Tuesday, 6 September 2016

September 6, 2016

350 years ago

Born on this date
Ivan V
. Czar of Russia, 1682-1696. Ivan V, the youngest son of Czar Alexis I by his first wife Maria Miloslavskaya, and his younger half-brother Peter I were joint czars. Ivan was the monarch in name only, because he had serious physical and mental disabilities, which led to his death at the age of 29 on February 8, 1696. His brother then became sole Czar, and became known as Peter the Great.

150 years ago

Born on this date
William M. Morrow
. U.S. football player and military officer. Brigadier General Morrow played quarterback with the University of Michigan from 1885-1886, and served in the United States Army from 1888-1930. He received the Distinguished Service Cross and the French Légion d´honneur for heroism in World War I in October 1918. Brigadier General Morrow died in Quebec City after a brief illness on July 21, 1944 at the age of 77.

100 years ago

The first self-service grocery store, Piggly Wiggly, was opened by Clarence Saunders at 79 Jefferson Avenue in Memphis.

80 years ago

British aviatrix Beryl Markham becames the first person to fly solo across the Atlantic Ocean from east to west, taking off in England and crash-landing in Nova Scotia 21 hours later.

75 years ago

Hit parade
#1 single in the U.S.A. (Billboard): Green Eyes (Aquellos Ojos Verdes)--Jimmy Dorsey and his Orchestra (2nd week at #1)

Rosemary LaPlanche, Miss California, was named Miss America 1941 at the annual pageant in Atlantic City.

The Royal Canadian Navy ship HMCS Morden was commissioned at Esquimalt, British Columbia. Three French hostages were executed in Paris in reprisal for the wounding of a German sergeant on September 3.

Reinhard Heydrich, Director of the Reich Main Security Office, issued an order requiring all Jews in Germany over the age of 6 to wear a Star of David on their clothing with the black inscription "Juden" over the left breast.

Japanese Prime Minister Prince Fujimaro Konoye and U.S. Ambassador to Japan Joseph Grew met for a three-hour dinner, during which Prince Konoye said that Japan now agreed with the four principles that the U.S. was demanding as the conditions for peace. The prime minister received no response from the United States.

The U.S. War Department announced the award of a $337,447,057 contract to Boeing Aircraft Company and a $9,709,616 contract to Douglas Aircraft Company for 1,000 new 30-ton, 4-engine B-17 bombers.

Politics and government
U.S. President Franklin D. Roosevelt, informed by Mark Ethridge of the Office of Production Management that discrimination against Negroes was continuing in federal departments, wrote to heads of all departments and independent federal establishments to make certain that the practice stopped.

Regina (0-1) 0 @ Winnipeg (1-0) 11

Art Stevenson scored both touchdowns for the Blue Bombers as they blanked the Roughriders in a game at Osborne Stadium that had been postponed from the previous day.

70 years ago

U.S. Secretary of State James Byrnes told the Paris Peace Conference that the current Polish-German border was not final, but subject to further revision. In a major policy address before German officials in Stuttgart, Mr. Byrnes announced that the United States would pursue a policy of economic reconstruction in Germany; urged that Germany be reunited under a provisional government; opposed French proposals to sever the Rhineland and Ruhr; and rejected Soviet demands for $10 billion in reparations.

Italy and Austria announced a compromise on South Tyrol, allowing the territory to remain Italian, but giving regional autonomy to its German-speaking inhabitants.

U.S. forces in Seoul closed three leftist newspapers, including the local Communist organ, for encouraging unrest against the occupation authorities.

A U.S. presidential emergency board considering wage demands of Pullman porters and conductors recommended a $44.40 monthly increase.

Toronto Balmy Beach (0-1) 4 @ Toronto Indians (1-0) 28

Annis and Bill Stukus led the Indians over Balmy Beach before 6,500 fans at Oakwood Stadium in the earliest season opener to date.

60 years ago

Hit parade
#1 single in France (IFOP): Au revoir Rome--Lucienne Delyle

Died on this date
Alex Raymond, 46
. U.S. cartoonist. Mr. Raymond was best known for creating the comic strips Flash Gordon and Rip Kirby. He was killed in a car accident in Westport, Connecticut.

Politics and government
At the Labour Party's insistence, the British Parliament was recalled for debate on Prime Minister Anthony Eden's Suez Canal policy.

French troops, including 1,400 parachutists and 1,300 airmen, arrived in Cyprus aboard the transport Athos II.

Kentucky Governor Happy Chandler sent 200 National Guard troops into Sturgis to control disorders resulting from enrollment of Negroes in the town's public schools.

The Moscow Academy of Science announced plans to build a solar power station near Lake Algermich in Soviet Armenia.

50 years ago

Died on this date
Margaret Sanger, 86
. U.S. nurse and social activist. Mrs. Sanger, born Margaret Higgins, was a nurse who opened the first birth control clinic in the United States in Brooklyn, New York on October 16, 1916. Promotion of contraception was illegal then, but Mrs. Sanger fought her case in the courts and eventually won the right to promote her views. She founded the American Birth Control League in 1921 and the Clinical Research Bureau in 1923, and with financial assistance from John D. Rockefeller, Jr., travelled to various foreign countries to promote birth control. Conflict within the ABCL led Mrs. Sanger to leave the organization in 1928 and she took full control of the CRB, renaming it the Birth Control Clinical Research Bureau. The ABCL and BCCRB merged in 1939 to become the Birth Control Federation of America, which changed its name to Planned Parenthood Federation of America in 1942. Mrs. Sanger helped to found the International Committee on Planned Parenthood in 1946, which became the International Planned Parenthood Federation in 1952. Mrs. Sanger was a racist and eugenicist who had actual Nazis contributing to her Birth Control Review magazine. Planned Parenthood operates more than half of the abortion clinics in the United States; videos were made in 2015 that seemed to show personnel at Planned Parentood clinics offering to sell body parts of aborted fetuses. If the body count resulting from her ideas is any indication, Margaret Sanger may have been the most evil woman in history. She died eight days before her 87th birthday. The book Grand Illusions: The Legacy of Planned Parenthood by George Grant (1988) is an excellent expose of Mrs. Sanger and the organization she helped to found.

Hendrik Verwoerd, 65. Prime Minister of South Africa, 1958-1966. Dr. Verwoerd was a native of Amsterdam who moved to South Africa with his family in 1903. He was a professor of social sciences at Stellenbosch University before entering politics, where as a member of the National Party government, he held several cabinet posts and became known as the "Father of Apartheid" for his responsibility in implementing many aspects of that racial policy. Dr. Verwoerd succeeded J.G. Strijdom as Prime Minister in 1958, and continued the policies of his National Party predecessors. He survived an assassination attempt in 1960, months before a national referendum resulted in South Africa becoming a republic, the position favoured by the National Party. The National Party retained its majority in the House of Assembly in the general election of March 30, 1966. Dr. Verwoerd had just entered the House when he was stabbed in the neck and chest four times by parliamentary messenger Dimitri Tsafendas. Dr. Verwoerd was dead on arrival at hospital, five days after his 65th birthday; his assassin was declared insane. Dr. Verwoerd was succeeded as Prime Minister by Justice Minister John Vorster.

40 years ago

Hit parade
#1 single in Australia (Kent Music Report): Dancing Queen--ABBA

#1 single in Japan (Oricon Singles Chart): Anata Dake wo--Teruhiko Aoi (3rd week at #1)

#1 single in Spain (PROMUSICAE): El Jardín Prohibido--Sandro Giacobbe (5th week at #1)

Died on this date
Vern Fear, 52
. U.S. baseball pitcher. Mr. Fear played in 4 games with the Chicago Cubs in 1952, posting a 0-0 record while allowing 9 hits and 7 earned runs in 8 innings for an earned run average of 7.88. Mr. Fear posted a record of 61-75 record in 8 years in the minor leagues from 1947-1954, with his best season being 1950, when he was 15-5 with a 2.83 ERA with the Des Moines Bruins of the Class A Western League.

The United States and North Korea signed an accord partitioning the Panmunjom joint security area in the Demilitarized Zone in order to prevent clashes such as the one in which two N.K. soldiers had killed two U.S. officers on August 18, 1976.

U.S. Secretary of State Henry Kissinger and S.A. Prime Minister John Vorster concluded three days of talks in Zurich on the subject of black majority rule in South Africa.

World events
U.S.S.R. Air Force pilot Lieutenant Viktor Belenko landed a Mikoyan-Gurevich MiG-25 jet fighter at Hakodate on the island of Hokkaidō in Japan and requests political asylum in the United States; his request was granted.

Chris Evert won her second straight United States Open women's singles tennis title, defeating Evonne Goolagong of Australia, 6-3, 6-0, and capping her three-year run as the top women's player in the world. Only 21 years old, Miss Evert had already won two Wimbledon titles, two French Opens, and two United States Open championships.

British Columbia (4-4) 14 @ Saskatchewan (6-2) 17
Edmonton (6-2) 19 @ Calgary (0-7-1) 17
Winnipeg (3-5) 15 @ Hamilton (3-5) 17

Ron Lancaster completed an 18-yard pass to Rhett Dawson for the winning touchdown in the 4th quarter to give the Roughriders their win over the Lions before 21,726 fans at Taylor Field in Regina in a game that was affected by a wind that reached 63 miles per hour.

On a wet, cold, and windy day at McMahon Stadium, the Eskimos were leading the Stampeders 16-14 late in the gme, but Calgary defensive back Dennis Meyer returned a Garry Lefebvre punt 61 yards to the Edmonton 7-yard line. Willie Burden rushed 4 yards to the 3 on first down and 2 yards to the 1-yard line on second down. Calgary head coach Bob Baker opted for a field goal, and Cyril McFall kicked a 7-yard field goal--the shortest in CFL history--with 31 seconds remaining to give the Stampeders a 17-16 lead. The Eskimos returned the subsequent kickoff to their own 50-yard line, and quarterback Bruce Lemmerman directed the offense into position for Dave Cutler to kick a 37-yard field goal on the last play of the game. Calvin Harrell scored the only Edmonton touchdown in the 2nd quarter on a pass from Mr. Lemmerman. This blogger and his father were among the 25,763 fans in attendance.

Quarterback Jimmy Jones rushed 10 yards for a touchdown in the last minute to give the Tiger-Cats their win over the Blue Bombers before 22,116 fans at Ivor Wynne Stadium.

The New York Yankees scored 3 runs in each of the 2nd and 5th innings to take a 6-0 lead, and held on to defeat the Boston Red Sox 6-5 before 25,118 fans at Yankee Stadium in the national Monday Night Baseball telecast on ABC. The Red Sox scored 2 runs in the 7th and 3 in the 8th. With runners on second and third bases and 2 out in the top of the 8th, Dick Tidrow relieved Grant Jackson on the mound for New York and retired Jim Rice on a ground out to end the inning. Rick Miller was on second base with 1 out in the 9th, but Mr. Tidrow struck out Rick Burleson and retired Denny Doyle on a ground out to end the game.

The Detroit Tigers allowed 4 runs in the top of the 1st inning, but scored a run in the bottom of the 1st and then 4 in the bottom of the 8th to defeat the Baltimore Orioles 5-4 before 8,204 fans at Tiger Stadium. Pinch hitter Ben Oglivie singled home pinch runner Bruce Kimm with the winning run.

Craig Kusick hit a solo home run off Francisco Barrios with 2 out in the bottom of the 9th inning to give the Minnesota Twins a 3-2 win over the Chicago White Sox before 6,587 fans at Metropolitan Stadium in Bloomington. Bill Campbell pitched 1 2/3 innings of scoreless relief and was credited with the win, improving his 1976 record to 15-4.

Darrell Porter drew a base on balls with 1 out in the bottom of the 9th inning and scored on a double by Dan Thomas to give the Milwaukee Brewers a 3-2 win over the Cleveland Indians in the first game of a doubleheader before 10,627 fans at County Stadium in Milwaukee. The Indians won the second game 3-2, with Jim Bibby winning the pitchers' duel over Ed Rodriguez.

Pinch hitter Dave Moates doubled home 2 runs and came around to score as part of a 4-run 9th inning as the Texas Rangers edged the Kansas City Royals 5-4 before 27,008 fans at Royals Stadium. Steve Hargan allowed 6 hits and 1 run--earned--in 6 1/3 innings of relief to get the win over Doug Bird, who allowed 9 hits and 5 earned runs--the last 4 coming with 2 out in the 9th--in 8 2/3 innings to take the loss.

Pinch hitter Claudell Washngton doubled with 1 out in the top of the 11th inning and scored on a single by Phil Garner to break a 1-1 tie and give the Oakland Athletics a 2-1 win over the California Angels before 16,377 fans at Anaheim Stadium. Rollie Fingers allowed 2 hits and no runs in 3 innings of relief to get the win, after Vida Blue had allowed just 4 hits and 1 earned run in 8 innings. John Verhoeven allowed 2 hits and 1 earned run to take the loss in 1 inning of relief for Frank Tanana, who allowed 8 hits and struck out 15 batters in 10 innings.

The St. Louis Cardinals scored 3 runs in the top of the 7th inning to break a 0-0 tie as they beat the Montreal Expos 3-1 in the first game of a doubleheader before 6,509 fans at Jarry Park in Montreal, as Pete Falcone won the pitchers' duel over Steve Rogers. Pinch hitter Earl Williams singled home Mike Jorgensen with 2 out in the bottom of the 9th to give the Expos a 3-2 win in the 2nd game. Mike Potter made his major league debut with the Cardinals in the second game, playing the first 7 innings in left field and batting 0 for 3 with 2 strikeouts, while making 2 putouts in the field. Sam Mejias then made his major league debut with St. Louis, playing the 9th inning in left field, with no fielding chances.

Bruce Kison and Larry Demery were the respective winning pitchers as the Pittsburgh Pirates swept a doubleheader from the Philadelphia Phillies 6-2 and 5-1 before 41,703 fans at Three Rivers Stadium in Pittsburgh. Tony Armas made his major league debut with the Pirates in the first game, relieving Richie Zisk in left field to begin the 9th inning, and catching Larry Bowa's fly ball for the final out.

The Cincinnati Reds scored 8 runs in the bottom of the 3rd inning and held on to defeat the Houston Astros 9-8 before 22,912 fans at Riverfront Stadium in Cincinnati. Manny Sarmiento, the second of three Cincinnati pitchers, was the winner, while J.R. Richard allowed 7 hits, 4 bases on balls, and 8 earned runs in 2 2/3 innings in taking the loss.

Steve Garvey hit a double, triple, and home run, scoring 2 runs and batting in 2, to lead the Los Angeles Dodgers over the San Diego Padres 4-1 before 31,010 fans at Dodger Stadium in the western Monday Night Baseball telecast on ABC. Don Sutton pitched a 4-hit complete game to improve his record for the season to 18-9, winning the pitchers' duel over Randy Jones, who allowed 5 hits and 2 earned runs in pitching a complete game, falling to 20-12. The game was played in 1 hour 58 minutes. Pinch hitter Merv Rettenmund spoiled Mr. Sutton's bid for a shutout when he hit a home run to lead off the 9th inning. The game is remembered for an injury suffered by Los Angeles catcher Steve Yeager. Mr. Yeager suffered one of the most bizarre injuries in baseball history in the bottom of the 7th inning. Bill Russell was at bat for the Dodgers to lead off the inning, when his bat was broken by a pitch.; the large piece of the bat struck Mr. Yeager, who was waiting in the on deck circle, in the throat, and pierced his esophagus, and the television camera suddenly cut to show him writhing in pain on the ground. Dusty Baker pinch hit for Mr. Yeager, and Sergio Robles caught the last 2 innings for the Dodgers. After the season, the Dodger staff devised a flap to to at the bottom of catchers' masks to prevent against injury from foul balls or broken bats or backswings, although the original injury to Mr. Yeager occurred in the on deck circle and not behind home plate.

30 years ago

Hit parade
#1 single in Italy (FIMI): Easy Lady--Spagna (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in Flanders (Ultratop 50): Ti Sento--Matia Bazar

#1 single in the Netherlands (De Nederlandse Top 40): Sing Our Own Song--UB40 (3rd week at #1)

#1 single in Ireland (IRMA): I Want to Wake Up with You--Boris Gardiner (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in the U.K.: I Want to Wake Up with You--Boris Gardiner (3rd week at #1)

#1 single in the U.S.A. (Billboard): Venus--Bananarama

U.S. top 10 (Cash Box)
1 Higher Love--Steve Winwood (2nd week at #1)
2 Take My Breath Away--Berlin
3 Venus--Bananarama
4 Dancing on the Ceiling--Lionel Richie
5 Papa Don't Preach--Madonna
6 Sweet Freedom--Michael McDonald
7 Stuck with You--Huey Lewis and the News
8 Friends and Lovers--Gloria Loring and Carl Anderson
9 Rumors--Timex Social Club
10 Baby Love--Regina

Singles entering the chart were 25 or 6 to 4 by Chicago (#83); Emotion in Motion by Ric Ocasek (#85); You Give Love a Bad Name by Bon Jovi (#89); and No More "I Love You's" by The Lover Speaks (#90). The Chicago single was a revision and new recording of their original 1970 hit.

Canada’s top 10 (RPM)
1 Mad About You--Belinda Carlisle
2 Glory of Love--Peter Cetera
3 Papa Don't Preach--Madonna
4 Dancing on the Ceiling--Lionel Richie
5 Higher Love--Steve Winwood
6 Take My Breath Away--Berlin
7 We Don't Have to Take Our Clothes Off--Jermaine Stewart
8 Friends and Lovers--Gloria Loring and Carl Anderson
9 Sledgehammer--Peter Gabriel
10 Stuck with You--Huey Lewis and the News

Singles entering the chart were It's You by Bob Seger (#79); When I Think of You by Janet Jackson (#82); I'll Be Over You by Toto (#83); It's Got to Be Monday by Doug Bennett (#85); Human by the Human League (#86); See How I Miss You by Bruce Cockburn (#95); Love Comes Quickly by Pet Shop Boys (#97); Two of Hearts by Stacy Q (#98); and Another Heartache by Rod Stewart (#99).

Died on this date
Blanche Sweet, 90
. U.S. actress. Miss Sweet appeared in numerous movies during the silent film era, including Judith of Bethulia (1913) and Anna Christie (1923). She retired from acting after marrying actor Raymond Hackett.

In Istanbul, two terrorists from Abu Nidal's organization killed 22 and wounded 6 inside the Neve Shalom Synagogue during Shabbat services.

25 years ago

Hit parade
#1 single in Germany (Media Control): Bacardi Feeling (Summer Dreamin')--Kate Yanai (4th week at #1)

Died on this date
Bob Goldham, 69
. Canadian hockey player. Mr. Goldham, a native of Georgetown, Ontario, was a defenceman with the Toronto Maple Leafs (1941-42, 1945-47); Chicago Black Hawks (1947-50); and Detroit Red Wings (1950-56), scoring 171 points on 28 goals and 143 assists in 650 regular season games and 3 goals and 14 assists in 66 playoff games. He was a member of Stanley Cup championship teams in 1942, 1947, 1952, 1954, amd 1955. Mr. Goldham was known for his skill at blocking shots. He was a between-periods analyst on Hockey Night in Canada telecasts for many years after his playing career.

The U.S.S.R. recognized the independence of the Baltic states: Estonia, Latvia, and Lithuania.

The name Saint Petersburg was restored to Russia's second largest city, which had been known as Petrograd from 1914-1924 and Leningrad since 1924.

Pope & Talbot and CanPar incorporated a company to operate a shortline railway in and around Grand Forks, British Columbia; it was named the Grand Forks Railway in August 1992.

Economics and finance
Ontario Premier Bob Rae went back on a 1990 election promise and abandoned plans for a $1.4 billion government-run auto insurance scheme which would have put 5,600 private insurers out of work.

Calgary (7-3) 37 @ Edmonton (6-4) 51

The Stampeders scored 3 touchdowns on special teams--a kickoff return and a punt return by PeeWee Smith and a punt return by Dave Sapunjis--and Henry "Gizmo" Williams of the Eskimos returned 2 punts for touchdowns--tying his own CFL single-game record--in a sloppy, but entertaining, game before 57,843 fans at Commonwealth Stadium. David Williams caught 2 touchdown passes for the Eskimos.

20 years ago

Hit parade
#1 single in Germany (Media Control): I Can't Help Myself--The Kelly Family (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in Sweden (Topplistan): Wannabe--Spice Girls (2nd week at #1)

Died on this date
Barney McCosky, 79
. U.S. baseball player. Mr. McCosky was an outfielder with the Detroit Tigers (1939-1942, 1946); Philadelphia Athletics (1946-1951); Cincinnati Reds (1951); and Cleveland Indians (1951-1953), batting .312 with 24 home runs and 397 runs batted in in 1,170 games. He was with the Tigers when they won the American League pennant in 1940, and tied for the AL lead in hits with 200.

Northwest Territories residents voted to keep that name for the western part of territory after the eastern part became the territory of Nunavut in 1999.

Montreal-based Consumers Distributing went out of business, as it was virtually bankrupt.

Calgary (9-2) 19 @ Edmonton (7-4) 20

Backup quarterback Cody Ledbetter, who had relieved injured starter Danny McManus in the 2nd quarter, threw his first CFL touchdown pass, a 27-yard strike to Darren Flutie, on the last play of regulation time to tie the score, and Sean Fleming converted to give the Eskimos the win over the Stampeders before 40,727 fans at Commonwealth Stadium. Mark McLoughlin had kicked a field goal to give Calgary a 19-13 lead with 45 seconds remaining, and it looked unlikely that the Eskimos would win, but Mr. Ledbetter put together his only good drive of the game. Eric Blount scored the other Edmonton touchdown on a 35-yard rush in the 2nd quarter before Mr. McManus left the game.

Eddie Murray of the Baltimore Orioles hit his 500th career home run, but the Orioles lost 5-4 in 12 innings to the Detroit Tigers before 46,708 fans at Oriole Park at Camden Yards. Phil Nevin scored the winning run when he drew a base on balls with 1 out in the top of the 12th and eventually scored on a single by Bobby Higginson.

Cecil Fielder led off the bottom of the 8th inning with his second home run of the game to break a 3-3 tie and give the New York Yankees a 4-3 win over the Toronto Blue Jays before 21,528 fans at Yankee Stadium.

The Florida Marlins scored 2 runs in each of the 7th and 8th innings to beat the Montreal Expos 4-0 before 16,943 fans at Pro Player Stadium in Miami. Winning pitcher Mark Hutton allowed 5 hits in 7 innings to improve his 1996 record to 4-1.

Chipper Jones reached first base on an error by second baseman Edgardo Alfonzo and scored on a single by Terry Pendleton with 1 out in the bottom of the 9th inning to give the Atlanta Braves an 8-7 win over the New York Mets before 37,660 fans at Atlanta-Fulton County Stadium. Atlanta catcher Javy Lopez hit 2 home runs, while Mr. Pendleton also homered.

Osvaldo Hernandez allowed 4 hits in 8 innings to win the pitchers' duel over John Smiley as the San Francisco Giants blanked the Cincinnati Reds 2-0 in the first game of a doubleheader before 23,091 fans at Riverfront Stadium in Cincinnati. The Reds scored 7 runs in the 6th inning as they won the second game 14-1.

Kirt Manwaring doubled with 2 out in the bottom of the 8th inning for his third hit of the game, and pinch runner Ray Montgomery scored on a double by Bill Spiers to break a 1-1 tie and give the Houston Astros a 2-1 win over the Colorado Rockies before 20,932 fans at the Astrodome. Danny Darwin allowed just 2 hits and 1 earned run in 7 innings before being relieved by Xavier Hernandez, who pitched 2 innings and was credited with the win.

10 years ago

U.S. President George W. Bush acknowledged the existence of previously secret Central Intelligence Agency prisons around the world, and said that 14 high-value terrorism suspects had been transferred from the system to Guantanamo Bay, Cuba for trials.

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