Thursday, 28 July 2016

July 28, 2016

275 years ago

Died on this date
Antonio Vivaldi, 63
. Italian composer. Mr. Vivaldi was one of the most prominent composers of the Baroque era. His best-known work was The Four Seasons (1725).

150 years ago

Born on this date
Beatrix Potter
. U.K. author. Miss Potter was known for her children's books, beginning with The Tale of Peter Rabbit (1902). She died on December 22, 1943 at the age of 77.

Vinnie Ream, 18, became the first and youngest female artist to receive a commission from the United States government for a statue (of Abraham Lincoln).

120 years ago

The city of Miami, Florida was incorporated.

80 years ago

Lou Gehrig hit a 3-run home run, 2 doubles, and a single as the New York Yankees beat the Detroit Tigers 16-6 before 16,000 fans at Navin Field in Detroit. Goose Goslin of the Tigers hit an inside-the-park home run in the 6th inning when New York center fielder Myril Hoag and right fielder Joe DiMaggio were both knocked unconscious when they collided as they dove for the ball. Mr. DiMaggio played the next day, but then collapsed with a blood clot in his brain; Mr. Hoag finished the inning, but missed the rest of the season.

"Bullfrog" Bill Dietrich pitched a 10-hit complete game victory and batted 4 for 6 with a run and 3 runs batted in as the Chicago White Sox routed the Philadelphia Athletics 19-6 at Comiskey Park in Chicago.

The Pittsburgh Pirates scored an unearned run in the top of the 10th inning to defeat the Brooklyn Dodgers 9-8 at Ebbets Field in Brooklyn.

Mel Ott batted 3 for 5 with 2 home runs, 3 runs, and 6 runs batted in as the New York Giants beat the Cincinnati Reds 11-3 to complete the sweep of a doubleheader before 13,375 fans at the Polo Grounds in New York. The Giants scored all their runs in the 1st inning as they won the first game 5-1.

Dolph Camilli hit 2 home runs, including a 2-run blast with 2 out in the bottom of the 9th inning to end the game, as the Philadelphia Phillies beat the Chicago Cubs 5-3 before 4,000 fans at Baker Bowl in Philadelphia. Mr. Camilli's second homer climaxed a 4-run 9th-inning rally.

75 years ago

Died on this date
Edward Beale McLean, 52
. U.S. publisher. Mr. McLean owned and published The Washington Post from 1916-1933. He purchased the Hope Diamond in 1911, and his family thereafter suffered several tragedies. Mr. McLean was declared insane in 1933 and was committed to a psychiatric hospital, where he died of a heart attack.

Married on this date
U.S. composer David Rose, 31, married U.S. actress Judy Garland, 19, in Las Vegas.

U.S. Senator Burton K. Wheeler (Democrat--Montana) denounced War Secretary Henry Stimson's "treason" remarks as part of " a well-organized and carefully planned smear campaign by warmongers to silence opposition to war." 11 Senators defended Sen. Wheeler.

Finland severed relations with the United Kingdom. U.S. Undersecretary of State Sumner Welles pledged that the United States Treasury Department "will grant prompt clearance for Japanese vessels clearing from U.S. ports."

The U.S. House of Representatives approved the first supplemental appropriations bill for $8 billion and sent it to the Senate.

Politics and government
U.S. Representative Joseph Martin (Republican--Massachusetts) warned that the United States might become a dictatorship after the present war unless it prepared now for the postwar crisis.

Economics and finance
The Netherlands East Indies cancelled trade agreements, under which Japan was to receive about 1.8 million tons of oil, and froze Japanese banking assets.

Unarmed Canadian soldiers dispersed pickets at the National Steel Car Company in Hamilton after the Congress of Industrial Organizations called a strike to obtain bargaining rights.

70 years ago

Assistant U.S. War Secretary Howard Petersen reported that Japanese war crimes accounted for 142,076 American and Filipio deaths.

Chinese Nationalist and Communist representatives in Changchun accepted a U.S. proposal to form a no-man's land along the Sungari River in Manchuria, while Nationalist forces advanced along the Ling Hai railway on the Yellow River.

French President Charles de Gaulle called for an Anglo-French entente to "re-establish equilibrium" between the U.S.A. and U.S.S.R.

U.K. Palestine Commander Sir Evelyn Barker banned fraternization of British troops with Palestinian Jews.

Politics and government
Negroes voted for the first time in the Texas Democratic Party primary, which resulted in the renomination of Senator Tom Connally and Representatives Wright Patman, Sam Rayburn, and Lyndon Johnson.

United Nations Relief and Rehabilitation Administration Director Fiorello La Guardia charged that millions of dollars of supplies were being stolen by soldiers in the Trieste area.

The American Federation of Labor and the Congress of Industrial Organizations announced the formation of a National Maritime Council of seven unions to eliminate jurisdictional disputes.

60 years ago

Hit parade
#1 single in Australia (Kent Music Report): The Great Pretender--The Platters (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in West Germany (Media Control): Heimweh--Freddy Quinn

#1 single in the U.K. (Record Mirror): Why Do Fools Fall in Love--Frankie Lymon and the Teenagers (2nd week at #1)

#1 singles in the U.S.A. (Billboard): I Want You, I Need You, I Love You/My Baby Left Me--Elvis Presley (Best Seller--1st week at #1); The Wayward Wind--Gogi Grant (Disc Jockey--6th week at #1; Top 100--6th week at #1); I Almost Lost My Mind--Pat Boone (Jukebox--1st week at #1)

U.S. top 10 (Cash Box)
1 I Almost Lost My Mind--Pat Boone (2nd week at #1)
2 My Prayer--The Platters
3 I Want You, I Need You, I Love You--Elvis Presley
4 The Wayward Wind--Gogi Grant
5 Be-Bop-A-Lula--Gene Vincent and the Blue Caps
6 Whatever Will Be, Will Be (Que Sera, Sera)--Doris Day
7 More--Perry Como
8 I'm in Love Again--Fats Domino
9 Moonglow and Theme from "Picnic"--Morris Stoloff and the Columbia Pictures Orchestra
--George Cates and his Orchestra
10 Allegheny Moon--Patti Page

Singles entering the chart were I Promise to Remember by Frankie Lymon and the Teenagers (#33); When My Dreamboat Comes Home (#37)/So Long (#50) by Fats Domino; The Fool, with versions by Sanford Clark, and the Gallahads (#40); The Old Philosopher by Eddie Lawrence (#41); Somebody Up There Likes Me by Perry Como (#44); Weary Blues by the McGuire Sisters and Lawrence Welk and his Orchestra (#46); Theme Song from Song for a Summer Night (Parts 1 and 2) by Mitch Miller and his Orchestra (#47); and Hound Dog by Elvis Presley (also #50). Somebody Up There Likes Me was the title song of the movie.

Died on this date
Louis Héry
. French auto racing driver. Mr. Héry was killed in a crash after 5 laps of the 24 Hours of Le Mans.

Politics and government
Manuel Prado Ugarteche took office as President of Peru following the country's first free election in 11 years.

Economics and finance
The U.K. Treasury blocked all Suez Canal Company and Egyptian assets in British banks.

George Cummings resigned as warden of Connecticut State Prison following a five-hour strike by 250 convicts demanding better food and clothing.

Arthur Bisguier of New York won the U.S. open tournament in Oklahoma City.

Edmonton Eskimos' intrasquad game @ Clarke Stadium
Green 12 Gold 12

50 years ago

Hit parade
#1 single in the U.K. (Record Retailer): Out of Time--Chris Farlowe

Politics and government
Alex Campbell was sworn in as Premier of Prince Edward Island, replacing Walter Shaw. The May 30 provincial election had resulted in a 15-15 tie in seats between Mr. Shaw's Progressive Conservatives and Mr. Campbell's Liberals. The election for the two seats in the riding of 1st Kings was postponed to July 11 because of the death of Liberal candidate William Acorn. The Liberals won both seats in the by-election, giving them a 17-15 majority in the House of Assembly, and leading to the resignation of Mr. Shaw's government.

40 years ago

An earthquake measuring between 7.8 and 8.2 moment magnitude flattened Tangshan in the People's Republic of China, killing 242,769 and injuring 164,851.

Edmonton (2-0) 25 @ Toronto (1-1) 20

Keith Barnette rushed 21 times for 101 yards and a touchdown to help the Eskimos defeat the Argonauts before 43,002 fans at Exhibition Stadium, the largest crowd yet to attend a CFL game. The Argonauts blew a scoring opportunity when they had first down at the Edmonton 1-yard line, but failed to score on three straight plays. It was the first CFL game for Edmonton defensive back Joe Hollimon, and the last for Edmonton defensive back Dick Dupuis, who was in his 12th CFL season.

Blue Moon Odom pitched 5+ innings before being relieved by Francisco Barrios, who pitched 4 innings as they combined on a no-hitter for the Chicago White Sox in a 2-1 win over the Oakland Athletics before 3,367 fans at Oakland-Alameda County Coliseum. It was the 84th and last career major league win for Mr. Odom, who had pitched with the Athletics from 1964-1975. Mr. Odom walked 9 batters, and was removed after issuing a base on balls to Billy Williams to open the bottom of the 6th inning. The Athletics scored in the 4th on two bases on balls, a force out, a stolen base, and a throwing error by Chicago catcher Jim Essian. Jim Spencer broke a 1-1 tie with a home run off Paul Lindblad with 2 out in the top of the 6th.

The Baltimore Orioles scored a run in the bottom of the 6th inning and 3 in the 7th to overcome a 3-0 deficit and edge the New York Yankees 4-3 before 23,701 fans at Memorial Stadium in Baltimore.

Buddy Bell, Larvell Blanks, and Rico Carty hit home runs for the Cleveland Indians as they came back from a 6-2 2nd-inning deficit to defeat the Boston Red Sox 7-6 before 22,246 fans at Fenway Park in Boston.

Alex Johnson singled and came around to score on a sacrifice fly by Pedro Garcia in the top of the 9th inning as the Detroit Tigers edged the Milwaukee Brewers 1-0 before 13,865 fans at County Stadium in Milwaukee. Dave Roberts pitched a 5-hit shutout to win the pitchers' duel over Jerry Augustine, who allowed 9 hits in pitching a complete game.

Tom Poquette reached first base on an error by second baseman Jerry Remy and came around to score on a squeeze bunt by Dave Nelson in the top of the 15th inning to give the Kansas City Royals a 3-2 win over the California Angels before 9,947 fans at Anaheim Stadium.

Manny Trillo hit a 3-run home run in the top of the 11th inning to give the Chicago Cubs a 5-2 win over the Philadelphia Phillies before 35,043 fans at Veterans Stadium in Philadelphia.

Richie Hebner hit a home run off Ken Sanders with 1 out in the top of the 13th inning to give the Pittsburgh Pirates a 1-0 win over the New York Mets before 22,215 fans at Shea Stadium in New York. Pittsburgh starting pitcher George Medich allowed 5 hits in 10 innings, while Dave Giusti allowed 1 hit in 3 innings to get the win. New York starter Tom Seaver allowed 7 hits in 10 innings, striking out 10.

The San Francisco Giants scored 3 runs in the top of the 1st inning and coasted to a 7-0 win over the Cincinnati Reds before 28,053 fans at Riverfront Stadium in Cincinnati. John D'Acquisto allowed 4 hits in 6 1/3 innings to improve his 1976 record to 3-5; he was relieved by Gary Lavelle, who allowed 1 hit in 2 2/3 innings. Cincinnati starter Santo Alcala allowed 8 hits, 5 earned runs, and 2 bases on balls in 2 2/3 innings, while also making a wild pitch and a balk, as he dropped to 9-3.

The Montreal Expos scored a run in the 7th inning and 2 in the 9th as they blanked the St. Louis Cardinals 3-0 before 16,139 fans at Busch Memorial Stadiumm in St. Louis. Woodie Fryman allowed 8 hits in 6 innings to improve his 1976 record to 9-8, while Dale Murray allowed 2 hits in 3 innings to earn his 11th save of the season.

The San Diego Padres scored 2 runs in the top of the 10th inning and held on to edge the Houston Astros 2-1 before 14,260 fans at the Astrodome. The Astros scored a run in the bottom of the 10th and had the potential tying run at second base, but pinch hitter Jerry DaVanon grounded out to end the game.

30 years ago

Hit parade
#1 single in Australia (Kent Music Report): Touch Me (I Want Your Body)--Samantha Fox (3rd week at #1)

#1 single in Spain (PROMUSICAE): La Puerta de Alcalá--Víctor Manuel y Ana Belén (3rd week at #1)

25 years ago

Hit parade
#1 single in New Zealand (RIANZ): More Than Words--Extreme (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in Austria (Ö3): Wind of Change--Scorpions (4th week at #1)

#1 single in Switzerland: Gypsy Woman (She's Homeless)--Crystal Waters (2nd week at #1)

Dennis Martinez pitched a perfect game--becoming the first player from Nicaragua to do so--as the Montreal Expos blanked the Los Angeles Dodgers 2-0 before 45,560 fans at Dodger Stadium. Ron Hassey, who had caught Len Barker's perfect game with the Cleveland Indians in 1981, became the first major league player to catch two perfect games. The Expos scored 2 unearned runs in the 7th inning as a result of 2 errors by Los Angeles shortstop Alfredo Griffin. Losing pitcher Mike Morgan allowed just 4 hits in pitching a complete game. The Sunday afternoon game was televised in Canada on TSN.

Dave Hollins hit a solo home run with 2 out in the top of the 1st inning to open the scoring, but Kevin Mitchell homered to lead off the bottom of the 2nd and Matt Williams homered to lead off the bottom of the 6th as the San Francisco Giants edged the Philadelphia Phillies 2-1 before 36,268 fans at Candlestick Park in San Francisco. Bud Black allowed 4 hits in 6 2/3 innings to win the pitchers' duel over Tommy Greene, who allowed 7 hits in 7 innings.

The San Diego Padres scored 2 unearned runs in the bottom of the 6th inning and Andy Benes allowed just 5 hits and no bases on balls in 8 innings to improve his 1991 record to 5-10 as the Padres blanked the New York Mets 2-0 before 25,090 fans at Jack Murphy-San Diego Stadium. Losing pitcher Frank Viola allowed just 4 hits in 7 innings as he dropped to 11-7.

The Milwaukee Brewers scored 8 runs in the first 3 innings and coasted to an 11-2 win over the Minnesota Twins before 47,524 fans at Hubert H. Humphrey Metrodome in Minneapolis. Jaime Navarro allowed 10 hits in pitching a complete game victory, while Minnesota starter Jack Morris allowed 9 hits and 8 runs--all earned--in 2 2/3 innings.

20 years ago

Hit parade
#1 single in New Zealand (RIANZ): Tha Crossroads--Bone Thugs 'n Harmony (6th week at #1)

#1 single in Austria (Ö3): Killing Me Softly--The Fugees

#1 single in Switzerland: I Can't Help Myself (I Love You, I Want You)--The Kelly Family

Died on this date
Roger Tory Peterson, 87
. U.S. ornithologist. Mr. Peterson has been called the inventor of the modern field guide, beginning with Guide to the Birds (1934). He has also been credited as an inspiration to the modern environmental movement. Mr. Peterson died a month before his 88th birthday.

The remains of the prehistoric man eventually known as Kennewick Man were discovered near Kennewick, Washington.

Canadian Brian Walton won a silver medal in the cycling points race at the Atlanta Olympic Games, while fellow Canadian Curt Harnett earned the bronze medal in the men's sprint on the track near Stone Mountain. Canada's men's doubles team of John Child and Mark Heese took the bronze at the inaugural Olympic beach volleyball tournament. Canadian rowers won medals at Lake Lanier at the Atlanta Games: Dave Boyes, Jeff Lay, Gavin Hassett and Brian Peaker took silver in the men's four; Marnie McBean, Kathleen Heddle, Laryssa Biesenthal and Diane O'Grady came away with bronze in the women's four; and Emma Robinson, Anna van der Kamp, Theresa Luke, Tosha Tsang, Alison Korn, Heather McDermid, Maria Maunder, Jessica Monroe and Lesley Thompson had a silver-medal performance in the women's eight with coxswain.

10 years ago

Winnipeg (4-2) 29 @ Hamilton (1-6) 0
Montreal (6-0) 21 @ Edmonton (2-4) 13

27,027 fans at Ivor Wynne Stadium saw the Winnipeg defense limit the Hamilton offense to 108 net yards as the Tiger-Cats suffered their first shutout at home since October 8, 1951.

Robert Edwards rushed for touchdowns of 13 and 5 yards in the last 9 minutes of regulation time as the Alouettes beat the Eskimos before 32,441 fans at Commonwealth Stadium. Mike Maurer scored the only Edmonton touchdown on a 13-yard pass from Ricky Ray with 13:52 remaining in regulation time.

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