Monday, 17 October 2016

October 16, 2016

425 years ago
1591


Died on this date
Gregory XIV, 56
. Roman Catholic Pope, 1590-1591. Pope Gregory XIV, born Niccolò Sfondrato or Sfondrati, succeeded Urban VII on December 5, 1590. He intervened on the side of the Catholic party in the French Wars of Religion, and excommunicated King Henry IV of France as a heretic. Gregory XIV was in poor health when he assumed the papacy, and died from a large gallstone. He was succeeded by Innocent IX.

225 years ago
1791


Died on this date
Grigory Potemkin, 52
. Russian military officer and politician. General Potemkin, a favourite of Czarina Catherine II "The Great," was President of the College of War from 1774 until his death, five days after his 52nd birthday, after falling ill during negotiations over the Treaty of Jassy, which ended a war with the Ottoman Empire that he had overseen.

175 years ago
1841


Born on this date
Itō Hirobumi
. Prime Minister of Japan, 1885-1888, 1892-1896, 1898, 1900-1901. Prince Hirobumi, born Hayashi Risuke, was the first Prime Minister under the Meiji Constitution. He was a monarchist who opposed party politics, and pursued an ambitious foreign policy. Prince Hirobumi served as Resident General of Korea from December 21, 1905-June 14, 1909. He was assassinated by Korean nationalist An Jung-geun at the railway station in Harbin, China on October 26, 1909, 10 days after his 68th birthday. Prince Hirobumi was in Harbin for a meeting with Vladimir Kokovtsov, a Russian representative in Manchuria.

Academia
The Presbyterian Church of Canada chartered Queen's College in Kingston, Canada West to train young men for the ministry; it became Queen's University in 1912.

170 years ago
1846


Medicine
Dentist William T. G. Morton first publicly demonstrated ether anesthesia in the Ether Dome at Massachusetts General Hospital in Boston.

130 years ago
1886


Football
ORFU
Round 1
City
Kingston Rifles defaulted to Ottawa Rough Riders @ Ottawa
London 7 @ Hamilton 5

College
Queen's College and Royal Military College played to a draw at Kingston.

125 years ago
1891


World events
A brawl between American sailors and Chilean nationals outside the True Blue Saloon in Valparaiso resulted in 2 sailors being killed, 17 wounded (5 seriously), and many arrested. A diplomatic crisis, including the threat of war, ensued, but was defused in 1892.

110 years ago
1906


Crime
Wilhelm Voigt, "The Captain of Köpenick," fooled the city hall of Köpenick, Germany and several soldiers by impersonating a Prussian military officer.

100 years ago
1916


Society
In Brooklyn, New York, Margaret Sanger opened the first family planning clinic in the United States.

90 years ago
1926


Football
IRFU
Toronto (0-2) 2 @ Ottawa (2-0) 16
Montreal (1-2) 6 @ Hamilton (2-1) 17

ORFU
Camp Borden (1-1) 3 @ Toronto (2-0) 13

Canadian university
Queen's (0-1) 5 @ Toronto (1-0) 11

AFL
Newark (0-2-1) 0 @ Philadelphia (3-0) 9
Los Angeles (2-3) 21 @ Boston (1-2) 0

80 years ago
1936


Baseball
New York Yankees' first baseman Lou Gehrig, who had batted .354 with 49 home runs, 152 runs batted in, and 167 runs scored, was voted the American League's Most Valuable Player.

75 years ago
1941


At the movies
International Lady, starring George Brent, Ilona Massey, and Basil Rathbone, opened in theatres.

War
The German command announced that Odessa had been captured after a two-month siege. Near-panic reigned in Moscow as residents, fearing German troops were about to capture the city, fled to the east. French Prime Minister Marshal Philippe Petain announced the imprisonment of seven former French political and military leaders on charges of responsibility for France's military defeat. They included former Prime Ministers Eduard Daladier, Paul Reynaud, and Leon Blum.

Politics and government
The cabinet of Japanese Prime Minister Prince Fujimaro Konoye, who was desperately trying to avoid war with the United States, fell, to be replaced by a more pro-war, anti-American cabinet led by War Minister Lieutenant General Hideki Tojo.

All members of the Colombian cabinet except Foreign Minister Luis Lopez de Mesa resigned in order to let President Eduardo Santos reorganize the cabinet.

Defense
U.S. War Secretary Henry Stimson said that U.S. forces in Iceland were commanded by Major General Charles Bonesteel and were not under British command.

Economics and finance
U.S. Treasury Secretary Henry Morgenthau said that the federal debt limit would have to be raised "considerably" above the present statutory limit of $65 billion.

Health
Drs. John R. Paul and James Trask of Yale University School of Medicine said that they had caught flies that were found to be carrying the polio virus after feeding in sewage systems.

70 years ago
1946


Died on this date
Wilhelm Frick, 69; Wilhelm Keitel, 64; Julius Streicher, 61; Alfred Jodl, 56; Arthur Seyss-Inquart, 54; Alfred Rosenberg, 53; Joachim von Ribbentrop, 53; Fritz Sauckel, 51; Hans Frank, 46; Ernst Kaltenbrunner, 43. German and Austrian war criminals. The 10 Nazis were hanged at Nuremberg after being convicted of war crimes and/or crimes against humanity during World War II.

War
Nationalist Chinese leader Generalissimo Chiang Kai-shek offered an eight-point truce proposal to the Communists, including a redisposition of troops in Manchuria.

Politics and government
A Gallup Poll reported that 54% of American voters preferred the Republican party and disapproved of Harry Truman's performance as President.

Protest
A group of 36 Protestant ministers picketed the White House in Washington asking amnesty for 1,200 conscientous objectors still in prison.

Economics and finance
The United States cancelled the remaining $40 million of a $50-million credit to Czechoslovakia for purchase of surplus Army equipment because of Czech plans to sell $10 million of the material to Romania at a profit.

In the aftermath of price decontrol, Chicago cattle prices hit a record high price of $35.25 per 100 pounds.

Hockey
NHL
Gordie Howe of the Detroit Red Wings scored a goal against the Toronto Maple Leafs in his first National Hockey League game.

60 years ago
1956


World events
Johannesburg sources reported that the world's largest emerald, weighing 11,000 carats, had been found by Charles Kempt and J. Botes, but had been broken while being removed from the quartz in which it was lodged.

50 years ago
1966


Died on this date
George O'Hara, 67
. U.S. actor. Mr. O'Hara, born George Bolger, starred in numerous films during the silent film era in the 1920s, but was reduced to bit part roles--often uncredited--in the 1930s and '40s.

Football
CFL
Hamilton (8-4) 18 @ Ottawa (11-1) 20
Edmonton (5-8-1) 14 @ Winnipeg (6-7-1) 16

Joe Poirier returned an interception 55 yards for a touchdown, and Ron Stewart rushed 3 yards for a TD late in the game to help the Rough Riders edge the Tiger-Cats before 24,015 fans at Lansdowne Park, clinching first place in the East for the first time since 1951. Moe Racine converted both Ottawa touchdowns and added 2 field goals. Joe Zuger passed to Tommy Grant for the first Hamilton touchdown and rushed for the second himself, while Don Sutherin added a convert, 2 field goals, and 2 singles.

Norm Winton returned a fumble 18 yards for a touchdown in the 4th quarter and later kicked a field goal to enable the Blue Bombers to edge the Eskimos before 19,020 fans at Winnipeg Stadium. Ken Nielsen scored the other Winnipeg touchdown, and Ed Ulmer punted for a single. Joe Hernandez scored the only Edmonton touchdown when he lined up onside and went 53 yards after recovering teammate Randy Kerbow's punt. Tommy-Joe Coffey converted and added a field goal, and the Eskimos scored a pair of safety touches.

40 years ago
1976


Hit parade
#1 single in Italy (Hit Parade Italia): Margherita--Riccardo Cocciante (5th week at #1)

#1 single in the Netherlands (Veronica Top 40): Mon Amour--BZN (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in the U.K (New Musical Express).: Mississippi--Pussycat

#1 single in the U.S.A. (Billboard): Disco Duck (Part 1)--Rick Dees and his Cast of Idiots

U.S.A. Top 10 (Cash Box)
1 Disco Duck (Part 1)--Rick Dees and his Cast of Idiots
2 If You Leave Me Now--Chicago
3 A Fifth of Beethoven--Walter Murphy and the Big Apple Band
4 Lowdown--Boz Scaggs
5 Devil Woman--Cliff Richard
6 Still the One--Orleans
7 She's Gone--Daryl Hall & John Oates
8 I Only Want to Be with You--Bay City Rollers
9 Magic Man--Heart
10 Rock'n Me--Steve Miller Band

Singles entering the chart were You Make Me Feel Like Dancing by Leo Sayer (#80); So Sad the Song by Gladys Knight and the Pips (#90); Jump by Aretha Franklin (#91); After the Lovin' by Engelbert Humperdinck (#92); Nice 'N' Naasty by Salsoul Orchestra (#93); Home Tonight by Aerosmith (#95); Boomerang by Frankie Valli (#97); and Daylight by Vicki Sue Robinson (#100).

Canada's top 10 (RPM)
1 If You Leave Me Now--Chicago (2nd week at #1)
2 That'll Be the Day--Linda Ronstadt
3 Disco Duck (Part 1)--Rick Dees and his Cast of Idiots
4 Devil Woman--Cliff Richard
5 Play That Funky Music--Wild Cherry
6 The Wreck of the Edmund Fitzgerald--Gordon Lightfoot
7 I Only Want to Be with You--Bay City Rollers
8 New York to L.A.--Patsy Gallant
9 Still the One--Orleans
10 A Fifth of Beethoven--Walter Murphy and the Big Apple Band

Singles entering the chart were Stand Tall by Burton Cummings (#91); You're the One by Blood, Sweat and Tears (#92); The Rubberband Man by the Spinners (#93); A Dose of Rock 'n' Roll by Ringo Starr (#94); Tonight's the Night (Gonna Be Alright) by Rod Stewart (#95); Mr. Melody by Natalie Cole (#96); Nights are Forever Without You by England Dan & John Ford Coley (#97); Love Ballad by LTD (#98); Harvest for the World by the Isley Brothers (#99); and Message in Our Music by the O'Jays (#100).

Hockey
NHL
Philadelphia 5 @ Toronto 5
Lanny McDonald scored 3 goals in 2 minutes 54 seconds to help the Maple Leafs tie the Flyers before 16,485 fans at Maple Leaf Gardens in the national Hockey Night in Canada telecast.

Football
CFL
Calgary (1-11-1) 36 @ Ottawa (8-4-1) 37

Gerry Organ's 47-yard field goal with 2:32 remaining in the game gave the Roughriders their win over the Stampeders at Lansdowne Park. Art Green rushed for 2 touchdowns and went over 1,000 yards rushing for the season as the Rough Riders took a 31-13 halftime lead and barely withstood a furious Calgary comeback.

CIAU
Calgary (3-4) 19 @ Saskatchewan (4-3) 30
British Columbia (4-2) 38 @ Alberta (3-3) 45

Barry Fraser completed just 12 of 31 passes, but two of his completions went for touchdowns to Dean Huggins and Ken Platz as the Huskies defeated the Dinosaurs at Griffiths Stadium in Saskatoon. Gene Wall rushed 22 times for 106 yards and the other Saskatchewan touchdown, while Dave Osiowy added 3 converts and 3 field goals. Darrell Moir, who alternated with Don Siler at quarterback, rushed 5 yards for the first Calgary TD in the 3rd quarter, while Dennis Beselt rushed 8 yards for the other Calgary touchdown in the 4th quarter. Mr. Siler added 2 converts, a field goal, and a single.

Brian Larsen completed 21 of 30 passes for 303 yards and 4 touchdowns--2 to Dalton Smarsh, and 1 each to Joe Poplawski and Kerry O'Connor, while rushing for 2 TDs of his own, as the Golden Bears beat the Thunderbirds at Varsity Stadium in Edmonton. Mr. Poplawski added 6 converts and a field goal. B.C. quarterback Dan Smith completed 24 of 36 passes for 314 yards and touchdown passes to Chris Davies and Digby Leigh, while Gord Penn rushed for 149 yards and touchdowns of 5 and 44 yards. Glen Wallace rushed 5 yards for the final B.C. touchdown with 3 1/2 minutes remaining in the game. The Thunderbirds had two chances to tie the game in the final minutes, but Alberta linebacker Dave Zacharko made an interception, and safety Don Guy recovered a B.C. fumble. The Thunderbirds amassed 533 yards in net offense to 522 yards for the Golden Bears.

Baseball
World Series
New York Yankees 1 @ Cincinnati Reds 5 (Cincinnati led best-of-seven series 1-0)

Tony Perez drove in 2 runs, Johnny Bench tripled in a run and scored on a wild pitch, and Joe Morgan hit a solo home run as the Reds beat the Yankees before 54,826 fans at Riverfront Stadium. Don Gullett started on the mound for Cincinnati and allowed 5 hits and 1 earned run in 7 1/3 innings to get the win before leaving with a pulled calf muscle in what turned out to be his last game in a Cincinnati uniform. Doyle Alexander allowed 9 hits and 5 earned runs in 6 innings to take the loss for the Yankees in their first World Series game in 12 years.

30 years ago
1986


Hit parade
Edmonton's top 30 (CHED)
1 Rumors--Timex Social Club (2nd week at #1)
2 Dreamtime--Daryl Hall
3 Typical Male--Tina Turner
4 True Colors--Cyndi Lauper
5 Throwing it All Away--Genesis
6 Heartbeat--Don Johnson
7 When I Think of You--Janet Jackson
8 I Am by Your Side--Corey Hart
9 Two of Hearts--Stacey Q
10 Stuck with You--Huey Lewis and the News
11 Innocent--Luba
12 Spirit in the Sky--Doctor and the Medics
13 Take My Breath Away--Berlin
14 Sweet Love--Anita Baker
15 Missionary Man--Eurythmics
16 Heaven in Your Eyes--Loverboy
17 Human--Human League
18 Take Me Home Tonight--Eddie Money
19 Girl Can't Help It--Journey
20 Friends and Lovers--Gloria Loring and Carl Anderson
21 Higher Love--Steve Winwood
22 A Matter of Trust--Billy Joel
23 When I Fall in Love Again--Zappacosta
24 Walk this Way--Run-D.M.C.
25 Where's the Fire--Tim Feehan
26 Venus--Bananarama
27 Amanda--Boston
28 Love-Zone--Billy Ocean
29 True Blue--Madonna
30 Someday--Glass Tiger

On television tonight
Our World, hosted by Linda Ellerbee and Ray Gandolf, on ABC
Tonight's episode: Autumn 1956

Adventure
Italian mountaineer Reinhold Messner became the first person to reach the summit of all 14 mountains of altitudes of 8,000 metres or higher.

25 years ago
1991


Hit parade
#1 single in Sweden (Topplistan): (Everything I Do) I Do it for You--Bryan Adams (10th week at #1)

On television tonight
The Wonder Years, on ABC
Tonight's episode: The Hardware Store

Crime
George Hennard ran amok in Killeen, Texas, shooting and killing 23 and wounding 27 in Luby's Cafeteria before killing himself.

Baseball
National League Championship Series
Atlanta 1 @ Pittsburgh 0 (Best-of-seven series tied 3-3)

Greg Olson doubled to drive in Ron Gant with the game's only run in the top of the 9th inning, allowing Steve Avery to win a pitchers' duel against Doug Drabek before 54,508 fans at Three Rivers Stadium.

20 years ago
1996


Law
The British Government of Prime Minister John Major announced plans to outlaw almost all handguns following the massacre of 16 schoolchildren in Dunblane, Scotland on March 13, 1996.

Disasters
84 people were killed and more than 180 injured as 47,000 football fans attempted to squeeze into the 36,000-seat Estadio Mateo Flores in Guatemala City.

Baseball
National League Championship Series
St. Louis 1 @ Atlanta 3 (Best-of-seven series tied 3-3)

10 years ago
2006


Died on this date
Lister Sinclair, 85
. Indian-born Canadian writer and broadcaster. Mr. Sinclair was a polymath who was born in India of Scottish parents and came to Canada at the age of 18 in 1939. He was associated with the Canadian Broadcasting Corporation from 1942 until shortly before his death, initially as an actor, and later as a writer, producer, and executive. Mr. Sinclair was perhaps best known as the writer, producer, and host of the radio program Ideas from 1983-1999.

Valentín Paniagua, 70. 91st President of Peru, 2000-2001. Mr. Paniagua, a member of the Acción Popular Party, held various positions before serving as interim President after the ouster of Alberto Fujimori in November 2000, organizing new elections, and standing down as President in July 2001. He died 23 days after his 70th birthday, after several years of declining health.

Tony Curry, 68. Bahamian baseball player. Mr. Curry, the second Bahamian--after Andre Rodgers--to play in the major leagues, was an outfielder with the Philadelphia Phillies (1960-1961) and Cleveland Indians (1966), batting .246 with 6 home runs and 40 runs batted in in 129 games. He batted .290 with 145 home runs and at least 511 RBIs in 1,118 games in 10 seasons in the minor leagues from 1957-1968. Mr. Curry died after a long battle with kidney disease.

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