Saturday, 30 July 2016

July 30, 2016

150 years ago
1866


Protest
Armed Confederate veterans in New Orleans rioted against a meeting of Radical Republicans, killing 48 people--44 of them Negroes--and injuring another 100.

130 years ago
1886


Transportation
The first Canadian Pacific Railway "tea train" left Vancouver for Montreal with goods brought from the Far East by steamship.

125 years ago
1891


Law
The right of Canadians to appeal to Her Majesty in Privy Council was granted, from a decision of the Supreme Court of the North West Territories.

110 years ago
1906


Winnipegana
The Canadian Census commissioner reported that Winnipeg's population was 90,216.

100 years ago
1916


Terrorism
7 people were killed and $20 million in damage caused by an explosion at Black Tom Island off Jersey City, New Jersey. The explosion was an act of sabotage of German agents in an attempt to destroy American-made munitions that were to be sent to the Allies during World War I.

80 years ago
1936


Baseball
Bill Harris of the Buffalo Bisons threw his second International League no-hitter, this one a victory over the Newark Bears.

At the funeral of International League president Charles Knapp, Warren Giles, president of the Rochester Red Wings, was named interim IL president.

75 years ago
1941


Died on this date
Mickey Welch, 82
. U.S. baseball pitcher. "Smiling Mickey," born Michael Walsh, pitched with the Troy Trojans (1880-1882) and New York Gothams and Giants (1883-1892), compiling a record of 307-210 with an earned run average of 2.71. He appeared in 565 games as a pitcher and 59 games as an outfielder. Mr. Welch had nine seasons of 20 or more wins, and was the third pitcher in major league history to record 300 career wins. He batted .224 with 12 home runs and 202 runs batted in in 607 games. Mr. Welch was inducted into the Baseball Hall of Fame in 1973.

War
Soviet Ambassador to Poland Ivan Maisky and Polish Prime Miniser General Wladyslaw Sikorksy signed an agreement in London ending the state of war betweeen the U.S.S.R. and Poland. 14 Japanese transports carrying 13,000 soldiers landed at Saigon, French Indochina. Queen Wilhelmina of the Netherlands said in London that her country would defend the Netherlands East Indies.

Diplomacy
The United States protested to Japan over the bombing of the U.S. gunboat Tutuila and American embassy property near the Chinese capital of Chungking.

U.S. special envoy Harry Hopkins arrived in Moscow and met with Soviet dictator Josef Stalin to discuss U.S. Lend-Lease aid for the U.S.S.R.

Politics and government
U.S. President Franklin D. Roosevelt nominated Dr. Rexford Tugwell as Governor of Puerto Rico.

Economics and finance
The U.S. Treasury Department granted a license permitting the Japanese liner Tatuta Maru to withdraw funds to refuel; the vessel then docked in San Francisco with 100 American passengers.

U.S. President Roosevelt asked Congress in a special message for power to establish ceilings for prices and rents to prevent "the disaster of unchecked inflation."

Business
The U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission ordered United Gas Improvement Company to drop 13 non-utility subsidiaries.

70 years ago
1946


Diplomacy
The Paris Peace Conference released draft peace treaties for Italy, Finland, Bulgaria, Romania, and Hungary without reaching agreement on Danube River navigation rights.

U.S. President Harry Truman signed a joint congressional resolution authorizing the United States to join the United Nations Educational, Scientidic and Cultural Organization (UNESCO).

Terrorism
Tel Aviv was placed under a 22-hour-per-day curfew as British troops began a house-to-house search for terrorists.

Politics and government
The Workers' League captured all five seats on the Legislative Council in the Saint Kitts-Nevis-Anguilla general election.

Crime
U.S. Attorney General Tom Clark reported that President Harry Truman had ordered a Justice Department investigation of the July 25 murder of four Negroes in Georgia. Mississippi authorities arrested six white men on the charges of flogging Leon McTatie, a Negro, to death on July 22.

60 years ago
1956


Defense
The United Kingdom halted all arms shipments to Egypt.

Americana
A joint resolution of the U.S. Congress was signed by President Dwight D. Eisenhower, authorizing In God we trust as the national motto.

Economics and finance
Egypt revoked its embargo on sterling-area exports.

The U.S. Export-Import Bank granted Brazil $151.4 million in loans for development of raliway, power, and harbour projects.

Protest
36 convicts at Rock Quarry State Prison in Georgia were ordered to serve another year in the quarry after breaking their own legs with sledgehammers to protest working conditions.

50 years ago
1966


Hit parade
#1 single in Australia (Kent Music Report): Wild Thing--The Troggs

#1 single in France: Ton Nom--Salvatore Adamo (6th week at #1)

#1 single in Italy (FIMI): Tema--I Giganti (5th week at #1)

#1 single in West Germany (Media Control): Paperback Writer--The Beatles (3rd week at #1)

#1 single in the Netherlands (De Nederlandse Top 40): Sunny Afternoon--The Kinks (3rd week at #1)

#1 single in the U.K. (New Musical Express): Out of Time--Chris Farlowe (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in the U.S.A. (Billboard): Wild Thing--The Troggs

U.S.A. Top 10 (Cash Box)
1 They're Coming to Take Me Away, Ha-Haaa!--Napoleon XIV
2 Wild Thing--The Troggs
3 Lil' Red Riding Hood--Sam the Sham and the Pharaohs
4 The Pied Piper--Crispian St. Peters
5 Hanky Panky--Tommy James and the Shondells
6 I Saw Her Again--The Mamas and the Papas
7 Mother's Little Helper--The Rolling Stones
8 You Don't Have to Say You Love Me--Dusty Springfield
9 Summer in the City--The Lovin' Spoonful
10 Hungry--Paul Revere & the Raiders

Singles entering the chart were Land of 1000 Dances by Wilson Pickett (#60); My Heart's Symphony by Gary Lewis and the Playboys (#62); Money Won't Change You (Part 1) by James Brown and the Famous Flames (#64); How Sweet it Is (To Be Loved by You) by Jr. Walker and the All Stars (#78); Alfie by Cher (#79); Who-Dun-It? by Monk Higgins (#82); To Show I Love You by Peter and Gordon (#92); (You Make Me Feel) So Good by the McCoys (#97); Suspicions by the Sidekicks (#98); Drive My Car by Bob Kuban and the In-Men (#99); Georgia Rose by Tony Bennett (#100); and El Pito (I'll Never Go Back to Georgia) by the Joe Cuba Sextet (also #100).

At the movies
Batman, starring Adam West and Burt Ward, received its premiere screening at the Paramount Theatre in Austin, Texas.

War
U.S. forces bombed the Vietnam demilitarized zone--long used by North Vietnam--for the first time.

Soccer
World Cup @ Wembley Stadium, London
Final
West Germany 2 @ England 4 (ET)
Geoff Hurst scored 3 goals to lead England to its only World Cup championship.



40 years ago
1976


Hit parade
#1 single in New Zealand: Shannon--Henry Gross

#1 single in West Germany (Media Control): Ein Bett im Kornfeld--J├╝rgen Drews

#1 single in Switzerland: Die kleine Kneipe--Peter Alexander

At the movies
Mohammad, Messenger of God, directed and co-produced by Moustapha Akkad, and starring Anthony Quinn, received its world premiere screening in the West End of London. Protests from Muslims over the use of the prophet's name in the title led to a change in the title to The Message, "out of respect for the Muslim community in Britain."

Olympics
Bruce Jenner of the United States won the gold medal in the decathlon in Montreal with 8,618 points, breaking the world record of 8,454 points set by Nikolai Avilov of the U.S.SR. in Munich in 1972.

30 years ago
1986


Hit parade
#1 single in Sweden (Topplistan): Touch Me (I Want Your Body)--Samantha Fox (4th week at #1)

Politics and government
Bill Vander Zalm was chosen leader of the British Columbia Social Credit Party, replacing retiring Premier Bill Bennett.

Labour
An arbitrator ruled against major league baseball owners for including--without negotiating with the players' union--clauses in the contracts of several hundred players that allowed random testing for drugs.

25 years ago
1991


Music
Luciano Pavarotti gave a free concert in London's Hyde Park to celebrate his 30 years in opera.

20 years ago
1996


Died on this date
Claudette Colbert, 92
. French-born U.S. actress. Miss Colbert, born Emilie Chauchoin, won the Academy Award as Best Actress for It Happened One Night (1934), and was nominated for Oscars for her starring performances in Private Worlds (1935) and Since You Went Away (1944).

Magda Schneider, 87. German actress. Miss Schneider acted in movies from the 1930s through the 1950s, and was German Fuehrer Adolf Hitler's favourite actress. She as the mother of actress Romy Schneider.

Crime
Statistics Canada reported that the violent crime rate in Canada had dropped for the third straight year to 995 incidents per 100,000 population.

Business
Montreal-based retailer Consumers Distributing went bankrupt.

Olympics
Alison Sydor of Canada won the silver medal in the women's mountain bike event, a 9-kilometre cross-country course at the Georgia International Horse Park near Atlanta.

10 years ago
2006


On television tonight
Top of the Pops, the world's longest running music program, was broadcast for the last time on BBC Two. The show had aired for 42 1/2 years.

Died on this date
Al Balding, 82
. Canadian golfer. Mr. Balding, a native of Toronto, won 18 professional tournaments, including 4 on the PGA Tour. When he won the first Mayfair Inn Open in Sanford, Florida in 1955, he became the first Canadian to win a professional tournament in the United States. Mr. Balding was inducted into the Canadian Sports Hall of Fame in 1968 and the Canadian Golf Hall of Fame in 1984.

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