Born on this date
Happy Birthday, Malou Canopin and Lynne!
240 years ago
The Second Continental Congress changed the name of the nation from the United Colonies to the United States of America.
225 years ago
The city in the federal district comprising the capital of the United States was named after President George Washington.
140 years ago
Politics and government
The Plains Cree, Woodland Cree and Assiniboine people signed Treaty No.6 (Part 2) at Fort Pitt, North-West Territories (now in Saskatchewan).
130 years ago
The Berne Convention for the Protection of Literary and Artistic Works was finalized.
125 years ago
Died on this date
Jules Grévy, 84. President of France and Co-Prince of Andorra, 1879-1887. Mr. Grévy was a Freemason and a leader of the Opportunist Republicans, and is regarded as the first true republican President of France. He resigned during his second term because of a scandal involving his son-in-law, in which Mr. Grévy was not personally involved.
100 years ago
Private Leo Clarke, a member of the 2nd Batallion, Eastern Ontario Regiment, led a party into a German trench at Etretat, France, and killed 18 enemy soldiers and took a prisoner all by himself, despite suffering a bayonet wound. Pvt. Clarke was killed on October 5, 1916 when he was buried in a trench as the result of the impact of a shell, and was posthumously awarded the Victoria Cross for his actions of September 9.
90 years ago
The National Broadcasting Company was incorporated by the Radio Corporation of America.
80 years ago
Died on this date
William Betts, 71. U.S. baseball umpire. Mr. Betts, born William Betz, worked in 121 National League games from 1894-1899, and in the American League in 1901 and 1903. He invented a new ball-and-strike indicator in 1895, and in 1896 became the first umpire to use a whisk to clean home plate during games.
The crews of Portuguese Navy frigate NRP Afonso de Albuquerque and destroyer Dão mutinied against Prime Minister António de Oliveira Salazar's support of Spanish General Franciso Franco's Nationalists in the Spanish Civil War, and declared their solidarity with the Spanish Republic.
The New York Yankees swept a doubleheader from the Cleveland Indians 11-3 and 12-9 before 10,000 fans at League Park in Cleveland to clinch the American League pennant. Lou Gehrig hit a grand slam and drove in 7 runs in the second game.
The Washington Nationals scored 4 runs in the 8th inning and 3 in the 9th to defeat the Detroit Tigers 11-4 at Navin Field in Detroit. Red Kress hit 2 home runs for the Nationals. Detroit catcher Glenn Myatt played the 1,004th and last game of his 16-year major league career, batting 1 for 4 with a run batted in, and making 3 putouts and and an assist in the field. Joe Cascarella allowed 10 hits and 4 earned runs in pitching a complete game victory, while losing pitcher Jake Wade also went the distance, allowing 13 hits and 10 earned runs.
Mike Kreevich led off the bottom of the 13th inning with a double and scored on a throwing error by Lefty Grove to give the Chicago White Sox a 3-2 win over the Boston Red Sox before 4,000 fans at Comiskey Park in Chicago. Larry Rosenthal followed Mr. Kreevich with a bunt, and collided with Boston first baseman Babe Dahlgren. Mr. Grove's throw went awry as a result, and Mr. Kreevich came home with the winning run. Mr. Rosenthal's bunt was ruled a single. Vern Kennedy allowed 10 hits and 2 earned runs in pitching a complete game, improving his 1936 record to 20-7. Rube Walberg started on the mound for Boston and allowed 6 hits and 2 earned runs in 8+ innings before being relieved by Mr. Grove, who allowed 5 hits and 1 unearned run in 4+ innings and taking the loss, dropping to 17-11. Fabian Gaffke made his major league debut with the Red Sox, playing the first 8 innings in right field and batting 0 for 4, and making 2 putouts in the field.
The St. Louis Cardinals scored 2 runs in the top of the 15th inning to break a 1-1 tie and defeat the Boston Bees 3-1 before 3,000 fans at National League Park in Boston. Winning pitcher Jim Winford and losing pitcher Danny MacFayden both pitched complete games.
The Pittsburgh Pirates scored 4 runs in the top of the 9th inning to take a 7-5 lead, but the Brooklyn Dodgers rallied for 3 in the bottom of the 9th to beat the Pirates 8-7 at Ebbets Field in Brooklyn. Babe Phelps singled home Frenchy Bordagaray with 1 out and the bases loaded for the winning run.
The Chicago Cubs scored 5 runs in the 3rd inning and coasted to a 10-3 win over the Philadelphia Phillies in the first game of a doubleheader at Baker Bowl in Philadelphia. Johnny Moore led off the bottom of the 12th with his second home run of the game to give the Phillies a 5-4 win in the second game. Pete Sivess allowed 12 hits and 3 earned runs in pitching a complete game victory in the second game.
Mel Ott singled home 2 runs as part of a 3-run 5th inning to help the New York Giants defeat the Cincinnati Reds 4-2 in the first game of a doubleheader before 22,690 fans at the Polo Grounds in New York. Freddie Fitzsimmons pitched an 8-hit complete game victory. Second baseman Eddie Miller and relief pitcher Jake Mooty both made their major league debuts with the Reds, entering the game in the bottom of the 8th inning. Mr. Mooty allowed 1 hit in pitching a scoreless inning. Hub Walker hit a 2-run home run in the top of the 3rd inning to help the Reds win the second game 3-2. Benny Frey allowed 6 hits and 2 earned runs in 7 innings to get the win, while also hitting 2 singles. Losing pitcher Hal Schumacher allowed 8 hits and 3 earned runs in 7 innings, and hit his first home run of the season to get the Giants on the scoreboard in the bottom of the 3rd.
75 years ago
Died on this date
Hans Spemann, 72. German embryologist. Dr. Spemann was awarded the 1935 Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine "for his discovery of the organizer effect in embryonic development." He discovered what is now known as embryonic induction, an influence exercised by various parts of the embryo that directs the development of groups of cells into particular tissues and organs.
The U.S.S.R. reported that Russian troops had mopped up 250 square miles of terriroty and recaptured 50 villages around Elnya, 50 miles southeast of Smolensk.
U.S. Senator Gerald Nye (Republican--North Dakota) testified before the Senate subcommittee investigating the motion picture industry that a small group of movie producers, "all born abroad and animated by the persecutions and hatreds of the Old World," were injecting war propaganda into their films.
A Japanese news agency reported that three passenger ships would be sent to the United Kingdom, Malaya, India, and the Near East to bring about 1,600 nationals back to Japan. German Ambassador to Argentina Edmund von Thermann protested to the Argentine Foreign Office against a report by a Chamber of Deputies committee accusing his embassy of financing subversive activities. The Iranian government agreed to close the German, Italian, Romanian, and Hungarian legations, and establish British and Soviet occupation zones according to ther terms of an agreement announced in London and Tehran.
At the trial in Brooklyn of accused German spies, William Sebold testified that he had been forced to become a Nazi spay in 1939 on a visit to Germany, but had turned over his instructions to the U.S. Federal Bureau of Investigation, which then built a radio station to pass harmless defense information to Germany in exchange for information on espionage in the United States.
Five major railroad brotherhoods in the United States set September 15 as their strike date, following the collapse of mediation attempts.
70 years ago
U.S. top 10 (Cash Box)
1 To Each His Own--Eddy Howard and his Orchestra (5th week at #1)
--Freddy Martin and his Orchestra
--The Modernaires with Paula Kelly
--The Ink Spots
2 Five Minutes More--Frank Sinatra
--The Three Suns
--Tex Beneke and the Glenn Miller Orchestra
3 South America, Take it Away--Bing Crosby and the Andrews Sisters
--Xavier Cugat and the Waldorf-Astoria Orchestra
4 Surrender--Perry Como
--Woody Herman and his Orchestra
5 They Say it's Wonderful--Perry Como
6 Doin' What Comes Natur'lly--Dinah Shore and Spade Cooley and his Orchestra
--Freddy Martin and his Orchestra
--Jimmy Dorsey and his Orchestra
7 I Don't Know Enough About You--The Mills Brothers
8 The Gypsy--The Ink Spots
--Sammy Kaye and his "Swing and Sway" Orchestra
9 This is Always--Harry James and his Orchestra
10 Prisoner of Love--Perry Como
--The Ink Spots
Singles entering the chart were A Garden in the Rain by Perry Como and the Satisfiers (#21); And Then it's Heaven by Harry James and his Orchestra (#30); One Love by Frank Sinatra (#32); Rumors are Flying, with versions by Frankie Carle and his Orchestra, and Betty Rhodes (#36); Ole Buttermilk Sky by Kay Kyser and his Orchestra (#37); One More Vote (One More Kiss) by Perry Como and the Satisfiers (#39); and You Call it Madness (But I Call it Love), with versions by Louis Prima and his Orchestra, and the King Cole Trio (#42).
On the radio
The Casebook of Gregory Hood, starring Gale Gordon and Howard McNear, on MBS
International Telephone & Telegraph demonstrated a new method of broadcsating which sent eight programs from one transmitter and unscrambled them in a single receiver.
Speaking to the United Nations Security Council, U.S. delegate Herschel Johnson and Australian delegate Paul Hasluck rejected, on grounds of insufficient evidence, Ukrainian charges of Greek aggression in the Balkans.
Yugoslavian Deputy Foreign Minister Alesh Bebler began a filibuster before the Paris Peace Conference's Italian Political and Territorial Commission to avert a showdown on Yugoslavia's demand for more Italian territory.
Politics and government
Republican Party candidates won all major offices in elections in Maine, re-electing Governor Horace Hildreth, Senator Owen Brewster, and Representatives Robert Hale, Frank Fellows, and Margaret Chase Smith.
U.S. Senator James Mead (Democrat--New York) announced that he would resign as chairman of the Senate War Investigating Committee because of his nomination as his party's candidate for Governor of New York in the November 1946 election. Sen. Mead also repudiated the support offered to him in the election by the Communist Party.
International Longshoremen's Association President Joseph Ryan said that union members would not load any relief ships destined for Yugoslavia until proper action was taken against those responsible for the August 9 and 19 downings of U.S. planes over Yugoslavian air space.
Calgary (3-0) 3 @ Winnipeg (0-1) 1
Bill Wusyk's field goal in the 1st quarter provided all the scoring necessary as the Stampeders beat the Blue Bombers before 4,700 fans at Osborne Stadium. Walt Dobler punted for a Winnipeg single in the 2nd quarter.
60 years ago
On television tonight
The Ed Sullivan Show, on CBS
Elvis Presley was a guest on the program for the first time.
Talks in Cairo on proposed negotiations for international control of the Suez Canal ended in failure after five meetings between Australian Prime Minister Robert Menzies and Egyptian President Gamal Nasser.
Ken Rosewall defeated Lew Hoad to win the men's singles title at the U.S. championships at Forest Hills, New York. Shirley Fry defeated Althea Gibson to win the women's singles title.
London (1-2) 13 @ Rochester (0-3) 4
Don Creighton and Jim Newton scored touchdowns for the Lords as they defeated the Rockets for their first win ever.
A pre-season game between the Baltimore Colts and Philadelphia Eagles was the first event to be held at Fairgrounds Stadium in Louisville, Kentucky.
50 years ago
#1 single in New Zealand: Wild Thing--The Troggs
Edmonton's top 10 (CJCA)
1 Born a Woman--Sandy Posey
2 Yellow Submarine/Eleanor Rigby--The Beatles
3 Sunshine Superman--Donovan
4 Somewhere, My Love--Ray Conniff and the Singers
5 Hey Joe!--The Enemys
6 I Couldn't Live Without Your Love--Petula Clark
7 Black is Black--Los Bravos
8 Bus Stop--The Hollies
9 The Dangling Conversation--Simon and Garfunkel
10 Stagecoach to Cheyenne--Wayne Newton
Pick hit of the week: Here We Are Again--The Beau Brummels
New this week: In Our Time--Nancy Sinatra
San Francisco Woman--Bob Lind
Mr. Spaceman--The Byrds
Don't Cry for Me, Babe--Marti Shannon
On television tonight
The Green Hornet, starring Van Williams and Bruce Lee, on ABC
Tonight's episode: The Silent Gun
The Time Tunnel, starring James Darren and Robert Colbert, on ABC
Tonight's episode: Rendezvous with Yesterday
Burmese Chief of State Ne Win concluded two days of talks in Washington with U.S. President Lyndon Johnson.
The National Traffic and Motor Vehicle Safety Act was signed into law by U.S. President Lyndon Johnson.
Edmonton (5-3) 8 @ Montreal (3-4) 3
Edmonton quarterback Randy Kerbow completed just 3 of 14 passes for 86 yards, but one of his completions was a 37-yard touchdown pass to E.A. Sims, a star defensive end who had moved to offense for that play, as the Eskimos defeated the Alouettes before 18,000 fans at Molson Stadium. Tommy-Joe Coffey, who converted the touchdown, caught 2 passes for 49 yards. Mr. Kerbow also punted for a single. Peter Kempf kicked a field goal for Montreal. It was the fourth straight win for the Eskimos, their longest winning streak in five years.
40 years ago
Died on this date
Mao Zedong, 82. Chairman of the People's Republic of China, 1949-1976. Chairman Mao co-founded the Chinese Communist Party in 1921, and made his name as lead of the "Long March" to northern China to flee attacks from the Nationalists in the 1930s. Civil war resulted in a Communist triumph in 1949, and Mao became the leader of the People's Republic of China. Mao's policies, including the Cultural Revolution and the Great Leap Forward, resulted in the deaths of tens of millions of people; his regime killed more Christians than the number of Jews killed by the German Nazi regime under Adolf Hitler. Chairman Mao's death left the world a better place, but left a huge power vacuum in China.
Czechoslovakia 1 Canada 0
The Czechs scored the only goal with less than 5 minutes remaining in the game as Vladimir Dzurilla won a brilliant goaltending duel over Rogie Vachon.
25 years ago
#1 single in Finland (Musiikkituottajat – IFPI Finland): You Could Be Mine--Guns N' Roses (4th week at #1)
Tajikistan declared her independence from the Soviet Union.
Over 70,000 members of PSAC (Public Service Alliance of Canada) walked off the job, leaving grain handling at a standstill in Vancouver and Thunder Bay.
Chief Executive Officer Fred Richardson announced that Crown Life Insurance had sold 42% of its shares to Haro Financial Corporation of Saskatchewan, with the head office to move to Regina from Toronto by 1993.
20 years ago
#1 single in Spain (PROMUSICAE): A comer a casa--Los DelTonos
Canada's top 10 (RPM)
1 Key West Intermezzo (I Saw You First)--John Mellencamp
2 Walls--Tom Petty and the Heartbreakers
3 Change the World--Eric Clapton
4 Free to Decide--The Cranberries
5 You Learn--Alanis Morisette
6 Gift Shop--The Tragically Hip
7 Tucker's Town--Hootie & the Blowfish
8 Jerk--Kim Stockwood
9 Until it Sleeps--Metallica
10 The Good in Everyone--Sloan
Singles entering the chart were Wax Ecstatic by Sponge (#85); Where Do You Go by No Mercy (#87); Down by 311 (#90); What's Up with That by ZZ Top (#94); When She was Happy by Pluto (#97); Diggin' a Hole by Big Sugar (#98); and Novocaine for the Soul by the Eels (#99).
Died on this date
Bill Monroe, 84. U.S.musician. Mr. Monroe, a native of Kentucky who specialized in playing the mandolin, was known as the "Father of Bluegrass" as leader of the Blue Grass Boys, the band that he founded in 1939. He died of a stroke four days before his 85th birthday, and after a career spanning almost 70 years.
10 years ago
Hamilton (2-11) 9 @ Toronto (7-5) 11
Noel Prefontaine kicked 3 field goals and 2 singles for the Argonauts as they edged the Tiger-Cats before 26,212 fans at Rogers Centre. The Tiger-Cats committed 5 turnovers.
Alberta (1-1) 17 @ Calgary (0-2) 15
Manitoba (2-0) 77 @ Simon Fraser (0-1) 7
Canada and the German mercenaries of the American Revolution - By Anik Laflèche If your last name is Schneider, Sigman, Henry, or André, or it has “von” in it, you may be of German descent. In 1776, the Thirteen Coloni...
10 hours ago