Tuesday, 20 September 2016

September 20, 2016

950 years ago
1066


War
Norwegian forces commanded by King Harald III defeated northern earls Morcar and Edwin in the Battle of Fulford near York, England.

200 years ago
1816


Transportation
Samuel D. Purdy opened the first regular stagecoach line in Upper Canada from Niagara to York; each one-way trip cost $5 and took 17 hours.

110 years ago
1906


Transportation
Cunard Line's RMS Mauretania was launched at the Swan Hunter & Wigham Richardson shipyard in Newcastle upon Tyne, England.

75 years ago
1941


Hit parade
#1 single in the U.S.A. (Billboard): Green Eyes (Aquellos Ojos Verdes)--Jimmy Dorsey and his Orchestra (4th week at #1)

War
The Keep America Out of War Congress announced that it "deeply regrets and disagrees with Mr. Lindbergh's implication" that all Jews backed U.S. intervention in the European war. Famed aviator Charles Lindbergh had made a speech in Des Moines on September 11 in which he had blamed British and Jewish interests, along with the administration of President Franklin D. Roosevelt, for advocating American entry into the war. U.S. Senator Gerald Nye (Republican--North Dakota) urged "all loyal Americans" to oppose President Roosevelt's foreign policy as a deliberate "war" program.

World events
Martial law was declared in Bulgaria amid reports in Ankara and London that King Boris III was ready to take his nation into war on the side of Germany. 12 more French hostages were executed in Paris by German authorities in reprisal for the slaying of a German officer.

Diplomacy
Shah Mohammed Reza Pahlevi of Iran issued a declaration in Tehran pledging "the closest cooperation" with the U.K. and U.S.S.R. and urging an immediate program of constitutional reform.

U.S. Representative Martin Dies (Democrat--Texas) said that he had deferred an inquiry by his House of Representatives Committee on Un-American Activities into Japanese espionage on the west coast of the United States, at the request of President Franklin D. Roosevelt.

Defense
U.S. President Roosevelt signed the record $3.55-billion defense tax bill in Hyde Park, New York.

Politics and government
Mexican President Manuel Avila Camacho ordered the nation's 80,000 schoolteachers to abandon all political activity as of September 30, 1941.

Economics and finance
The U.S. Chamber of Commerce denounced the price control bill as "too sweeping."

70 years ago
1946


At the movies
The first Cannes Film Festival was held, having been delayed seven years due to World War II.

Diplomacy
The United Nations Committee on refugees voted in favour of a Soviet proposal to repatriate displaced children to their countries of origin and to permit such countries the right to control propaganda in refugee camps.

Yugoslavian Deputy Premier Edward Kardelj notified the Italian Political and Territorial Commission of the Paris Peace Conference that Yugoslavia "will not be bound by any decision of this conference" after the commission rejected all Yugoslavian amendments in the Trieste and Italian border agreements.

A nine-man committee was appointed at the Palestine Conference in London to study Arab proposals for an independent Palestine in which Jewish rights would be guaranteed.

Politics and government
After conferring with Secretary of State James Byrnes in Paris, U.S. President Harry Truman asked for and received the resignation of Commerce Secretary Henry Wallace. Mr. Truman attributed the move to a "fundamantal conflict" between the foreign policy views of Mr. Wallace and the Administration. In a radio address following his dismissal, Mr. Wallace declared that "winning the peace is more important than high public office," and urged his listeners to work for a peaceful U.S. foreign policy as "a holy duty."

The Japanese Diet passed laws introducing popular election of prefectural officials.

Society
The British government of Prime Minister Clement Attlee ended the "squatter" movement by agreeing to house 20,000 homeless people in 718 unused Army camps.

Religion
The First National Youth Convention of the Protestant Episcopal Church adjourned in Philadelphia after passing resolutions urging friendship with the U.S.S.R. and endorsing the United Nations.

Labour
The Congress of Industrial Organizations National Maritime Union ended its strike against Atlantic and Gulf Coast shipping owners, who agreed to Federal Communications Commission Chairman James Fly's arbitration award giving the NMU wage parity with American Federation of Labor maritime unions.

Disasters
The United Kingdom reported 12 killed in the worst floods in 30 years, caused by torrential rains and gales.

A 100-mile-per-hour typhoon swept the Marianas, causing $1.5 million in damage to the U.S. naval base at Guam.

Football
ORFU
Toronto Indians (2-0) 14 @ Toronto Balmy Beach (1-2) 1

The game was played at Maple Leaf Stadium.

60 years ago
1956


Hit parade
#1 single in France (IFOP): Au revoir Rome--Lucienne Delyle (3rd week at #1)

Died on this date
Tommy Gastall, 24
. U.S. baseball player. Mr. Gastall was a catcher with the Baltimore Orioles (1955-1956), batting .181 with no home runs and 4 runs batted in in 52 games. He was taking flying lessons and was killed on a day off from baseball when the plane he had bought developed engine trouble and crashed into Chesapeake Bay. Mr. Gastall's body was found five days later. He had played briefly the day before, playing the 8th inning of the Orioles' 9-1 loss to the Tigers in Detroit, and had hit a single in the 9th inning in his final plate appearance.

Space
Pope Pius XII, in an address to the International Astronautical Conference in Rome, approved of space exploration as "legitimate before God."

Science
The United States proposed a joint U.S.S.R.-U.S.A. effort to photo-map the Arctic as part of the International Geophysical Year of 1957-58.

Politics and government
George Drew announced his resignation after eight years as leader of the Progressive Conservative Party of Canada because of serious concerns about his health. The former Premier of Ontario had led the party through the federal election campaigns of 1949 and 1953, finishing a distant second to the Liberals under Prime Minister Louis St. Laurent on both occasions.

A Gallup Poll reported that women favoured the Republican Party 1956 electoral ticket of President Dwight Eisenhower and Vice President Richard Nixon over the Democratic Party ticket of Adlai Stevenson and Estes Kefauver by 53%-38%, while men preferred the Republican ticket by 51%-43%.

Energy
An 81-nation United Nations conference opened in New York to study a draft charter for the International Atomic Energy Agency.

Oddities
U.S. Army Private Vito Sala, 31, listed as AWOL since April 1945, reported for duty when he recovered his memory after suffering from amnesia for nearly 11-12 years.

50 years ago
1966


On television tonight
Wojeck, starring John Vernon, on CBC
Tonight's episode: All Aboard for Candyland

The Fugitive, starring David Janssen, on ABC
Tonight's episode: Death is the Door Prize, with guest stars Lois Nettleton, Ossie Davis, and Howard Da Silva

Space
The United States launched the lunar probe Surveyor 2 from Cape Kennedy, Florida.

War
The six-nation Inter-American force left the Dominican Republic, ending peacekeeping action.

Diplomacy
The United Nations General Assembly opened, with Abdul Rahman Pazhwah of Afghanistan elected President of the 21st session. Guyana was admitted as the 118th member of the UN.

Economics and finance
The governments of Canada and New Brunswick agreed to spend $114 million to fight rural poverty over the next 10 years.

Football
Ottawa (7-1) 49 @ Edmonton (5-5) 21

Ted Watkins scored 2 touchdowns and Rick Black, Ron Stewart, Jim Dillard, Jay Roberts and Russ Jackson each had 1 as the Rough Riders whipped the Eskimos before 18,341 fans at Clarke Stadium. Mr. Jackson passed for 252 yards and directed a rushing attack that amassed 177 yards. Moe Racine converted all 7 touchdowns. Joe Hernandez, who had played with the Eskimos in 1963 and then spent two years with the Washington Redskins, scored a touchdown in his first game back with the team. Butch Pressley and Trent Walters scored the other Edmonton TDs, with Tommy-Joe Coffey kicking 2 converts and Randy Kerbow punting for a single. Ottawa's point total was the highest for a team in any CFL game in 1966.

40 years ago
1976


Hit parade
#1 single in Australia (Kent Music Report): Dancing Queen--ABBA (3rd week at #1)

#1 single in Japan (Oricon Singles Chart): Anata Dake wo--Teruhiko Aoi (5th week at #1)

#1 single in Spain (PROMUSICAE): El Jardín Prohibido--Sandro Giacobbe (7th week at #1)

30 years ago
1986


Hit parade
#1 single in Italy (FIMI): Easy Lady--Spagna (4th week at #1)

#1 single in Flanders (Ultratop 50): Ti Sento--Matia Bazar (3rd week at #1)

#1 single in the Netherlands (De Nederlandse Top 40): The Way it Is--Bruce Hornsby and the Range

#1 single in Ireland (IRMA): Don't Leave Me This Way--The Communards (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in the U.K.: Don't Leave Me This Way--The Communards (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in the U.S.A. (Billboard): Stuck with You--Huey Lewis and the News

U.S. top 10 (Cash Box)
1 Stuck with You--Huey Lewis and the News
2 Take My Breath Away--Berlin
3 Higher Love--Steve Winwood
4 Dancing on the Ceiling--Lionel Richie
5 Friends and Lovers--Gloria Loring and Carl Anderson
6 Venus--Bananarama
7 Dreamtime--Daryl Hall
8 Words Get in the Way--Miami Sound Machine
9 Walk This Way--Run-D.M.C.
10 Baby Love--Regina

Singles entering the chart were I am by Your Side by Corey Hart (#66); The Next Time I Fall by Peter Cetera with Amy Grant (#82); The Rain by Oran "Juice" Jones (#84); What About Love by 'Til Tuesday (#85); Jody by Jermaine Stewart (#86); The Way it Is by Bruce Hornsby and the Range (#87); Everytime You Cry by the Outfield (#88); and California Dreamin' by the Beach Boys (#89). California Dreamin', a cover of the 1966 hit by the Mamas and the Papas, featured Roger McGuinn on 12-string guitar. John and Michelle Phillips of the Mamas and the Papas appeared in the video for the single. The B-side, Lady Liberty, was a remake of the Beach Boys' 1979 single Lady Lynda with new lyrics to celebrate the 100th anniversary of the Statue of Liberty's arrival in the United States.

Canada’s top 10 (RPM)
1 Friends and Lovers--Gloria Loring and Carl Anderson
2 Higher Love--Steve Winwood
3 Take My Breath Away--Berlin
4 Venus--Bananarama
5 Stuck with You--Huey Lewis and the News
6 Dancing on the Ceiling--Lionel Richie
7 Glory of Love--Peter Cetera
8 Mad About You--Belinda Carlisle
9 Papa Don't Preach--Madonna
10 Words Get in the Way--Miami Sound Machine

Singles entering the chart were I am by Your Side by Corey Hart (#71); (Forever) Live and Die by Orchestral Manoeuvres in the Dark (#82); Holding Out for You by Errol Starr (#94); Point of No Return by Nu Shooz (#96); and Black on White by One to One (#98).

On television tonight
Life with Lucy, starring Lucille Ball and Gale Gordon, on ABC
Tonight's episode: One Good Grandparent Deserves Another

This was the first episode of the series which was an attempt to recapture the success of Miss Ball's previous series--I Love Lucy (1951-1957); The Lucy Show (1962-1968); and Here's Lucy (1968-1974)--but failed miserably. The 1950s-style of comedy writing didn't travel well to 1986.

Football
CFL
Saskatchewan (5-6-1) 34 @ Ottawa (3-9) 24

Bernard Quarles handed off to Bobby Johnson for a pair of 2-yard touchdown runs as the Roughriders beat the Rough Riders before 15,390 fans at Lansdowne Park.

CIAU
Calgary 46 @ Alberta (1-2) 7

Mark Brus's 65-yard rush provided the Golden Bears with their only touchdown in a humiliating loss to the Dinosaurs in the Shrine Bowl (with proceeds going to Shriners' hospitals) on a beautiful Saturday afternoon at Commonwealth Stadium in Edmonton. The game was televised across Canada on TSN.

Baseball
Ryne Sandberg's home run leading off the 6th inning was the game's only run as the Chicago Cubs edged the Pittaburgh Pirates 1-0 before 22,710 fans at Wrigley Field in Chicago. Mr. Sandberg's homer was one of just 4 hits against Pittsburgh pitcher Rick Rhoden, who pitched a complete game defeat, falling to 15-10 for the season. Jamie Moyer allowed 6 hits and 5 bases on balls in 7 innings to get the win, improving to 7-4.

Tony Gwynn of the San Diego Padres had 4 hits and tied a modern National League record with 5 stolen bases in one game, but the Padres lost 10-6 to the Houston Astros before 36,878 fans at the Astrodome. Ray Hayward made his major league debut as he started on the mound for San Diego. He allowed 7 hits and 6 runs--all earned--in just 1 1/3 innings and took the loss, and also popped out in his only plate appearance. His teammate Mark Parent also made his major league debut, grounding out to second base as a pinch hitter in the 5th inning.

Pinch hitter Jim Traber singled home Juan Beniquez and Mike Young with 1 out in the bottom of the 8th inning to lift the Baltimore Orioles to a 4-3 win over the Milwaukee Brewers before 17,617 fans at Memorial Stadium in Baltimore. Mr. Beniquez had also entered the game as a pinch hitter, singling with 1 out to begin the rally.

Mike Trujillo allowed just 1 hit--a single by Jamie Quirk with 2 out in the 1st inning-and 1 base on balls and the Seattle Mariners scored all the runs in the bottom of the 1st as they blanked the Kansas City Royals 3-0 before 10,899 fans at the Kingdome in Seattle. Mr. Trujillo's shutout improved his record for the season to 3-0, while losing pitcher Bret Saberhagen fell to 6-11.

Mel Hall singled, stole second base, and scored on a single by Brook Jacoby to break a 5-5 tie in the top of the 10th inning as the Cleveland Indians edged the Oakland Athletics 6-5 before 14,289 fans at Oakland-Alameda County Coliseum.

Wally Joyner doubled, advanced to third base on a wild pitch, and scored on a bases-loaded passed ball by Ron Karkovice with 1 out in the bottom of the 9th inning to give the California Angels a 6-5 win over the Chicago White Sox before 34,219 fans at Anaheim Stadium. Tim Hulett hit 2 home runs for Chicago.

25 years ago
1991


Hit parade
#1 single in Germany (Media Control): Bacardi Feeling (Summer Dreamin')--Kate Yanai (6th week at #1)

Diplomacy
Department store tycoon Fredrick Eaton was appointed Canadian High Commissioner to the United Kingdom, replacing Donald Macdonald.

Defense
The Canadian government of Prime Minister Brian Mulroney announced that it would spend $165 million over five years to train pilots at Portage La Prairie military base in Manitoba to compensate for the shutdown of Base Portage.

20 years ago
1996


Hit parade
#1 single in Germany (Media Control): Wannabe--Spice Girls (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in Sweden (Topplistan): Coco Jamboo--Mr. President

Died on this date
Paul Weston, 84
. U.S. musician. Mr. Weston, born Paul Wetstein, was a pianist, composer, and arranger who was known as the "Father of Mood Music." He worked extensively in television from the 1950s through the 1970s, and he and his wife, singer Jo Stafford, had success as the comedy duo Jonathan and Darlene Edwards, deliberately performing songs off-key.

Reuben Kamanga, 67. 1st Vice President of Zambia, 1964-1967. Mr. Kamanga was deputy President of the United National Independence Party in the early 1960s, and served as Vice President under President Kenneth Kaunda when Zambia was granted her independence from Great Britain in 1964. He was demoted to Minister of Foreign Affairs in 1967 and Minister of Rural Development in 1969.

Football
CFL
Edmonton (8-5) 41 @ Winnipeg (6-6) 12

The Eskimos broke the game open in the 2nd half as they beat the Blue Bombers before 28,744 fans at Winnipeg Stadium. Rookie Don Blair returned a Bob Cameron punt 85 yards for his first CFL touchdown in the 3rd quarter, and Henry "Gizmo" Williams returned another 79 yards for his first TD of the season late in the 4th quarter. The Eskimos closed the scoring with a 59-yard touchdown rush by fullback Tony Burse, with all TDs converted by Sean Fleming. Troy Westwood accounted for the Winnipeg scoring with 4 field goals. Edmonton safety Trent Brown administered one of the season's hardest hits late in the game, laying out Winnipeg receiver Shannon Baker near the goal line on a pass that was incomplete as a result of the hit. Mr. Baker was taken to hospital, but was not seriously injured.

10 years ago
2006


Died on this date
Sven Nykvist, 83
. Swedish cinematographer. Mr. Nykvist was known for his work with director Ingmar Bergman, and won Academy Awards for Cries and Whispers (1973) and Fanny and Alexander (1983).

No comments: