed just 3 hits in 8 2/3 innings and Johnny Grubb hit 2 solo home runs as the Detroit Tigers blanked the Minnesota Twins 3-0 before 18,974 fans at Tiger Stadium. Losing pitcher Bert Blyleven allowed just 4 hits in pitching a complete game.

Phil Bradley singled home Spike Owen with 2 out in the bottom of the 12th inning to give the Seattle Mariners an 8-7 win over the Toronto Blue Jays before 10,152 fans at the Kingdome in Seattle. The Blue Jays scored 4 runs in the top of the 1st inning, the last 3 coming on a home run by Jesse Barfield.

25 years ago
1991


Hit parade
#1 single in Finland (Musiikkituottajat – IFPI Finland): You Could Be Mine--Guns N' Roses

Crime
Police in Milwaukee arrested serial killer Jeffrey Dahmer, who later confessed to murdering 17 men and boys.

Politics and government
British Prime Minister John Major launched a "citizen's charter" to improve public services.

Aviation
Kari Castle, 31, became the first woman to travel by hang glider more than 200 miles, taking off near Lone Pine, California, in the Sierra Nevada, and landing near Austin, Nevada, 210 miles away. The trip took 8 hours and 20 minutes.

20 years ago
1996


Hit parade
#1 single in Spain (PROMUSICAE): Forever Love--Gary Barlow (3rd week at #1)

Canada's top 10 (RPM)
1 You Learn--Alanis Morisette (2nd week at #1)
2 The Only Thing that Looks Good on Me is You--Bryan Adams
3 Change the World--Eric Clapton
4 Ahead by a Century--The Tragically Hip
5 Give Me One Reason--Tracy Chapman
6 Flood--Jars of Clay
7 Killing Me Softly--The Fugees
8 You Still Touch Me--Sting
9 I Don't Want to Think About It--Wild Strawberries
10 Looking for It--Jann Arden

Singles entering the chart were What Would it Take by Anne Murray (#74); Walls by Tom Petty and the Heartbreakers (#86); Did U Mean What U Said by Savory (#93); Your Love Amazes Me by Michael English (#95); Little Sins by Wendy Lands (#96); Why Does it Hurt So Much by Whitney Houston (#98); and That Girl by Maxi Priest (#100). Walls was from the movie She's the One (1996).

Crime
A 64-tonne shipment of $3 million of "toonies" ($2 Canadian coins) was stolen en route to a Winnipeg distribution centre.

Agriculture
The government of Alberta filed a legal challenge to the Canadian Wheat Board's status as a monopoly in selling wheat grown in the Prairie provinces.

Olympics
Naim Suleymanoglu of Turkey became the first weightlifter in history to win three gold medals, as he set a world record in the 141-pound competition in Atlanta. He snatched 324 1/2 pounds and then raised 413 3/4 in the clean-and-jerk for a total of 738 1/4 pounds.

10 years ago
2006


War
Israeli tanks, bulldozers and armoured personnel carriers knocked down a fence and barrelled over the Lebanese border as forces seized the village of Maroun al-Ras from the terrorist organization Hezbollah.

Football
CFL
Toronto (2-3) 26 @ Saskatchewan (2-3) 23

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