Monday, 19 September 2016

September 19, 2016

1,150 years ago

Born on this date
Leo VI "the Wise"
. Emperor of the Byzantine Empire, 886-912. Leo VI succeeded Basil I and presided over a renaissance of letters, but several military defeats. He died at the age of 45 in 912 and was succeeded by his younger brother Alexander.

175 years ago

Died on this date
Charles Poulett Thomson, 1st Baron Sydenham, 42
. Governor General of Canada, 1839-1841. Lord Sydenham held various positions in Britain before succeeding Lord Durham as Governor General of the Province of Canada. He implemented the Union Act which united the provinces of Upper Canada and Lower Canada, which became, respectively, Canada West and Canada East, and moved the capital to Kingston. Lord Sydenham adopted policies that favoured English-speaking Canada West, which made him unpopular in French-speaking Canada East. He suffered from severe gout and had submitted his resignation, but he died in Kingston of a tetanus infection 15 days after suffering a broken and lacerated leg in a fall from his horse. Lord Sydenham was succeeded as Governor General by Sir Charles Bagot.

140 years ago

The Ottawa Football Club was founded at a meeting at the Russell Hotel. The Ottawa Amateur Athletic Association agreed to run the club, to play its first game on September 23, 1876.

125 years ago

The Grand Trunk Railway opened the single-track St. Clair Tunnel under the St. Clair River to Port Huron, connecting the GTR from Sarnia, Ontario to lines in Michigan; construction had begun in 1888.

100 years ago

The 6th Montréal Field Battery embarked for service in France. Colonial armed forces of the Belgian Congo (Force Publique) under the command of General Charles Tombeur captured the town of Tabora after heavy fighting.

80 years ago

On the radio
The Adventures of Sherlock Holmes, starring Louis Hector and Harry West, on MBS
Tonight's episode: The Beryl Coronet

IRFU-ORFU (Exhibition)
Toronto (ORFU) 11 @ Montreal (IRFU) 8

IRFU-QRFU (Exhibition)
Montreal (QRFU) 0 @ Ottawa (IRFU) 29

Calgary 2 @ Regina 18

Paul Kirk returned an interception 105 yards for a touchdown and added a convert to lead the Roughriders over the Bronks at Park de Young.

WIFU-U.S. college (Exhibition)
Concordia College (Minnesota) 19 @ Winnipeg 21

75 years ago

German troops took Kiev, while other German units had already penetrated 150 miles beyond the Ukrainian city. German U-Boat U-74 torpedoed and sank Royal Canadian Navy Flower Class corvette HMCS Lévis, with the loss of 18 lives, 200 kilometres off Cape Farewell, Greenland. Another U-boat sank the U.S. government-owned ship SS Pink Star off the coast of Iceland. Eight "Communists" were executed in Paris for anti-German activities.

The Peruvian Army announced that 100 Ecuadorian troops had arttacked 20 Peruvian soldiers the previous day at Panupali along the border.

Mrs. Constantin Smetanin, wife of the Soviet Ambassador to Japan, and 50 other relatives of embassy staff members left Tokyo for Russia, presumably because of deteriorating U.S.S.R.-Japan relations.

U.S. Navy Secretary Frank Knox announced that at least 12 British warships were being repaired in American shipyards under the Lend-Lease program. U.S. Secretary of State Cordell Hull told a press conference that the United States was planning greater and swifter aid to the U.S.S.R.

U.S. national Defense Mediation Board Chairman William H. Davis announced a 30-day truce in the "union shop" dispute between the Congress of Industrial Organizations United Mine Workers of America and mine operators in Pennsylvania, West Virginia, and Kentucky.

Brooklyn Dodgers' manager Leo Durocher punched and knocked down Associated Press reporter Ted Meier in a street fight in Philadelphia after being asked a "tactless" question.

Vancouver (1-2) 0 @ Regina (2-2) 18

70 years ago

Chinese Communist leader Chou En-lai broke off peace negotiations in Nanking, charging the Nationalists and Americans with basing their policies on the assumption of war with the U.S.S.R.

Speaking at the University of Zurich former British Prime Minister Winston Churchill called for a "partnership" between France and Germany as the first step in the creation of a "United States of Europe."

U.S. Army Chemical Corps Chief General Alden Watt reported the development of an unnamed bacteria toxin, "perhaps the most highly toxic substance known," but said that it had been isolated only in minute quantities.

James Van Allen of Johns Hopkins University revealed that tests of German V-2 rockets had disclosed the existence of a belt of cosmic rays 20 miles above the Earth with a radiation level 300 times greater than could be found on the surface.

Dutch paleontologist G.H.R. von Koeningswald, held for 30 months in Japanese prison camps, arrived in New York with the bones of Java Man, a hominid that supposedly lived 500,000 years ago.

Politics and government
U.S. military authorities in Germany announced a land reform project which would break up estates larger than 250 acres in the American zone into small farm holdings.

Economics and finance
The U.S. State Department released a proposal for a world trade charter detailing a code of practices and proposing creation of an International Trade Organization.

60 years ago

The second London conference on the Suez Canal opened with the 18 invited nations divided on the Suez Canal Users' Association plan and the possibility of United Nations action.

Arab League Deputy Secretary General Ahmed Shukairy announced the initiation of talks between Iraq and Jordan on the possible stationing of Iraqi troops in Jordan as reinforcement against Israel.

U.S.S.R. Communist Party First Secretary Nikita Khrushchev arrived in Belgrade for a "private visit" with Yugoslavian President Marshal Josip Tito.

Politics and government
Premier W. A. C. Bennett led his Social Credit Party to an increased majority in the British Columbia provincial election as they won 39 of 52 seats in the Legislative Assembly, up from 28 seats in the 1953 election. The Co-operative Commonwealth Federation, led by Bob Strachan, won 10 seats, down from 14 in 1953. The Liberals, led by Arthur Laing, won 2 seats, down from 4 in 1953. Labour Party leader Tom Uphill was elected in Fernie, while the Progressive Conservatives lost their only seat. Social Credit captured 45.84% of the vote, and increase of 8.09% from 1953.

A U.S. House of Representatives District of Columbia subcommittee composed largely of Southerners opened hearings on the effects of integration in Washington's schools.

Ontario Premier Leslie Frost turned sod for Canada's first nuclear power station at Des Joachims on the Ottawa River.

London (2-3) 13 @ Toronto (4-1) 1

Don Newcombe allowed 7 hits and 2 earned runs in 7 innings to improve his 1956 record to 25-6 and batted 3 for 4 with his first 2 home runs of the season, 3 runs, and 3 runs batted in to lead the Brooklyn Dodgers to a 17-2 rout of the St. Louis Cardinals before 7,570 fans at Ebbets Field in Brooklyn. Bob Aspromonte made his major league debut with the Dodgers, striking out as a pinch hitter to end the 8th inning. It was the 433rd and final game in the 11-year major league career of St. Louis relief pitcher Jim Konstanty, who allowed 2 hits, a base on balls, and 2 runs--both earned--in 1 1/3 innings. He was relieved by Don Liddle, who finished the game and allowed 3 hits, a base on balls, and 2 runs--earned--in 2 innings in the 119th and final game of his 4-year major league career. The first run allowed by Mr. Liddle came on the first major league home run of rookie Don Demeter, who led off the 8th inning.

Johnny Klippstein and Tom Acker were ther respective winning pitchers as the Cincinnati Reds swept a doubleheader from the Philadelphia Phillies 6-3 and 6-0 before 13,614 fans at Connie Mack Stadium. Mr. Acker pitched a 3-hitter in the second game. Ed Bouchee made his major league debut with the Phillies, pinch hitting in both games. He drew a base on balls in the 7th inning of the first game, and grounded out to second base in the 8th inning of the second game.

Al Kaline batted 4 for 4 with a home run, 3 runs, and 4 runs batted in as the Detroit Tigers beat the Baltimore Orioles 9-1 before 1,435 fans at Briggs Stadium in Detroit. Frank Lary pitched an 8-hit complete game to improve his record for the season to 19-13 and batted 2 for 3 with a run and a run batted in. Gordie Sundin, 18, played his only major league game, entering as a relief pitcher to begin the 8th inning. He issued bases on balls to Mr. Lary and Harvey Kuenn and threw a ball to Jack Phillips, when pitching coach Lum Harris removed him from the game and replaced him with Billy O'Dell. Mr. Lary eventually scored, leaving Mr. Sundin with an earned run average of infinity. Tommy Gastall also entered the game for the Orioles in the bottom of the 8th inning, relieving Gus Triandos behind the plate. Mr. Gastall singled to lead off the 9th and was stranded at second base in what turned out to be the 52nd and last game of his major league career; he was killed the following day in the crash of the private plane he was flying.

Bob Lemon pitched a 5-hit shutout to improve his record for the season to 20-13 as the Cleveland Indians blanked the Washington Nationals 6-0 before only 365 fans at Municipal Stadium in Cleveland in a game that was called because of rain with 2 out in the bottom of the 7th inning. The Indians scored 4 runs with 2 out in the bottom of the 7th, and Jim Hegan had just doubled home Rocky Colavito and George Strickland, when the game was called.

Harry "Suitcase" Simpson hit a grand slam and Jim Pisoni hit a 2-run home run as the Kansas City Athletics scored 6 runs in the bottom of the 8th inning of an 8-1 win over the Boston Red Sox before 1,942 fans at Municipal Stadium in Kansas City. Wally Burnette pitched an 8-hit complete game to win the pitching matchup with Dave Sisler.

50 years ago

Hit parade
#1 single in Spain (PROMUSICAE): Juanita Banana--Luis Aguilé (10th week at #1)

#1 single in Ireland (IRMA): Pretty Brown Eyes--Joe Dolan (3rd week at #1)

Canada's top 10 (RPM)
1 Yellow Submarine/Eleanor Rigby--The Beatles
2 Get Away--Georgie Fame and the Blue Flames
3 Sunshine Superman--Donovan
4 Sunny Afternoon--The Kinks
5 Off to Dublin in the Green--The Abbey Tavern Singers/Merry Ploughboy--The Carlton Showband
6 Land of 1000 Dances--Wilson Pickett
7 Respectable--The Outsiders
8 Bus Stop--The Hollies
9 You Can't Hurry Love--The Supremes
10 Working in the Coal Mine--Lee Dorsey

Singles entering the chart were My Uncle Used to Love Me But She Died by Roger Miller (#53); B-A-B-Y by Carla Thomas (#62); Love is a Hurtin' Thing by Lou Rawls (#87); Just Like a Woman by Bob Dylan (#88); I Can Make it with You by the Pozo-Seco Singers (#89); Walk Away Renee by the Left Banke (#91); Psychotic Reaction by Count Five (#92); Changes by Crispian St. Peters (#93); Spin Spin by Gordon Lightfoot (#94); Please Mr. Sun by the Vogues (#95); Poor Side of Town by Johnny Rivers (#96); Let's Run Away by the Staccatos (#97); Fife Piper by the Dynatones (#98); Said I Wasn't Gonna Tell Nobody by Sam and Dave (#99); and Send for Me by the Checkerlads (#100).

Senegalese President Leopold Senghor arrived in Ottawa to begain a 10-day visit to Canada.

Legislation prohibiting discrimination on racial or religious grounds in the "purchase, rental, lease, financing, use, and occupancy of all housing," which had been passed by the U.S. House of Representatives, died in the Senate as the Senate failed to end a filibuster. It was the first failure of a civil rights measure in Congress in nine years.

40 years ago

Politics and government
In the Swedish general election, the Social Democrats, led by Prime Minister Olaf Palme, won 152 of 349 seats in the Riksdag, but the Centre Party (86 seats); Moderate Party (55 seats); and People's Party (39 seats) were able to form a three-party coalition government, with Centre Party leader Thorbjörn Fälldin taking office as Prime Minister on October 7, 1976. It was the first electoral defeat for the Social Democratic Party in 44 years.

Two Imperial Iranian Air Force F-4 Phantom II jets flew out to investigate an unidentified flying object, when both independently lost instrumentation and communications as they approached, only to have them restored upon withdrawal.

Turkish Airlines Flight 452, a Boeing 727-200 en route from Istanbul to Antalya, crashed into a hill on approach to Antalya, killing all 154 passengers and crew.

Hamilton (4-6) 28 @ Ottawa (7-3) 21
British Columbia (5-5) 20 @ Winnipeg (4-5) 22
Edmonton (7-3) 25 @ Saskatchewan (7-3) 22

Jimmy Jones passed to Lawrie Skolrood and Ken Clark for touchdowns, handed off to Jimmy Edwards for a 29-yard TD and handed off to M.L. Harris for a 1-yard touchdown as the Tiger-Cats beat the Rough Riders before 22,466 fans at Lansdowne Park.

Harry Knight relieved starting quarterback Dieter Brock and led the Blue Bombers to a come-from-behind victory over the Lions before 22,809 fans at Winnipeg Stadium.

Roy Bell rushed for 2 touchdowns, with his second coming with less than 2 minutes remaining and providing the winning margin, as the Eskimos edged the Roughriders before 22,622 fans at Taylor Field in Regina. It was a strange game, as Edmonton quarterback Bruce Lemmerman completed just 6 of 18 passes; Edmonton punter Garry Lefebvre punted 84 yards for a single on the longest punt of his 11-year CFL career; Edmonton defensive back Joe Hollimon returned a punt 53 yards for a touchdown on a play where the Roughriders watched him go downfield because they thought he'd stepped out of bounds; and Saskatchewan linebacker Cleveland Vann scored a touchdown just 4 seconds into the 2nd half when teammate Bob Macoritti's kickoff bounced back toward the Saskatchewan coverage unit, and Mr. Vann took the ball into the end zone.

30 years ago

Hit parade
#1 single in West Germany (Media Control): Holiday Rap--MC Miker G & Deejay Sven (5th week at #1)

Two passenger trains collided in Staffordshire, England, killing the driver of one of the trains and injuring 75 people.

Edmonton (8-3) 32 @ British Columbia (9-3) 3

Edmonton defensive back James Bell was reported to be paralyzed after he made a tackle on B.C. receiver Jan Carinci in the 4th quarter of the Eskimos' victory over the Lions before 59,478 fans at B.C. Place Stadium in Vancouver. He was taken off the field by ambulance after a lengthy delay. Mr. Bell recovered to live a normal life, but walked with a slight but noticeable limp, and his playing career was over. The Eskimos managed only 114 yards net offense, 64 of them coming on a touchdown bomb from Matt Dunigan to Stephen Jones in the 4th quarter when the game was already out of reach. Greg Harding returned an interception for the game's first touchdown, and Henry "Gizmo" Williams, in his second CFL game, returned a punt 74 yards for the first of his 26 career regular season touchdowns on punt returns. Tom Dixon added 3 converts, 2 singles, and was 4 for 4 on field goal attempts.

Joe Cowley walked 7 batters but pitched a no-hitter for what turned out to be his 33rd and last career major league win as the Chicago White Sox beat the California Angels 7-1 before 28,647 fans at Anaheim Stadium. The Angels scored their only run in the 6th inning when Bob Boone, Gary Pettis, and Wally Joyner walked to load the bases, and Reggie Jackson scored Mr. Boone with a sacrifice fly.

The Toronto Blue Jays defeated the Bostonn Red Sox 6-4 before 40,494 fans at Exhibition Stadium in Toronto, as Dave Stieb won the pitching matchup over Tom Seaver. Mr. Seaver allowed 5 hits, 2 bases on balls, and 3 runs--all earned--in 4 innings as his 1986 record dropped to 7-13 in the 677th and last game of his 20-year Hall of Fame major league career.

Dave Hengel beat the throw to first base after hitting into a force play at second base, allowing John Moses to score from third base to give the Seattle Mariners a 6-5 win over the Kansas City Royals before 10,828 fans at the Kingdome in Seattle. Mr. Moses led off the inning with a single off losing pitcher Bud Black and advanced to second base when Phil Bradley was hit by a pitch. The runners advanced to third and second respectively on a sacrifice bunt by Alvin Davis, and Jim Presley was intentionally walked to load the bases. Dan Quisenberry entered the game in relief of Mr. Black and induced Mr. Hengel to hit a ground ball to shortstop Greg Pryor, who threw to second baseman Frank White to force Mr. Presley. Mr. White's relay to first baseman Kevin Seitzer wasn't in time to retire Mr. Hengel, and Mr. Moses scored to end the gme. The Royals had tied the game with 2 out in the top of the 9th on a 2-run double by Mr. Pryor. Bill Pecota made his major league debut with the Royals, playing the last 3 innings at third base, grounding out to lead off the 9th and making 2 assists in the field.

Casey Candaele singled home Tom Foley with the bases loaded and none out in the bottom of the 11th inning to give the Montreal Expos a 3-2 win over the St. Louis Cardinals before 7,261 fans at Olympic Stadium in Montreal. The Expos had tied the game in the 9th when Al Newman scored on a sacrifice fly by Wallace Johnson.

The Philadelphia Phillies scored 2 runs in the top of the 9th inning and withstood a 2-run rally in the bottom of the 9th to defeat the New York Mets 4-3 before 35,023 fans at Shea Stadium in New York. The Mets had runners on first and third bases with 2 out in the bottom of the 9th, but relief pitcher Steve Bedrosian entered the game and induced pinch hitter Darryl Strawberry to line out to right fielder Glenn Wilson to end the game.

The Los Angeles Dodgers scored 2 runs in the 7th inning, 2 in the 8th, and 3 in the 9th to defeat the Cincinnati Reds 9-7 before 18,696 fans at Riverfront Stadium in Cincinnati.

25 years ago

Hit parade
#1 single in Ireland (IRMA): Don't Cry--Guns N' Roses

Canadian Justice Minister Kim Campbell announced $236 million in federal support toward building a $700-million KAON particle accelerator in her home city of Vancouver.

20 years ago

Hit parade
#1 single in Finland (Musiikkituottajat – IFPI Finland): Insomnia--Faithless (2nd week at #1)

Died on this date
Elizabeth Allen, 77
. U.S. actress. Miss Allen, born Elizabeth Ellen Gillease, appeared in numerous television programs and in movies such as Donovan's Reef (1963) and Cheyenne Autumn (1964).

World events
The Thai military staged a coup in Bangkok against the elected caretaker government of Prime Minister Thaksin Shinawatra; the Constitution was revoked and martial law was declared. The new government was led by General Sonthi Boonyaratglin and organized as the Council for Democratic Reform (CDR).

10 years ago

AAA Championship Game @ AT&T Bricktown Ballpark, Oklahoma City
Tucson Sidewinders 5 Toledo Mud Hens 2

The Pacific Coast League champion Sidewinders scored 3 runs in the top of the 9th and withstood a 1-run rally in the bottom of the 9th to defeat the International League champion Mud Hens before 12,572 fans in what was then called the Brickdown Showdown, the first national AAA Championship Game.

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