75 years ago
The British government announced that heavy bombers had flown over the Alps from England and bombed Genoa, Turin, and other points in northern Italy.
German Einsatzgruppe C began killing thousands of Jews at Babi Yar ravine near Kiev.
A German news agency announced that 24 people had been shot in Bohemia-Moravia for trying "to separate the Protectorate from the Reich."
U.S. Ambassador to Japan Joseph Grew wrote to U.S. President Franklin Roosevelt urging him not to let the opportunity for peace with Japan pass by.
Joe Louis (51-1) retained his world heavyweight title with a technical knockout of Lou Nova (26-3-4) with 1 second remaining in the 6th round of their bout at the Polo Grounds in New York. Arthur Donovan was the referee who stopped the fight.
70 years ago
The New York Herald Tribune reported that the best-selling fiction book was The Hucksters by Frederic Wakeman, and the non-fiction bestseller was The Egg and I by Betty MacDonald.
Politics and government
The Progressive Conference, composed of representatives of the National Citizens Political Action Committee, Congress of Industrial Organizations Political Action Committee, and the Independent Citizens Committee of the Arts, Sciences and Professions, concluded in Chicago after calling for adherence to the late U.S. President Franklin D. Roosevelt's economic "bill of rights" and a foreign policy based on "world good neighborliness."
The Brooklyn Dodgers and St. Louis Cardinals finished the regular season tied for the National League lead with records of 96-58, necessitating a best-of-three playoff to decide the pennant. Mort Cooper pitched a 4-hit shutout for the Boston Braves as they blanked the Dodgers 4-0 before 30,756 fans at Ebbets Field in Brooklyn, putting the game away with 3 runs in the 9th inning after Brooklyn starter Vic Lombardi, who had allowed 4 hits and 1 earned run in 8 innings, was removed from the game.
Stan Hack had 3 hits and drove in 3 runs to help the Chicago Cubs defeat the Cardinals 8-3 before 34,124 fans at Sportsman's Park in St. Louis.
Johnny Vander Meer pitched a 6-hitter to win the pitchers' duel over Lee Howard as the Cincinnati Reds edged the Pittsburgh Pirates 1-0 in the first game of a doubleheader before 6,329 fans at Crosley Field in Cincinnati. Claude Corbitt scored the run in the bottom of the 7th inning when he drew a leadoff walk and scored on a 2-out single by Bob Usher. In the second game, Benny Zientara led off the bottom of the 8th with a double and scored on a ground out by Al Lakeman to break a 2-2 tie and give the Reds a 3-2 win and the sweep.
Spud Chandler pitched a 5-hitter to finish the season with a record of 20-8 as the New York Yankees blanked the Philadelphia Athletics 6-0 in the first game of a doubleheader at Shibe Park in Philadelphia. Vic Raschi pitched a 5-hit complete game to win the pitchers' duel over Bill McCahan as the Yankees completed the sweep with a 2-1 win in the second game, which was called after 7 innings because of darkness.
Bob Feller pitched a 6-hit complete game to win the pitchers' duel over Hal Newhouser as the Cleveland Indians beat the Detroit Tigers 4-1 before 47,876 fans at Briggs Stadium in Detroit. Mr. Feller finished the season with a record of 26-15, and his 5 strikeouts gave him 348 for the season, 1 short of the major league record set by Rube Waddell of the Philadelphia Athletics in 1904. Mr. Newhouser allowed 9 hits and 4 earned runs in pitching a complete game defeat and finishing the season at 26-9.
The St. Louis Browns, trailing 7-0 after 6 innings, scored 8 runs in the last 3 innings to defeat the Chicago White Sox 8-7 before 6,046 fans at Comiskey Park in Chicago.
60 years ago
#1 single in Australia (Kent Music Report): Que Sera, Sera (Whatever Will Be, Will Be)--Doris Day (3rd week at #1)
#1 single in West Germany (Media Control): Heimweh--Freddy Quinn (10th week at #1)
#1 single in the U.K. (Record Mirror): Lay Down Your Arms--Anne Shelton (2nd week at #1)
#1 singles in the U.S.A. (Billboard): Hound Dog/Don't Be Cruel--Elvis Presley (Best Seller--7th week at #1; Jukebox--5th week at #1); Don't Be Cruel--Elvis Presley (Disc Jockey--4th week at #1; Top 100--4th week at #1)
U.S. top 10 (Cash Box)
1 Don't Be Cruel--Elvis Presley (3rd week at #1)
2 Hound Dog--Elvis Presley
3 My Prayer--The Platters
4 Canadian Sunset--Hugo Winterhalter and his Orchestra with Eddie Heywood
5 Honky Tonk (Parts 1 and 2)--Bill Doggett
6 Tonight You Belong to Me--Patience and Prudence
7 Whatever Will Be, Will Be (Que Sera, Sera)--Doris Day
8 The Fool--Sanford Clark
9 Just Walking in the Rain--Johnnie Ray
10 Allegheny Moon--Patti Page
Singles entering the chart were It Isn't Right (#33)/You'll Never Never Know (#35) by the Platters; Out of Sight, Out of Mind by the Five Keys (#34); I Walk the Line by Johnny Cash and the Tennessee Two (#40); Blue Moon by Elvis Presley (#42); A Heart Without a Sweetheart by Gale Storm (#48); and Lay Down Your Arms, with versions by the Chordettes and Anne Shelton (#50).
Died on this date
Anastasio Somoza Garcia, 60. President of Nicaragua, 1937-1947, 1950-1956. General Somoza, leader of the Nationalist Liberal Party, was elected President in December 1936, although the result was suspiciously lopsided. He was effectively a dictator from 1937 until his death, eight days after being shot in León by poet Rigoberto López Pérez. General Somoza was succeeded by his son Luis.
Sources in Washington reported that the U.S.A., U.K., and France were conferring on a possible joint statement on the Suez Canal dispute, to be presented to the United Nations Security Council.
Politics and government
The People's Republic of China's Communist Party Politburo was enlarged from 13 to 19 members, with Mao Tse-tung remaining as Central Committee and Politburo chairman.
USS Ranger, the third U.S. Navy aircraft carrier in the heavy Forrestal class, was launched at Newport News, Virginia.
U.S. President Dwight Eisenhower nominated New Jersey Supreme Court Justice William Brennan to fill the vacancy on the Supreme Court of the United States caused by the retirement of Justice Sherman Minton.
Egypt signed an agreement for the purchase of 200,000 tons of wheat from the U.S.S.R.
Toronto (3-5) 22 @ Ottawa (4-4) 43
Montreal (6-2) 44 @ Hamilton (3-5) 43
British Columbia (4-6) 28 @ Saskatchewan (6-3) 46
Winnipeg (5-4) 37 @ Calgary (2-8) 14
The Alouettes' win over the Tiger-Cats at Civic Stadium remains the highest-scoring game ever decided by 1 point in regulation time in what counts as Canadian Football League history.
The Stampeders' loss to the Blue Bombers at Mewata Stadium was the first game for Otis Douglas as Calgary's head coach; he replaced Tommy Thompson, who had held the position for one game after the firing of Jack Hennemier.
Al Lopez announced his resignation as manager of the Cleveland Indians, effective the following day, when the team played its final game of the season. Mr. Lopez was in his sixth season managing the Indians, and had led them to the 1954 American League pennant.
50 years ago
#1 single in the U.K. (Record Retailer): Distant Drums--Jim Reeves (2nd week at #1)
Three days of race riots concluded in San Francisco.
40 years ago
Saskatchewan (2-2) 18 @ Manitoba (1-3) 24
Alberta (1-3) 6 @ Calgary (3-1) 24
Freshman Darrell Moir completed 12 of 14 passes, including a touchdown to Larry Leathem, and rushed 4 times for 34 yards and 2 touchdowns as the Dinosaurs came back from an early 6-0 deficit to defeat the Golden Bears before 2,000 fans at McMahon Stadium in a rare Wednesday night game. Jim Hartley converted all 3 touchdowns and added a field goal. Joe Poplawski kicked 2 field goals for Alberta.
John Montefusco pitched a no-hitter for the San Francisco Giants as they shut out the Atlanta Braves 9-0 before 1,369 fans at Atlanta-Fulton County Stadium. The only batter to reach base against Mr. Montefusco was Jerry Royster, who drew a base on balls to lead off the 4th inning.
Wayne Garrett hit a grand slam off former teammate Tom Seaver in the 4th inning to begin the Montreal Expos' scoring as they beat the New York Mets 7-2 before 27,903 fans at Shea Stadium in New York in the last Expos Baseball telecast of the season on CBC. Ellis Valentine hit a 2-run homer off Mr. Seaver, who allowed 7 hits and 7 earned runs in 8 innings to finish the season with a record of 14-11. Steve Rogers pitched a 7-hit complete game victory to finish his season with a record of 7-17.
Steve Renko pitched a 5-hitter to win the pitchers' duel over Larry Demery, who allowed just 3 hits, as the Chicago Cubs edged the Pittsburgh Pirates 1-0 before 2,880 fans at Three Rivers Stadium in Pittsburgh. Rick Monday's home run with 2 out in the top of the 6th inning accounted for the scoring.
Rick Sutcliffe made his major league debut with the Los Angeles Dodgers, pitching 5 scoreless innings and allowing just 2 hits and leaving with no decision before the Dodgers scored to defeat the Houston Astros 1-0 before 11,600 fans at Dodger Stadium. Stan Wall allowed 1 hit in 3 innings of relief and became the winning pitcher when Steve Garvey singled home Bill Buckner with 2 out in the bottom of the 6th inning for the only run. Houston starter Joe Sambito allowed 3 hits and 1 earned run in 7 innings in taking the loss. It was also the first game for Tom Lasorda as the Dodgers' manager; he replaced Walter Alston, who retired with 4 games remaining in his 23rd season as manager.
Graig Nettles hit a 2-run home run off Luis Tiant in the 1st inning and hit a grand slam off Mr. Tiant in the 2nd inning to lead the New York Yankees to a 9-6 win over the Boston Red Sox before 23,980 fans at Fenway Park in Boston. Mr. Nettles also hit 2 doubles and scored 4 runs. Catfish Hunter allowed 8 hits and 5 runs--2 earned--in 7 innings to finish the regular season with a record of 17-15. Mr. Tiant allowed 5 hits and 7 runs--all earned--in 1 2/3 innings to fall to 21-12. Cesar Tovar pinch hit for starting New York designated hitter Gene Locklear and batted 0 for 2 in the 1,488th and last game of his 12-year major league career.
Nolan Ryan pitched a 2-hitter and struck out 11 batters to win the pitchers' duel over Ken Brett as the California Angels blanked the Chicago White Sox 3-0 before 5,650 fans at Anaheim Stadium. Mr. Ryan improved his 1976 record to 16-18, while Mr. Brett, who allowed 7 hits and 2 earned runs while pitching a complete game, fell to 10-12.
Larry Gura pitched a 4 hitter and improved his record for the season to 4-0 as the Kansas City Royals shut out the Oakland Athletics 4-0 before 19,631 fans at Oakland-Alameda County Coliseum to almost clinch the American League West Division title. The Royals led the second-place Athletics by 3 1/2 games, with 3 games left for Kansas City and 4 games remaining for Oakland.
30 years ago
#1 single in Australia (Kent Music Report): Venus--Bananarama (3rd week at #1)
#1 single in Spain (PROMUSICAE): Easy Lady--Spagna (3rd week at #1)
Died on this date
Artie Gore, 78. U.S. baseball player and umpire. Mr. Gore played shortstop in the Class B New England League in 1928 and 1929, batting .245 with 1 home run in 66 games. He then became an umpire and worked in 1,464 games in the National League from 1947-1956. Mr. Gore worked in the 1951 and 1953 World Series and the 1949 and 1956 All-Star Games, but was released in December 1956 to make room for younger umpires.
Cleveland Indians' second baseman Jay Bell became the ninth player in major league history to hit a home run on the first major league pitch he faced, but the Indians lost 6-5 to the Minnesota Twins before 6,232 fans at Hubert H. Humphrey Metrodome in Minneapolis. Mr. Bell homered off Bert Blyleven, who thus set a major league record by giving up his 47th home run of the season.
In the first-ever major league pitching matchup between rookie brothers, Greg Maddux beat his brother Mike as the Chicago Cubs beat the Philadelphia Phillies 8-3 before 14,355 fans at Veterans Stadium in Philadelphia.
Orel Hershiser pitched an 8-hit shutout, hit a single and double, and scored a run as the Los Angeles Dodgers blanked the San Diego Padres 10-0 before 9,054 fans at Jack Murphy-San Diego Stadium. Enos Cabell played the first 6 innings in right field for Los Angeles, batting 2 for 2 with a double, 2 bases on balls, 2 runs, and 1 putout in the field in the 1,327th and last game of his 15-year major league career.
25 years ago
#1 single in New Zealand (RIANZ): (Everything I Do) I Do it for You--Bryan Adams (7th week at #1)
#1 single in Austria (Ö3): (Everything I Do) I Do it for You--Bryan Adams
#1 single in Switzerland: (Everything I Do) I Do it for You--Bryan Adams (9th week at #1)
Died on this date
Lou Nova, 78. U.S. boxer. Mr. Nova, a resident of Oakland, California, won the U.S. and world amateur heavyweight championships in 1935 and compiled a record of 49-9-5 in a professional career lasting from 1936-1945. His biggest wins were technical knockouts over former world champion Max Baer in 1939 and 1941. Oddly, Mr. Nova died 50 years to the day after he fought for the world heavyweight championship, losing to Joe Louis by a technical knockout with 1 second remaining in the 6th round at the Polo Grounds in New York. He had minor acting roles in movies and television from 1943-1968.
A coup led by Army General Raoul Cédras, Army Chief of Staff Phillipe Biamby, and Chief of the National Police, Michel François deposed Haitian President Jean-Bertrand Aristide, who had been elected eight months earlier.
The United States regained the Ryder Cup with a 14 1/2-13 1/2 victory over Europe on the Ocean Course at Kiawah Island, South Carolina. Bernhard Langer of Germany missed a six-foot putt on the 18th hole in the deciding match, giving Hale Irwin a tie and the half-point the United States needed for the victory.
Toronto (9-4) 25 @ Ottawa (5-8) 24
Calgary (9-4) 21 @ Saskatchewan (5-8) 40
The Rough Riders had 520 yards net offense to just 216 for the Argonauts, but the Argonauts still edged the Rough Riders before 26,172 fans at Lansdowne Park.
Kent Austin passed for 2 touchdowns and rushed for 2 more to lead the Roughriders over the Stampeders before 22,736 fans at Taylor Field in Regina on a windy Sunday afternoon.
20 years ago
#1 single in New Zealand (RIANZ): Twisted--Keith Sweat (4th week at #1)
#1 single in Austria (Ö3): Break My Stride--Unique II (3rd week at #1)
#1 single in Switzerland: Wannabe--Spice Girls (3rd week at #1)
Jeff Gordon raced to his 10th NASCAR victory of the year in the farewell Winston Cup race at North Wilkesboro Speedway in North Carolina, giving him a seemingly insurmountable 111-point lead over his teammate Terry Labonte for the season's title. Mr. Labonte, despite just two victories, had just enough of them to win the driver's title.
Montreal (7-6) 38 @ Hamilton (7-7) 39
British Columbia (4-10) 12 @ Edmonton (9-5) 32
Paul Osbaldiston kicked a 32-yard field goal on the last play of regulation time to give the Tiger-Cats their win over the Alouettes before 17,740 fans at Ivor Wynne Stadium. It was the second straight game in which Mr. Osaldiston had kicked a game-winning field goal on the final play. Hamilton quarterback Anthony Calvillo completed 27 of 36 passes for 443 yards and 4 touchdowns, and marched the Tiger-Cats 70 yards on the final drive.
Danny McManus completed 3 touchdown passes to Darren Flutie as the Eskimos beat the Lions before 26,784 fans at Commonwealth Stadium.
10 years ago
Gol Transportes Aéreos Flight 1907, a Boeing 737 jet, collided in mid-air with an Embraer Legacy 600 business jet near Peixoto de Azevedo, Mato Grosso, Brazil, killing 154 people and triggering a Brazilian civil aviation crisis.
Montreal (8-6) 23 @ Winnipeg (7-8) 20
Robert Edwards rushed for 109 yards and Damon Duval kicked 4 field goals to help the Alouettes end a 6-game losing streak with their win over the Blue Bombers before 28,028 fans at Canad Inns Stadium. It was the final game for Don Matthews as Montreal's head coach; he was fired and replaced by general manager Jim Popp.
Saskatchewan (5-0) 55 @ Calgary (0-4) 10
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