Saturday, 1 October 2016

October 1, 2016

600 years ago

Died on this date
Yaqub Spata
. Lord of Arta, 1414 or 1415-1416. Mr. Spata, a convert to Islam who was raised in the court of Ottoman Sultan Mehmed I, succeeded his brother Maurice as Lord of the Despotate of Arta in Albania. He was captured and immediately executed during the invasion by forces of Carlo I, Count palatine of Cephalonia and Zakynthos and Despot of Epirus.

225 years ago

Politics and government
The first session of the French Legislative Assembly opened at Salle du Manège in Paris.

170 years ago

Politics and government
Lord Elgin was appointed Governor-General of Canada; he served from January 30, 1847-December 19, 1854.

125 years ago

Stanford University opened in California.

The Boston Beaneaters beat the Philadelphia Phillies 6-1 at Huntington Grounds in Philadelphia for their 17th consecutive win, clinching the National League pennant.

80 years ago

On the radio
The Adventures of Sherlock Holmes, starring Louis Hector and Harry West, on MBS
Tonight's episode: The Case of the Sealed Room

This was the first episode of the season.

World events
In Burgos, Spain, Francisco Franco was publicly proclaimed as Generalissimo of the national army and Jete del Estado (head of state).

Politics and government
Colonel Philip Primrose was appointed Lieutenant-Governor of Alberta, serving to March 23, 1937.

The second game of the World Series between the New York Yankees and New York Giants at the Polo Grounds was rained out. The Giants were leading the series 1-0.

75 years ago

Died on this date
H.W. Bikle
. U.S. criminal. Mr. Bikle attacked and beat former Georgia Governor Ed Rivers and his wife in their home before fatally shooting himself as police closed in.

The Finnish command announced that Petrozavodsk, the capital of Soviet Karelia, had been captured by Finnish forces. Chinese military dispatches to Shanghai reported that Japanese forces were retreating northward from Changsha, the capital of the province of Hunan.

World events
39 more people were executed in the Nazi-created Protectorate of Bohemia-Moravia for "preparation for treason," bringing the total to 123 in three days since the appointment of Reinhard Heydrich as Reich Protector there.

U.S. Navy Secretary Frank Knox said that the United States "must provide both the major power and the dominant leadership" to police the world together with the United Kingdom after the forces of German Fuehrer Adolf Hitler were defeated.

U.S. representative Averell Harriman and U.K. representative Lord Beaverbrook, at the end of their three day conference in Moscow with U.S.S.R. dictator Josef Stalin, stated that the Soviet Union would receive all war materials needed from America and Britain.

U.S. Secretary of State Cordell Hull and Brazilian Ambassador to the United States Carlos Martins signed an agreement under which Brazil would get a loan in return for strategic products.

Politics and government
Bolivian President Enrique Penaranda del Castillo appointed a new cabinet to succeed the one that had resigned on September 27 following the discovery of an alleged Nazi plot.

U.S. President Franklin D. Roosevelt's comments the previous day that the U.S.S.R. constitution guaranteed freedom of religion in virtually the same manner as the United States were protested by Representative Martin Dies (Democrat--Texas), who wrote that "freedom of religious worship is, and always has been...non-existent in Soviet Russia." Several religious leaders also criticized Mr. Roosevelt's remarks.

The Canadian Agricultural Supplies Board was given power to fix prices during wartime.

World Series
Brooklyn Dodgers 2 @ New York Yankees 3 (New York led best-of-seven series 1-0)

Joe Gordon drove in 2 runs with a home run and a single as Red Ruffing won the pitching duel over Curt Davis before 68,540 fans at Yankee Stadium.

70 years ago

The International Military Tribunal in Nuremberg handed down verdicts on 22 accused Nazi war criminals. 19 were found guilty of war crimes during World War II, and 12 were sentenced to hang. Hjalmar Schacht, Franz von Papen, and Hans Fritzsche were acquitted.

Thousands of workers in southern Korea gathered at the Daegu Station to demonstrate against the United States Army Military Government in Korea headed by General John R. Hodge and in favor of restoration of power to the people's committees that made up the People's Republic of Korea.

Soviet music critic I. Nestiev attacked Dmitri Shostakovich's Ninth Symphony as bitter, ironic, and "not expressive of modern ideas," while Mr. Shostakovich declined an invitation from Boston Symphony Orchestra conductor Serge Koussevitzky to appear as a guest conductor with the orchestra.

As He Saw It by Elliott Roosevelt, an account of his father, U.S. President Franklin D. Roosevelt, at international wartime conferences, was published.

The U.S. Navy Lockheed Neptune twin-engine patrol bomber Truculent Turtle landed in Columbus, Ohio after an 11,236-mile flight from Perth, Australia, a non-stop distance record.

U.S. President Harry Truman received Romanian Minister Mihail Ralea, officially resuming relations with Romania.

The United States returned the $1-million Chorrera Air Base to Panama.

Politics and government
King Farouk of Egypt asked Prime Minister Ismail Sidky Pasha to form a new cabinet despite his resignation.

Charles Banks was sworn in as Lieutenant-Governor of British Columbia.

Economics and finance
The price of a U.S. air mail stamp was increased to 5c.

The Congress of Industrial Organizations Maritime Engineers Beneficial Association and American Federation of Labor Organization of Masters, Mates and Pilots began a national strike for wage increases of 30-35%.

Joe Garagiola had 3 singles and 2 runs batted in to help the St. Louis Cardinals defeat the Brooklyn Dodgers 4-2 before 26,012 fans at Sportsman's Park in St. Louis in the first game of a best-of-three playoff series to decide the National League pennant. Howie Schultz drove in both Brooklyn runs with a solo home run and a single. Howie Pollet allowed 8 hits and 2 earned runs in pitching a complete game victory to finish the season with a record of 21-10. Brooklyn starter Ralph Branca allowed 6 hits, 2 bases on balls, and 3 runs--all earned--in 2 2/3 innings to take the loss. Joe Tepsic entered the game for the Dodgers in the 8th inning as a pinch runner for Joe Medwick; it was the 15th and last game of Mr. Tepsic's only major league season.

60 years ago

Died on this date
Albert Von Tilzer, 78
. U.S. songwriter. Mr. Von Tilzer, born Albert Gumm, wrote the music for such songs as Take Me Out to the Ball Game; (I'll Be With You) In Apple Blossom Time; I'm the Lonesomest Gal in Town; and Oh How She Could Yacki-Hacki, Wicki-Wacki, Woo. His older brother Harry was also a songwriter.

U.K. Foreign Secretary Selwyn Lloyd formally inaugurated the Suez Canal Users' Association at the opening session of the third London conference on the Suez dispute, attended by ambassadors of the organization's 15 member states.

Israel walked out of an Israeli-Jordanian Mixed Armistice Commission session in Jerusalem when Commission Chairman Colonel Christian Moen expressed support for the Jordanian versionof the September 23 incident in which Jordanian troops shelled an Israeli archaeological expedition near Jersualem, killing 4 civilians and wounding 17.

The Argentine and Chilean embassies in La Paz granted asylum to 75 Bolivians fleeing arrest for participating in recent anti-government riots.

Politics and government
Ernesto de la Guardia, Jr. took office as President of Panama.

British Columbia (4-7) 7 @ Winnipeg (6-4) 34
Saskatchewan (7-3) 33 @ Edmonton (7-3) 7

Bob McNamara scored 3 touchdowns, rushing 19 times for 150 yards and catching 5 passes for 61 yards, to lead the Blue Bombers over the Lions at Winnipeg Stadium.

The Roughriders' rout of the Eskimos at Clarke Stadium was the Eskimos' first loss at home since an 8-6 loss to the Roughriders on September 27, 1954; since then, the team had won 21 straight home games, including playoffs. Normie Kwong scored the Edmonton touchdown, and Bob Dean, playing what turned out to be his last game in an Edmonton uniform, converted. Mr. Dean was left off the team's list of eligible imports for the rest of the 1956 season, and was traded to the Montreal Alouettes after the season.

50 years ago

Hit parade
#1 single in Australia (Kent Music Report): Yellow Submarine/Eleanor Rigby (5th week at #1)

#1 single in France: Noir, C'est Noir--Johnny Hallyday

#1 single in Italy (FIMI): Strangers in the Night--Frank Sinatra (3rd week at #1)

#1 single in West Germany (Media Control): Yellow Submarine--The Beatles

#1 single in the Netherlands (De Nederlandse Top 40): Yellow Submarine/Eleanor Rigby--The Beatles (6th week at #1)

#1 single in the U.K. (New Musical Express): Distant Drums--Jim Reeves (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in the U.S.A. (Billboard): Cherish--The Association (2nd week at #1)

U.S.A. Top 10 (Cash Box)
1 Cherish--The Association (2nd week at #1)
2 You Can't Hurry Love--The Supremes
3 Black is Black--Los Bravos
4 Reach Out I'll Be There--Four Tops
5 Beauty is Only Skin Deep--The Temptations
6 96 Tears--? (Question Mark) and the Mysterians
7 Cherry, Cherry--Neil Diamond
8 Yellow Submarine--The Beatles
9 Wipe Out--The Surfaris
10 Last Train to Clarksville--The Monkees

Singles entering the chart were The Hair on My Chinny Chin Chin by Sam the Sham and the Pharaohs (#54); Little Man by Sonny and Cher (#58); Dandy by Herman's Hermits (#62); Spinout (#65)/All that I Am (#96) by Elvis Presley; Go Away Little Girl by the Happenings (#67); I Just Don't Know What to Do with Myself by Dionne Warwick (#74); Come on Up by the Young Rascals (#77); Nobody's Baby Again (#82)/It Just Happened That Way (#89) by Dean Martin; The Great Airplane Strike by Paul Revere and the Raiders (#84); Cold Light of Day by Gene Pitney (#86); Time Stopped by Marvin Smith (#88); The White Cliffs of Dover by the Righteous Brothers (#90); Mas Que Nada by Sergio Mendes and Brasil '66 (#92); Free Again by Barbra Streisand (#93); I Can't Give You Anything but Love by Bert Kaempfert and his Orchestra (#98); Stay with Me by Lorraine Ellison (#99); The Wheel of Hurt by Margaret Whiting (#100); and But it's Alright by J.J. Jackson (also #100). Spinout was the title song of the movie.

Former German Nazis Albert Speer and Baldur von Schirach left Spandau Prison in Berlin after completing 20-year sentences for war crimes during World War II, leaving Rudolf Hess as the prison's only remaining inmate, serving a life sentence.

West Coast Airlines Flight 956 crashed with 18 fatalities and no survivors 5 1/2 miles south of Wemme, Oregon, marking the first loss of a Douglas DC-9.

Toronto (2-8) 8 @ Ottawa (9-1) 17
Montreal (5-5) 26 @ Calgary (4-7-1) 15
Hamilton (7-2) 28 @ Edmonton (5-6-1) 7

Canadian university
Western Ontario (0-1) 7 @ Toronto (1-0) 45

Russ Jackson and Jim Dillard scored touchdowns for the Rough Riders as they defeated the Argonauts before 20,786 fans at Lansdowne Park. Larry Ferguson scored the Toronto touchdown.

Don Lisbon scored 2 touchdowns and Bernie Faloney added a touchdown and a single as the Alouettes beat the Stampeders before 17,906 fans at McMahon Stadium. Jerry Keeling started at quarterback for Calgary and threw 3 interceptions before being relieved in the 3rd quarter by Peter Liske, who threw another interception, with two of the interceptions leading to Montreal touchdowns. Mr. Liske and Howard Starks scored Calgary touchdowns.

Bobby Kuntz, Steve Hmiel, and Tommy Grant scored touchdowns for the Tiger-Cats as they beat the Eskimos before 18,000 fans at Clarke Stadium. Don Sutherin converted all 3 touchdowns and added 2 field goals. Jim Thomas scored the Edmonton touchdown, converted by Tommy-Joe Coffey. Edmonton quarterback Bill Redell surrendered 5 interceptions--3 to Garney Henley--and was sacked 6 times. The Tiger-Cats won the game despite setting a league record for a single game with 19 penalties, 3 more than the record they had set in 1958, equalled by the Ottawa Rough Riders in 1959. Hamilton's penalties added up to 162 yards, tied for second on the single-game list behind their 1958 record of 175 yards. It was the final game in the 3-year CFL career of Edmonton halfback Lu Bain.

13,000 fans at Varsity Stadium saw the defending Vanier Cup champions rout the Mustangs in Ron Murphy's first game as University of Toronto head coach.

40 years ago

Hit parade
#1 single in New Zealand: Don't Go Breaking My Heart--Elton John and Kiki Dee (5th week at #1)

#1 single in West Germany (Media Control): Daddy Cool--Boney M (3rd week at #1)

#1 single in Switzerland: Verde--Ricky King (5th week at #1)

Politics and government
The Canadian provincial Premiers met in Toronto, and again failed to reach agreement on an amending formula for the British North America Act.

Calgary high school
Western Canada 14 Henry Wise Wood (0-3) 8

30 years ago

Hit parade
#1 single in Sweden (Topplistan): Joey Killer--Magnus Uggla (2nd week at #1)

Hit parade
Edmonton's top 16 (CHED)
1 Stuck with You--Huey Lewis and the News
2 Take My Breath Away--Berlin
3 Dreamtime--Daryl Hall
4 Rumors--Timex Social Club
5 Typical Male--Tina Turner
6 Higher Love--Steve Winwood
7 True Colors--Cyndi Lauper
8 Venus--Bananarama
9 Missionary Man--Eurythmics
10 Friends and Lovers--Gloria Loring and Carl Anderson
11 Heartbeat--Don Johnson
12 Dancing on the Ceiling--Lionel Richie
13 Walk this Way--Run D.M.C.
14 Innocent--Luba
15 Throwing it All Away--Genesis
16 Love-Zone--Billy Ocean

Edmonton's top 10 (CKRA)
1 Stuck with You--Huey Lewis and the News
2 Friends and Lovers--Gloria Loring and Carl Anderson
3 Take My Breath Away--Berlin
4 Higher Love--Steve Winwood
5 Twist and Shout--The Beatles
6 Dancing on the Ceiling--Lionel Richie
7 Words Get in the Way--Miami Sound Machine
8 Rumors--Timex Social Club
9 True Colors--Cyndi Lauper
10 Venus--Bananarama

On television tonight
Our World, hosted by Linda Ellerbee and Ray Gandolf, on ABC
Tonight's episode: 13 Days in October: 1962

Politics and government
John Fraser, who had resigned as a minister in the Progressive Conservative government of Canadian Prime Minister Brian Mulroney after the tainted tuna scandal, was elected Speaker of the House of Commons, the first to be elected by secret ballot.

25 years ago

On television tonight
The Wonder Years, on ABC
Tonight's episode: The Lake

This was the first episode of the series' fifth season.

The Yugoslav People's Army (JNA) began the Siege of Dubrovnik.

Politics and government
Former Deputy Minister of Labour Raymond Protti was named head of the Canadian Security Intelligence Service (CSIS), replacing Reed Morden.

20 years ago

American League Division Series
Cleveland 4 @ Baltimore 10 (Baltimore led best-of-five series 1-0)
Texas 6 @ New York 2 (Texas led best-of-five series 1-0)

National League Division Series
San Diego 1 @ St. Louis 3 (St. Louis led best-of-five series 1-0)

10 years ago

Died on this date
Jerald Tanner, 68
. U.S. author and activist. Mr. Tanner and his wife Sandra were fifth-generation members of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints who came to saving faith in the true Lord Jesus Christ and spent the rest of their lives contending for the Christian faith against Mormonism, and became known for publishing early LDS documents that would otherwise be publicly unavailable. The Tanners founded Utah Lighthouse Ministry.

Fawaz al-Rabeiee, 27; Mohammed Daylami. Yemeni terrorists. Messrs. al-Rabeiee and Daylami were members of the movement al-Qaeda. Mr. al Rabeiee had been sentenced to death by a Yemeni court for his part in the 2002 attack on the French tanker Limburg, but had escaped from custody with 22 others in February 2006. Messrs. al-Rabeiee and Daylami were killed in the capital city of Sana'a.

Alberta (3-2) 39 @ Simon Fraser (0-3-0-1) 36 (OT)

Kendall Jeske amassed 366 combined yards--including 132 yard rushing on 16 carries--and scored 2 touchdowns to help the Golden Bears defeat the Clan at Swangarde Stadium in Burnaby, British Columbia.

Devern Hansack of the Boston Red Sox, pitching in his second major league game, had a no-hitter going after 5 innings when the game was called because of rain with the Red Sox leading the Baltimore Orioles 9-0 before 35,826 fans at Fenway Park in Boston. Mr. Hansack was credited with a complete game, a shutout, and his first major league win. Mike Lowell, Mark Loretta, and Eric Hinske hit home runs, and Gabe Kapler drove in 3 runs with a double.

Adam Lind hit a 2-run home run with 2 out in the top of the 9th inning to break a 5-5 tie and give the Toronto Blue Jays a 7-5 win over the New York Yankees before 54,886 fans at Yankee Stadium.

The Kansas City Royals, trailing 6-0 after 3 innings, scored 2 runs in the top of the 12th inning to break an 8-8 tie and defeat the Detroit Tigers 10-8 before 40,155 fans at Comerica Park in Detroit.

Justin Morneau of New Westminster, British Columbia recorded his 130th run batted in of the season to tie Larry Walker's single-season record for the most RBIs by a Canadian, as he doubled in a run for the Minnesota Twins in their 5-1 win over the Chicago White Sox before 45,182 fans at Hubert H. Humphrey Metrodome in Minneapolis. Mr. Walker, from Maple Ridge, B.C., drove in 130 runs with the Colorado Rockies in 1997.

Jeremy Brown doubled with 2 out and nobody on base in the top of the 10th inning and came in to score on an error by pitcher Brendan Donnelly to break a 10-10 tie and give the Oakland Athletics an 11-10 win over the Los Angeles Angels of Anaheim before 44,107 fans at Angel Stadium of Anaheim. Frank Thomas started the game as Oakland's designated hitter, driving in a run in the 1st inning with a sacrifice fly and hitting a 3-run home run in the 3rd. Mr. Brown pinch hit for Mr. Thomas and remained in the game as the designated hitter, batting 2 for 4 in the 5th and last game of his only major league season. His winning run was the only run of his major league career. Brad Halsey, the second of six Oakland pitchers, allowed 4 hits, 1 base on balls, and 2 runs--both earned--in 1 1/3 innings in the 88th and last game of his 3-year major league career. Curtis Pride started in left field for Anaheim, grounding out to end the 1st inning and drawing a base on balls and scoring on a 3-run homer by Jeff Mathis in the 4th before being replaced in the field. Mr. Pride, the first deaf player to play in the majors since Dick Sipek in 1945, made 1 putout in the 421st and last game of his 11-year major league career.

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