Wednesday, 14 September 2016

September 13, 2016

475 years ago
1541


Religion
Jean Cauvin (John Calvin) returned to Geneva, Switzerland to reform the church after five years of exile in Strasbourg, France.

250 years ago
1766


Born on this date
Samuel Wilson
. U.S. meat packer. Mr. Wilson has been credited as the inspiration for the use of her term "Uncle Sam" as synonymous with the United States, In the War of 1812, Mr. Wilson stamped "U.S." on barrels of meat destined for American soldiers stationed in Greenbush, New York, many of whom were from Mr. Wilson's hometown of Troy. The soldiers then reportedly made the connection between the initials and Mr. Wilson's nickname of Uncle Sam. Mr. Wilson died on July 31, 1854 at the age of 87.

100 years ago
1916


Born on this date
Roald Dahl
. U.K. author. Mr. Dahl was known for works of fiction for both children and adults. His books included James and the Giant Peach (1961); Charlie and the Chocolate Factory (1964); and Tales of the Unexpected (1979). Mr. Dahl died on November 23, 1990 at the age of 74.

80 years ago
1936


Baseball
17-year-old Bob Feller set an American League record for strikeouts in a 9-inning game and tied the major league record when he struck out 17 batters to lead the Cleveland Indians to a 5-2 win over the Philadelphia Athletics in the first game of a doubleheader at League Park in Cleveland. Losing pitcher Randy Gumpert was just 18 years of age. The Indians won the second game 5-4 to complete the sweep. Jeff Heath made his major league debut in left field with the Indians, batting 1 for 3 with a base on balls in the first game, 3 for 4 with his first major league home run in the second game.

Joe DiMaggio hit 2 home runs in the first game and another in the second as the New York Yankees swept a doubleheader from the St. Louis Browns 10-7 and 13-1 before 8,000 fans at Sportsman's Park in St. Louis. Lou Gehrig hit his 47th and 48th homers of the season for New York in the second game, and New York left fielder Jake Powell hit a home run in each game.

75 years ago
1941


Hit parade
#1 single in the U.S.A. (Billboard): Green Eyes (Aquellos Ojos Verdes)--Jimmy Dorsey and his Orchestra (3rd week at #1)

War
The Royal Canadian Navy ship HMCS Drumheller was commissioned at Esquimalt, British Columbia. Moscow reports claimed that Soviet forces had smashed a German offensive near Bryansk, 220 miles southwest of Moscow.

World events
80 Germans left Tehran on special trains to be interned in India and Siberia for the duration of World War II. The German command in Paris decreed that unauthorized Frenchmen possessing arms or war material "of any kind" would be liable to the death penalty.

Literature
H.G. Wells was elected international president of PEN (Poets, Editors and Novelists) in London, but declined on the grounds that a non-Briton should hold the office.

Football
WIFU
Regina (1-1) 4 @ Vancouver (0-1) 1

This was the first game for the Vancouver Grizzlies, replacing the departed Calgary Bronks, who had ceased operations for the duration of World War II. 3,000 fans were in attendance.

70 years ago
1946


Died on this date
William Watt, 74
. Australian politician. Mr. Watt, a member of the Liberal Party, was Premier of Victoria from 1912-1913 and 1913-1914 before entering federal politics and representing Balaclava in the Australian Parliament from 1914-1929, serving as Treasurer from 1918-1920 and Speaker of the House of Representatives from 1923-1926. He joined the fledling Nationalist Party in 1916.

Amon Göth, 37. Austrian war criminal. SS-Hauptsturmführer (Captain) Göth was commandant of the Kraków-Płaszów concentration camp in Płaszów in German-occupied Poland for most of the camp's existence during World War II. He was tried after the war by the Supreme National Tribunal of Poland at Kraków and was convicted of murder for personally ordering the murders of an unspecified number of people, resulting in his execution by hanging.

Diplomacy
White Russian Foreign Minister K.V. Kissilev walked out of a meeting of the Bulgarian Political and Territorial Commission at the Paris Peace Conference to prevent a vot on Greek frontier claims against Bulgaria.

Politics and government
Republicans and southern Democrats in the United States attacked President Harry Truman's endorsement of Commerce Secretary Henry Wallace's speech the previous day in which he had criticized British "imperialism" and a "get tough" approach with the U.S.S.R. Mr. Wallace's critics claimed that President Truman had betrayed State Secretary James Byrnes, who was representing the United States at the Paris Peace Conference. Mr. Byrnes was reported to be "deeply disturbed" by the speech.

Economics and finance
The United Nations Subcommission on Economic Reconstruction of Devastated Areas adopted a final report, urging creation of an economic commission in Europe to supervise reconstruction.

Agriculture
A UN Food and Agriculture Organization meeting in Copenhagen ended after passing a resolution supporting proposals for a world food board and an international price stabilization program.

Crime
U.S. Federal Bureau of Investigation Director J. Edgar Hoover reported that juvenile crime in the United States through the first six months of 1946 had declined almost 3% from the first six months of 1945.

Labour
About 300,000 civil servants in northern Italy ended their six-day strike after the government promised partial fulfillment of their demands for a 100% wage increase and price control enforcement.

60 years ago
1956


Hit parade
#1 single in France (IFOP): Au revoir Rome--Lucienne Delyle (2nd week at #1)

Died on this date
Archibald Low, 67
. U.K. engineer and inventor. Mr. Low was called the "Father of Radio Guidance Systems" because of his pioneering work on guided rockets, planes and torpedoes. He was also known for his accurate predictions of the use of technologies such as television. Mr. Low died of lung cancer.

Diplomacy
Indian Prime Minister Jawaharlal Nehru warned the West that the Suez Users' Association plan was "full of dangerous potentialities" and brought a "grave risk of conflict" with Egypt. U.S. Secretary of State John Foster Dulles told a news conference that "we do not intend to shoot our way through" the Suez Canal.

The Argentine government and United Hebrew Immigrant Aid Society concluded an agreement permitting immigration of 1,000 North African Jewish families to Argentina within the next two years.

Politics and government
Pakistani Prime Minister Hussein Shaheed Suhrawardy announced the formation of a new cabinet in which he held nine posts.

Formally beginning his U.S. presidential campaign in Harrisburg, Pennsylvania, Democratic Party nominee Adlai Stevenson charged that President Dwight Eisenhower had created a "part-time presidency" by "turning the government over to men who work full-time for the wrong people."

Technology
The IBM 305 RAMAC, the first commercial computer to use disk storage, was introduced.

Scandal
Lackawanna County, Pennsylvania returned indictments against three officials of Rogers Construction Company on charges of conspiracy to defraud the Pennsylvania Turnpike Commission in a $2.27-million contract.

Baseball
Global World Series @ County Stadium, Milwaukee
Final
Fort Wayne 2 Hawaii 0

50 years ago
1966


On television tonight
Wojeck, starring John Vernon, on CBC
Tonight's episode: The Last Man in the World

This was the first episode of the series.

The Fugitive, starring David Janssen, on ABC
Tonight's episode: The Last Oasis, with guest stars Hope Lange, Mark Richman, and Arch Johnson

This was the first episode of the season, and the first in colour.

Politics and government
Justice Minister John Vorster took office as Prime Minister of South Africa, a week after the assassination of his predecessor, Hendrik Verwoerd. He promised no change in the country's racial policy of apartheid.

40 years ago
1976


Hit parade
#1 single in Australia (Kent Music Report): Dancing Queen--ABBA (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in Japan (Oricon Singles Chart): Anata Dake wo--Teruhiko Aoi (4th week at #1)

#1 single in Spain (PROMUSICAE): El Jardín Prohibido--Sandro Giacobbe (6th week at #1)

Died on this date
Armand Mondou, 71
. Canadian hockey player. Mr. Mondou played left wing with the Montreal Canadiens from 1928-40, scoring 118 points on 47 goals and 71 assists in 385 regular season games and 3 goals and 5 assists in 32 playoff games. He was a member of Stanley Cup championship teams in 1930 and 1931.

Gary Hobson, 49. Canadian football executive. Mr. Hobson grew up in Winnipeg and played junior football with the Winnipeg Rods. He worked with the Manitoba Telephone System while coaching amateur football, and joined the Winnipeg Blue Bombers of the Canadian Football League late in 1967 as player development coordinator. Mr. Hobson was named assistant general manager in January 1970, and in 1974 was hired as general manager of the Calgary Stampeders to replace Rogers Lehew, who had resigned after 9 seasons in the position. The Stampeders posted 6-10 records in each of Mr. Hobson's first two seasons as general manager, missing the playoffs in both seasons--which is what Mr. Lehew had produced in his last two years with the club. The Stampeders had a record of 0-8-1 and had lost to the British Columbia Lions in Vancouver the day before Mr. Hobson died of a heart attack. He was succeeded by assistant general manager Joe Tiller.

Environment
The U.S. National Academy of Sciences recommended that fluorocarbons be regulated by 1978 to prevent destruction of Earth's ozone layer.

Hockey
Canada Cup
Finals
Canada 6 Czechoslovakia 0 (Canada led best-of-three series 1-0)

30 years ago
1986


Hit parade
#1 single in Italy (FIMI): Easy Lady--Spagna (3rd week at #1)

#1 single in Flanders (Ultratop 50): Ti Sento--Matia Bazar (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in the Netherlands (De Nederlandse Top 40): Sing Our Own Song--UB40 (4th week at #1)

#1 single in Ireland (IRMA): Don't Leave Me This Way--The Communards

#1 single in the U.K.: Don't Leave Me This Way--The Communards

#1 single in the U.S.A. (Billboard): Take My Breath Away--Berlin

U.S. top 10 (Cash Box)
1 Take My Breath Away--Berlin
2 Higher Love--Steve Winwood
3 Venus--Bananarama
4 Dancing on the Ceiling--Lionel Richie
5 Stuck with You--Huey Lewis and the News
6 Sweet Freedom--Michael McDonald
7 Friends and Lovers--Gloria Loring and Carl Anderson
8 Words Get in the Way--Miami Sound Machine
9 Walk This Way--Run-D.M.C.
10 Baby Love--Regina

Singles entering the chart were Human by the Human League (#68); Word Up by Cameo (#87); Can't Wait Another Minute by Five Star (#89); and Runaway by Luis Cardenas (#90).

Canada’s top 10 (RPM)
1 Higher Love--Steve Winwood
2 Mad About You--Belinda Carlisle
3 Dancing on the Ceiling--Lionel Richie
4 Take My Breath Away--Berlin
5 Friends and Lovers--Gloria Loring and Carl Anderson
6 Glory of Love--Peter Cetera
7 Papa Don't Preach--Madonna
8 Stuck with You--Huey Lewis and the News
9 Venus--Bananarama
10 We Don't Have to Take Our Clothes Off--Jermaine Stewart

Singles entering the chart were Girl Can't Help It by Journey (#87); In Your Eyes by Peter Gabriel (#88); Rage Hard by Frankie Goes to Hollywood (#90); Emotion in Motion by Ric Ocasek (#92); X-Ray Eyes by Eye Eye (#94); Who's Gonna Love You Tonight by David Foster (#96); Paranoimia by the Art of Noise (#98); Somebody's Out There by Triumph (#99); and Date with the Past by Doubledare (#100).

Football
CIAU
Saskatchewan 7 @ Alberta (1-1) 34

Baseball
Wayne Tolleson batted 4 for 4 and Dan Pasqua was 3 for 4 with a double and home run to help the New York Yankees beat the Boston Red Sox 11-6 before 50,116 fans at Yankee Stadium. The Red Sox scored all their runs in the 6th inning.

Joe Carter and Cory Snyder both scored on wild pitches by Jay Howell in the bottom of the 8th inning to break a 6-6 tie and give the Cleveland Indians an 8-6 win over the Oakland Athletics before 13,004 fans at Cleveland Stadium.

The Texas Rangers set a team record for home runs in a single game with 7 as they whipped the Minnesota Twins 14-1 before 10,820 fans at Hubert H. Humphrey Metrodome in Minneapolis. The first 5 homers came off starting pitcher Bert Blyleven.

Dick Schofield singled with 2 out and nobody on base in the top of the 15th inning and scored on a double by Gary Pettis to break a 2-2 tie and give the California Angels a 3-2 win over the Chicago White Sox before 16,341 fans at Comiskey Park in Chicago.

Steve Garvey singled home Marvell Wynne and Kevin McReynolds to climax a 3-run rally with none out in the bottom of the 9th inning to give the San Diego Padres a 4-3 win over the Houston Astros before 32,729 fans at Jack Murphy-San Diego Stadium.

25 years ago
1991


Hit parade
#1 single in Germany (Media Control): Bacardi Feeling (Summer Dreamin')--Kate Yanai (5th week at #1)

Died on this date
Joe Pasternak, 89
. Hungarian-born U.S. movie producer. Mr. Pasternak had success in Germany and Austria before fleeing to the United States after the Nazis came to power in Germany. He was known for producing light musical comedies such as Three Smart Girls (1936). Mr. Pasternak died of Parkinson's disease six days before his 90th birthday.

Football
CIAU
Calgary 31 @ Alberta 6

Baseball
A 55-ton concrete beam crashed onto an empty public walkway at Olympic Stadium in Montreal, forcing the closure of the stadium for the rest of the baseball season, and forcing the Expos to play their remaining games on the road. Nobody was injured in the incident.

Joe Carter drove in a run for the Toronto Blue Jays in their 7-6 win over the Oakland Athletics before 50,315 fans at SkyDome in Toronto, becoming the first player in major league history to reach the 100-RBI plateau in 3 consecutive seasons while playing for a different team in each season. Mr. Carter was with the Cleveland Indians in 1989 and the San Diego Padres in 1990.

Mike Devereaux hit a 3-run home run in the bottom of the 8th inning to tie the score, and pinch hitter David Segui singled home Tim Hulett with 1 out in the bottom of the 9th to give the Baltimore Orioles a 5-4 win over the Cleveland Indians before 30,861 fans at Memorial Stadium in Baltimore.

Michael Jackson walked Kurt Stilwell with the bases loaded and 2 out in the bottom of the 12th inning to force Todd Benzinger home with the winning run as the Kansas City Royals edged the Seattle Mariners 3-2 before 20,519 fans at Royals Stadium.

Kent Hrbek's 3-run home run climaxed a 4-run 10th inning as the Minnesota Twins beat the Texas Rangers 7-3 before 24,386 fans at Arlington Stadium.

Frank Thomas led off the top of the 6th inning with a double, advanced to third base on a ground out by Carlton Fisk, and scored on an infield single by Bo Jackson for the only run of the game as the Chicago White Sox edged the California Angels 1-0 before 42,990 fans at Anaheim Stadium. Jack McDowell pitched a 4-hitter to win the pitchers' duel over Jim Abbott, who allowed 6 hits. Both men pitched complete games and left the game with 1991 records of 16-9.

Steve Buechele doubled home Bobby Bonilla and Barry Bonds with 2 out in the top of the 9th inning to break a 6-6 tie as the Pittsburgh Pirates overcame a 5-1 deficit and defeated the Philadelphia Phillies 8-6 before 29,107 fans at Veterans Stadium in Philadelphia.

Paul O'Neill batted 4 for 4 with a base on balls, 3 doubles, a home run, 2 runs, and 5 runs batted in to lead the Cincinnati Reds over the Houston Astros 13-2 before 22,205 fans at Riverfront Stadium in Cincinnati.

Larry Walker led off the top of the 9th inning with a base on balls and scored on a single by Gil Reyes to break a 2-2 tie and gave the Montreal Expos a 3-2 win over the Chicago Cubs before 17,668 fans at Wrigley Field in Chicago. Dennis Martinez allowed 6 hits and 2 earned runs in 8 innings to improve his 1991 record to 14-9.

Howard Johnson drew a base on balls with 2 out and nobody on base in the top of the 10th inning and Kevin McReynolds followed with a home run to break a 2-2 tie as the New York Mets beat the St. Louis Cardinals 4-2 before 26,680 fans at Busch Memorial Stadium in St. Louis. Scott Terry relieved St. Louis starting pitcher Mark Clark with 2 out in the top of the 7th and retired Mr. Johnson for the final out of the inning; it was the 242nd and last game of Mr. Terry's 6-year major league career.

Benito Santiago batted 5 for 5 with a double, home run, 3 runs, and 5 runs batted in to lead the San Diego Padres over the San Francisco Giants 13-2 before 11,471 fans at Candlestick Park in San Francisco.

20 years ago
1996


Hit parade
#1 single in Germany (Media Control): Wannabe--Spice Girls

#1 single in Sweden (Topplistan): Wannabe--Spice Girls (3rd week at #1)

Died on this date
Tupac Shakur, 25
. U.S. rapper. Mr. Shakur, born Lesane Parish Crooks, was a Negro thug who became one of the most popular and influential rappers in history. He died in typical rapper fashion, six days after being gunned down in a drive-by shooting.

Abominations
Roman Catholic Bishop Hubert O'Connor was sentenced to 2 1/2 years in prison for sexual assaults he had committed 30 years earlier while he was principal of Williams Lake Indian residential school in British Columbia.

Football
CFL
Montreal (7-5) 25 @ Calgary (9-3) 23

The Alouettes were leading the Stampeders 25-2 in the 4th quarter before 19,196 fans at McMahon Stadium when backup Calgary quarterback Danny Barrett produced 3 touchdowns. The comeback ended when Mr. Barrett's pass to Dave Sapunjis from the Montreal 30-yard line was knocked down in the end zone.

10 years ago
2006


Died on this date
Ann Richards, 73
. U.S. politician. Mrs. Richards, a Democrat, was Treasurer of Texas from 1983-1991 and Governor of Texas from 1991-1995. She supported feminist causes, film and music, and osteoporosis awareness.

Kimveer Gill, 25. Canadian criminal. Anastasia De Sousa, 18. Canadian crime victim. Mr. Gill, the son of Indian immigrants, opened fire at Dawson College in Montreal, killing Miss De Sousa and wounding 19; he killed himself after being shot by Montréal police.

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