225 years ago
Members of the French National Guard under the command of General Lafayette opened fire on a crowd of radical Jacobins at the Champ de Mars, Paris, during the French Revolution, killing as many as 50 people.
160 years ago
The Great Train Wreck of 1856--the worst railroad disaster to date--killed 59-67 people and injured over 100 in Whitemarsh Township, Pennsylvania.
80 years ago
The Spanish Civil War began with an armed forces rebellion against the recently elected leftist Popular Front government.
75 years ago
The Supreme Soviet announced that political commissars were being restored to Red Army units under the title of "war commissars."
U.S. President Franklin D. Roosevelt issued a "Proclaimed list of Certain Blocked Nationals," including 1,800 Latin American firms and individuals acting in the interests of Germany and Italy. All U.S. trade with these firms was prohibited.
A second draft lottery was held in Washington to determine the order of conscription for 750,000 men.
Politics and government
Cuban President Fulgencio Batista formed a new cabinet.
The New York Yankees edged the Cleveland Indians 4-3 before 67,438 fans at Municipal Stadium in Cleveland, but Cleveland pitchers Al Smith and Jim Bagby combined to end New York center fielder Joe DiMaggio's hitting streak at 56 games, which remains the major league record.
Dom DiMaggio drove in 3 runs with a home run and a double to help the Boston Red Sox defeat the Chicago White Sox 7-4 before 27,437 fans at Comiskey Park in Chicago.
The Cincinnati Reds scored 3 runs in the top of the 1st inning and 2 in the 3rd, and held on for a 5-4 win over the New York Giants before 20,289 fans at the Polo Grounds in New York. Elmer Riddle pitched a 10-hit complete game to improve his record for the season to 11-0.
The Chicago Cubs and Philadelphia Phillies played to a 2-2 tie before 1,500 fans at Shibe Park in Philadelphia in a game that was called after 6 innings. Philadelphia catcher Bennie Warren hit a 2-run home run in the 4th inning.
70 years ago
Died on this date
Draja Mikhailovich, 53. Serbian military officer. General Mikhailovich led the Chetnik Detachments of the Yugoslav Army during World War II. He and nine fellow officers were executed by firing squad in Belgrade after being convicted by the Military Section of the People's Supreme Court on charges of high treason and war crimes in a trial whose fairness was disputed.
U.S.S.R. Lieutenant Redin was acquitted by a U.S. federal jury in Seattle on charges of espionage and conspiracy, and thanked the court for "this fair trial."
Politics and government
U.S. Senator Burton K. Wheeler (Democrat--Montana) lost his party's nomination for the November 1946 election to Leif Erickson, who had attacked Sen. Wheeler for his pre-World War II isolationist views and for being insufficiently liberal.
60 years ago
At the movies
High Society, starring Bing Crosby, Grace Kelly, and Frank Sinatra, opened in theatres.
U.S.S.R. Premier Nikolai Bulganin and East German Premier Otto Grotewohl issued a joint statement in Moscow reiterating their support for German reunification through "agreement between both German states."
Indian Prime Minister Jawaharlal Nehru conferred with French officials in Paris on the Algerian situation.
The U.S. Senate Foreign Relations Committee unanimously endorsed President Dwight Eisenhower's nomination of five U.S. delegates to the next United Nations General Assembly session, including Senators William Knowland (Republican--California) and Hubert Humphrey (Democrat--Minnesota), and Ambassador to the United Nations Henry Cabot Lodge, Jr.
The Canadian Northern Railway, Grand Trunk Pacific Railway, and 15 other subsidiaries were amalgamated into the Canadian National Railway.
The U.S.S.R. signed an agreement with the Israeli firms Delek and Palestine Electric Company for delivery of $18-$20 million worth of Soviet oil, estimated at 40% of Israel's needs for 1957.
The Metropolitan Opera Association of New York cancelled its 1956-57 season because of a personnel dispute with the American Guild of Musical Artists.
A series of earthquakes near Mandalay, Burma caused 10 deaths.
40 years ago
#1 single in Italy (Hit Parade Italia): Non si puo' morire dentro--Gianni Bella (2nd week at #1)
#1 single in the Netherlands (Veronica Top 40): Arms of Mary--Sutherland Brothers and Quiver (3rd week at #1)
#1 single in the U.K.: The Roussos Phenomenon (EP)--Demis Roussos
#1 single in the U.S.A. (Billboard): Afternoon Delight--Starland Vocal Band (2nd week at #1)
U.S.A. Top 10 (Cash Box)
1 Kiss and Say Goodbye--The Manhattans
2 Afternoon Delight--Starland Vocal Band
3 More, More, More (Part 1)--Andrea True Connection
4 Love is Alive--Gary Wright
5 Moonlight Feels Right--Starbuck
6 Let Her In--John Travolta
7 Got to Get You Into My Life--The Beatles
8 I'll Be Good to You--The Brothers Johnson
9 Take the Money and Run--Steve Miller Band
10 The Boys are Back in Town--Thin Lizzy
Singles entering the chart were Street Singin' by Lady Flash (#86); The More You Do It (The More I Like it Done to Me) by Ronnie Dyson (#91); Getaway by Earth, Wind & Fire (#92); Can't Change My Heart by the Cate Brothers (#96); and Listen to the Buddha by Ozo (#100).
Canada's top 10 (RPM)
1 More, More, More (Part 1)--Andrea True Connection
2 Never Gonna Fall in Love Again--Eric Carmen
3 Afternoon Delight--Starland Vocal Band
4 Misty Blue--Dorothy Moore
5 Shop Around--Captain & Tennille
6 Moonlight Feels Right--Starbuck
7 Get Up and Boogie (That's Right)--Silver Convention
8 Takin' it to the Streets--The Doobie Brothers
9 Love is Alive--Gary Wright
10 Roxy Roller--Sweeney Todd
Singles entering the chart were You Should Be Dancing by the Bee Gees (#89); Don't Go Breaking My Heart by Elton John and Kiki Dee (#90); Silver Bird by the Guess Who (#91); Sweet Love Bandit by the Stampeders (#93); Somebody's Gettin' It by Johnnie Taylor (#94); On the Boulevard by Murray McLauchlan (#95); I Never Cry by Alice Cooper (#96); Hot Stuff by the Rolling Stones (#97); Play That Funky Music by Wild Cherry (#98); Nutbush City Limits by Bob Seger (#99); and Don't Touch Me There by the Tubes (#100).
The former Portuguese colony of East Timor was annexed by Indonesia, becoming Indonesia's 27th province. Indonesian forces had invaded and occupied East Timor in November 1975 after the Revolutionary Front for an Independent East Timor (FRETILIN) had declared the territory's independence.
West German Chancellor Helmut Schmidt concluded a three-day visit to the United States.
Politics and government
The Spanish cabinet announced that legislative elections would be held by June 30, 1977.
The opening of the Summer Olympic Games in Montreal was marred by a boycott of 25 African nations, who protested the inclusion of New Zealand because of New Zealand's sporting links with South Africa.
30 years ago
Saskatchewan (2-2) 21 @ Toronto (2-2) 14
Ottawa (2-2) 39 @ Edmonton (4-0) 49
Dan Bass scored on the recovery of a blocked punt and fellow linebacker Stew Hill caught a touchdown pass to help the Eskimos defeat the Rough Riders at Commonwealth Stadium.
25 years ago
#1 single in Sweden (Topplistan): Senza una donna--Zucchero featuring Paul Young (5th week at #1)
Ottawa (0-2) 33 @ Edmonton (2-0) 40
Henry "Gizmo" Williams of the Eskimos returned punts for 232 yards, breaking his own CFL single-game record, and returned one for a touchdown, but he should have had a second touchdown. He appeared to have scored on a long return, but he accidentally dropped the ball on the Ottawa 5-yard line, and the only people who seemed to notice were the officials and Rough Rider defensive back Sean Foudy, who returned the ball 74 yards as fans and other players at Commonwealth Stadium wondered what was going on. The winning touchdown scored on a pass from Tracy Ham to Jim Sandusky with 33 seconds remaining in regulation time.
20 years ago
The Community of Portuguese Language Countries was founded, with headquarters in Lisbon.
Trans World Airlines Flight 800, a Boeing 747 en route from New York to Paris, exploded off the coast of Long Island, killing all 230 on board. Conspiracy theories abound, especially since numerous eyewitnesses said they saw something that looked like a missile heading toward the plane from the ground.
Ottawa (1-3) 4 @ Toronto (3-1) 34
Winnipeg (2-2) 27 @ Edmonton (2-2) 16
Doug Flutie completed 23 of 36 passes for 316 yards and touchdown passes to Tyrone Williams and Paul Masotti, and rushed 8 times for 52 yards and a touchdown to lead the Argonauts over the Rough Riders before 17,288 fans at SkyDome.
The Blue Bombers scored 10 points in the final 1 minute 21 seconds to clinch their victory over the Eskimos before 28,751 fans at Commonwealth Stadium. Edmonton quarterback Danny McManus completed 24 of 48 passes for 297 yards, including a 15-yard touchdown to Shalon Baker. Frank Jagas converted Mr. Baker's TD and added 3 field goals.
10 years ago
Died on this date
Mickey Spillane, 88. U.S. author. Mr. Spillane was known for creating the detective Mike Hammer in more than a dozen novels, beginning with I, the Jury (1947). The novels, featuring more sex and violence than was common at the time, helped to popularize the sale of paperback books. The first six Mike Hammer novels were published between 1947-1952, and at one time, Mr. Spillane had seven of the top ten bestselling books in the United States.
The 7.7 Mw Pangandaran earthquake and tsunami severely affected the Indonesian island of Java, killing 668 people and leaving more than 9,000 injured.
Severe thunderstorms hit the Sudbury, Manitoulin and Nipissing regions in Ontario. Two people were killed, and power was cut to more than 170,000 homes and businesses, with some areas going without power for a week.
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