Monday, 12 September 2016

September 11, 2016

475 years ago
1541


War
Santiago, Chile was destroyed by indigenous warriors, led by Michimalonco.

240 years ago
1776


War
A British–American peace conference on Staten Island failed to stop the American Revolutionary War.

200 years ago
1816


Born on this date
Carl Zeiss
. German lens maker. Mr. Zeiss began manufacturing microscopes in the 1840s, and expanded his business to include cameras when photography started to become popular. He died on December 3, 1888 at the age of 72.

130 years ago
1886


Baseball
Connie Mack, recently purchased from Hartford of the Eastern League, played his first major league game, contributing a single as he helped the Washington Senators edge the Philadelphia Phillies 4-3 at Swampdoodle Grounds in Washington. Winning pitcher Frank Gilmore pitched a complete game in his major league debut.

The Philadelphia Athletics beat the Pittsburgh Alleghenys 18-10 in an American Association game at Jefferson Street Grounds in Philadelphia.

100 years ago
1916


Born on this date
Ed Sabol
. U.S. film producer. Mr. Sabol was an outstanding intercollegiate swimmer before serving in World War II and working as a clothing salesman. He and his son Steve helped to found Blair Motion Pictures in 1962, which won a contract to film that year's National Football League championship game. The company changed its name to NFL Films in 1964, with exclusive rights to film NFL games. Mr. Sabol remained the company's president and chairman until his retirement in 1995, when his son Steve assumed the positions. Mr. Sabol was inducted into the Professional Football Hall of Fame in 2011; he died on February 9, 2015 at the age of 98.

Disasters
The centre span of the Québec Bridge at Ste-Foy, Québec collapsed and fell into the Saint Lawrence River as it was being hoisted into place, killing 13 workers. The bridge had been rebuilt after the first crash on August 29, 1907.

80 years ago
1936


Died on this date
Braggo Roth, 44
. U.S. baseball player. Robert Frank Roth, who got his nickname from his boasts about his hitting, was an outfielder with the Chicago White Sox (1914-1915); Cleveland Indians (1915-1918); Philadelphia Athletics (1919); Boston Red Sox (1919); Washington Nationals (1920); and New York Yankees (1921), batting .284 with 30 home runs and 422 runs batted in in 811 games. In 1915 he hit 3 home runs in 70 games with Chicago and 4 homers in 39 games with Cleveland--with the final 3 home runs coming in the final week of the season--to lead the American League. Mr. Roth was killed in a car accident when the car in which he was a passenger was struck by a newspaper truck; the driver of the car was killed, and Mr. Roth died later in the day from severe head injuries.

Americana
U.S. President Franklin Delano Roosevelt dedicated the Hoover Dam in Nevada.

Baseball
Hod Lisenbee of the Philadelphia Athletics tied a dubious major league record, giving up 26 hits as he pitched all 8 innings of the Athletics' 17-2 loss to the Chicago White Sox at Comiskey Park in Chicago. Mike Kreevich, Zeke Bonura, and Luke Appling each had 5 hits for the White Sox. Winning pitcher Monty Stratton pitched a 6-hit complete game, and hit his first major league home run. The game was played in 1 hour 57 minutes. 13,000 fans were in attendance, 9,000 of whom were admitted free for Ladies Day. Les Rock made his major league debut with the White Sox, entering the game as a pinch hitter in the 8th inning and grounding into a double play (it was then credited as a run batted in), andplaying the 9th inning at first base without a fielding chance.

The New York Yankees scored 9 runs in the 8th inning as they beat the Detroit Tigers 14-4 at Navin Field in Detroit. Winning pitcher Pat Malone had 2 hits, including a double, and batted in 4 runs. New York center fielder Joe DiMaggio was 0 for 6.

The Washington Nationals scored 5 runs in the top of the 1st inning and coasted to a 7-2 win over the Cleveland Indians at League Park in Cleveland. Earl Whitehill pitched a 6-hit complete game victory and had 2 hits and a run batted in. Denny Galehouse started on the mound for Cleveland and was pulled after facing 6 batters, all of whom hit safely, and 5 of whom scored.

Don Gutteridge hit 2 home runs and a triple, scoring 4 runs and driving in 5, to help the St. Louis Cardinals defeat the Brooklyn Dodgers 12-8 in the first game of a doubleheader before 10,000 fans at Ebbets Field in Brooklyn. Mike Ryba, the second of three St. Louis pitchers, was credited with the win despite allowing 12 hits and 6 earned runs in 4 1/3 innings. The Dodgers rallied for 5 runs in the bottom of the 9th inning, but George Earnshaw relieved Mr. Ryba and put out the fire. The Dodgers won the second game 5-4.

The Philadelphia Phillies scored 4 runs in each of the 1st and 6th innings as they beat the Cincinnati Reds 9-6 at Baker Bowl in Philadelphia. Eddie Joost made his major league debut with the Reds, entering the game in the top of the 8th inning as a pinch runner at first base for Babe Herman, and playing shortstop in the bottom of the 8th without a fielding chance.

75 years ago
1941


Married on this date
King Leopold III of Belgium secretly married Marie Lilian Baels, a commoner and the daughter of a former agriculture minister. The marriage was morganatic.

Died on this date
Christian Rakovsky, 68
. Ottoman-born U.S.S.R. politician and diplomat. Mr. Rakovsky was born in what is now Bulgaria; he was a collaborator with Leon Trotsky and served as 1st Chairman of the Council of People's Commissars of the Ukrainian Soviet Socialist Republic from 1919-1923 and as U.S.S.R. Ambassador to France from 1925-1927 and Ambassador to Japan in 1935. Mr. Rakovsky was a victim of Soviet dictator Josef Stain's Great Purge in 1937-1938, and was sentenced to 20 years' hard labour. He was executed as one of the victims of the Medvedev Forest Massacre.

Abominations
157 political prisoners in Oryol Prison in Russia were executed in the nearby Medvedev Forest on orders from U.S.S.R. dictator Josef Stalin.

War
In Des Moines, Iowa, American aviator Charles Lindbergh, speaking for the America First Committee, delivered his most controversial speech in opposition to U.S. involvement in World War II (hear audio). The U.S.-owned cargo ship Montana, under Panamanian registry, was torpedoed and sunk midway between Greenland and Iceland.

Defense
U.S. President Franklin D. Roosevelt announced that he had ordered the Navy to destroy on sight any Axis submarines or surface raiders found "in the waters which we deem necessary for our defense." He declared, "When you see a rattlesnake poised to strike, you do not wait until he has struck before you crush him."

Ground was broken for the construction of the Pentagon in Arlington County, Virginia.

Diplomacy
Nine more Germans and one more German-born Chilean were arrested in Santiago for questioning in the investigation of Nazi activities.

Movies
America First Committee leader John T. Flynn, testifying before the U.S. Senate subcommittee investigating the motion picture industry, charged that movies were loaded with "pro-war propaganda" because they were "controlled by four or five men who cannot possibly have an American point of view."

Oil
The U.S. Senate special investigating committee reported no shortage of oil or gasoline in the eastern states and urged that restrictions on sales be removed.

Disasters
An earthquake struck the Van area of Turkey, leaving a reported 500 people missing.

Boxing
Chalky Wright (121-28-15-2) knocked out Joey Archibald (59-28-3) 54 seconds into the 11th round at Griffith Stadium in Washington to win the New York State Athletic Commission and Maryland recognition of the world featherweight title.

70 years ago
1946


Died on this date
Cy Morgan, 50
. U.S. baseball pitcher. Mr. Morgan played in 17 games as a relief pitcher with the Boston Braves in 1921 and 2 games in 1922, compiling a record of 1-1 with an earned run average of 7.39. He was 23-7 with an ERA of 2.29 in 35 games with the Springfield Hampdens of the Eastern League in 1920. A sore arm ended Mr. Morgan's career after the 1922 season; he died after a lengthy illness.

War
5,000 Japanese marched on the Soviet embassy in Tokyo to demand repatriation of Japanese prisoners of war still held by the U.S.S.R. In an effort to reopen peace negotiations in China, U.S. Army General George Marshall conferred with Nationalist Chinese leader Generalissimo Chiang Kai-shek in Kuling and then with Communist leader Chou En-lai in Nanking.

Defense
Albania announced the signing of an Albanian-Yugoslavian naval pact, while a report from Rome said that Albania had concentrated two large forces on the Greek border.

World events
U.S. Commander in Austria General Mark Clark charged that Soviets in eastern Austria "take almost everything on the ground that is a German asset."

Politics and government
U.S. Senator Robert Taft (Republican--Ohio) said that President Harry Truman's policy toward the U.S.S.R. had "only helped to build up the greatest totalitarian state the world has ever seen."

Aviation
The United States Navy announced plans to construct the "world's largest centrifuge" for human use to test the effects of supersonic speed on the human body.

Baseball
The Cincinnati Reds and Brooklyn Dodgers played to a 0-0 tie in 19 innings before 14,538 fans at Ebbets Field in Brooklyn in a game that was called because of darkness after 4 hours 40 minutes. It was the longest scoreless game in major league history. Johnny Vander Meer pitched the first 15 innings for the Reds, allowing 7 hits and striking out 14 batters.

The Chicago Cubs and Boston Braves played to a 3-3 tie in 17 innings before 4,069 fans at Braves Field in a game that was called because of darkness after 3 hours 46 minutes.

The Pittsburgh Pirates swept a doubleheader from the New York Giants 7-6 and 7-5 before 6,358 fans at the Polo Grounds in New York. Jack Kraus played the 71st and last game of major league career with the Giants in the second game, pitching the 9th inning and allowing a base on balls, but no hits or runs.

Hank Greenberg's 3-run home run opened the scoring in a 5-run 1st inning as the Detroit Tigers beat the Boston Red Sox 7-3 before 24,676 fans at Briggs Stadium in Detroit. Winning pitcher Dizzy Trout pitched a 7-hit complete game to improve his 1946 record to 15-12, and closed the scoring with a 2-run homer. Losing pitcher Dave "Boo" Ferriss was pulled after 1 inning, allowing 6 hits and 4 earned runs as he dropped to 24-6. Ted Williams homered for Boston.

The Cleveland Indians scored 7 runs in the 5th inning as they routed the New York Yankees 11-2 before 3,050 fans at League Park in Cleveland. Winning pitcher Allie Reynolds pitched a 9-hit complete game, hit 3 singles, and drove in 3 runs, while Pat Seerey added a 3-run home run. Eddie Bockman made his major league debut with New York, playing the last 4 innings at third base, batting 0 for 2 and participating in a double play.

The Chicago White Sox scored 5 runs in the 6th inning to break a 1-1 tie and defeat the Washington Nationals 6-1 before 2,077 fans at Comiskey Park in Chicago in a game that was played in 1 hour 51 minutes. Joe Haynes pitched an 8-hit complete game victory.

Ellis Kinder and Frank Biscan combined for a 5-hit shutout as the St. Louis Browns blanked the Philadelphia Athletics 4-0 before 3,423 fans at Sportsman's Park in St. Louis. Losing pitcher Lou Knerr allowed 8 hits and 3 earned runs in pitching a complete game as his record for the season fell to 3-15.

60 years ago
1956


Died on this date
Billy Bishop, 62
. Canadian military aviator. Air Marshal Bishop, a native of Owen Sound, Ontario, was the leading Canadian air ace of World War I, with 72 victories as a pilot with the Royal Flying Corps. He helped to organize the Canadian Flying Corps late in the war, and was Director of the Royal Canadian Air Force during World War II, when he helped to set up the British Commonwealth Air Training Plan. Air Marshal Bishop resigned from the RCAF in 1944 because of ill health, and went into private business. He died in his sleep after going to Florida to spend the winter.

Diplomacy
U.K. Prime Minister Anthony Eden and French Prime Minister Guy Mollet met in London to plan strategy for the Suez Canal following the collapse of talks in Cairo. The Suez Canal Company authorized its employees to leave Egypt if they wished to do so.

Defense
U.S. President Dwight Eisenhower said that he foresaw no end to the military draft.

Politics and government
Former Governor Herman Talmadge defeated former Governor Melvin Thompson in the Democratic Primary for the United States Senate seat in Georgia that was up for election in November.

50 years ago
1966


Died on this date
Collett E. Woolman, 76
. U.S. aviation executive. Mr. Woolman co-founded the company that became Delta Air Lines in 1924, and became Chief Executive Officer on November 1, 1965.

Defense
French President Charles de Gaulle was in attendance as France exploded an atomic bomb at Mururoa, French Polynesia.

Politics and government
In the South Vietnamese election, 80.8% of eligible voters turned out to elect a National Assembly to draft a constitution.

Football
CFL
Edmonton (5-4) 14 @ Toronto (1-5) 34
Saskatchewan (6-2) 27 @ Winnipeg (4-3) 24

Eagle Day, playing his first game in a Toronto uniform, continued the mastery over Edmonton that he had displayed in five seasons with the Calgary Stampeders, completing 2 touchdown passes to Al Irwin and another to Bobby Taylor in leading the Argonauts over the Eskimos before 21,685 fans at CNE Stadium. Bob Swift and Dave Thelen rushed for the other Toronto TDs. Garry Lefebvre and Bill Redell scored the Edmonton touchdowns. It was the final CFL game for Edmonton tackle Ken Perkins and end Ken Sigaty.

Ron Lancaster completed 2 touchdown passes to Hugh Campbell--the second coming with 1:04 remaining in the game--as the Roughriders edged the Blue Bombers before 21,655 fans at Winnipeg Stadium. Jack Abendschan converted both Saskatchewan TDs and added 3 field goals. Dick Thornton, Dave Raimey, and Billy Cooper scored the Winnipeg touchdowns.

40 years ago
1976


Hit parade
#1 single in Italy (Hit Parade Italia): Non si puo' morire dentro--Gianni Bella (10th week at #1)

#1 single in the Netherlands (Veronica Top 40): Dancing Queen--ABBA (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in the U.K.: Dancing Queen--ABBA

#1 single in the U.S.A. (Billboard): (Shake, Shake, Shake) Shake Your Booty--K.C. and the Sunshine Band

U.S.A. Top 10 (Cash Box)
1 Play That Funky Music--Wild Cherry
2 You Should Be Dancing--Bee Gees
3 (Shake, Shake, Shake) Shake Your Booty--K.C. and the Sunshine Band
4 I'd Really Love to See You Tonight--England Dan & John Ford Coley
5 Lowdown--Boz Scaggs
6 A Fifth of Beethoven--Walter Murphy and the Big Apple Band
7 Don't Go Breaking My Heart--Elton John and Kiki Dee
8 You'll Never Find Another Love Like Mine--Lou Rawls
9 Devil Woman--Cliff Richard
10 Heaven Must Be Missing an Angel (Part 1)--Tavares

Singles entering the chart were Like a Sad Song by John Denver (#87); The Rubberband Man by the Spinners (#90); Just to Be Close to You by the Commodores (#91); More than a Feeling by Boston (#92); Message in Our Music by the O'Jays (#94); Party Line by Andrea True Connection (#97); The End is Not in Sight (The Cowboy Tune) by Amazing Rhythm Aces (#99); and Amber Cascades by America (#100).

Canada's top 10 (RPM)
1 You Should Be Dancing--Bee Gees
2 You'll Never Find Another Love Like Mine--Lou Rawls
3 Baby, I Love Your Way--Peter Frampton
4 A Fifth of Beethoven--Walter Murphy and the Big Apple Band
5 Play That Funky Music--Wild Cherry
6 (Shake, Shake, Shake) Shake Your Booty--K.C. and the Sunshine Band
7 Don't Go Breaking My Heart--Elton John and Kiki Dee
8 I'd Really Love to See You Tonight--England Dan & John Ford Coley
9 A Little Bit More--Dr. Hook
10 Summer--War

Singles entering the chart were Magic Man by Heart (#74); (Don't Fear) The Reaper by Blue Oyster Cult (#78); It's OK by the Beach Boys (#79); I Only Wanna Be with You by the Bay City Rollers (#80); Disco Duck (Part 1) by Rick Dees and his Cast of Idiots (#81); The Princess and the Punk by Barry Mann (#82); Why I Had to Pass this Way by Carroll Baker (#88); Roxanne by Peter Foldy (#93); I Got to Know by Starbuck (#94); Beth by Kiss (#95); I Don't Believe in Miracles by C.B. Victoria (#97); Harlem by Andy Kim (#98); Funny How Time Slips Away by Dorothy Moore (#99); and No No Joe by Silver Convention (#100).

Hockey
Canada Cup
Canada 3 U.S.S.R. 1

Football
CFL
Montreal (4-4-1) 13 @ Ottawa (7-2) 21

The Rough Riders made 6 interceptions as they defeated the Alouettes at Lansdowne Park.

CIAU
Alberta (0-1) 13 @ British Columbia (1-1) 20

Backup quarterback Greg Gardiner scored 2 touchdowns, including the winner early in the 4th quarter, as the Thunderbirds defeated the Golden Bears before 1,922 fans at Thunderbird Stadium in Vancouver for their first win over Alberta since 1962. Mr. Gardiner relieved starter Dan Smith in the 2nd quarter and rushed 27 yards for his first touchdown with 15 seconds remaining in the 1st half. Joe Poplawski kicked 2 field goals for the Golden Bears--including one from 10 yards in the final seconds of the 1st half just after Mr. Gardiner's first TD--and converted the only Alberta touchdown, a 50-yard pass from Brian Larsen to Dalton Smarsh with less than 2 minutes left in the 3rd quarter. Gary Metz converted both B.C. touchdowns and added 2 field goals.

Baseball
The Pittsburgh Pirates scored 3 runs in the 1st inning and held on to defeat the Montreal Expos 4-3 before 7,509 fans at Three Rivers Stadium in Pittsburgh in a Saturday night Expos Baseball telecast on CBC. Andre Dawson made his major league debut, starting in right field for the Expos, striking out and popping out in 2 at bats, with no fielding chances, before being pinch hit for by Jose Morales in the 7th inning.

Pinch hitter Champ Summers hit a 3-run home run with 1 out in the top of the 12th inning to break a 1-1 tie and give the Chicago Cubs a 4-1 win over the Philadelphia Phillies before 37,668 fans at Veterans Stadium in Philadelphia.

Jerry Koosman pitched a 2-hitter to improve his record for the season to 19-8 as the New York Mets beat the St. Louis Cardinals 4-1 before 8,709 fans at Busch Memorial Stadium in St. Louis. The game was played in 1 hour 57 minutes.

The Detroit Tigers took a 6-0 lead after 3 1/2 innings and held on to defeat the New York Yankees 6-5 before 31,122 fans at Yankee Stadium.

Wayne Garland and Mike Flanagan were the respective winning pitchers as the Baltimore Orioles swept a doubleheader from the Milwaukee Brewers 5-1 and 3-2 before 9,079 fans at County Stadium in Milwaukee. Kiko Garcia made his major league debut at shortstop for the Orioles in the first game, batting 0 for 3 with 2 strikeouts, and making 2 assists in the field before being relieved in the 7th inning by Mark Belanger. Rich Dauer made his major league debut at second base for the Orioles in the second game, singling in his first at bat in the 2nd inning, drawing a base on balls in the 3rd, and driving in the tying run with a ground out in the 7th. He finished 1 for 4, while making 4 putouts and 4 assists in the field, and participating in 2 double plays.

Amos Otis's 3-run home run with 1 out in the top of the 9th climaxed a 5-run rally and gave the Kansas City Royals an 8-6 win over the Minnesota Twins before 8,955 fans at Metropolitan Stadium in Bloomington.

Mike Torrez pitched a 6-hitter to win the pitchers' duel over Nelson Briles as the Oakland Athletics edged the Texas Rangers 1-0 before 9,554 fans at Arlington Stadium. The only run was scored in the 8th inning when Phil Garner doubled with 1 out, went to third base on an infield single by Bill North, and scored on a sacrifice fly by Bert Campaneris. Mr. Briles allowed 7 hits and 1 earned run in pitching a complete game defeat.

30 years ago
1986


Died on this date
Noel Streatfeild, 90
. U.K. authoress. Miss Streatfeild wrote fiction and non-fiction from the 1930s through the 1970s, but was best known for her children's novels, such as Ballet Shoes (1936).

Panagiotis Kanellopoulos, 83. Prime Minister of Greece, 1945, 1967. Mr. Kanellopoulos held various positions during his career, and was serving as a caretaker Prime Minister prior to national elections scheduled for May 28, 1967 when his government was deposed on April 21 by a military coup, which ruled as a junta from 1967-1974.

Economics and finance
The Toronto, Montréal, and Vancouver stock exchanges experienced large sell-off as Wall Street dove to its worst one-day stock market decline since Black Thursday on October 28th, 1929.

Football
CFL
Winnipeg (6-5) 27 @ Calgary (6-5) 28

Joe Poplawski was wide on a 27-yard field goal attempt on the last play of the game, and teammate Sean Kehoe was penalized for no yards for contacting the ball in the Calgary end zone, allowing the Stampeders to escape with a victory over the Blue Bombers before 26,184 fans at McMahon Stadium.

25 years ago
1991


Hit parade
#1 single in Sweden (Topplistan): (Everything I Do) I Do it for You--Bryan Adams (5th week at #1)

Baseball
Kent Mercker, Mark Wohlers, and Alejandro Pena combined to pitch a no-hitter for the Atlanta Braves as they edged the San Diego Padres 1-0 before 20,477 fans at Atlanta-Fulton County Stadium. Mr. Mercker pitched 6 innings, Mr. Wohlers 2, and Mr. Pena 1. The only run scored on a home run by Terry Pendleton with 2 out in the bottom of the 5th inning. Losing pitcher Greg Harris allowed 7 hits and 1 earned run in pitching a complete game. Rico Rossy mad his major league debut with the Braves in the bottom of the 8th, pinch running for Lonnie Smith at first base.

Pinch hitter Jose Calderon hit a 2-run home run in the 8th inning and Andres Galarraga led off the 9th with a home run to give the Montreal Expos a 6-3 lead, but the Philadelphia Phillies rallied for 2 runs in the bottom of the 9th before losing 6-5 in front of 13,501 fans at Veterans Stadium in Philadelphia.

Zane Smith pitched a 6-hit complete game victory and didn't allow an earned run, while singling in a run of his own as the Pittsburgh Pirates defeated the St. Louis Cardinals 3-1 before 20,457 fans at Busch Memorial Stadium in St. Louis. Mr. Smith improved his 1991 record to 14-10, while losing pitcher Bob Tewks bury allowed 9 hits and 3 earned runs in 6 innings to fall to 9-11. Stan Royer made his major league debut with the Cardinals, singling as a pinch hitter for Mr. Tewksbury in the 6th inning.

Tony Castillo allowed 3 hits and no runs in 6 innings to win the pitchers' duel over Frank Castillo as the New York Mets beat the Chicago Cubs 4-1 before 15,795 fans at Wrigley Field in Chicago. Frank Castillo allowed 8 hits and 4 earned runs in 6 1/3 innings.

Pinch runner Willie Wilson scored on a sacrifice fly by Jose Canseco in the bottom of the 10th inning to give the Oakland Athletics a 6-5 win over the Chicago White Sox before 28,422 fans at Oakland-Alameda County Coliseum. The White Sox scored all their runs in the 4th inning off starting pitcher Todd Van Poppel, who allowed 7 hits, 2 bases on balls, and 5 earned runs in 4 2/3 innings in his major league debut.

Rafael Palmeiro doubled home John Russell and Julio Franco with 2 out in the top of the 12th inning to break a 9-9 tie and give the Texas Rangers an 11-9 win over the California Angels before 20,663 fans at Anaheim Stadium. Messrs. Russell and Franco drew bases on balls before Mr. Palmeiro homered off losing pitcher Jeff Robinson, the seventh of eight California pitchers.

20 years ago
1996


Hit parade
#1 single in Denmark (Nielsen Music Control & IFPI): Wannabe--Spice Girls (3rd week at #1)

Disasters
Hurricane Fran battered the east coast of the United States after sweeping across the Caribbean; it killed 21 people and caused close to $1 billion in damage.

10 years ago
2006


Died on this date
Joachim Fest, 79
. German historian. Mr. Fest was best known for writing books about Nazi Germany, and for engaging in controversies about that period of German history.

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