Saturday, 24 September 2016

September 24, 2016

1,650 years ago

Died on this date
. Roman Catholic Pope, 352-366. Liberius succeeded Julius I and was pope during the debate over Arianism, and was exiled from 355-357 for refusing to condemn Athanasius, resulting in Antipope Felix II being installed on the papal throne. Emperor Constantius yielded to popular protest and recalled Liberius, forcing Felix II into retirement. Pope Liberius was succeeded by Damasus I.

475 years ago

Died on this date
Paracelsus, 47
. Swiss physician, botanist, and chemist. Paracelsus, born Philippus Aureolus Theophrastus Bombastus von Hohenheim, has been credited as the founder of toxicology. He advocated using observations of nature rather than relying on ancient texts, although he incorporated astrology into his work.

175 years ago

The Sultan of Brunei ceded Sarawak to the United Kingdom.

170 years ago

In the Mexican–American War, U.S. troops commanded by General Zachary Taylor captured Monterrey.

120 years ago

Died on this date
Louis Gerhard De Geer, 78
. Prime Minister of Sweden, 1876-1880. Baron De Geer, an independent liberal, was a judge and justice minister before serving as Sweden's first Prime Minister. He was known for reforming and modernizing the Swedish parliamentary system.

110 years ago

U.S. President Theodore Roosevelt proclaimed Devils Tower in Wyoming as the nation's first National Monument.

The St. Louis Cardinals and Brooklyn Superbas played to a 1-1 tie at Washington Park in Brooklyn in a game that was called after 7 innings. St. Louis pitcher Stoney McGlynn was pitching a no-hitter when the game was called.

80 years ago

Pitcher Hal Schumacher singled in the winning run as the New York Giants edged the Boston Bees 2-1 in 10 innings in the first game of a doubleheader before 6,753 fans at National League Park in Boston to clinch the National League pennant. Mr. Schumacher pitched a 7-hit complete game to improve his 1936 record to 11-13, while losing pitcher Danny MacFayden also went the distance with a 7-hitter, falling to 17-13. The Bees won the second game 4-0 as Bill Weir won the pitchers' duel over Frank Gabler in a game that was played in 1 hour 38 minutes.

Chili Gomez singled home Gene Corbett and Ernie Sulik with 2 out in the top of the 13th inning to break a 2-2 tie and give the Philadelphia Phillies a 4-2 win over the Brooklyn Dodgers in the first game of a doubleheader before 1,700 fans at Ebbets Field in Brooklyn. Hugh "Losing Pitcher" Mulcahy allowed 8 hits and 1 earned run in pitching a complete game for his only win of the season and the second in his major league career, and singled in the second Philadelphia run. Ed Brandt pitched the first 12 innings for Brooklyn before being relieved by Hank Winston, who allowed 3 hits, 2 bases on balls, and 2 earned runs to take the loss in the 15th and last game of his 2-year major league career. Harry Eisentat pitched a complete game for the Dodgers as they won 4-2 in the second game, which was called because of darkness after 6 1/2 innings.

Joe Medwick singled to lead off the bottom of the 12th inning and scored on a 1-out single by Charlie Gelbert to give the St. Louis Cardinals a 5-4 win over the Cincinnati Reds in the first game of a doubleheader at Sportsman's Park in St. Louis. Babe Herman hit a 3-run home run for the Reds. The Cardinals completed the sweep with a 2-0 win in the second game, which was called because of darkness after 5 1/2 innings. Dizzy Dean allowed 4 hits and struck out 9 in 6 innings to improve his 1936 record to 24-12, winning the pitchers' duel over Paul Derringer, who fell to 19-19.

Bob Johnson doubled home 2 runs in a 3-run 8th inning as the Philadelphia Athletics withstood a 2-run rally in the bottom of the 8th and defeated the New York Yankees 4-3 at Yankee Stadium. Buck Ross pitched an 8-hit complete game to improve his record for the season to 9-14, while losing pitcher Monte Pearson fell to 19-7. Lou Gehrig hit his 49th home run of the season for New York.

75 years ago

Representatives of of 11 allied governments, including Canada, adopted a resolution at the second meeting of the Inter-Allied Conference in London pledging support to the Atlantic Charter, an eight-point declaration issued by U.S. President Franklin D. Roosevelt and U.K. Prime Minister Winston Churchill. The Budapest newspaper Magyar Nemzet reported that 12,000 Serbian Chetnik guerrillas had attacked a German garrison at an unidentified Serbian town during the day.

U.S. Senator Tom Connally (Democrat--Texas), chairman of the Foreign Relations Commitee, said that he would sponsor amendments to the Neutrality Act to permit the arming of U.S. merchant ships and to allow them to enter combat zones.

Congress of Industrial Orgainzations United Auto Workers President R.J. Thomas charged that the automobile industry had pursued a "business as usual" policy and delayed switching over to bomber production.

Politics and government
A censure motion against the Australian United Australia Party-Country Party coalition government of Prime Minister Arthur Fadden was defeated in the House of Representatives by one vote.

Bales of unused franked envelopes of seven members of the United States Congress were seized from the offices of two isolationist groups in Washington.

Economics and finance
U.S. Treasury Secretary Henry Morgenthau testifed before the House of Representatives Banking and Currency Committee in favour of a 100% tax on all corporate profits over 6% on invested capital for the duration of the emergency.

Members of the American Federation of Labor Seafarers International Union voted to end their 12-day strike affecting 26 ships, and to submit their demand for increased war bonuses to the National Defense Mediation Board.

70 years ago

World events
Martial law was decreed in El Salvador by the government of President General Salvador Castaneda Castro as opposition parties called a general strike to force cabinet and police reorganization.

Answering questions posed by Alexander Werth of the London Sunday Times, U.S.S.R. dictator Josef Stalin said that he did not feel that the danger of war existed at present, but he claimed that the U.S. monopoly on atomic weapons was a threat to peace. He also reaffirmed "unconditionally" his desire for "friendly and lasting collaboration" with the West.

Clark Clifford and George Elsey, military advisers to U.S. President Harry S. Truman, presented him with a top-secret report on the Soviet Union that first recommended the policy of containment.

Following Turkish rejection of a Soviet demand for joint defense of the Dardanelles, the U.S.S.R. warned Turkey against organizing "military measures" in the Straits with any non-Black Sea power.

Cathay Pacific Airways was founded in Hong Kong.

Appearing before the U.S. House of Representatives Merchant Marine Committee, industrialist Henry Kaiser stated that shipyard operations of four of his companies showed a net loss of $13 million because of ventures in steel and magnesium, but admitted that these companies brought his family $16,362,000 after taxes.

A common pleas court in Pittsburgh sentenced George Mueller, president of the independent Duquesne Light Company workers union to one year in jail as a result of having the union go on strike despite an anti-strike injunction issued on September 9.

60 years ago

Died on this date
Alexander Nicoll, 75
. U.S. physician. Dr. Nicoll performed one of the first emergency heart operations in 1938.

Léon Marchal, 56. French diplomat. Mr. Marchal was Secretary General of the Council of Europe from September 21, 1953 until his death in Strasbourg.

The novel Peyton Place by Grace Metalious was published in New York by Julian Messner, Inc.

Egyptian representative to the United Nations Omar Loufti asked the Security Council to consider 'actions against Egypt" by the United Kingdom and France. King Saud of Saudi Arabia and Syrian President Shukri al-Kuwatly issued a joint communique in Cairo supporting Egypt "in every attitude she takes" on the Suez question.

The Canadian Department of External Affairs requested the withdrawal of G. F. Popov, second secretary of the U.S.S.R. Embassy in Ottawa, for attempting to bribe a Royal Canadian Air Force civilian employee.

Politics and government
The People's National Movement, led by Eric Williams, won 13 of 24 seats in the Legislative Council in the Trinidad and Tobago general election. The People's Democratic Party was second with 5 seats.

U.S. President Dwight Eisenhower ordered the General Services Administration not to sell Ellis Island, the former Immigration Service station in New York that had served as the "gateway to America" for 15 million immigrants from 1890-1954.

Canada signed an atomic energy agreement with the United Kingdom and the United States in Washington.

22 people were killed when a passenger bus fell 150 feet from a mountain pass into the Jhelum River in Pakistan.

Edmonton (7-2) 1 @ British Columbia (4-5) 11

Ed Vereb rushed for the game's only touchdown at Empire Stadium in Vancouver as the Lions posted their first victory ever against the Eskimos.

50 years ago

Hit parade
#1 single in Australia (Kent Music Report): Yellow Submarine/Eleanor Rigby (4th week at #1)

#1 single in France: Ton Nom--Salvatore Adamo (14th week at #1)

#1 single in Italy (FIMI): Strangers in the Night--Frank Sinatra (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in West Germany (Media Control): Strangers in the Night--Frank Sinatra (8th week at #1)

#1 single in the Netherlands (De Nederlandse Top 40): Yellow Submarine/Eleanor Rigby--The Beatles (5th week at #1)

#1 single in the U.K. (New Musical Express): Distant Drums--Jim Reeves

#1 single in the U.S.A. (Billboard): Cherish--The Association

U.S.A. Top 10 (Cash Box)
1 Cherish--The Association
2 You Can't Hurry Love--The Supremes
3 Yellow Submarine--The Beatles
4 Sunshine Superman--Donovan
5 Bus Stop--The Hollies
6 Beauty is Only Skin Deep--The Temptations
7 Guantanamera--The Sandpipers
8 Black is Black--Los Bravos
9 Reach Out I'll Be There--Four Tops
10 See You in September--The Happenings

Singles entering the chart were Hooray for Hazel by Tommy Roe (#67); If I Were a Carpenter by Bobby Darin (#78); I'm Your Puppet by James and Bobby Purify (#81); Changes by Crispian St. Peters (#83); Pollyanna by the Classics (#86); Fa-Fa-Fa-Fa-Fa (Sad Song) by Otis Redding (#89); In Our Time by Nancy Sinatra (#90); Take Good Care of Her by Mel Carter (#91); Melody for an Unknown Girl by the Unknowns (#93); Girl on a Swing by Gerry and the Pacemakers (#94); Don't Worry Mother, Your Son's Heart is Pure by the McCoys (#95); Poverty by Bobby Bland (#96); Day Tripper by the Vontastics (#98); Sticky, Sticky by Bobby Harris (#99); It Hurts Me by Bobby Goldsboro (#100); Please Mr. Sun by the Vogues (also #100); and Tomorrow Never Comes by B.J. Thomas (also #100).

Saskatchewan (7-3) 7 @ Hamilton (6-2) 29
Edmonton (5-5-1) 18 @ Calgary (3-6-1) 18

Halfback Dick Cohee completed a 49-yard pass to Willie Bethea for the first Hamilton touchdown and quarterback Joe Zuger threw TD passes to Gerry McDougall and Bobby Kuntz as the Tiger-Cats easily beat the Roughriders before 26,057 fans at Civic Stadium. Dave Fleming scored the other Hamilton touchdown, while Jim Worden caught a pass for the Saskatchewan TD.

Jerry Keeling completed a touchdown pass to Terry Evanshen on the last play of the game, and Larry Robinson converted, to give the Stampeders their tie against the Eskimos before 19,886 fans at McMahon Stadium and keep their playoff hopes alive. Peter Liske, normally the Calgary starting quarterback, played flanker on the final drive and caught a pass from Mr. Keeling for a 13-yard gain just prior to the final touchdown pass. Howard Starks scored the other Calgary touchdown--his first in the CFL--which Mr. Robinson converted, while adding a field goal and single. Butch Pressley rushed for the first Edmonton touchdown and E. Greenard Poles returned an interception for the second. Tommy-Joe Coffey converted both and added a single on a missed field goal, while Randy Kerbow punted for 3 singles. It was the final game in the 6-year CFL career of Edmonton defensive back Art Johnson, who was victimized by Mr. Evanshen on the final touchdown.

40 years ago

Hit parade
#1 single in New Zealand: Dancing Queen--ABBA

#1 single in West Germany (Media Control): Daddy Cool--Boney M (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in Switzerland: Verde--Ricky King (4th week at #1)

Politics and government
Rhodesian Prime Minister Ian Smith announced that black majority rule would be introduced to the country within two years. Mr. Smith agreed to the move in return for the lifting of international sanctions against his country.

U.S. newspaper heiress Patricia Hearst was sentenced to seven years in prison for her part in a 1974 bank robbery in California in which she participated after being kidnapped by members of the Symbionese Liberation Army.

The Calgary Stampeders, fifth and last in the Western Football Conference with a record of 0-9-1, fired head coach Bob Baker. He was replaced by general manager Joe Tiller, who had been assistant general manager until September 13, when general manager Gary Hobson suffered a fatal heart attack, and Mr. Tiller assumed the position. Mr. Baker had been an assistant coach under Jim Wood in 1975 when Mr. Wood was fired with 6 games remaining in the season with the Stampeders sporting a 4-6 record; they were 2-4 under Mr. Baker for the remainder of 1975, finishing fourth and out of the playoffs. The latest coaching change came two days before the Stampeders were to play the first-place Saskatchewan Roughriders in Regina.

Alberta (1-2) 24 @ Manitoba (0-3) 3
British Columbia (3-1) 30 @ Calgary (2-1) 26

Joe Poplawski caught 9 passes for 186 yards and scored 18 points in the 2nd half--2 touchdowns, 3 converts, and a field goal--as the Golden Bears beat the Bisons at Pan-Am Stadium in Winnipeg. Dalton Smarsh rushed 2 yards for the other Alberta touchdown. Dave Pearson kicked a 28-yard field goal to give the Bisons a 3-0 halftime lead.

Gord Penn rushed 19 times for 128 yards and Glen Wallace added 124 yards on 16 carries as the Thunderbirds overcame a 10-0 1st-quarter deficit to defeat the Dinosaurs at McMahon Stadium.

Calgary high school
Bishop Carroll 16 Henry Wise Wood (0-2) 3

30 years ago

Hit parade
#1 single in Sweden (Topplistan): Joey Killer--Magnus Uggla

25 years ago

Died on this date
Theodor Seuss Geisel
, aka Dr. Seuss, 87. U.S. author. Usually using the pseudonym Dr. Seuss, Mr. Geisel wrote such classics of children's literature as The Cat in the Hat (1957); How the Grinch Stole Christmas! (1957) and Green Eggs and Ham (1960).

Peter Bellamy, 47. U.K. musician. Mr. Bellamy was a folksinger with the group The Young Tradition in the mid-1960s, and then recorded numerous albums as a solo artist. He was known for writing music set to the poems of Rudyard Kipling. Mr. Bellamy committed suicide, likely as a result of depression because of an inability to obtain performance gigs.

Politics and government
Canadian Prime Minister Brian Mulroney presented Shaping Canada's Future Together to Parliament; the 59 page report of the 30 member Dobbie-Castonguay Committee (later Beaudoin-Dobbie Committee) proposed recognizing Québec as a distinct society; indigenous self-government; and an elected Senate. The committee started work on June 19, 1991.

20 years ago

Representatives of 71 nations signed the Comprehensive Nuclear-Test-Ban Treaty at the United Nations.

Economics and finance
The Ontario government opened 617,500 hectares of Temagami wilderness to prospectors, sparking a mini-rush among big mining firms and small operators who swarmed the territory to stake claims.

Justice Jean Bienvenue resigned from the Quebec Superior Court after a storm of protest; he had remarked during a murder trial that women can be crueller than men and "the Nazis did not eliminate millions of Jews in a painful and bloody manner. They died in the gas chamber without suffering."

10 years ago

Died on this date
Phil Latulippe, 87
. Canadian soldier and runner. Mr. Latulippe served in the Canadian Armed Forces from 1940-1974, and suffered wounds to his legs in World War II. He began training in track and field at the age of 48, became an enthusiastic marathoner, running a total of 210,782 kilometres from the ages of 49-76. Mr. Latulippe was named to the Order of Canada in 1984 because his runs were for the benefit of charity.

Winnipeg (7-7) 17 @ Montreal (7-6) 14
British Columbia (9-4) 20 @ Saskatchewan (7-6) 23 (OT)

Troy Westwood's third field goal of the game, with 4:26 remaining in regulation time, gave the Blue Bombers their win before a sellout crowd of 20,202 at Molson Stadium, handing the Alouettes their sixth straight defeat. Winnipeg running back Charles Roberts rushed for 156 yards.

Andy Fantuz, who recovered a fumble by quarterback Kerry Joseph for a touchdown in the 4th quarter, caught a 12-yard pass for the winning TD in overtime as the Roughriders edged the Lions before 27,592 fans at Mosaic Stadium in Regina.

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