Born on this date
Happy Birthday, Mike Upstone!
225 years ago
The Priestley Riots, a crackdown on religious dissenters in Birmingham, England, began with an attack on a house hosting a banquet in support of the French Revolution.
130 years ago
The United Kingdom and United States signed a new extradition treaty.
100 years ago
The Battle of Bazentin Ridge began as an action within the Battle of the Somme.
80 years ago
Roger Wolff, pitching his first game for Oklahoma City in the Texas League, held Galveston hitless and scoreless through 9 innings, but gave up 2 hits and lost in the 10th inning.
75 years ago
U.K. Prime Minister Winston Churchill declared that British forces had achieved equality in the air with the Germans and could bomb Germany "month after month, year after year." The French government ratified the armistice ending the war in Syria, recognizing the United Kingdom's right to occupy the Levant states.
The governments of the United States and Mexico announced that the U.S. had agreed to buy all of Mexico's surplus war commodities for 18 months, while Mexico would limit the export of such products to the Western Hemisphere. U.S. administration and congressional leaders agreed to support a resolution to extend the service of draftees for more than a year of service; they also agreed to drop a resolution authorizing the President to send draftees outside the Western Hemisphere.
Accused by Georgia Governor Eugene Talmadge of advocating racial equality in education, the University of Georgia Board of Regents dismissed Dr. Walter Cocking, Dean of the university's School of Education, and Dr. Marvin Pittman, President of Georgia Teachers College.
70 years ago
The first edition of The Common Sense Book of Baby and Child Care by U.S. pediatrician Dr. Benjamin Spock was published. The book, which reflected Dr. Spock's training in psychoanalysis, influenced child-rearing methods for what became known as the Baby Boom generation.
Politics and government
Provisional Italian President Enrico de Nicola swore in the first Republican government, led by Christian Democratic Prime Minister Alcide de Gaspari.
Ted Williams drove in 8 runs and scored 4, hitting 3 home runs--including a grand slam--and a single to lead the Boston Red Sox to an 11-10 win over the Cleveland Indians in the first game of a doubleheader before 31,581 fans at Fenway Park in Boston. Mr. Williams doubled and drew 2 bases on balls in the second game as the Red Sox won 6-4 to complete the sweep. Cleveland manager Lou Boudreau employed a shift in the second game in an attempt to stop Mr. Williams, moving 6 players to the right side of the infield, but the shift was useless against home runs.
Warren Spahn pitched an 8-hit complete game to win the pitchers' duel over Fritz Ostermueller as the Boston Braves beat the Pittsburgh Pirates 4-1 in the first game of a doubleheader before 17,414 fans at Forbes Field in Pittsburgh. Rip Sewell pitched a 7-hit complete game victory as the Pirates won the second game 5-2. Alvin Dark made his major league debut with the Braves, entering the game as a pinch runner for Don Padgett at first base with 2 out in the 9th inning.
Stan Musial hit a home run off Vic Lombardi to lead off the bottom of the 12th inning, giving the St.Louis Cardinals a 2-1 win over the Brooklyn Dodgers and a sweep of their doubleheader before 33,980 fans at Sportsman's Park in St. Louis. St. Louis starting pitcher Murry Dickson allowed 8 hits, and Mr. Lombardi 10, as they both pitched complete games. Enos Slaughter batted 3 for 4 with a homer and 4 runs batted in as the Cardinals won the first game 5-3.
60 years ago
#1 single in Australia (Kent Music Report): Rock and Roll Waltz--Kay Starr (5th week at #1)
#1 single in West Germany (Media Control): (We're Gonna) Rock Around the Clock--Bill Haley and his Comets (3rd week at #1)
#1 single in the U.K. (Record Mirror): I'll Be Home--Pat Boone (6th week at #1)
#1 singles in the U.S.A. (Billboard): The Wayward Wind--Gogi Grant (Best Seller--5th week at #1; Disc Jockey--4th week at #1; Jukebox--3rd week at #1; Top 100--4th week at #1)
U.S. top 10 (Cash Box)
1 I Almost Lost My Mind--Pat Boone
2 The Wayward Wind--Gogi Grant
3 Moonglow and Theme from "Picnic"--Morris Stoloff and the Columbia Pictures Orchestra
--George Cates and his Orchestra
4 I Want You, I Need You, I Love You--Elvis Presley
5 I'm in Love Again--Fats Domino
6 On the Street Where You Live--Vic Damone
7 My Prayer--The Platters
8 Be-Bop-A-Lula--Gene Vincent and the Blue Caps
9 More--Perry Como
10 Born to Be with You--The Chordettes
Singles entering the chart were Give Us This Day by Joni James (#34); A Casual Look by the Six Teens (#38); Soft Summer Breeze by Eddie Heywood (#42); I Only Know I Love You by the Four Aces (#44); and Ghost Town by Don Cherry (#47).
The U.S.S.R. recalled Ambassador to West Germany Valerian Zorin.
U.S. President Dwight Eisenhower signed a bill authorizing capital punishment for sabotage of a commercial airliner or bus.
Track and field
Rafer Johnson of the University of California won the U.S. Amateur Athletic Union decathlon championship in Crawfordsville, Indiana.
50 years ago
#1 single in the U.K. (Record Retailer): Sunny Afternoon--The Kinks (2nd week at #1)
At the movies
Torn Curtain, directed by Alfred Hitchcock and starring Paul Newman and Julie Andrews, opened in theatres. It was the 50th feature film directed by Mr. Hitchcock, and not one of his best.
Died on this date
Gloria Davy; Patricia Matusek; Nina Jo Schmale; Pamela Wilkening; Suzanne Farris; Mary Ann Jordan; Merlita Gargullo; Valentina Pasion. U.S. murder victims. The eight women were student nurses living in a dormitory in Chicago, and were tortured, raped, and stabbed to death by Richard Speck, who was arrested four days later.
40 years ago
The Canadian House of Commons voted to abolish the death penalty by a free vote of 132-124. No one had actually been executed in Canada since 1962.
Politics and government
Former Georgia Governor Jimmy Carter was nominated on the first ballot by the Democratic National Convention in New York City to be the party's candidate for President of the United States in the November 1976 election. Mr. Carter chose U.S. Senator Walter Mondale (Minnesota) as his vice-presidential running mate.
Aparicio Mendez Manfredini, 71, was named President of Uruguay, with a five-year term effective September 1, 1976. Mr. Mendez, a conservative lawyer, was chairman of the National Council of 25 civilians and 21 military officers that had been formed on June 27, 15 days after the armed forces had ousted President Juan Bordaberry Arocena.
Ottawa (2-2) 20 @ Toronto (1-2-1) 9
Hamilton (0-4) 12 @ Montreal (3-1) 30
30 years ago
#1 single in Australia (Kent Music Report): Greatest Love of All--Whitney Houston
#1 single in Spain (PROMUSICAE): La Puerta de Alcalá--Víctor Manuel y Ana Belén
Died on this date
Raymond Loewy, 92. French-born U.S. industrial designer. Mr. Loewy, who moved to New York at the age of 25, was known as the "Father of Industrial Design." He designed cars, locomotives, vending machines, logos, and other things too numerous to mention.
25 years ago
#1 single in New Zealand (RIANZ): I Wanna Sex You Up--Color Me Badd
#1 single in Austria (Ö3): Wind of Change--Scorpions (2nd week at #1)
#1 single in Switzerland: Wind of Change--Scorpions (4th week at #1)
British troops protecting the Kurdish population in Iraq began to pull out amid fears of reprisal from Iraqi dictator Saddam Hussein.
Canadian Defence Minister Marcel Masse confirmed the shutdown of the Goose Bay, Labrador military base in 1995, if European nations no longer needed it for test flights.
Meg Mallon, who had not won on the L.P.G.A. tour for four seasons, shot a final round of 67 to win the United States Women's Open at Colonial Country Club in Fort Worth, Texas by 2 strokes over Pat Bradley. The victory came two weeks after Ms. Mallon had outduelled Ms. Bradley to win the L.P.G.A. championship.
20 years ago
#1 single in New Zealand (RIANZ): Tha Crossroads--Bone Thugs 'n Harmony (4th week at #1)
#1 single in Austria (Ö3): Coco Jamboo--Mr. President (5th week at #1)
#1 single in Switzerland: Killing Me Softly--The Fugees
Died on this date
Jeff Krosnoff, 31. U.S. auto racing driver. Mr. Krosnoff was a rookie with the Championship Auto Racing Teams (CART) circuit who participated in 11 races, with a best finish of 15th at Belle Isle, Michigan. On lap 93 of the 95-lap Molson Indy in Toronto, Mr. Krosnoff's car touched wheels with the car of Stefan Johansson and became airborne. The resulting crash split Mr. Krosnoff's car in two, sending the cockpit section across the track, and killing him instantly. Gary Arvin, a volunteer track marshal from Calgary, was also killed when hit by the right front wheel of Mr. Krosnoff's car.
Concert promoter Mark Drost shut down the three-day Eden music festival at Mosport Raceway in Bowmanville, Ontario early, citing safety concerns in having 30,000 fans leave after dark. In fact, there were so many gate crashers that Mr. Drost didn't have enough money to pay many of the bands performing on the final day. 55,000 people had turned up to hear 61 bands, including the Tragically Hip, the Goo Goo Dolls, and Spirit of the West.
The Irish Republican Army denied responsibility for a bomb that destroyed a hotel in Enniskillen, Northern Ireland.
Economics and finance
An Industry Canada report looked at the continuing high rate of consumer bankruptcies, despite an apparent economic recovery. A record 65,432 Canadians declared personal bankruptcy in 1995, and officials predicted a higher total for 1996.
Adrian Fernandez recorded his first career win with the CART circuit; he was leading the Toronto Molson Indy when the race was red-flagged because of the fatal accident involving Jeff Krosnoff. Alex Zanardi finished second.
Saskatchewan (2-2) 24 @ Hamilton (3-0) 27
10 years ago
Calgary (3-2) 17 @ Hamilton (1-4) 20
Saskatchewan (2-2) 29 @ British Columbia (2-3) 28
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