Wednesday, 13 July 2016

July 13, 2016

Born on this date
Happy Birthday, Liz Nelson and Tom Higgins!

1,300 years ago

Died on this date
Ruizong, 54
. Emperor of China, 684-690; 710-712. Ruizong, born Li Xulun, was the fifth and ninth Emperor of the Tang Dynasty. He was the eighth son of Emperor Gaozong. Ruizong was a puppet of his mother Empress Wu during his first reign, eventually ceding the throne to her. He abdicated to end his second reign, but retained power for a brief time.

100 years ago

Battling Levinsky (30-4-4) won a 10-round newspaper decision over Jack Dillon (78-3-9) at Oriole Park in Baltimore. The fight had originally been scheduled to go 15 rounds, but poor attendance resulted in it being shortened and officially recorded as "no decision." Mr. Levinsky was 1/4 pound over the 175-pound light heavyweight limit, while Mr. Dillon fought as a light heavyweight.

80 years ago

Died on this date
Kojo Tovalou Houénou, 49
. Dahomeyan political activist. Mr. Houénou, born Marc Tovalou Quénum, was a prominent critic of the French colonial empire in Africa, and was harassed by French authorities for years. He eventually moved to Senegal, and died of typhoid fever in Dakar, where he was being held in prison on contempt of court charges.

75 years ago

Montenegrans began a popular uprising against the Axis powers. The first units of the Spanish Blue Division passed through Bordeaux, France on their way to fight Soviet forces on the Eastern front. Canada approved the Anglo-Soviet treaty that followed the German invasion of the U.S.S.R. Delegates to a Chicago meeting of the America First Committee adopted a resolution that U.S. Navy Secretary Frank Knox be removed from office for his outright advocacy of undeclared war.

Vic Ghezzi won the only major tournament of his career, defeating Byron Nelson in 38 holes of match play to win the PGA Championship at Cherry Hills Country Club in Englewood, Colorado.

70 years ago

Hit parade
#1 single in the U.S.A. (Billboard): The Gypsy--The Ink Spots (8th week at #1)

Died on this date
Alfred Stieglitz, 82
. U.S. photographer. Mr. Stieglitz was one the most prominent photographers in the United States for more than 50 years, and played a major role in popularizing photography as an art form. He made numerous portraits of his wife, artist Georgia O'Keeffe.

U.S.S.R. Professor Gavril Tikhov said that astrobotanical studies showed there was vegetation on Mars.

Nationalist Chinese commanders reported that 20,000 Communist troops were attacking near Tientsin, Paoting, and Tsingtao in northern China. Communist troops seize seven U.S. Marines in a village along the Peking-Mukden railroad, claiming they were aiding Nationalist forces.

World events
The Egyptian cabinet dissolved 11 educational, scientific, cultural, social, and labour organizations for propagating "subversive" ideas.

The U.S. War Department announced the creation of the Army Air Forces University at Maxwell Field, Alabama to provide career training for Air Force officers.

Politics and government
Ingram Stainback was confirmed by the U.S. Senate as Governor of Hawaii.

A U.S. federal district court in Atlanta issued an injunction to stop the purging of names of Negroes from voter registration lists in Atkinson County, Georgia.

60 years ago

Hit parade
#1 single in the U.K. (New Musical Express): I'll Be Home--Pat Boone (5th week at #1)

Died on this date
Lê Quang Vinh, aka Ba Cụt, 33
. Vietnamese military officer. Lê Quang Vinh, popularly known as Ba Cụt because he had amputated his own left index finger, was a commander of the Hòa Hảo Buddhist sect, which operated from the Mekong Delta and controlled various parts of southern Vietnam during the 1940s and early 1950s. he fought against the Communists, but was eventually regarded by the government of South Vietnam as a dangerous rebel, and he was publicly guillotined in Cần Thơ.

The U.S.A. and U.K. signed an atomic information exchange agreement in Washington.

Politics and government
Legislative assembly elections in Gold Coast resulted in victory for the Convention People's Party, led by Kwame Nkrumah.

The U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission amended rules under the Public Utility Holding Act of 1935 to encourage the formation of companies for non-profit development of atomic power.

A U.S. Military Transport C-118 crashed near Fort Dix, New Jersey, killing 46 passengers and crew members and injuring 21 others.

50 years ago

At the movies
How to Steal a Million, starring Audrey Hepburn and Peter O'Toole, opened in theatres.

Jim Brown, the National Football League's career leader in touchdowns and yards rushing, announced his retirement after nine seasons with the Cleveland Browns, intending to pursue a career as a movie actor.

40 years ago

Hit parade
#1 single in Sweden (Topplistan): Baretta's Theme--Sammy Davis, Jr. (8th week at #1)

Politics and government
Giulio Andreotti succeeded Aldo Moro as Prime Minister of Italy.

Riding Hanoverian Mister T, Gail Greenough of Sherwood Park, Alberta became the first Canadian and first woman to win the world show jumping championship. She was also the first North American, and the youngest person to win the championship, and the first rider to do so with zero faults in the competition, which took place in Aachen, West Germany.

Calgary (2-1-1) 22 @ Saskatchewan (3-1) 21

Major League All-Star Game @ Veterans Stadium, Philadelphia
American League 1 @ National League 7

George Foster of the Cincinnati Reds drove in 3 runs with a 2-run home run and a single, and Cesar Cedeno of the Houston Astros added a 2-run homer, as the NL won before 63,974 fans. It was the National League's fifth straight win and 13th win in the past 14 years.

30 years ago

Hit parade
#1 single in New Zealand: Sailing Away--All of Us (5th week at #1)

#1 single in Switzerland: Venus--Bananarama

25 years ago

Hit parade
#1 single in Australia (ARIA): Read My Lips--Melissa

#1 single in Japan (Oricon Singles Chart): Beat Emotion--Tomoyasu Hotei

#1 single in Italy (FIMI): Gypsy Woman (She's Homeless)--Crystal Waters (4th week at #1)

#1 single in Spain (PROMUSICAE): Aquest Any Si--Varios

#1 single in Flanders (Ultratop 50): Gypsy Woman (She's Homeless)--Crystal Waters (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in France (SNEP): Auteuil, Neuilly, Passy (rap BCBG)--Les Inconnus (3rd week at #1)

#1 single in the Netherlands (De Nederlandse Top 40): More Than Words--Extreme

#1 single in the U.K. (Chart Information Network): (Everything I Do) I Do it for You--Bryan Adams

#1 single in the U.S.A. (Billboard): Rush, Rush--Paula Abdul (5th week at #1)

U.S. top 10 (Cash Box)
1 Unbelievable—EMF
2 Rush, Rush--Paula Abdul
3 I Wanna Sex You Up—Color Me Badd
4 Place in this World--Michael W. Smith
5 Right Here, Right Now--Jesus Jones
6 More than Words—Extreme
7 Love is a Wonderful Thing--Michael Bolton
8 Here I Am (Come and Take Me)--UB40
9 Lily was Here--David A. Stewart introducing Candy Dulfer
10 P.A.S.S.I.O.N.--Rythm Syndicate

Singles entering the chart were Time, Love and Tenderness by Michael Bolton (#69); Everybody Plays the Fool by Aaron Neville (#81); Gotta Have You by Stevie Wonder (#84); I Don't Wanna See You by Michael Morales (#86); and Something to Talk About by Bonnie Raitt (#89).

Canada’s top 10 (RPM)
1 Rush, Rush—Paula Abdul (2nd week at #1)
2 More than Words—Extreme
3 Walking in Memphis—Marc Cohn
4 Unbelievable--EMF
5 Love is a Wonderful Thing--Michael Bolton
6 A Better Love--Londonbeat
7 (Everything I Do) I Do it for You--Bryan Adams
8 Power of Love/Love Power--Luther Vandross
9 Chocolate Cake--Crowded House
10 Wind of Change--Scorpions

Singles entering the chart were Have a Heart by Celine Dion (#70); Say it with Love by the Moody Blues (#86); Rockaway by Ric Ocasek (#87); Perfect World by Alias (#89); Hole Hearted by Extreme (#91); Just Like You by Robbie Neville (#92); Kiss Me on the Lips by Paradox (#94); and Mad About You by Sting (#98).

Politics and government
The Gwich'in people of the Mackenzie River Delta settled a land claim after 20 years of negotiations. They were awarded 15,000 square kilometres of land and $75 million in the first regional settlement of the government of Canada with northern native groups.

Uniroyal Goodrich employees in Kitchener, Ontario accepted concessions to preserve 1,000 of 2,000 jobs.

Winnipeg (1-0) 23 @ Hamilton (0-1) 9

Bob Milacki, Mike Flanagan, Mark Williamson, and Gregg Olson combined to pitch a no-hitter as the Baltimore Orioles blanked the Oakland Athletics 2-0 before 40,047 fans at Oakland-Alameda County Coliseum. Mr. Milacki left the game after 6 innings because of an injured index finger, hit by a line drive from Willie Wilson. The remaining pitchers each pitched an inning.

Kelly Gruber hit a 2-run home run off relief pitcher Jeff Russell with 2 out in the bottom of the 8th inning to give the Toronto Blue Jays a 3-2 win over the Texas Rangers before 50,270 fans at SkyDome in Toronto. Texas starting pitcher Nolan Ryan allowed 5 hits and 1 earned run, striking out 7, and left after 6 1/3 innings with a 2-1 lead.

Jeff Johnson allowed 4 hits in 8 1/3 innings before relief pitcher Steve Farr induced Dave Winfield to ground into a game-ending double play as the New York Yankees shut out the California Angels 2-0 before 37,030 fans at Anaheim Stadium. Losing pitcher Jim Abbott allowed just 4 hits and 2 earned runs in pitching a complete game.

The Cleveland Indians scored 2 runs in the 7th inning and 4 in the 9th to overcome a 3-0 deficit and defeat the Seattle Mariners 6-3 before 20,726 fans at Kingdome in Seattle.

The New York Mets scored 2 runs in the bottom of the 8th inning to defeat the San Diego Padres 3-1 before 33,149 fans at Shea Stadium in New York. Winning pitcher David Cone allowed 5 hits and 1 unearned run in 8 innings, striking out 13 batters and walking none.

Trailing 5-2 after 5 innings, the San Francisco Giants scored 2 runs in the 6th inning, 1 in the 8th, and 2 in the 9th to defeat the Philadelphia Phillies 7-5 before 23,017 fans at Veterans Stadium in Philadelphia.

20 years ago

Hit parade
#1 single in Australia (ARIA): Killing Me Softly--The Fugees (4th week at #1)

#1 single in Italy (Hit Parade Italia): Summer is Crazy--Alexia (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in Flanders (Ultratop 50): Macarena--Los Del Río (5th week at #1)

#1 single in Wallonia (Ultratop 40): Macarena--Los del Río

#1 single in Ireland (IRMA): Killing Me Softly--The Fugees (6th week at #1)

#1 single in the U.K. (Chart Information Network): Killing Me Softly--The Fugees (5th week at #1)

#1 single in the U.S.A. (Billboard): How Do You Want It/California Love--2Pac (featuring KC and JoJo)/(featuring Dr. Dre and Roger Troutman)

U.S.A. top 10 (Cash Box)
1 You're Makin' Me High/Let it Flow--Toni Braxton
2 Tha Crossroads--Bone Thugs-N-Harmony
3 How Do You Want It/California Love--2Pac (featuring KC and JoJo)/(featuring Dr. Dre and Roger Troutman)
4 Give Me One Reason--Tracy Chapman
5 Macarena (Bayside Boys Mix)--Los Del Rio
6 Why I Love You So Much--Monica
7 Theme from Mission: Impossible--Adam Clayton and Larry Mullen
8 Always Be My Baby--Mariah Carey
9 C'mon n' Ride It (The Train)--Quad City DJ’s
10 Twisted--Keith Sweat

Singles entering the chart were My Boo by Ghost Town DJ’s (#40); Where Do You Go by No Mercy (#63); Where Do We Go from Here by Deborah Cox (#75); Loungin by LL Cool J (#77); and Tucker's Town by Hootie & the Blowfish (#81).

Died on this date
Pandro S. Berman, 91
. U.S. movie producer. Mr. Berman was with RKO Radio Pictures in the 1930s before moving to Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer. He was nominated for, but never won, the Academy Award for Best Picture for The Gay Divorcee (1934); Top Hat (1935); Alice Adams (1935); Stage Door (1937); Father of the Bride (1950); and Ivanhoe (1952).

Horse racing
Cigar won his 16th straight race, winning the Citation Challenge at Arlington Park outside Chicago, and matching the record modern era winning streak set by Citation from 1946-1948. Cigar's streak was halted in August by the 39-1 longshot Dare and Go in the Pacific Classic, and he was retired in November 1996.

10 years ago

Died on this date
Red Buttons, 87
. U.S. actor. Mr. Buttons, born Aaron Chwatt, was a burlesque comedian and then a successful actor on Broadway before achieving success in television with variety program The Red Buttons Show (1952-1955). He won the Academy Award for his supporting performance in a dramatic role in Sayonara (1957). Mr. Buttons was also known for his regular appearances on The Dean Martin Celebrity Roast in the 1970s and '80s, where he would mention people who "never got a dinner."

A Cormorant search and rescue helicopter crashed at Canso, off the eastern tip of Nova Scotia during a routine training exercise, killing three and injuring four.

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