Friday, 16 September 2016

September 16, 2016

Born on this date
Happy Birthday, Cheryl Eli!

170 years ago
1846


Politics and government
Lord Elgin was installed in Montreal as Governor of the Province of Canada.

125 years ago
1891


Born on this date
Karl Dönitz
. President of Germany, 1945. Großadmiral Dönitz began his career in the Imperial German Navy before World War I, and eventually became Commander-in-Chief of the Navy from 1943-1945. He was perhaps best known for commanding the U-boat fleet during World War II. When German Fuehrer Adolf Hitler committed suicide on April 30, 1945 and Josef Goebbels did likewise the following day, Großadmiral Dönitz became President, and he held the office until the government was dissolved by the Allies on May 23, 1945. Großadmiral Dönitz was convicted at Nuremberg of war crimes and spent 10 years in Spandau Prison. He lived in obscurity after his release, and died on December 24, 1980 at the age of 89.

Albertana
The first trainloads of Ukrainian and Austro-Hungarian settlers from the provinces of Galicia and Bukovyna, forced to leave because of over-population and crop failures, arrived in Alberta. They were attracted to western Canada by the Homestead Act, which provided 160 acres for $10.00.

100 years ago
1916


Born on this date
Robert Llewellyn Bradshaw
. Chief Minister of Saint Kitts and Nevis, 1966-1967; Prime Minister of Saint Kitts and Nevis, 1967-1978. Mr. Bradshaw, a member of the Labour Party, was first elected to the Legislative Council in 1946. He died in office of prostate cancer on May 23, 1978 at the age of 61 and was succeeded by his former deputy, Paul Southwell.

Died on this date
Frank McGee, 32
. Canadian hockey player. Mr. McGee was a centre and rover with the Ottawa Silver Seven from 1902-1906, and, despite having lost the sight of one eye when hit by a puck in 1900, was the biggest star for the team that won the Stanley Cup in 1903 and held it through 1905. He scored 135 goals in only 45 games, including 63 goals in 22 playoff games. Mr. McGee is best known for his performance on January 16, 1905 in the second game of the Stanley Cup challenge series against the Dawson City Klondikers. He scored 14 goals, including 8 straight in a span of less than 9 minutes, as the Silver Seven won 23-2 to win the 2-game total goals series 32-4. Mr. McGee also played football, and was a halfback with the Ottawa Rough Riders when they won the Dominion championship of Canada in 1898. Mr. McGee retired from hockey at the age of 23 because he took a federal government job that didn't permit him to travel. He joined the Canadian Army in World War I as a Lieutenant and was killed near Courcelette, France during the Battle of the Somme. Mr. McGee was inducted into the Hockey Hall of Fame as a charter member in 1945.

War
John Kerr of the 49th Canadian Infantry Battalion, a native of Fox River, Nova Scotia, earned a Victoria Cross for his actions at Courcelette during the Battle of the Somme. During a bombing attack, he ran along the parados under heavy fire until he was in close contact with the enemy, and opened fire at point blank range; thinking they were surrounded, 62 Germans surrendered, giving up 250 yards of trench. Although Private Kerr's fingers had been blown off by a bomb, he escorted the prisoners back under fire with two other men before having his wound dressed.

Society
Prohibition went into effect in Ontario, after a night when liquor stores and saloons had sold out all their stocks.

80 years ago
1936


Died on this date
Jean-Baptiste Charcot, 69
. French physician and explorer. Dr. Charcot led the French Antarctic Expedition in 1904-1907, and conducted other expeditions in subsequent years. He died when his ship Pourquoi-Pas was wrecked in a storm off the coast of Iceland. Dr. Charcot was the father of neurologist Dr. Jean-Martin Charcot.

75 years ago
1941


War
German troops sealed off Kiev, trapping four Soviet armies. German authorities in Paris executed 10 French hostages in reprisal for attacks on German officers. Dispatches fromRome reported that Pope Pius XII had politely rejected an alleged request from U.S. President Franklin D. Roosevelt, delivered by Myron C. Taylor, to declare the war against Nazism a "just war." Former U.S. President Herbert Hoover predicted that German Fuehrer Adolf Hitler would "be crushed by the vicious forces within his own regime," and urged that "no warlike step be taken and no agreement be made that is not submitted to Congress."

World events
Shah Reza Pahlevi of Iran abdicated in favour of his 21-year-old son Crown Prince Mohammed Reza Pahlevi and left Tehran after Soviet and British troops began moving on the capital. The Allies were said to have forced the resignation.

Asiatica
General George Catroux, Free French commander in Syria, proclaimed the independence of the former French mandate, and Sheik Tajeddine Hassani was named the first President of the republic.

Defense
The U.S. House of Representatives passed and sent to the Senate the conference-approved $3.553-billion defense tax bill. The U.S. Navy announced that all contracts for the 2,381 ships authorized under its $7,234,262,178 two-ocean program had been awarded.

Academia
City College of New York acting President Harry N. Wright suspended instructor Francis J. Thompson, accused by the Rapp-Coudert committee of Communist activity.

Boxing
Abe J. Green was elected president of the National Boxing Association.

70 years ago
1946


Hit parade
U.S. top 10 (Cash Box)
1 To Each His Own--Eddy Howard and his Orchestra (6th week at #1)
--Freddy Martin and his Orchestra
--Tony Martin
--The Modernaires with Paula Kelly
--The Ink Spots
2 Five Minutes More--Frank Sinatra
--The Three Suns
--Tex Beneke and the Glenn Miller Orchestra
3 Surrender--Perry Como
--Woody Herman and his Orchestra
4 South America, Take it Away--Bing Crosby and the Andrews Sisters
--Xavier Cugat and the Waldorf-Astoria Orchestra
5 Doin' What Comes Natur'lly--Dinah Shore and Spade Cooley and his Orchestra
--Freddy Martin and his Orchestra
--Jimmy Dorsey and his Orchestra
6 The Gypsy--The Ink Spots
--Dinah Shore
--Sammy Kaye and his "Swing and Sway" Orchestra
7 They Say it's Wonderful--Perry Como
--Frank Sinatra
8 Prisoner of Love--Perry Como
--The Ink Spots
9 I Don't Know Enough About You--The Mills Brothers
--Peggy Lee
10 Blue Skies--Count Basie and his Orchestra
--Benny Goodman and his Orchestra

Singles entering the chart were Ugly Chile (You're Some Pretty Doll) by Johnny Mercer (#28); You're the Cause of it All by Kay Kyser and his Orchestra (#30); and Begin the Beguine, with versions by Bing Crosby and Frank Sinatra (#31).

On the radio
The Casebook of Gregory Hood, starring Gale Gordon and Howard McNear, on MBS
Tonight's episode: The Missing Memoirs

Died on this date
James Jeans, 69
. U.K. physicist, astronomer, and mathematician. Sir James was perhaps best known as a cosmologist, advocating a steady state cosmology. His books included The Mysterious Universe (1930).

Diplomacy
Responding to U.S. Secretary of State James Byrnes' September 6 statement on the Polish-German border, U.S.S.R. Foreign Minister Vyacheslav Molotov stated at the Paris Peace Conference that the Oder-Neisse line was final and awaited only formal confirmation.

U.K. Foreign Secretary Ernest Bevin attempted to convince Arab delegates at the Palestine conference in London of the viability of a binational state in Palestine.

Defense
The Arab Party in Jerusalem announced that it was organizing a militia to defend Arabs against Zionist terrorism.

Politics and government
Future Créditiste leader Réal Caouette was elected to the Canadian House of Commons for the Quebec riding of Pontiac.

Responding to criticism of his September 12 speech in New York, U.S. Commerce Secretary Henry Wallace reiterated his support for friendship with Russia.

Labour
A baseball policy committee adjourned in New York after setting a major league minimum salary of $5,000 and limiting pay cuts to 25%.

Football
WIFU
Winnipeg (2-1) 13 @ Calgary (3-1) 5

60 years ago
1956


Television
TCN-9 in Sydney became the first Australian television station to commence regular broadcasts.

Space
The International Astronautical Conference, a six-day meeting of space scientists from 24 countries, convened in Rome.

Diplomacy
The foreign ministers of Sweden, Norway, and Denmark, meeting in Stockholm, criticized the Suez Users' Association plan and recommended referral of the dispute to the United Nations. Egyptian President Gamal Nasser claimed that Egypt "can run the Suez Canal smoothly and efficiently" without British and French canal pilots.

World events
Renewed violence between Muslims and Hindus in four Indian states left 18 dead and 100 injured.

Golf
Marlene Bauer Hagge won the $5,000 Professional Golfers Association women's invitational open in Whittier, California.

50 years ago
1966


Hit parade
#1 single in New Zealand: Wild Thing--The Troggs (2nd week at #1)

Edmonton's top 10 (CJCA)
1 Born a Woman--Sandy Posey (2nd week at #1)
2 Black is Black--Los Bravos
3 Yellow Submarine/Eleanor Rigby--The Beatles
4 Sunshine Superman--Donovan
5 Hey Joe!--The Enemys
6 Bus Stop--The Hollies
7 Stagecoach to Cheyenne--Wayne Newton
8 Somewhere, My Love--Ray Conniff and the Singers
9 The Dangling Conversation--Simon and Garfunkel
10 Sweet Dreams--Tommy McLain
Pick hit of the week: Mr. Spaceman--The Byrds
New this week: That's the Way it's Going to Be--Lee Maloney
Hi-Lili, Hi-Lo--Alan Price Set
Just Like a Woman--Bob Dylan
Hooray for Hazel--Tommy Roe
Strawberry Jam--Al Hirt

Opera
The Metropolitan Opera House opened at Lincoln Center in New York City with the world premiere of Antony and Cleopatra by Samuel Barber.

Diplomacy
Philippine President Ferdinand Marcos and U.S. President Lyndon Johnson concluded three days of talks in Washington. Mr. Marcos praised Mr. Johnson's policies on Asia and the Vietnam War.

Defense
HMS Resolution, the United Kingdom's first Polaris submarine, was launched at Barrow-in-Furness, England.

Protest
A U.S. federal judge in Mississippi ordered officials to protect Negro children at integrated schools after they had been attacked by mobs of white people in Grenada, Mississippi.

40 years ago
1976


World events
Armenian champion swimmer Shavarsh Karapetyan saved 20 people from a trolley bus that had fallen into a Yerevan reservoir.

30 years ago
1986


Canadiana
Queen Elizabeth II augmented the Coat of Arms of Saskatchewan with a crest and supporters.

Disasters
At least 177 miners were killed in a fire in the Kinross gold mine in the eastern Transvaal region of South Africa.

25 years ago
1991


Hit parade
#1 single in Finland (Musiikkituottajat – IFPI Finland): Don't Cry--Guns N' Roses

On television today
The daytime talk show The Jenny Jones Show began airing in syndication.

Died on this date
Carol White, 48
. U.K. actress. Miss White appeared in movies such as Poor Cow (1967) and I'll Never Forget What's'isname (1967), but alcohol and drug abuse destroyed her career and led to her death.

20 years ago
1996


Hit parade
#1 single in Spain (PROMUSICAE): A comer a casa--Los DelTonos (2nd week at #1)

Canada's top 10 (RPM)
1 Key West Intermezzo (I Saw You First)--John Mellencamp (2nd week at #1)
2 Walls--Tom Petty and the Heartbreakers
3 Change the World--Eric Clapton
4 That Girl--Maxi Priest
5 Standing Outside a Broken Phone Booth with Money in My Hand--Primitive Radio Gods
6 Gift Shop--The Tragically Hip
7 Tucker's Town--Hootie & the Blowfish
8 Jerk--Kim Stockwood
9 You're Makin' Me High--Toni Braxton
10 Good Friday--The Black Crowes

Singles entering the chart were Spiderwebs by No Doubt (#76); He Liked to Feel It by Crash Test Dummies (#83); Leave it Alone by Moist (#85); All I Know by Screaming Trees (#90); Where Do We Go from Here by Deborah Cox (#93); The One by Tracy Bonham (#94); She's the Devil by The Pursuit of Happiness (#95); Goin' Up by Great Big Sea (#96); and Before by Pet Shop Boys (#97).

Died on this date
McGeorge Bundy, 77
. U.S. political adviser. Mr. Bundy was an egghead who served in the administrations of U.S. Presidents John F. Kennedy and Lyndon Johnson as National Security Advisor from 1961-1966, where he was one of the people responsible for the escalation of the Vietnam War.

Politics and government
Canadian Heritage Minister Sheila Copps opened the Canadian Information Office, a new $20 million-a-year national unity agency in Ottawa.

Education
The Ontario College of Teachers, a self-regulatory professional body was founded; it was tol begin operation the following spring, with authority to license teachers, accredit training programs and coordinate and monitor professional training.

Business
Carole Lafrance of Montreal became the first woman to chair the Canadian Chamber of Commerce.

Sport
India played Pakistan in the first one day cricket international match in Canada, held in Toronto.

Hockey
Former Toronto Maple Leafs' and Detroit Red Wings' defenceman Borje Salming; former Boston Bruins' right wing Bobby Bauer; former defenceman and New York Islanders' coach Al Arbour; and longtime Hockey Night in Canada broadcaster Bob Cole were inducted into the Hockey Hall of Fame in Toronto. Mr. Arbour had a distinguished career as a player, but was inducted as a builder, having led the Islanders to four consecutive Stanley Cup championships from 1980-83.

10 years ago
2006


Died on this date
Floyd Curry, 81
. Canadian hockey player. Mr. Curry played right wing with the Montrreal Canadiens from 1947-58, scoring 204 points on 105 goals and 99 assists in 601 regular season games and 23 goals and 17 assists in 91 playoff games. He was a member of Stanley Cup championship teams in 1953, 1956, 1957, and 1958. After his playing career, Mr. Curry worked with the Canadiens in various front office positions for more than 40 years.

Football
CFL
Edmonton (4-8) 22 @ Hamilton (3-11) 27
Montreal (7-5) 20 @ British Columbia (9-3) 36

Davon Fowlkes returned a punt 83 yards for a touchdown in the 1st quarter, while quarterback Jason Maas completed a 20-yard TD pass to D.J. Flick and handed off to Anthony Davis for a 3-yard touchdown as the Tiger-Cats beat the Eskimos before 25,107 fans at Ivor Wynne Stadium.

Dave Dickenson completed 18 of 22 passes for 309 yards and 3 touchdowns and the B.C. defense recorded a team-record 12 sacks as the Lions beat the Alouettes before 35,971 fans at B.C. Place Stadium in Vancouver.

CIS
Calgary (0-3) 10 @ Manitoba (3-0) 33
British Columbia (1-1) 17 @ Alberta (2-1) 18
Saskatchewan (3-0) 52 @ Simon Fraser (0-2) 7

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