Tuesday, 27 September 2016

September 25, 2016

950 years ago
1066


Died on this date
Harald III, 51 (?)
. King of Norway, 1046-1066. Harald III, nicknamed Harald Hardrada ("hard ruler"), ruled jointly with Magnus I in 1046 before taking the throne unilaterally upon Magnus's death a year later. Harald III consistently failed in attempting to conquer Denmark, and his invasion of England ended wit his death in the Battle of Stamford Bridge. He was succeeded on the throne by his son Magnus II.

War
English forces commanded by King Harold II defeated Norwegian forces commanded by King Harald III in the Battle of Stamford Bridge in Yorkshire, England, marking the end of the Viking invasions of England.

225 years ago
1791


Died on this date
William Bradford, 72
. U.S. publisher. Mr. Bradford published The Pennsylvania Journal from 1742 until his death. He supported the American Revolution, and was selected by the Continental Congress to print the official documents of the revolution.

150 years ago
1866


Born on this date
Thomas Hunt Morgan
. U.S. biologist, geneticist, and embryologist. Dr. Morgan was awarded the 1933 Nobel Prize in Physioogy or Medicine "for his discoveries concerning the role played by the chromosome in heredity." He died on December 4, 1945 at the age of 79.

110 years ago
1906


Technology
In the presence of King Alfonso XIII and before a large crowd, Leonardo Torres y Quevedo successfully demonstrated the invention of the Telekino in the Spanish port of Bilbao, guiding a boat from the shore in what is considered the birth of the remote control.

90 years ago
1926


Diplomacy
The international Convention to Suppress the Slave Trade and Slavery was first signed, under the auspices of the League of Nations.

Politics and government
Liberal Party leader Mackenzie King was sworn in as Prime Minister of Canada for the second time, replacing Conservative Party leader Arthur Meighen, Prime Minister since June 29, 1926. Mr. King had been able to form a government after the September 14 federal election, as the Liberals had won 116 of 245 seats in the House of Commons, and 8 Liberal-Progressive MPs supported the Liberals and created a majority.

80 years ago
1936


Baseball
Eiji Sawamura of the Tokyo Kyojin pitched the first no-hitter in the Japanese Baseball League.

75 years ago
1941


Died on this date
Gertrude Battles Lane, 66
. U.S. journalist. Mrs. Lane was editor of Woman's Home Companion from 1911-1941.

War
General Vittorio Ambrosio, commander of the Italian 2nd Army, reported that the reoccupation of the demilitarized Dalmatian coast of Yugoslavia had been completed.

Diplomacy
The Duke and Duchess of Windsor arrived in Washington for their first visit to the United States together, and were greeted by U.S. President Franklin D. Roosevelt and cheering crowds.

Defense
As a result of a seditious movement uncovered in the Argentine Air Corps, General Angel Maria Zyloaga was removed as corps commander.

Economics and finance
U.S. Secretary of State Cordell Hull announced that 300 more names had been added to the trade blacklist of pro-Axis firms and individuals in Latin America.

Football
WIFU
Vancouver (1-4) 5 @ Winnipeg (3-0) 12

Baseball
The New York Giants released catcher Gabby Hartnett, ending his 20-year Hall of Fame career. Mr. Hartnett batted .297 with 236 home runs and 1,179 runs batted in in 1,990 games. He played 19 seasons with the Cubs before joining the Giants for 1941 and hitting .300 with 5 home runs and 26 RBIs in 64 games.

Whitlow Wyatt pitched a 5-hit shutout for his 22nd win of the season as the Brooklyn Dodgers blanked the Boston Braves 6-0 before 10,098 fans at Braves Field to clinch their first National League pennant in 21 years. John Dudra struck out as a pinch hitter for Boston in the top of the 8th inning and played the bottom of the inning at third base in the 14h and last game of his only major league season.

Ray Starr pitched a 2-hitter and the Cincinnati Reds scored 5 runs in the 5th inning as they blanked the Chicago Cubs 6-0 before 1,148 fans at Crosley Field in Cincinnati. It was the final major league game for three Cubs: left fielder Frank Jelincich (4 games, 1941); second baseman Billy Myers (738 games, 1935-1941); and relief pitcher Wimpy Quinn (3 games, 1941), who singled in his only plate appearance in the game, ending his major league career with a batting average of .500.

70 years ago
1946


Diplomacy
A council of Zionist organizations in Jerusalem voted not to let the Jewish Agency for Palestine take part in the London Conference until interned Zionist leaders were released.

Defense
The U.S. Army began to assemble 1,500 men in Faribanks, Alaska for Task Force Frigid to test the operation of personnel and equipment in arctic conditions.

Politics and government
The Christian Democratic Party government of Prime Minister Alcide de Gasperi survived a non-confidence vote in the Italian parliement after a long debate on financial and economic problems.

Football
IRFU
Toronto (2-0-2) 15 @ Hamilton (0-3-1) 15

ORFU
Windsor (1-2) 1 @ Toronto Indians (3-0) 8

Annis Stukus kicked 2 field goals for the Indians as they beat the Rickets before 4,000 fans at Oakwood Stadium. The Indians lost Bill Stukus with a broken wrist.

60 years ago
1956


Died on this date
John McMakin, 78
. U.S. baseball pitcher. Mr. McMakin played 4 games with the Brooklyn Superbas in 1902, posting a 2-2 record with an earned run average of 3.09. He compiled a record of 37-28 in four years in the minor leagues from 1902-1907.

War
Israeli troops attacked Jordanian positions in the Husan area near Jerusalem, killing 50 Jordanian soldiers and destroying a military base and police station.

Diplomacy
The United Kingdom and France rejected Egypt's complaint to the United Nations Security Council about their "actions against Egypt." Australian Prime Minister Robert Menzies told the Australian House of Representatives that if the United Nations proved ineffective and could not impose economic sanctions against Egypt because of a Soviet veto, the Suez Canal "user nations" must "be ready to impose sanctions ourselves."

A Polish Air Force lieutenant landed his MiG-15 jet on the Danish island of Bornholm and asked for political asylum.

Communications
Canadian Overseas Telephone Company (COTC), the British Post Office (BPO) and American Telephone & Telegraph (AT&T) opened TAT-1, the first direct dial transatlantic calling service with an exchange of greetings among London, Ottawa, and New York. The system operated between Oban, Scotland and Clarenville, Newfoundland.

Disasters
Hurricane Flossy completed a three-day sweep through Louisiana, Georgia, and Florida, leaving 12 dead and a reported $2 million in property damage.

Baseball
Sal Maglie pitched a no-hitter for the Brooklyn Dodgers as they shut out the Philadelphia Phillies 5-0 before 15,204 fans at Ebbets Field in Brooklyn. Roy Campanella's 2-run home run climaxed a 3-run 2nd inning.

Warren Spahn pitched a 6-hit complete game to improve his 1956 record to 20-10 and doubled home 2 runs to climax a 3-run 2nd inning as the Milwaukee Braves beat the Cincinnati Redlegs 7-1 before 18,971 fans at Crosley Field in Cincinnati, remaining 1/2 game ahead of the second-place Dodgers. The Braves had 2 games remaining in the season, the Dodgers 4. The loss eliminated the Redlegs from contention, as they were 2 1/2 games behind with 1 game remaining. Larry Jansen started on the mound for Cincinnati and allowed 3 hits, a base on balls, and 3 runs--all earned--in 1 2/3 innings to drop to 2-3 in the 291st and last game of his 10-year major league career. Cincinnati pinch hitter Stan Palys grounded out to end the game in the 138th and last game of his 4-year major league career.

Willie Mays and Red Schoendienst each had 4 hits, including a home run, as the New York Giants routed the Pittsburgh Pirates 10-0 before 1,275 fans at the Polo Grounds in New York. Bill White and Wes Westrum also homered, while Johnny Antonelli allowed 3 hits in 7 innings to improve his record for the season to 19-13.

Preston Ward came to bat as a pinch hitter with 2 out in the bottom of the 9th and hit a solo home run to tie the game, and Rocky Colavito hit a 3-run homer with 2 out in the bottom of the 10th to give the Cleveland Indians a 4-1 win over the Kansas City Athletics before 3,604 fans at Municipal Stadium in Cleveland. Early Wynn allowed just 4 hits in pitching a complete game victory, improving his record for the season to 20-10.

Bill Skowron batted 3 for 5 with 2 doubles, a base on balls, and 5 runs batted in, while Bob Cerv batted 2 for 4 with a triple, base on balls, 2 runs, and 4 RBIs, to help the New York Yankees defeat the Baltimore Orioles 11-6 before 14,740 fans at Memorial Stadium in Baltimore. Tom Sturdivant started on the mound for New York and allowed 6 hits and 5 runs--4 earned--in 7 innings to improve his 1956 record to 16-7. Bob Harrison started for Baltimore and allowed 3 hits, 5 bases on balls, and 3 earned runs in 1 2/3 innings in the second and last game of his 2-year major league career. He was relieved by Hal Brown, who allowed 10 hits and 8 earned runs in 5 innings to take the loss.

The Boston Red Sox scored 6 runs in the first 2 innings and coasted to a 10-2 win over the Washington Nationals before 2,073 fans at Fenway Park in Boston. Ted Williams hit a home run and drove in 4 runs for Boston, while Mickey Vernon added a solo homer against his former team. Pete Runnels hit a 2-run homer for Washington.

40 years ago
1976


Hit parade
#1 single in Italy (Hit Parade Italia): Margherita--Riccardo Cocciante (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in the Netherlands (Veronica Top 40): Dancing Queen--ABBA (4th week at #1)

#1 single in the U.K (New Musical Express).: Dancing Queen--ABBA (3rd week at #1)

#1 single in the U.S.A. (Billboard): Play That Funky Music--Wild Cherry (2nd week at #1)

U.S.A. Top 10 (Cash Box)
1 (Shake, Shake, Shake) Shake Your Booty--K.C. and the Sunshine Band
2 Lowdown--Boz Scaggs
3 Play That Funky Music--Wild Cherry
4 A Fifth of Beethoven--Walter Murphy and the Big Apple Band
5 Disco Duck (Part 1)--Rick Dees and his Cast of Idiots
6 Devil Woman--Cliff Richard
7 If You Leave Me Now--Chicago
8 Still the One--Orleans
9 A Little Bit More--Dr. Hook
10 I'd Really Love to See You Tonight--England Dan & John Ford Coley

Singles entering the chart were Muskrat Love by Captain and Tennille (#60); It's a Long Way There by Little River Band (#76); Don't Think...Feel by Neil Diamond (#90); Goofus by the Carpenters (#91); I'll Play the Fool by Dr. Buzzard’s Original “Savannah” Band (#92); I Can't Live a Dream by the Osmonds (#93); I Never Cry by Alice Cooper (#94); Gimme Your Money Please by Bachman-Turner Overdrive (#96); Teddy Bear's Last Ride by Diana Williams (#97); You are My Love by Liverpool Express (#98); Love Ballad by L.T.D. (#99); and Made to Love You by Gary Wright (#100). Gimme Your Money Please had been a hit in Canada in 1973.

Canada's top 10 (RPM)
1 A Fifth of Beethoven--Walter Murphy and the Big Apple Band
2 Play That Funky Music--Wild Cherry
3 (Shake, Shake, Shake) Shake Your Booty--K.C. and the Sunshine Band
4 A Little Bit More--Dr. Hook
5 I'd Really Love to See You Tonight--England Dan & John Ford Coley
6 Lowdown--Boz Scaggs
7 You Should Be Dancing--Bee Gees
8 Devil Woman--Cliff Richard
9 Baby, I Love Your Way--Peter Frampton
10 If You Leave Me Now--Chicago

Singles entering the chart were Did You Boogie (With Your Baby) by Flash Cadillac and the Continental Kids (#85); This One's for You by Barry Manilow (#86); Love So Right by the Bee Gees (#87); Love of My Life by Gino Vannelli (#89); Satin Sheets by the Bellamy Brothers (#91); You Gotta Make Your Own Sunshine by Neil Sedaka (#93); More than a Feeling by Boston (#94); Mr. Melody by Natalie Cole (#95); Amber Cascades by America (#96); Party Line by Andrea True Connection (#97); You're Still the One by Lady (#98); National Poddy by Sweeney Todd (#99); and Be True to Your School by the Beach Boys (#100). Be True to Your School was originally a hit in 1963, before RPM began publication.

Died on this date
Red Faber, 88
. U.S. baseball pitcher. Urban Clarence Faber played with the Chicago White Sox from 1914-1933, compiling a record of 254-213 with an earned run average of 3.15 in 669 games. He won 3 games in the 1917 World Series as the White Sox defeated the New York Giants 4 games to 2, but missed the 1919 World Series with arm problems. Mr. Faber, one of the last pitchers to legally throw a spitball, had four seasons of 20 or more wins, and led the American League in earned run average in 1921 and 1922. He was inducted into the Baseball Hall of Fame in 1964.

Football
CFL
Toronto (5-6) 14 @ Hamilton (5-6) 29
Winnipeg (5-5) 28 @ Edmonton (7-4) 17

Jimmy Jones threw touchdown passes to Lawrie Skolrood, M.L. Harris, and Angelo Santucci as the Tiger-Cats beat the Argonauts before 31,793 fans at Ivor Wynne Stadium.

Steve Beaird rushed for 2 touchdowns and Jim Washington for another as the Blue Bombers beat the Eskimos before 25,963 fans at Clarke Stadium. Bruce Lemmerman completed a touchdown pass to Garry Lefebvre for the Edmonton touchdown. It was the final regular season game in the 5-year CFL career for Edmonton running back Roy Bell.

Baseball
Mike Schmidt drove in 3 runs with a home run and a double to lead the Philadelphia Phillies to a 6-5 win over the Montreal Expos before 5,096 fans in the NBC Game of the Week, and the last game ever televised from Jarry Park in Montreal. Mr. Schmidt was involved in an unusual double play in the 3rd inning: with 1 out, he doubled home Dave Cash, and Jerry Martin stopped at third base. Greg Luzinski then hit a sacrifice fly to Montreal left fielder Bombo Rivera, scoring Mr. Martin. Mr. Rivera threw to third baseman Larry Parrish for a double play. Since Mr. Martin scored before the third out was made, the run counted.

Jerry Royster had 3 hits and 4 runs batted in to help the Atlanta Braves defeat the San Diego Padres 11-8 before 1,734 fans at Atlanta-Fulton County Stadium. Bob Owchinko made his major league debut, starting on the mound for San Diego. He allowed 5 hits, 2 bases on balls, and 4 runs--all earned--in 1 2/3 innings to take the loss.

Lynn McGlothen pitched a 4-hitter and had 2 hits and a run to lead the St. Louis Cardinals over the Pittsburgh Pirates 3-0 before 7,858 fans at Busch Memorial Stadium in St. Louis. Jerry Reuss allowed 7 hits and 3 runs--1 earned--in 5 innings to take the loss. He was relieved by Bob Moose, who allowed 1 hit and 2 bases on balls, but no runs, in the 295th and last game of his 10-year major league career.

Gary Matthews hit 3 home runs and drove in 5 runs, while Jim Barr pitched a 6-hit shutout and tripled in 2 runs as the San Francisco Giants routed the Houston Astros 10-0 before 2,432 fans at Candlestick Park in Los Angeles. Mike Cosgrove, the second of five Houston pitchers, allowed 3 hits and 2 runs--both earned--in 2 innings in the 119th and last game of his five-year major league career.

Luis Tiant pitched a 2-hitter to improve his 1976 record to 21-11, winning the pitchers' duel over Ross Grimsley, who pitched a 4-hit complete game in falling to 8-7 as the Boston Red Sox edged the Baltimore Orioles 1-0 before 10,562 fans at Memorial Stadium in Baltimore in a game that was played in 1 hour 52 minutes.

The New York Yankees scored 6 runs in the 1st inning and 2 in the second as they defeated the Detroit Tigers 10-6 before 12,814 fans at Tiger Stadium.

Claudell Washington, Ron Fairly, and Gene Tenace hit home runs for the Oakland Athletics as they beat the Chicago White Sox 7-4 before 17,298 fans at Comiskey Park in Chicago, moving to within 5 games of the American League West Division-leading Royals with 7 games remaining in the season for both teams.

Bert Blyleven pitched a 4-hitter, improving his recrd for the season to 13-16, winning the pitchers' duel over Andy Hassler, who pitched a 6-hit complete game, falling to 5-11, as the Texas Rangers edged the Kansas City Royals 1-0 before 9,001 fans at Arlington Stadium.

30 years ago
1986


On television tonight
Our World, hosted by Linda Ellerbee and Ray Gandolf, on ABC
Tonight's episode: Summer 1969

This was the first program in the news documentary series that looked back at a particular period in the 20th century.

Died on this date
Nikolay Semyonov, 90
. U.S.S.R. physicist and chemist. Dr. Semyonov shared the 1956 Nobel Prize in Chemistry with Sir Cyril Norman Hinshelwood "for their researches into the mechanism of chemical reactions."

Donald MacDonald, 77. Canadian labour leader and politician. Mr. MacDonald, a native of Halifax, was elected the first leader of the Nova Scotia Co-opeative Commonwealth Federation in 1941, and represented Cape Breton South in the House of Assembly from 1941-1945. He was Secretary-Treasurer of the Canadian Congress of Labour from 1951-1956; Secretary-Treasurer of the Canadian Labour Congress from 1956-1967; and President of the Canadian Labour Congress frm 1967-1974. He died 13 days after his 77th birthday.

Baseball
Mike Scott pitched a no-hitter, striking out 13, improving his 1986 record to 18-10 as the Houston Astros blanked the San Francisco Giants 2-0 before 32,808 fans at the Astrodome to clinch the National League East Division pennant.

Jeff Hamilton hit a solo home run with 1 out in the bottom of the 10th inning to give the Los Angeles Dodgers a 4-3 win over the San Diego Padres in the first game of a twi-night doubleheader before 24,397 fans at Dodger Stadium. The Padres had tied the game with 3 runs in the top of the 9th, the last 2 coming on a double by Steve Garvey with 2 out. Kevin McReynolds hit a 2-run home run with 1 out in the top of the 9th to give the Padres a 7-6 win in the second game. The Padres scored 2 runs in each of the last 3 innings.

Robin Yount, who entered the game in the 5th inning, batted 3 for 3 with a home run, 2 doubles, 2 runs, and 2 runs batted in as the Milwaukee Brewers beat the Baltimore Orioles 9-3 before 6,321 fans at County Stadium. Ted Higuera pitched an 8-hit complete game to improve his record for the season to 20-10, allowing 2 solo home runs by Eddie Murray and another by Floyd Rayford. George Bamberger resigned as the Brewers' manager after the game and was replaced by Tom Trebelhorn.

25 years ago
1991


Hit parade
#1 single in Sweden (Topplistan): (Everything I Do) I Do it for You--Bryan Adams (7th week at #1)

Died on this date
Klaus Barbie, 77
. German war criminal. SS-Hauptsturmf├╝hrer (Captain) Barbie was known as the "Butcher of Lyon" for having personally tortured French prisoners of the Gestapo while stationed in Lyon, France during World War II. He was allowed to flee to Bolivia after the war and was used by U.S. and West German intelligence agencies after World War II, but was extradited to France in 1983, and was convicted of crimes against humanity in 1987 and sentenced to life in prison.

Stan Waters, 71. Canadian politician. Lieutenant General Waters fought in World War II and served as Commander of the Canadian Forces Mobile Command (1973–75). He was a founding member of the Reform Party of Canada in 1987, and was the party's candidate in a non-binding election on October 16, 1989 for a vacant Canadian Senate seat from Alberta. He won handily, receiving more votes in a single election than anyone else in Canadian electoral history. Prime Minister Brian Mulroney, who consistently supported Quebec's interests, reefused to appoint Mr. Waters to the Senate until June 11, 1990, and then only in an attempt to get Alberta's support for his Meech lake consitutional accord. Sen. Waters died of a brain tumour.

20 years ago
1996


Hit parade
#1 single in Denmark (Nielsen Music Control & IFPI): Wannabe--Spice Girls (5th week at #1)

War
Opposition Taliban fighters in Afghanistan reached the eastern suburbs of Kabul and were poised to take control of the country's capital.

20 of 26 men aboard a North Korean submarine that had run aground in South Korea were dead, and the search for the remaining crew members continued. South Korea denounced the grounding as an act of provocation.

Scandal
Speaker of the Ontario Provincial Parliament Allan McLean resigned in the wake of a sexual harassment case.

10 years ago
2006


Terrorism
Supreme Court of Canada Justice John Major opened his inquiry into the 1985 explosion of Air India Flight 182 off the south coast of Ireland; he heard testimony from the relatives of some of the 329 people killed in the crime.

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