1,400 years ago
Born on this date
Javanshir. King of Caucasian Albania, 637-680. Javanshir was the son of Prince Varaz Grigor, who converted to Christianity in 637 but was deposed by Sasanian King Yadzegerd III, who refused to recognize his conversion. Javanshir thus became King of Caucasian Albania. He was known for his bravery and intelligence, but was assassinated by rival nobles on January 1, 680 at the age of 63 and was succeeded by Varaz-Tiridates I.
950 years ago
William the Conqueror's forces invaded England, beginning the Norman conquest of England.
225 years ago
France became the first country to emancipate its Jewish population.
175 years ago
Born on this date
Georges Clemenceau. Prime Minister of France, 1906-1909, 1917-1920. Dr. Clemenceau, an Independent Radical, was a physician and journalist who held various political offices in a career that stretched for almost 50 years. He's perhaps best remembered for representing France in negotiations that produced the Treaty of Versailles after World War I. Dr. Clemenceau died on November 24, 1929 at the age of 88.
125 years ago
Born on this date
Myrtle Gonzalez. U.S. actress. Miss Gonzalez appeared in at least 78 films from 1913-1917 and was Hollywood's first star of Hispanic ancestry. She was a victim of the influenza epidemic and died on October 22, 1918 at the age of 27.
Died on this date
Herman Melville, 72. U.S. author. Mr. Melville was best known for his novel Moby-Dick (1851), which was based on his experiences as a sailor on a whaling ship.
100 years ago
Born on this date
Peter Finch. U.K.-born Australian actor. Mr. Finch had a distinguished career on stage and in films in Australia and the United Kingdom, but is probably best remembered for playing television newscaster Howard Beale in the movie Network (1976), which earned him an Academy Award as Best Actor. The Oscar was presented posthumously, because Mr. Finch died of a heart attack in the lobby of the Beverly Hills Hotel on January 14, 1977 at the age of 60, the day after appearing as a guest of Johnny Carson on Tonight. Mr. Finch had just completed work on the made-for-television movie Raid on Entebbe (1977), for which he was nominated for an Emmy Award for his portrayal of Israeli politician Yitzhak Rabin.
75 years ago
An uprising by the residents of the northern Greek city of Drama against Bulgarian occupation began.
German authorities in Prague arrested Alois Elias, Prmier of the Nazi-created Protectorate of Bohemia-Moravia, on a charge of "preparation for high treason."
The largest war games in the history of the United States, involving 400,000 troops, ended after 10 days of mock battle in northern Louisiana.
U.S. representative Averell Harriman and U.K. representative Lord Beaverbrook arrived in Moscow for aid talks and were received by U.S.S.R. dictator Josef Stalin.
Ted Williams of the Boston Red Sox, who entered the day's doubleheader against the Philadelphia Athletics at Shibe Park in Philadelphia with a batting average of .401, batted 4 for 5 in the first game and 2 for 3 in the second game to finish the season at .406. The Red Sox won the opener 12-11 and the Athletics won 7-1 in the second game, which was called after 8 innings because of darkness. Lefty Grove, whose best years were with the Athletics, was the starting pitcher for the Red Sox in the second game and left the game--his final major league appearance--after giving up 4 hits and 3 runs--all earned--in the 1st inning. Rookie Fred Caligiuri was the winning pitcher for the Athletics, allowing 6 hits and 1 earned run while pitching a complete game.
Dave Koslo pitched a 6-hit complete game to get his first major league win as the New York Giants edged the Boston Braves 2-1 before 2,310 fans at Braves Field.
Bob Chipman pitched 5 scoreless innings in relief of Larry French to earn a win in his major league debut as the Brooklyn Dodgers beat the Philadelphia Phillies 5-1 before 12,870 fans at Ebbets Field in Brooklyn.
Bill Clemensen pitched a 5-hit complete game for his only major league win, allowing 1 earned run as the Pittsburgh Pirates defeated the Cincinnati Reds 3-2 before 4,137 fans at Forbes Field in Pittsburgh. The Pirates spoiled Bucky Walters' bid for a 20-win season; the Cincinnati ace allowed 7 hits and 3 earned runs in pitching a complete game loss and finishing the season with a record of 19-15. Pittsburgh first baseman Ripper Collins batted 0 for 2 with a run batted in in the 1,084th and last game of his 9-year major league career. The game was played in 1 hour 39 minutes.
Johnny Beazley of the St. Louis Cardinals and Russ Meers of the Chicago Cubs made their major league debuts against each other as starting pitchers before 4,470 fans at Wrigley Field in Chicago. Mr. Beazley won the duel, pitching a 10-hit complete game as the Cardinals won 3-1. Mr. Meers allowed 5 hits and 2 runs--1 earned--in 8 innings.
70 years ago
#1 single in the U.S.A. (Billboard): To Each His Own--Eddy Howard and his Orchestra (7th week at #1)
The Italian Political and Territorial Commission of the Paris Peace Conference approved the French-proposed Italian-Yugoslav border, providing for internationalization of Trieste as a free city. Yugoslavian Deputy Premier Edward Kardelj said that Yugoslavia would refuse to sign any treaty containing the proposed border, nor would it withdraw her forces from northwestern Istria.
Politics and government
Ismail Sidky Pasha resigned as Prime Minister of Egypt after failing to reach agreement with the U.K. on an Anglo-Egyptian military pact.
Iranian Prime Minister Ahmad Ghavam Saltaneh rejected demands for regional authority in Iran, while the Iranian Ambassador to the United Kingdom asked the British government to investigate charges that British diplomatic officials in southern Iran had encouraged autonomy movements.
King George II returned to Greece after 5 1/2 years of exile.
Hamilton (0-4-1) 6 @ Montreal (2-1-1) 21
Toronto (3-0-2) 12 @ Ottawa (2-2) 6
Saskatchewan (0-5) 0 @ Winnipeg (3-1) 6
Toronto Balmy Beach (1-3) 1 @ Hamilton (3-1) 8
Ottawa (0-4) 3 @ Toronto Indians (4-0) 18
Windsor (1-3) 6 @ Sarnia (3-1) 7
Loyola 11 @ Queen's 35
Toronto 48 Ontario Agricultural College 11
McGill 24 McMaster 5
University of Western Ontario 91 Oshawa junior 0
Calgary Stampeders (Junior) 0 @ University of Alberta 35
Doug Gauthier scored a touchdown in the 3rd quarter to provide the necessary scoring as the Blue Bombers shut out the Roughriders at Osborne Stadium.
8,000 were in attendance at Civic Stadium to see the Wildcats defeat Balmy Beach, while 4,000 were at Norm Perry Park to see the Imperials edge the Rockets.
60 years ago
#1 single in the U.K. (New Musical Express): Lay Down Your Arms--Anne Shelton (2nd week at #1)
At the movies
The Best Things in Life are Free, starring Gordon MacRae, Dan Dailey, Ernest Borgnine, and Sheree North, opened in theatres.
Died on this date
William Boeing, 74. U.S. aviation executive. Mr. Boeing founded Pacific Aero Products Company in 1916, which became the Boeing Aircraft Company in 1929.
Indian Prime Minister Jawaharlal Nehru and Saudi Arabian King Saud ended three days of talks with a communique urging a negotiated Suez Canal agreement and expressing hope that "there will be no recourse to political and economic pressure."
Toronto (5-2) 21 @ Rochester (0-5) 8
Bob Smith scored 2 touchdowns and Bernie Custis added another as Balmy Beach beat the Rockets in what turned out to be the last game the Rockets ever played. The financially-troubled expansion team had three subsequent games cancelled, and were dropped from the league on October 15. This game was ordered stricken from the record on October 22, although I don't know if the individual statistics still counted. Roy King scored his fifth touchdown of the season for Rochester.
50 years ago
Indonesia returned to the United Nations, increasing UN membership to 119 nations.
Senegalese President Leopold Senghor arrived in Washington and conferred with U.S. President Lyndon Johnson.
40 years ago
#1 single in Sweden (Topplistan): Dancing Queen--ABBA (6th week at #1)
The album Songs in the Key of Life by Stevie Wonder was released. The album consisted of two long-play records and a four-song bonus extended-play record.
Muhammad Ali (53-2) retained his world heavyweight title with a unanimous 15-round decision over Ken Norton (37-4) at Yankee Stadium in New York. It was the third and last fight between the two: Mr. Norton had broken Mr. Ali's jaw in winning a 12-round split decision on March 31, 1973, and Mr. Ali had won a 12-round split decision on September 10, 1973.
Calgary high school
Henry Wise Wood 12 St. Mary's 0
30 years ago
Politics and government
The Democratic Progressive Party was established, becoming the first opposition party in Taiwan.
Winnipeg (8-5) 26 @ Toronto (7-5) 16
Calgary (7-6) 39 @ Saskatchewan (5-7-1) 24
The Blue Bombers took advantage of mistakes to defeat the Argonauts before 23,500 fans at Exhibition Stadium.
The Stampeders amassed 78 yards rushing and 462 yards passing in defeating the Roughriders before 25,078 fans at Taylor Field in Regina. The Saskatcewan offense produced 153 yards rushing and 284 yards passing.
25 years ago
#1 single in Australia (ARIA): (Everything I Do) I Do it for You--Bryan Adams (10th week at #1)
#1 single in Japan (Oricon Singles Chart): Say Yes--Chage and Aska (9th week at #1)
#1 single in Italy (FIMI): Rapput (Senza Fiato)--Claudio Bisio; Rocco Tanica (5th week at #1)
#1 single in Spain (PROMUSICAE): Asi Me Gusta--Chimo Bayo (2nd week at #1)
#1 single in Flanders (Ultratop 50): (Everything I Do) I Do it for You--Bryan Adams (8th week at #1)
#1 single in France (SNEP): Auteuil, Neuilly, Passy (rap BCBG)--La Zoubida--Lagaf' (10th week at #1)
#1 single in the Netherlands (De Nederlandse Top 40): (Everything I Do) I Do it for You--Bryan Adams (8th week at #1)
#1 single in the U.K. (Chart Information Network): (Everything I Do) I Do it for You--Bryan Adams (12th week at #1)
#1 single in the U.S.A. (Billboard): I Adore Mi Amor--Color Me Badd (2nd week at #1)
U.S. top 10 (Cash Box)
1 I Adore Mi Amor--Color Me Badd
2 The Promise of a New Day--Paula Abdul
3 Time, Love and Tenderness--Michael Bolton
4 Motownphilly--Boyz II Men
5 Things that Make You Go Hmmm...--C+C Music Factory featuring Freedom Williams
6 Emotions--Mariah Carey
7 Love of a Lifetime--Firehouse
8 Good Vibrations--Marky Mark and the Funky Bunch featuring Loleatta Holloway
9 Shiny Happy People--R.E.M.
10 Do Anything--Natural Selection featuring Niki Haris
Singles entering the chart were Cream by Prince and the New Power Generation (#68); That's What Love is For by Amy Grant (#70); With You by Tony Terry (#87); Rush by Big Audio Dynamite II (#88); Save Me by the Rembrandts (#89); You're the Story of My Life by Desmond Child (#90); and Good Time by Ziggy Marley and the Melody Makers (#91).
Canada’s top 10 (RPM)
1 (Everything I Do) I Do it for You--Bryan Adams (9th week at #1)
2 The Motown Song--Rod Stewart (with the Temptations)
3 The Promise of a New Day--Paula Abdul
4 Time, Love and Tenderness--Michael Bolton
5 Shiny Happy People--R.E.M.
6 Hole Hearted--Extreme
7 The Real Love--Bob Seger
8 I am Here--The Grapes of Wrath
9 It Hit Me Like a Hammer--Huey Lewis and the News
10 Too Many Walls--Cathy Dennis
Singles entering the chart were Don't Want to Be a Fool by Luther Vandross (#63); Don't Cry by Guns N' Roses (#73); Walk Through Fire by Bad Company (#75); Sunrise by the Triplets (#84); Into the Great Wide Open by Tom Petty and the Heartbreakers (#87); For You by Michael W. Smith (#88); Sex with Love by Lee Aaron (#90); Something Got Me Started by Simply Red (#92); and Send Me an Angel by the Scorpions (#96).
Died on this date
Miles Davis, 65. U.S. jazz trumpeter. Mr. Davis was one of the most influential musicians in the history of jazz, figuring prominently in bebop and cool jazz. His 1959 album Kind of Blue is said to be the biggest-selling album in jazz history.
The United States Air Force Strategic Air Command stood down from alert all intercontinental ballistic missiles scheduled for deactivation under the Strategic Arms Reduction Talks (START) I treaty, as well as its strategic bomber force.
British Columbia (8-5) 37 @ Hamilton (1-12) 27
13,626 fans were in attendance at Ivor Wynne Stadium to see the Lions defeat the Tiger-Cats.
Saskatchewan 17 @ Alberta 31
The Golden Bears earned their first win under head coach Tom Wilkinson with a strong performance as they pulled a tremendous upset over the previously-undefeated defending national champion Huskies at Clarke Stadium in Edmonton.
The New York Mets lost 6-2 to the Philadelphia Phillies before 16,967 fans at Shea Stadium in New York and then fired manager Bud Harrelson. The Mets had a record of 74-80, third in the National League East Division. Mr. Harrelson was replaced by coach Mike Cubbage.
Jeff Blauser's solo home run with 1 out in the top of the 9th inning provided the winning margin as the Atlanta Braves held on to edge the Houston Astros 5-4 before 8,647 fans at the Astrodome. The Astros scored a run in the bottom of the 9th and had runners on first and third bases with 2 out, but Jeff Bagwell was called out on strikes to end the game.
Jack Morris pitched a 6-hit shutout to improve his record for the season to 18-12 and the Minnesota Twins scored 4 runs in the 5th inning as they beat the Toronto Blue Jays 5-0 before 50,319 fans at SkyDome in Toronto in a preview of the upcoming American League Championship Series.
The Baltimore Orioles scored 2 runs in the top of the 10th inning to break a 2-2 tie, but Lou Whitaker doubled home 3 runs with 2 out in the bottom of the 10th to give the Detroit Tigers a 5-4 win over the Orioles before 22,541 fans at Tiger Stadium.
Dean Palmer's 3-run home run with 2 out in the top of the 10th inning broke a 3-3 tie and gave the Texas Rangers a 6-3 win over the Oakland Athletics before 33,338 fans at Oakland-Alameda County Coliseum.
20 years ago
#1 single in Australia (ARIA): Macarena--Los Del Rio (5th week at #1)
#1 single in Italy (Hit Parade Italia): Killing Me Softly--Regina (2nd week at #1)
#1 single in Flanders (Ultratop 50): Wannabe--Spice Girls (2nd week at #1)
#1 single in Wallonia (Ultratop 40): Killing Me Softly--The Fugees (8th week at #1)
#1 single in Ireland (IRMA): How Bizarre--OMC (3rd week at #1)
#1 single in the U.K. (Chart Information Network): Ready or Not--The Fugees (2nd week at #1)
#1 single in the U.S.A. (Billboard): Macarena (Bayside Boys Mix)--Los Del Rio (9th week at #1)
#1 single in the U.S.A. (Cash Box): I Love You Always Forever--Donna Lewis (4th week at #1)
Winnipeg (7-6) 37 @ Saskatchewan (3-11) 15
Linebacker Angelo Snipes tied a league single-game record with 2 touchdowns on fumble returns as he helped the Blue Bombers defeat the Rough Rides before 19,861 fans at Taylor Field in Regina. Mr. Snipes returned one fumble 26 yards for a touchdown, and scored his other TD when he recovered a Roughrider fumble in the Saskatchewan end zone.
Saskatchewan 10 @ Alberta (3-1) 16
Pre-Confederation St. Lawrence maritime pilot certificates at Library and Archives Canada - By Rebecca Murray The details of when and where our ancestors were born, lived and died are the building blocks of genealogical research. Knowing how they ...
6 hours ago