Saturday, 10 September 2016

September 10, 2016

425 years ago
1591


Died on this date
Richard Grenville, 49
. English sailor. Sir Richard captained the galleon Revenge, which fought alone against a Spanish fleet of 55 ships in the Battle of Flores off the Azores, finally surrendering after Sir Richard was wounded. Sir Richard died of his wounds nine days after the battle's conclusion.

170 years ago
1846


Technology
Elias Howe was granted a patent for the sewing machine.

80 years ago
1936


Sport
Lionel Van Praag won the first Individual Speedway World Championship motorcycle competition at Wembley Stadium in London, narrowly defeating Eric Langton of the United Kingdom.

75 years ago
1941


War
The Royal Canadian Navy corvette HMCS Moose Jaw became the first Canadian ship to sink a German U-boat. Dispatches from Moscow stated that Soviet troops had smashed to Ryabtsevo, 11 miles southeast of Smolensk.

World events
German authorities in Norway declared a state of "civilian emergency" in Oslo and proclaimed martial law in the city after several strikes broke out.

Diplomacy
The Argentine Chamber of Deputies invetigating committee introduced a resolution asserting that German Ambassador Baron Edmund von Thermann had "abused his diplomatic privileges."

Defense
The U.S. State Department released a note from U.K. Foreign Secretary Anthony Eden stating that no Lend-Lease material would be diverted to private interests or used for export.

Movies
U.S. Senator Bennett Champ Clark (Democrat--Missouri), in testimony before the Senate subcommittee investigating the motion picture industry, charged that a "handful of men" were spreading pro-war propaganda through film and radio.

Music
The National Broadcasting Company announced that Leopold Stowski would lead the NBC Symphony Orchestra for the 1941-42 season, succeeding Arturo Toscanini.

Health
The Alberta government ordered all schools closed due to epidemics of infantile paralysis (poliomyelitis) and encephalitis; school lessons were published in the newspapers. Meanwhile, authorities in Chattanooga, Tennessee banned all unecessary public gatherings because of the same epidemic, which had stricken 60 people in Chattanooga and 27 in the rest of the United States.

Economics and finance
Representatives of Canada and Chile signed a trade pact in Santiago under which Chile would receive most-favoured-nation status.

Labour
U.S. President Franklin D. Roosevelt issued an executive order setting up a fact-finding board to investigate the railway dispute, this delaying for 60 days the strike of 1.25 million union members.

Education
The New York State Board of Education fired high school history teacher Ingram Bander on charges of being a Communist.

70 years ago
1946


Diplomacy
U.K. Prime Minister Clement Attlee opened the Palestine Conference in London with 15 Arab delegates present, but no Jewish organizations represented. Mr. Attlee called for compromise in Palestine on both sides, and said that Britain was not committed to any existing federalization plan.

U.S. Undersecretary of State William Clayton said that Yugoslavia had tentatively agreed to indemnify families of five downed American airmen, but objected to paying for the two military planes that had been downed over Yugoslavian air space on August 9 and 19.

Soviet members of the Allied command in Berlin protested the U.S. Army's sports program, in which German children were taught baseball and football. The U.S.S.R. also protested the sending of U.S. food packages to residents of Berlin.

Economics and finance
The U.S.S.R. agreed to pay about $140 million for the $160 million worth of non-consumer civilian goods contracted for with the United Kingdom in 1941.

The U.S. Office of Price Administration re-established meat price ceilings, but no meat was available in cities, as farmers withheld steers from the market.

The U.S. State Department announced that Brazil would receive only $50 million of the $350 million it had requested from the Export-Import Bank for transportationn improvement.

Labour
New York City Mayor William O'Dwyer charged that Communist agitators were behind the 10-day trucking strike, and demanded that Teamsters President Daniel Tobin come to New York to "take control" of the local union organization.

Religion
At their 55th triennial convention in Philadelphia, deputies of the Episcopal Church in the United States elected former U.S. Supreme Court Justice Owen Roberts as the church's first lay president and Mrs. Randolph Dyer as the first female deputy.

60 years ago
1956


Died on this date
Juan Silveti, 65
. Mexican bullfighter. Mr. Silveti was gored 32 times in his career.

Diplomacy
Egypt called for creation of a new negotiating body "representative of the differing views held among the states using the Suez Canal."

Defense
The U.S.S.R. announced the fourth in its current series of tests of nuclear weapons.

Politics and government
State party conventions in New York nominated New York City Mayor Robert Wagner (Democrat) and New York Attorney General Jacob Javits (Republican) to contest the United States Senate seat of Herbert Lehman (Democrat), who was not running for re-election in November 1956.

Technology
General Electric announced the development of electronic equipment able to withstand heat of 1,500 degrees Fahrenheit, an achivement regarded as vital to construction of high-speed vehicles.

Disasters
Typhoon Emma died after striking the Philippines, Okinawa, Korea, and Japan with winds of 140 miles per hour, leaving 55 dead and causing extensive damage.

Football
WIFU
Saskatchewan (3-4) 0 @ Winnipeg (3-2) 35
Edmonton (5-1) 28 @ Calgary (1-5) 15

Jackie Parker scored 2 touchdowns for the Eskimos in their win over the Stampeders at Mewata Stadium. Bill Rowekamp scored his first Western Interprovincial Football Union touchdown, while Rollie Miles scored the other Edmonton TD.

50 years ago
1966


Hit parade
#1 single in Australia (Kent Music Report): Yellow Submarine/Eleanor Rigby (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in France: Ton Nom--Salvatore Adamo (12th week at #1)

#1 single in Italy (FIMI): Notte di ferragosto--Gianni Morandi (3rd week at #1)

#1 single in West Germany (Media Control): Strangers in the Night--Frank Sinatra (6th week at #1)

#1 single in the Netherlands (De Nederlandse Top 40): Yellow Submarine/Eleanor Rigby--The Beatles (3rd week at #1)

#1 single in the U.K. (New Musical Express): Yellow Submarine/Eleanor Rigby--The Beatles (4th week at #1)

#1 single in the U.S.A. (Billboard): You Can't Hurry Love--The Supremes

U.S.A. Top 10 (Cash Box)
1 Yellow Submarine--The Beatles
2 You Can't Hurry Love--The Supremes
3 Sunshine Superman--Donovan
4 See You in September--The Happenings
5 Sunny--Bobby Hebb
6 Summer in the City--The Lovin' Spoonful
7 Wouldn't it Be Nice--The Beach Boys
8 Bus Stop--The Hollies
9 Guantanamera--The Sandpipers
10 Land of 1000 Dances--Wilson Pickett

Singles entering the chart were See See Rider by Eric Burdon & the Animals (#65); My Uncle Used to Love Me But She Died by Roger Miller (#74); Psychotic Reaction by Count Five (#78); All Strung Out by Nino Tempo & April Stevens (#85); Off to Dublin in the Green by the Abbey Tavern Singers (#89); Baby Toys by the Toys (#92); She Ain't Lovin' You by Distant Cousins (#93); Mind Excursion by the Trade Winds (#95); Dianne, Dianne by Ronny and the Daytonas (#96); Walk Away Renee by the Left Banke (#97); Just Like a Woman by Bob Dylan (#99); We Can't Go on This Way by Teddy and the Pandas (#100); All I See is You by Dusty Springfield (also #100); and He'll Be Back by the Players (also #100).

Football
CFL
Hamilton (4-2) 16 @ Ottawa (5-1) 27
Calgary (2-6) 3 @ British Columbia (2-5) 14

Whit Tucker, Jim Dillard, and Rick Black scored touchdowns for the Rough Riders as they beat the Tiger-Cats before 23,664 fans at Lansdowne Park. Ottawa quarterback Russ Jackson passed for 155 yards and directed a rushing game that amassed 239 yards. Willie Bethea and Dick Cohee scored the Hamilton touchdowns. The game was telecast on CBC, and was the first football game in Canada to be telecast in colour.

The Lions intercepted 4 of Peter Liske's passes as they defeated the Stampeders before 27,147 fans at Empire Stadium in Vancouver. Larry Eilmes scored the game's only touchdown; Bill Mitchell converted and added 2 field goals.

40 years ago
1976


Hit parade
#1 single in New Zealand: Don't Go Breaking My Heart--Elton John and Kiki Dee (3rd week at #1)

#1 single in West Germany (Media Control): Daddy Cool--Boney M

#1 single in Switzerland: Verde--Ricky King (2nd week at #1)

Died on this date
Dalton Trumbo, 70
. U.S. screenwriter. Mr. Trumbo was active from the 1930s through the 1970s, but was blacklisted from 1947 through the end of the 1950s as one of the "Hollywood Ten," writers and directors who were members of the Communist Party, and who refused to "name names" before the U.S. House of Representatives Committee on Un-American Activities. Mr. Trumbo wrote using other writers as fronts or under pseudonyms during the blacklist, and his uncredited screenplays won Academy Awards for Roman Holiday (1953) and The Brave One (1956). The blacklist ended when Mr. Trumbo was given on-screen credit for Spartacus (1960).

Politics and government
British Prime Minister James Callaghan shuffled his cabinet after Home Secretary Roy Jenkins resigned to become President of the European Commission.

Disasters
A British Airways Hawker Siddeley Trident and an Inex-Adria DC-9 collided near Zagreb, Yugoslavia, killing all 176 people aboard.

Football
CIAU
Saskatchewan (1-1) 16 @ Calgary (2-0) 29

30 years ago
1986


Hit parade
#1 single in Sweden (Topplistan): Glory of Love--Peter Cetera

Hockey
Serge Savard was inducted into the Hockey Hall of Fame. Mr. Savard was a defenseman with the Montreal Canadiens (1967-81) and Winnipeg Jets (1981-83), scoring 106 goals and 333 assists in 1,040 regular season games and 19 goals and 49 assists in 130 playoff games. He was a member of six Stanley Cup championship teams with the Canadiens, winning the Conn Smythe Trophy as the Most Valuable Player of the playoffs in 1969. Mr. Savard also won the Bill Masterton Memorial Trophy in 1979 for perseverance, sportsmanship, and dedication to hockey. His perseverance was exemplified by his ability to have a long career despite breaking his leg late in the 1969-70 season, and breaking it again almost exactly a year later.

25 years ago
1991


Environment
Federal Court of Canada Judge Paul Rouleau ordered an environmental assessment of the $12.6 billion Great Whale hydro project, providing a legal victory for Crees.

20 years ago
1996


Died on this date
Joanne Dru, 74
. U.S. actress. Miss Dru, born Joan LaCock, appeared in movies such as Red River (1948) and All the King's Men (1949) and in numerous television programs. She was the older sister of television personality Peter Marshall.

Baseball
The Chicago Cubs scored 3 runs in the 1st inning and 2 in the second and coasted to a 10-3 win over the Montreal Expos before 26,700 fans at Wrigley Field in Chicago. The Expos set a National League record and tied a major league record set by the St. Louis Browns in 1949 by using nine pitchers. The Cubs used five pitchers.

The Florida Marlins scored 6 runs in the top of the 12th inning to break a 3-3 tie and defeat the New York Mets 9-3 before 14,746 fans at Shea Stadium in New York.

The Houston Astros alowed 2 runs in the top of the 8th inning but came back with 3 in the bottom of the 8th to defeat the Philadelphia Phillies 4-3 before 12,700 fans at the Astrodome.

The Colorado Rockies came back from a 5-0 deficit with 4 runs in the 4th inning, a run in the 5th, and 4 in the 7th as they edged the Atlanta Braves 9-8 before 48,051 fans at Coors Field in Denver.

Ray Lankford doubled home Royce Clayton with 1 out in the top of the 6th inning for the game's only run as the St. Louis Cardinals edged the San Francisco Giants 1-0 before 8,770 fans at Candlestick Park in San Francisco. Five St. Louis pitchers combined for the 5-hit shutout, with Mark Petkovsek pitching 5 innings to get the win and improve his 1996 record to 11-2, while Kirk Rueter allowed 4 hits and 1 earned run in 7 innings to take the loss and fall to 5-7.

The Los Angeles Dodgers scored 3 runs in the 1st inning and 2 in the 2nd to take a 5-0 lead, and held on to defeat the Cincinnati Reds 5-4 before 28,237 fans at Dodger Stadium. The Reds scored 2 runs in the top of the 9th and had the potential tying run on first base with 2 out, but Jeff Branson grounded out to end the game. The Reds used seven pitchers, with starter Roger Salkeld allowing 5 hits, 3 bases on balls, and 5 earned runs in 1 2/3 innings to take the loss.

Chuck Finley's 2-run home run off Joe Boever with 2 out in the bottom of the 9th inning gave the San Diego Padres a 6-5 win over the Pittsburgh Pirates before 15,654 fans at Jack Murphy-San Diego Stadium. The Padres used seven pitchers, with Trevor Hoffman getting the win despite allowing 2 hits and a run--earned--in 1 inning.

The Texas Rangers took an 11-3 lead after 6 1/2 innings and held on to defeat the Toronto Blue Jays 11-8 before 26,286 fans at SkyDome in Toronto. Jose Silva made his major league debut with the Blue Jays, allowing 2 hits and 2 runs--both earned--as he pitched the 7th inning. Texas used six pitchers, Toronto five.

Jeff Cirillo hit 2-run home runs in each of the first 2 innings for the Milwaukee Brewers as they outlasted the Boston Red Sox 11-10 before 20,487 fans at Fenway Park in Boston. The Brewers scored 5 runs in the top of the 3rd to take a 9-4 lead. Mr. Cirillo also had a single and a double in 5 at bats. Milwaukee used four pitchers, Boston seven.

Cecil Fielder grounded into a fielder's choice in the 8th inning, driving home Bernie Williams with the winning run, as the New York Yankees edged the Detroit Tigers 9-8 before 11,042 fans at Tiger Stadium. The Yankees used six pitchers, the Tigers five. Marty Foster made his major league debut, umpiring at third base.

Manny Ramirez's 3-run home run with 2 out in the bottom of the 9th inning climaxed a 4-run rally as the Cleveland Indians beat the California Angels 7-5 before 42,181 fans at Jacobs Field in Cleveland. The inning began when Kenny Lofton singled and stole second, stole third after Kevin Seitzer struck out, and scored on a single by Jim Thome.

10 years ago
2006


Died on this date
Patty Berg, 88
. U.S. golfer. Miss Berg won 29 tournaments as an amateur before turning professional in 1940. She won 60 tournaments as a professional from 1940-1962, including a record 15 major tournaments. Miss Berg was inducted into the World Golf Hall of Fame in 1951.

Tāufa'āhau Tupou IV, 88. King of Tonga, 1965-2006. Tāufa'āhau Tupou IV held various cabinet posts before succeeding his mother Queen Sālote Tupou III upon her death. King Tāufa'āhau Tupou stood 6' 5" and weighed as much as 440 pounds; he reduced his weight to under 300 pounds in the 1990s. He was succeeded on the throne by his son King George Tupou V.

Football
CFL
Saskatchewan (6-6) 23 @ Winnipeg (6-6) 27

Kevin Glenn completed 20 of 32 passes for 247 yards and a touchdown to Milt Stegall, and handed off to Charles Roberts for another TD, to lead the Blue Bombers over the Roughriders before 30,026 fans at Canad Inns Stadium.

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