Friday, 14 October 2016

October 14, 2016

Born on this date
Happy Birthday, Waneta Cardinal!

950 years ago
1066


Died on this date
Harold II, 44 (?)
. King of England, 1066. Harold II was the last Anglo-Saxon King of England; he was chosen by the Witenagemot to succeed Edward the Confessor, and was crowned on January 6, 1066, the day after King Edward's death. He was killed while leading his troops in battle against the Norman forces of William the Conqueror in the Battle of Hastings.

War
Norman forces led by William the Conqueror defeated the English army of King Harold II in the Battle of Hastings.

210 years ago
1806


War
French forces of Emperor Napoleon I defeated Prussian forces in the Battles of Jena and Auerstedt in what is now Germany.

130 years ago
1886


Politics and government
Honoré Mercier led a coalition of Liberals and Nationalists to victory in the Québec provincial election, winning 36 seats to 26 Conservatives and 3 independent Conservatives.

125 years ago
1891


Died on this date
Sarah Winnemucca, 47 (?)
. U.S. author. Miss Winnemucca, whose Paiute name was Thocmetony (Shell Flower), was the daughter of Northern Paiute Chief Winnemucca and the first American Indian woman to secure a copyright and to publish in the English language, for her book Life Among the Piutes: Their Wrongs and Claims. She died after a long battle with tuberculosis.

Larry Corcoran, 32. U.S. baseball pitcher. Mr. Corcoran has been credited with being the first pitcher to work out a series of signals with his catcher. Pitching for the Chicago White Stockings in the National League, he posted a record of 170-84 from 1880-1884, peaking with a 27-12 record in 1884. He died of drink and Bright's disease.

110 years ago
1906


Baseball
World Series
Chicago Cubs 3 @ Chicago White Sox 8 (White Sox won best-of-seven series 4-2)

The "hitless wonders" overcame an early 1-0 deficit to score 3 runs in the bottom of the 1st inning and 4 in the second to defeat the Cubs before 19,249 fans at South Side Park, winning their first World Series championship, and completing one of the biggest upsets in World Series history. The Cubs scored a run in the 9th and loaded the bases with 2 out, but Wildfire Schulte grounded out to end the game and the series. Doc White, who had saved the game the previous day, pitched a 7-hit complete game for the win, while Cubs' starter Three Finger Brown, pitching on only one day's rest, allowed 8 hits and 7 earned runs in 1 2/3 innings to take his second loss of the series.

100 years ago
1916


Born on this date
C. Everett Koop
. U.S. physician. Dr. Koop was surgeon-in-chief at the Children's Hospital of Philadelphia from 1946-1981, and specialized in performing operations on children with birth defects, including several operations to separate conjoined twins. He served as United States Surgeon General under Presidents Ronald Reagan and George Bush from 1982-1989, and was known for his opposition to tobacco use and abortion and advocacy for the rights of disabled children. Dr. Koop died on February 25, 2013 at the age of 96.

Football
OFL
East
Queen's University 8 @ Ottawa 43 (1st game of 2-game total points series)

West
Hamilton 14 @ Toronto 5 (Hamilton won 2-game total points series 32-14)

90 years ago
1926


Literature
Winnie-the-Pooh by A.A. Milne was published in London by Methuen & Company Ltd.

75 years ago
1941


War
Radio reports from Moscow admitted that German forces had smashed to Mozhaisk, 60 miles west of Moscow, and to Kalinin, 100 miles to the northwest.

World events
Dr. Arnulfo Arias, deposed President of Panama, arrived at Cristobal from Cuba and surrendered to Panamanian police.

Diplomacy
U.S. Ambassador to Argentina Norman Armour and Argentine Foreign Minister Enrique Ruiz Guinau signed a three-year treaty in Buenos Aires.

Defense
11 isolationist U.S. Senators met in the office of Sen. Hiram Johnson (Republican--California) to plan their strategy in opposing an amendment to the Neutrality Act that would permit the arming of U.S. merchant ships and allow them to enter war zones.

Economics and finance
The Canadian cabinet of Prime Minister Mackenzie King decided on a complete freeze of wages and prices as of December 1, 1941, under the Wartime Prices and Trade Board.

70 years ago
1946


Hit parade
U.S. top 10 (Cash Box)
1 To Each His Own--Eddy Howard and his Orchestra (10th week at #1)
--Freddy Martin and his Orchestra
--Tony Martin
--The Modernaires with Paula Kelly
--The Ink Spots
2 Five Minutes More--Frank Sinatra
--Tex Beneke and the Glenn Miller Orchestra
--The Three Suns
3 Surrender--Perry Como
--Woody Herman and his Orchestra
4 South America, Take it Away--Bing Crosby and the Andrews Sisters
--Xavier Cugat and the Waldorf-Astoria Orchestra
5 Rumors are Flying--Frankie Carle and his Orchestra
--Betty Rhodes
--The Andrews Sisters with Les Paul
6 This is Always--Harry James and his Orchestra
--Jo Stafford
7 Blue Skies--Count Basie and his Orchestra
--Benny Goodman and his Orchestra
8 Choo Choo Ch' Boogie--Louis Jordan and his Tympany Five
9 Pretending--Andy Russell
10 Ole Buttermilk Sky--Kay Kyser and his Orchestra
--Paul Weston and his Orchestra with Matt Dennis

Singles entering the chart were The Things We Did Last Summer, with versions by Frank Sinatra, and Vaughn Monroe and his Orchestra (#25) and Temptation by Gordon Jenkins and his Orchestra (#29).

On the radio
The Casebook of Gregory Hood, starring Elliott Lewis and Howard McNear, on MBS
Tonight's episode: The Eloquent Corpse

War
The Paris Peace Conference approved the Finnish peace treaty after an unsuccessful U.S. attempt to reduce Finnish war reparations.

Indonesian Prime Minister Sutan Sjahrir and Netherlands officials signed a truce in Batavia.

Religion
The Vatican's Sacred Congregation of the Council excommunicated all Roman Catholics, including Yugoslavian President Marshal Josip Tito, who "concurred physically or morally" in the October 11 conviction in Zagreb of Yugoslavian Roman Catholic Archbishop Aloysius Stepinac on charges of aiding Croatian Premier Ante Pavelich's Ustashi regime during World War II; provoking racial hatred; and forcibly converting Serbs to Catholicism.

Economics and finance
Canada Savings Bonds were introduced for the first time.

Responding to congressional pressure and a continuing meat shortage, U.S. President Harry Truman removed price controls from livestock and meat.

Education
Allied headquarters in Tokyo approved new Japanese history textbooks, eliminating militarism and ancestor worship.

Football
IRFU
Toronto (5-2-1) 7 @ Hamilton (0-6-2) 2

WIFU
Winnipeg (5-2) 9 @ Saskatchewan (1-6) 0

Canadian university
Alberta (2-0) 18 @ Saskatchewan (0-2) 0

Don Hiney kicked a field goal in the 2nd quarter and Harry Hood rushed for a touchdown, converted by Mr. Hiney, on the last play of the game, as the Blue Bombers shut out the Roughriders before only about 400 fans on the grounds of Campion College in Regina. The game had been moved because the field at Park de Young was deemed unplayable because of mud. The Saskatchewan offense produced just 1 first down.

Harry Hobbs scored 2 touchdowns for the Golden Bears as they shut out the Huskies at Griffiths Stadium in Saskatoon for the second time in three days.

60 years ago
1956


On television tonight
Alfred Hitchcock Presents, on CBS
Tonight's episode: De Mortuis, starring Robert Emhardt, Cara Williams, and Henry Jones

Defense
The Israeli government expressed its "alarm" at a British statement pledging fulfillment of its obligations to defend Jordan in the event of an Israeli attack.

U.S. Defense Secretary Charles Wilson said in a televised interview that banning nuclear tests "isn't a feasible thing for our country to do on its own" and that the matter had not been recently discussed in the Pentagon.

Politics and government
Pennsylvania Governor George Leader said that he was thinking of Seal Rocks or Treasure Island when he recommended, in a speech two days earlier in Oakland, that Vice President Richard Nixon be retired to an "offshore island...out in the bay." Mr. Leader had widely been believed to have been referring to Alcatraz Island, home of an escape-proof penitentiary.

The Italian Communist newspaper L'Unita published a draft platform for an upcoming party congress stressing the need for Italian Communists to seek "socialism on a new road," different from "other countries."

Religion
Dr. B. R. Ambedkar, former Indian Law and Justice Minister and prominent Dalit (Untouchable), publicly converted to Buddhism along with as many as 600,000 followers at Deekshabhoomi in in Nagpur, Maharashtra. Dr. Ambedkar then performed a similar ceremony in Chandrapur. The ceremony included a specific renunciation of Hinduism because of its cast system, which excluded Dalits.

50 years ago
1966


Hit parade
#1 single in New Zealand: Eleanor Rigby--The Beatles

Edmonton's top 10 (CJCA)
1 Last Train to Clarksville--The Monkees (3rd week at #1)
2 96 Tears--? (Question Mark) & the Mysterians
3 Poor Side of Town--Johnny Rivers
4 Almost Persuaded--David Houston
5 Cherish--The Association
6 Hooray for Hazel--Tommy Roe
7 Bus Stop--The Hollies
8 With a Girl Like You--The Troggs
9 Black is Black--Los Bravos
10 The Hair on My Chinny Chin Chin--Sam the Sham and the Pharaohs
Pick hit of the week: Nineteen Days--The Dave Clark Five
New this week: Good Vibrations--The Beach Boys
Winchester Cathedral--The New Vaudeville Band
The Work Song--Trade Martin
Bound to Fly--3's a Crowd
Love Has Many Ways--Buddy Knox

Music
Louis Armstrong performed before a sellout crowd at the Northern Alberta Jubilee Auditorium in Edmonton.

Transportation
Montreal's new Métro subway went into operation, with 26 stations operated by la Societé de Transport de la Communaute Urbaine de Montréal (STCUM).

Religion
Roman Catholic Church leaders in Canada, following the lead of the Vatican, announced a relaxation of the ban on eating meat on Fridays, effective 2 P.M. Mountain Standard Time. The directice said that penitential observance should be continued on Fridays and during Lent.

Politics and government
James Smith, 47, was named Commissioner of Yukon Territory, with his appointment taking effect on November 7, 1966. He succeeded Gordon Cameron.

Protest
More than 100 students at Jasper Place High School in Edmonton stayed out of class to demonstrate in favour of the establishment of a smoking room in the school.

40 years ago
1976


Died on this date
Edith Evans, 88
. U.K. actress. Dame Edith was best known as a stage actress in a career spanning more than 60 years. She also appeared in several films, and was nominated for Academy Awards for her supporting performances in Tom Jones (1963) and The Chalk Garden (1964) and her leading role in The Whisperers (1968).

Labour
Over one million Canadian Labour Congress members participated in a Day of Protest against federal wage and price controls. The protest included a march on Parliament Hill in Ottawa.

Baseball
American League Championship Series
Kansas City 6 @ New York 7 (New York won best-of-five series 3-2)

Chris Chambliss hit Mark Littell's first pitch for a home run in the bottom of the 9th inning before 56,821 fans at Yankee Stadium to give the Yankees their first AL pennant in 12 years and 30th in their history.



30 years ago
1986


Died on this date
Keenan Wynn, 70
. U.S. actor. Mr. Wynn, the son of comedian Ed Wynn, was a character actor who appeared in numerous television programs and movies; he and his father appeared together in the Playhouse 90 television drama Requiem for a Heavyweight (1956). Keenan Wynn died of pancreatic cancer.

Weather
It was a beautiful day in Edmonton, with the temperature reaching 78 F.

Baseball
National League Championship Series
Houston 1 @ New York 2 (12 innings) (New York led best-of-seven series 3-2)

Gary Carter singled off losing pitcher Charlie Kerfeld to drive in Wally Backman with the winning run before 54,986 fans at Shea Stadium. Jesse Orosco picked up his second win of the series in relief. Houston starting pitcher Nolan Ryan allowed just 2 hits and recorded 12 strikeouts in 9 innings.

American League Championship Series
California 4 @ Boston 10 (Best-of-seven series tied 3-3)

The Angels scored 2 runs in the top of the 1st inning, but the Red Sox scored 2 in the bottom of the inning and erupted for 5 runs in the 3rd before 32,998 fans at Fenway Park. Oil Can Boyd was the winning pitcher over Kirk McCaskill.

25 years ago
1991


Hit parade
#1 single in Finland (Musiikkituottajat – IFPI Finland): Onnellinen perhe--Ne Luumäet

Diplomacy
Burmese opposition leader Aung San Suu Kyi was named winner of the Nobel Peace Prize.

Football
CFL
Saskatchewan (5-10) 21 @ Hamilton (2-13) 42

The Tiger-Cats' win before 12,682 fans was their second on a holiday Monday at Ivor Wynne Stadium in 1991, and both were by exactly double the score of their opponents. They had defeated the Toronto Argonauts 48-24 on Labour Day.

Baseball
National League Championship Series
Pittsburgh 1 @ Atlanta 0 (Pittsburgh led best-of-seven series 3-2)

Zane Smith won the pitching duel over Tom Glavine before 51,109 fans at Atlanta-Fulton County Stadium, as Jose Lind singled in the game's only run in the 5th inning. The Braves appeared to have scored a run in the 4th inning when Mark Lemke singled home David Justice, but Mr. Justice had stumbled past third base on his way home, and he was called out on appeal, the ruling being that he hadn't touched third base.

20 years ago
1996


Hit parade
#1 single in Spain (PROMUSICAE): Stranger in Moscow--Michael Jackson (4th week at #1)

Canada's top 10 (RPM)
1 Let's Make a Night to Remember--Bryan Adams
2 If it Makes You Happy--Sheryl Crow
3 Key West Intermezzo (I Saw You First)--John Mellencamp
4 Who You Are--Pearl Jam
5 I Love You Always Forever--Donna Lewis
6 E-Bow the Letter--R.E.M.
7 Nowhere to Go--Melissa Etheridge
8 It's All Coming Back to Me Now--Celine Dion
9 Change the World--Eric Clapton
10 Standing Outside a Broken Phone Booth with Money in My Hand--Primitive Radio Gods

Singles entering the chart were When You Love a Woman by Journey (#84); Climb That Hill by Tom Petty and the Heartbreakers (#91); God Made Me by Chantal Kreviazuk (#92); Slang by Def Leppard (#94); Neil Armstrong by Starkicker (#96); Blackberry by the Black Crowes (#97); Lie on Lie by Chalk Farm (#99); and Barely Breathing by Duncan Sheik (#100).

Environment
The first World Conservation Congress was held in Montréal.

Football
CFL
Montreal (9-6) 25 @ Ottawa (3-12) 18
Toronto (12-3) 23 @ Calgary (12-4) 30

Mike Pringle rushed for 157 yards and amassed 253 combined yards to help the Alouettes defeat the Rough Riders before 14,080 fans at Frank Clair Stadium. Montreal quarterback Tracy Ham became the leading rusher among quarterbacks in CFL history, boosting his career total to 6,763 yards.

The Calgary defense stopped a late Toronto drive on the Stampeder 21-yard line as they held on to defeat the Argonauts before 27,436 fans at McMahon Stadium.

Baseball
National League Championship Series
Atlanta 14 @ St. Louis 0 (St. Louis led best-of-seven series 3-2)

The Braves scored 5 runs in the top of the 1st inning and 2 in the 2nd as they coasted to their rout of the Cardinals before 56,782 fans at Busch Memorial Stadium. John Smoltz allowed 7 hits in 7 innings to get the win, while batting 2 for 4 with a run and a run batted in. Losing pitcher Todd Stottlemyre allowed 9 hits and 7 earned runs in 1+ innings.

10 years ago
2006


Died on this date
Freddy Fender, 69
. U.S. musician. Mr. Fender, born Baldemar Garza Huerta, was a singer-songwriter who was popular on both the country and popular charts in the mid-1970s with singles such as Before the Next Teardrop Falls (1975) and Wasted Days and Wasted Nights (1975). He died of lung cancer.

Diplomacy
The United Nations Security Council voted unanimously to impose punishing sanctions on North Korea for carrying out a nuclear test.

Football
CFL
Toronto (10-6) 28 @ Edmonton (5-11) 25

Damon Allen completed a 9-yard touchdown pass to Andre Talbot in the 3rd quarter and a 28-yard TD pass to Arland Bruce in the 4th quarter, but it was a 75-yard interception return for a touchdown by Byron Parker with 1:14 remaining in regulation time that provided the winning margin as the Argonauts defeated the Eskimos before 39,533 fans at Commonwealth Stadium, eliminating the defending Grey Cup champion Eskimos from playoff contention for the first time in 35 years. Former Eskimo John Avery rushed 23 yards for the first Toronto touchdown in the 2nd quarter. The Eskimos didn't score a touchdown until there was just 3:52 remaining in regulation time, when Ricky Ray completed a 12-yard pass to Jason Tucker and then threw 5 yards to Mr. Tucker for a 2-point convert to reduce the Toronto lead to 21-18. Mr. Parker's touchdown, converted by Chris Hardy, gave the Argonauts a 10-point lead, and the Eskimos closed the scoring with a 7-yard touchdown rush by Mr. Ray, converted by Sean Fleming on the last play of the game. Troy Davis, playing what turned out to be his last game in an Edmonton uniform, rushed 18 times for 118 yards to reach 1,060 yards for the season. Mr. Tucker caught 8 passes for 136 yards and teammate Mookie Mitchell caught 7 for 102. The Eskimos had 30 first downs to 10 for the Argonauts, and almost 200 yards more in offense, but still managed to lose the game.

CIS
Calgary (0-6) 10 @ Alberta (4-2) 33

NCAA
Florida International (0-7) 0 @ University of Miami (4-2) 35

The teams engaged in a bench-clearing brawl in the 3rd quarter that resulted in 13 players being ejected and 31 players being suspended.



Baseball
American League Championship Series
Oakland 3 @ Detroit 6 (Detroit won best-of-seven series 4-0)

National League Championship Series
New York 0 @ St. Louis 5 (St. Louis led best-of-seven series 2-1)

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