Born on this date
Happy Birthday, Julie!
225 years ago
Born on this date
Michael Faraday. U.K. physicist and chemist. Mr. Faraday was best known for his pioneering research into electricity and magnetism. His work made the use of electricity in technology practical, and thus resulted in Mr. Faraday becoming one of the most influential scientists in history. He was a devout Christian, and went home to the Lord on August 25, 1867 at the age of 75.
150 years ago
Paraguayan forces commanded by General José E. Díaz repelled an attack by the Allied forces of Brazil, Argentina, and Uruguay in the Battle of Curupayty in the Paraguayan War.
125 years ago
Born on this date
Hans Albers. German actor and singer. Mr. Albers was the most popular male star in German cinema from 1930-1945, a period which encompassed the Nazi reign in Germany. Mr. Albers starred in movies such as Der blaue Engel (The Blue Angel) (1930); Der Mann, der Sherlock Holmes war (The Man Who was Sherlock Holmes) (1937); and Carl Peters (1941). Many of the songs from his movies became hits. Mr. Albers died on July 24, 1960 at the age of 68.
Tom Lovett pitched a no-hitter for the Brooklyn Bridegrooms as they shut out the New York Giants 4-0 at Eastern Park in Brooklyn.
120 years ago
Queen Victoria surpassed her grandfather King George III as the longest-reigning monarch in British history, at 59 years and 97 days.
80 years ago
Joe Louis (25-1) knocked Al Ettore (56-8-2) down twice in the 4th round and finally out at 1:28 of the 5th round of their heavyweight bout before 40,407 fans at Municipal Stadium in Philadelphia.
The Detroit Tigers swept a doubleheader from the St. Louis Browns 12-0 and 14-0 at Navin Field in Detroit, with Eldon Auker and Tommy Bridges pitching the respective shutouts. Al Simmons batted 3 for 5 in the first game with a double, home run, and 5 runs batted in, while Birdie Tebbetts hit his first major league homer. In the second game, Pete Fox had a single and double and drove in 5 runs. Mr. Bridges pitched a 3-hitter to improve his 1936 record to 23-10.
The Cleveland Indians and Chicago White Sox played to an 8-8 tie at League Park in Cleveland in a game that was called because of darkness after 12 innings. Most of the scoring took place in the first 2 innings, with the Indians scoring 3 in the bottom of the 1st, the White Sox scoring 6 in the top of the 2nd, and the Indians scoring 3 in the bottom of the 2nd to tie the game. Earl Averill hit a solo home run for Cleveland in the bottom of the 9th to send the game into extra innings. Chicago starting pitcher Monty Stratton allowed 4 hits, 3 bases on balls, and 6 earned runs in 1+ innings, while Cleveland starter Denny Galehouse allowed 3 hits, 3 bases on balls, and 6 earned runs in 1+ innings. George Blaeholder, the third and last Cleveland pitcher, hurled 4 scoreless innings and doubled in his only plate appearance in the 338th and last game of his 11-year major league career. George Uhle singled as a pinch hitter for Cleveland in the 8th inning in the 722nd and last game of his 17-year major league career.
Tony Cuccinello doubled with 2 out and nobody on base in the bottom of the 8th inning and scored on a single by Tommy Thompson to break a 3-3 tie and give the Boston Bees a 4-3 win over the Brooklyn Dodgers in the first game of a doubleheader before 1,549 fans at National League Park in Boston. In the second game, Hal Lee led off the bottom of the 9th with a double and scored on a 1-out single by Rabbit Warstler to give the Bees a 3-2 win to complete the sweep.
The Philadelphia Phillies scored 7 runs in the bottom of the 2nd inning to erase a 3-0 deficit as they beat the New York Giants 11-7 in the first game of a doubleheader at Baker Bowl in Philadelphia. In the second game, Bucky Walters allowed 11 hits but only 2 earned runs in pitching a complete game victory to improve his record for the season to 11-20 as the Phillies won 6-2 to complete the sweep. Mr. Walters also batted 2 for 4 with a double and 3 runs batted in.
75 years ago
The German government announced that 23 hostages in Tournai, Belgium would be shot in reprisal for the killing of two German police officials unless those responsible were discovered within 10 days. Berlin dispatches estimated that 295 people had been executed in Nazi-occupied countries since August 1, most of them in Yugoslavia. An official Moscow report said that U.K. and U.S. aid missions had arrived by plane together in Russia.
On Jewish New Year Day, the German SS murdered 6,000 Jews in Vinnytsia, Ukraine; the victims were the survivors of the previous killings that had taken place a few days earlier in which about 24,000 Jews had been executed.
U.S. Secretary of State Cordell Hull indicated that he would favour the modification of the Neutrality Act to permit arming U.S. merchant ships and allowing them to enter war zones.
U.S. Federal Communications Commission Chairman James Fly said that the FCC was primarily concerned with the diversification of the radio industry and the "weeding out of monopolistic tendencies in broadcasting."
University of Michigan librarian William Bishop said that the highly perishable nature of wood pulp threatened the preservation of valuable reasearch documents, and suggested the use of midrofilm as the most feasible substitute.
Economics and finance
U.S. Price Administrator Leon Henderson testified before the House of Representatives Banking and Currency Committee that Bernard Baruch's plan for a blanket price ceiling was impracticable because of the tremendous administrative problem it would create.
Vancouver (1-3) 0 @ Winnipeg (2-0) 18
The Blue Bombers' win at Osborne Stadium was the second shutout against the Grizzlies in as many games, both on the road.
70 years ago
Evelyn Dick was charged with the murder of her husband John Dick, a Hamilton, Ontario streetcar conductor, whose chopped-up body, minus head and limbs was found, partly concealed by a rocky outcrop, by children playing on Hamilton Mountain. Mrs. Dick, 25, had deserted Mr. Dick because her parents did not approve of their marriage and because he could not support her expensive lifestyle.
Chinese Communist leader Chou En-lai said that American mediation in the China dispute was "neither fair nor impartial," and accused the United States of violating the Big Three Moscow pledge to withdraw from China.
Tribesmen demanding autonomy in the Iranian province of Fars revolted against the Iranian government and captured the Persian Gulf port of Ganaveh.
A group of 139 American writers led by Dorothy C. Fisher petitioned President Harry Truman to free 1,500 conscientious objectors who were still in prison.
Politics and government
U.S. President Harry Truman named U.S. Ambassador to the United Kingdom Averell Harriman to succeed Henry Wallace as U.S. Secretary of Commerce. Columnist Drew Pearson reported that the men behind Mr. Truman's dismissal of Mr. Wallace were Senators Tom Connally (Democrat--Texas) and Arthur Vandenberg (Republican--Michigan), presidential adviser James Farley, and John Foster Dulles, adviser to New York Governor Thomas Dewey.
The U.S.S.R.-licensed German newspaper Berliner Zeitung charged that American authorities were sanctioning the secret manufacture of munitions in their occupation zone.
The wildcat strikes that had begun four days earlier at the Detroit plants of Chrysler Motors and Briggs Manufacturing Company ended.
60 years ago
#1 single in Australia (Kent Music Report): Que Sera, Sera (Whatever Will Be, Will Be)--Doris Day (2nd week at #1)
#1 single in West Germany (Media Control): Heimweh--Freddy Quinn (9th week at #1)
#1 single in the U.K. (Record Mirror): Lay Down Your Arms--Anne Shelton
#1 singles in the U.S.A. (Billboard): Hound Dog/Don't Be Cruel--Elvis Presley (Best Seller--6th week at #1; Jukebox--4th week at #1); Don't Be Cruel--Elvis Presley (Disc Jockey--3rd week at #1; Top 100--3rd week at #1)
U.S. top 10 (Cash Box)
1 Don't Be Cruel--Elvis Presley (2nd week at #1)
2 My Prayer--The Platters
3 Hound Dog--Elvis Presley
4 Whatever Will Be, Will Be (Que Sera, Sera)--Doris Day
5 Canadian Sunset--Hugo Winterhalter and his Orchestra with Eddie Heywood
6 Tonight You Belong to Me--Patience and Prudence
7 Honky Tonk (Parts 1 and 2)--Bill Doggett
8 The Fool--Sanford Clark
9 Allegheny Moon--Patti Page
10 Theme Song from Song for a Summer Night (Parts 1 and 2)--Mitch Miller and his Orchestra
Singles entering the chart were Endless (#36)/Ev'ry Day of My Life (#37) by the McGuire Sisters; You're in Love by Gogi Grant (#45); Sadie's Shawl by Bob Sharples and his Orchestra (#48); Now is the Hour by Gale Storm (#50); and Race with the Devil by Gene Vincent and the Blue Caps (also #50).
On television tonight
The Honeymooners, on CBS
Tonight's episode: A Man's Pride
This was the 39th and final episode of the series. For the 1956-57 season, Jackie Gleason returned to doing his variety show, and Honeymooners skits appeared as part of that program.
Died on this date
Frederick Soddy, 79. U.K. radiochemist. Dr. Soddy was awarded the 1921 Nobel Prize in Chemistry "for his contributions to our knowledge of the chemistry of radioactive substances, and his investigations into the origin and nature of isotopes."
The French cabinet agreed to join the Suez Canal Users' Association with the "express reserve" that "international operation of the Suez Canal" remains subject to "no transaction."
U.S.S.R. Communist Party First Secretary Nikita Khrushchev and Yugoslavian President Marshal Josip Tito met on Brioni Island in the Adriatic Sea to begin five days of talks.
Anti-government riots broke out in La Paz and othe Bolivian cities in reaction to food shortages and rising prices.
Economics and finance
Pope Pius XII claimed that "private ownership of the means of production" was "ordained by God...for the satisfaction of all men's needs."
U.S. Vice President Richard Nixon said in Colorado Springs that "we will see the time not too far distant when we will have a four-day week" and "poverty will be a forgotten word in the U.S."
Ottawa (3-4) 31 @ Toronto (3-4) 20
Hamilton (3-4) 14 @ Montreal (5-2) 56
Saskatchewan (5-4) 24 @ Winnipeg (4-4) 7
Calgary (2-7) 0 @ Edmonton (7-1) 52
Montreal quarterback Sam Etcheverry and receiver Hal Patterson connected for the longest completed pass possible--109 yards for a touchdown--as the Alouettes routed the Tiger-Cats at Molson Stadium.
Bob Kimoff scored 2 touchdowns, with Earl Lindley, Rollie Miles, Bill Rowekamp, Jackie Parker, and Steve Bendiak also scoring TDs, as the Eskimos routed the Stampeders at Clarke Stadium. It was the only game as Calgary's head coach for Tommy Thompson; he had been an assistant unde Jack Hennemier, but replaced Mr. Hennemier as head coach for this game, before Otis Douglas was hired as the permanent head coach.
50 years ago
#1 single in the U.K. (Record Retailer): Distant Drums--Jim Reeves
NASA officials lost contact with the U.S. probe Surveyor 2, on its way to the Moon two days after launch.
Cuban nationalists hit the Cuban embassy in Ottawa with bazooka shots.
40 years ago
The Council of Europe formally accepted Portugal as its 19th member.
Economics and finance
French Prime Minister Raymond Barre announced wage-and-price controls and tax reforms to curb inflation in France.
Jon Matlack allowed 10 hits and 2 earned runs in 8 2/3 innings to improve his 1976 record to 16-9 as the New York Mets beat the Montreal Expos 4-2 before 3,229 fans at Jarry Park in Montreal in the Wednesday Expos Baseball telecast on CBC. Earl Williams and Ellis Valentine hit solo home runs to account for the Montreal scoring. The Expos had runners on first and second bases with 2 out in the bottom of the 9th inning, but Skip Lockwood relieved Mr. Matlack and retired pinch hitter Jose Morales on a line drive to second baseman Felix Millan to end the game.
Pinch hitter Jerry Tabb led off the bottom of the 9th inning with a base on balls, advanced to second base on a sacrifice bunt by Rob Sperring, and scored on a single by Joe Wallis to give the Chicago Cubs a 4-3 win over the Pittsburgh Pirates before 3,375 fans at Wrigley Field in Chicago.
The Philadelphia Phillies scored 8 runs in the 8th inning to defeat the St. Louis Cardinals 9-4 before 27,423 fans at Veterans Stadium in Philadelphia. The Cardinals scored all their runs in the top of the 1st against Jim Kaat, who was pulled after yielding 4 hits, a base on balls, and 4 earned runs in 1/3 inning.
Don Sutton pitched a 6-hit complete game to reach the 20-win mark for the only time in his major league career as the Los Angeles Dodgers defeated the San Francisco Giants 3-1 before 3,529 fans at Candlestick Park in San Francisco. San Francisco starting pitcher Bob Knepper allowed 6 hits and 2 runs--both earned--in 7 innings in falling to 0-2 for the season.
Jim Palmer and Rudy May were the respective winning pitchers as the Baltimore Orioles swept a doubleheader from the New York Yankees 2-0 and 5-2 before 31,471 fans at Yankee Stadium. Mr. Palmer pitched a 4-hitter to improve to 22-13 on the season, winning the pitchers' duel over Dock Ellis, who allowed 7 hits and 1 earned run in pitching a complete game. Mr. May allowed 9 hits and 2 earned runs in 7 1/3 innings to improe to 14-10, while Ed Figuera allowed 9 hits and 4 runs--all earned--in 7 1/3 innings to fall to 19-9.
Jim Bibby pitched a 3-hitter to improve his 1976 record to 13-6 as the Cleveland Indians blanked the Detroit Tigers 3-0 before 3,616 fans at Tiger Stadium. Ray Bare allowed 8 hits and 3 earned runs in 7 innings to fall to 7-8.
Gaylord Perry pitched a 3-hitter to improve his record for the season to 14-14 as the Texas Rangers edged the California Angels 2-1 before 4,920 fans at Anaheim Stadium. Gary Ross allowed 9 hits and 2 earned runs in 7 1/3 innings to fall to 8-16.
Gene Tenace, Phil Garner, and Joe Rudi hit home runs, and every batter had at least one hit for the Oakland Athletics as they routed the Kansas City Royals 11-1 before 36,064 fans at Royals Stadium to move within 6 games of the American League West Division-leading Royals with 10 games remaining in the regular season for both teams. Vida Blue pitched a 6-hit complete game victory to improve his record for the season to 17-12.
30 years ago
#1 single in Australia (Kent Music Report): Venus--Bananarama (2nd week at #1)
#1 single in Spain (PROMUSICAE): Easy Lady--Spagna (2nd week at #1)
On television tonight
ALF, on NBC
Tonight's episode: A.L.F.
This was the first episode of one of the silliest programs of its time.
Omar Moreno scored on an error by catcher Benito Santiago with 2 out in the bottom of the 9th inning to give the Atlanta Braves a 9-8 win over the San Diego Padres before 2,419 fans at Atlanta-Fulton County Stadium. Bob Horner led off the inning with a base on balls, and Mr. Moreno pinch ran for him at first base. He advanced to second base on a wild pitch by Lamarr Hoyt and to third on a sacrifice bunt by Gerald Perry. Pinch hitter Chris Chambliss was intentionally walked, and Ozzie Virgil hit a fly ball to San Diego right fielder Tony Gwynn. Mr. Gwynn's throw to home plate was dropped by Mr. Santiago, allowing Mr. Moreno to score the winning run.
Dan Gladden's grand slam climaxed a 6-run 6th inning as the San Francisco Giants withstood a 4-run 9th-inning rally and defeated the Cincinnati Reds 10-7 before 8,967 fans at Riverfront Stadium in Cincinnati.
Fernando Valenzuela pitched a 2-hitter for his 20th win of the season as the Los Angeles Dodgers beat the Houston Astros 9-2 before 27,641 fans at the Astrodome.
The Detroit Tigers scored 2 runs in the bottom of the 1st inning, which held up for a 2-1 win over the Toronto Blue Jays before 14,979 fans at Tiger Stadium. Jack Morris pitched a 6-hit complete game victory to improve his record for the season to 19-8, with Ernie Whitt's 2nd-inning home run the only scoring against him. Jim Clancy allowed just 3 hits in pitching a complete game defeat, falling to 14-12.
25 years ago
#1 single in New Zealand (RIANZ): (Everything I Do) I Do it for You--Bryan Adams (6th week at #1)
#1 single in Austria (Ö3): Bacardi Feeling (Summer Dreamin')--Kate Yanai (2nd week at #1)
#1 single in Switzerland: (Everything I Do) I Do it for You--Bryan Adams (8th week at #1)
The Dead Sea Scrolls were made available to the public for the first time by the Huntington Library in San Marino, California.
Ottawa (5-7) 8 @ Winnipeg (7-5) 40
Hamilton (1-11) 17 @ Calgary (9-3) 28
Winnipeg quarterback Tom Burgess threw 5 touchdown passes as the Blue Bombers routed the Rough Riders before 32,675 fans at Winnipeg Stadium. Troy Westwood played his first CFL game as the Blue Bombers' kicker, replacing the injured Trevor Kennerd, and kicked 5 converts and a 22-yard field goal.
Paul Clatney returned a blocked punt 39 yards for the game's first touchdown in the 3rd quarter as the Stampeders beat the Tiger-Cats before 21,512 fans at McMahon Stadium.
20 years ago
#1 single in New Zealand (RIANZ): Twisted--Keith Sweat (3rd week at #1)
#1 single in Austria (Ö3): Break My Stride--Unique II (2nd week at #1)
#1 single in Switzerland: Wannabe--Spice Girls (2nd week at #1)
Died on this date
Dorothy Lamour, 81. U.S. actress and singer. Miss Lamour, born Mary Leta Dorothy Slaton, was a singer with Herbie Kay's orchestra before going to Hollywood, where she was best known for her supporting performances in the "Road" movies with Bob Hope and Bing Crosby from 1940-1962.
Hamilton (6-7) 24 @ Ottawa (3-9) 21
Paul Osbaldiston tied the CFL single-game record with 8 field goals--the last coming from 33 yards on the final play of regulation time--as the Tiger-Cats edged the Rough Riders before 26,813 fans at Frank Clair Stadium. Mr. Osbaldiston kicked 3 field goals in the last 2 minutes, and 2 in the last 1:46. Ottawa quarterback David Archer completed 19 of 28 passes and completed touchdown passes to Joe Rogers in the 1st quarter and James Ellingson in the 2nd quarter, but also threw 4 interceptions. Troy Mills rushed 1 yard for the third Ottawa TD in the 4th quarter, all of which were converted by Wayne Lammle. The Tiger-Cats scored no points other than Mr. Osbaldiston's field goals, and the Rough Riders had no scoring other than from converted touchdowns. This is the only game in CFL history in which a team scored 3 touchdowns more than the other team and still lost the game.
10 years ago
Died on this date
Edward Albert, 55. U.S. actor. Mr. Albert, born Edward Heimberger and the son of actor Eddie Albert, was best known for his starring role in the movie Butterflies are Free (1972). He died of lung cancer.
Hamilton (4-11) 20 @ Edmonton (4-9) 18
Jason Maas passed for 388 yards and a touchdown against his former team, and Jamie Boreham kicked the game-winning field goal with 17 seconds remaining in regulation time as the Tiger-Cats edged the Eskimos before 36,406 fans at Commonwealth Stadium.
Today in History: Hogan Block Fire Leaves Destruction in its Wake - At 6:30 am on March 14th 1891, a fire was discovered at the Hier and Leighton Cigar Factory at West Fayette and Franklin Street, also known as the Hogan ...
5 hours ago