Thursday, 20 October 2016

October 19, 2016

800 years ago

Died on this date
John, 49
. King of England, 1199-1216. John, the youngest son of King Henry II, succeeded his older brother Richard I as King. He was one of the most unpopular monarchs in English history, and was best known for his battles with the nobility, which resulted in his signing the Magna Carta in 1215. King John died of dysentery and was succeeded as King of England by his 9-year-old son Henry III.

550 years ago

King Casimir IV of Poland and Teutonic knights signed the Second Peace of Thorn, ending the Thirteen Years' War.

160 years ago

Died on this date
William Sprague, 56
. U.S. politician. Mr. Sprague, a Whig, represented Rhode Island in the United States House of Representatives from 1835-1837 and in the United States Senate from 1842-1844. He was Governor of Rhode Island from 1838-1839.

130 years ago

World Championship Series
St. Louis Browns 12 @ Chicago White Stockings 0 (8 innings) (Best-of-seven series tied 1-1)

Bob Caruthers pitched a 1-hitter, and St. Louis left fielder Tip O'Neill hit 2 inside-the-park home runs at West Side Park.

100 years ago

Born on this date
Jean Dausset
. French immunologist. Dr. Dausset shared the 1980 Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine with Baruj Benacerraf and George Snell "for their discoveries concerning genetically determined structures on the cell surface that regulate immunological reactions." Dr. Dausset died on June 6, 2009 at the age of 92.

90 years ago

Politics and government
Canadian Prime Minister Mackenzie King was in attendance at the beginning of the Imperial Conference in London, which ran until November 23, 1926.

80 years ago

Associated Press released its first ranking of U.S. college football teams. The top-ranked team this week were the University of Minnesota Golden Gophers, coached by Bernie Bierman.

75 years ago

On the radio
The New Adventures of Sherlock Holmes, starring Basil Rathbone and Nigel Bruce, on NBC
Tonight's episode: The Case with Two Solutions

U.S.S.R. dictator Josef Stalin decreed a state of siege in Moscow and surrounding districts as German armies continued to move closer to the city. A meeting of 1,500 British shop stewards in London "demands the opening up of a Western Front as quickly as possible" to help the Soviet Union. The 4,983-ton U.S.-owned freighter Lehigh was torpedoed and sunk off Freetown, Sierra Leone.

Kabul radio announced that the Afghan government of King Mohammed Zahir Shah had ordered German and Italian nationals to leave the country.

Peru expressed concern to the U.S. State Department over the U.S. seizure of Douglas bombers that had been consigned to Peru.

Politics and government
U.S. House of Representatives Committee on Un-American Activities Chairman Martin Dies (Democrat--Texas) sent Attorney General Francis Biddle a list of 1,124 federal employees whom he called Communists or fellow travellers.

25,000 people were in attendance at Yankee Stadium to see former college stars Tom Harmon and John Kimbrough make their professional debuts with the New York Americans against the Columbus Bulls.

70 years ago

Hit parade
#1 single in the U.S.A. (Billboard): To Each His Own--Eddy Howard and his Orchestra (10th week at #1)

On the radio
The New Adventures of Sherlock Holmes, starring Tom Conway and Nigel Bruce, on ABC
Tonight's episode: The Black Angus

Bombings attributed to Nazis damaged U.S. military government buildings and denazification headquarters in Stuttgart and nearby Backnang.

British authorities imposed a night curfew on Jerusalem due to intensified sniping and mine-laying by Zionist terrorists.

Politics and government
Italian Deputy Prime Minister Pietro Nenni was named Foreign Minister, becoming the first Socialist to hold the post.

Iranian Prime Minister Ahmad Ghavam Saltaneh shuffled his cabinet, dropping three left-wing members and appointing Prince Mozzafar Firouz as Ambassador to the U.S.S.R.

Economics and finance
The U.S. Civilian Production Administration cancelled all limitations on manufacture of women's clothes and children's coats and dresses.

The New York, New Orleans, and Chicago Cotton Exchanges suspended trading after cotton futures on the New York Exchange plunged the maximum daily limit of $10 per bale for the third successive day.

Ottawa (4-2-2) 12 @ Toronto (5-2-2) 3

Saskatchewan (2-6) 18 @ Winnipeg (5-3) 17

WIFU-Canadian university
University of Alberta 2 @ Calgary 9

Toronto Balmy Beach (4-4) 11 @ Ottawa (0--8) 0
Windsor (2-6) 0 @ Hamilton (6-1-1) 29
Sarnia (4-4) 0 @ Toronto Indians (7-0-1) 18

Canadian university
Toronto (2-1) 21 @ Queen's (0-3) 0
McGill (1-2) 2 @ Western Ontario (3-0) 18

Sully Glasser and Johnny Bell scored touchdowns in the 4th quarter, both converted by Roy Wright, as the Roughriders came back from a 17-6 deficit after 3 quarters to end their season with a win over the Blue Bombers at Osborne Stadium. Harry Fitzgibbons, Harry Hood, and Martin Gainor scored Winnipeg touchdowns.

Dave Berry recovered a University of Alberta fumble in the end zone on the last play of the game and Paul Rowe converted to clinch the Stampeders' win over the Golden Bears before 2,000 fans at Mewata Stadium.

Don Toms scored 2 touchdowns for the Wildcats as they blanked the Rockets in Windsor.

Bob Cunningham scored 2 touchdowns for Balmy Beach as they shut out the Trojans at Lansdowne Park.

60 years ago

Hit parade
#1 single in the U.K. (New Musical Express): A Woman in Love--Frankie Laine

Died on this date
Isham Jones, 62
. U.S. musician. Mr. Jones, a saxophonist, wrote the music for such songs as We're in the Army Now, I'll See You in My Dreams, and It Had to Be You, but was best known for leading one of the most popular "sweet" bands of the 1920s and '30s. He died of cancer.

U.S.S.R. Premier Nikolai Bulganin and Japanese Prime Minister Ichiro Hatayama signed a Joint Declaration in Moscow, officially ending the state of war between the two countries that had existed since August 1945.

Politics and government
The Polish Communist Party Central Committee met in Warsaw to reinstate Wladislaw Gomulka as first secretary of the party and select a new Politburo.

Arizona 26 New Mexico 12

Arizona running back Art Lupino carried 3 times for 54 yards, giving him 3,247 in three seasons, an NCAA career record.

50 years ago

Hit parade
Australia's top 10 (Go-Set):
1 Needle in a Haystack--The Twilights
2 Sunshine Superman--Donovan
3 Yellow Submarine/Eleanor Rigby--The Beatles
4 Born a Woman--Sandy Posey
--Judy Stone
5 Step Back/Cara Lyn--Johnny Young and Kompany
6 With a Girl Like You--The Troggs
7 Somewhere My Love (Lara's Theme)--Ray Conniff and the Singers
8 Summer in the City--The Lovin' Spoonful
9 Lil' Red Riding Hood--Sam the Sham and the Pharaohs
10 Born Free--Matt Monro

Singles entering the chart were Spicks and Specks by the Bee Gees (#37) and Mother's Little Helper by the Rolling Stones (#40).

At the movies
The Fortune Cookie, co-written, produced, and directed by Billy Wilder, and starring Jack Lemmon and Walter Matthau, opened in theatres.

Politics and government
Vincent Dantzer, who became Mayor of Edmonton after Bill Hawrelak had been disqualified in 1965 because of a land deal, was elected mayor, receiving 64,233 votes to 54,544 for Mr. Hawrelak and 5,105 for Alex Latta in the Edmonton civic election. Mr. Hawrelak blamed his defeat on complacency, and said that he wouldn't run for office again. Aldermen elected, in order of number of votes received, were: Morris Weinlos; Ivor Dent; Julia Kiniski; Les Bodie; James Bateman; Frank Edwards; Ed Leger; Una Evans; Cec Purves; Angus McGugan; Neil Crawford; and Reg Easton. In referendum issues, 63.32% voted in favour of water fluoridation, and 78.69% voted in favour of allowing sports events in Edmonton on Sundays.

Canada signed a 10-year deal in London with the United Kingdom for delivery of Canadian uranium oxide.

Economics and finance
Four days of heavy withdrawals resulted in the closure of Intra Bank in Beirut. Private banks closed in order to prevent a run of depositors on them.

Detroit 2 @ Boston 6

Defenseman Bobby Orr played in his first National Hockey League game, earning an assist in the Bruins' win over the Red Wings at Boston Garden.

40 years ago

Hit parade
#1 single in Sweden (Topplistan): Dancing Queen--ABBA (9th week at #1)

On television tonight
Family, on ABC
Tonight's episode: Such Sweet Sorrow

A combined Palestine Liberation Organization-Communist militia attacked the Maronite village of Aishiya, Lebanon, forcing the population to flee despite Israeli resistance.

A United Nations Security Council resolution to ban the sale of arms to South Africa was vetoed by the United Kingdom, France, and the United States.

World Series
Cincinnati Reds 6 @ New York Yankees 2 (Cincinnati led best-of-seven series 3-0)

The Reds scored 3 runs in the 2nd inning and coasted to victory over the Yankees before 56,667 fans in the first World Series game at Yankee Stadium in 12 years. Pat Zachry was the winning pitcher over Dock Ellis.

30 years ago

Died on this date
Samora Machel, 53
. 1st President of Mozambique, 1975-1986. Mr. Machel, a Marxist-Leninist, was a longtime member of Frente de Libertação de Moçambique (FRELIMO) (Mozambique Liberation Front), and was active in fighting against Portuguese colonial rule. He was President from Mozambique's independence in 1975 until his death with 33 others in the crash of the governmental Tupolev Tu-134 jetliner. Mr. Machel was succeeded as President by Joaquim Chissano.

Short story writer Alice Munro won the inaugural Marian Engel Award for lifetime achievement in Canadian literature.

A Mozambican government Tupolev Tu-134 jetliner crashed into a mountain in South Africa while en route from Mbala, Zambia to the Mozambican capital of Maputo, killing Mozambican President Samora Machel and 33 others, including government ministers and officials. Nine passengers and one crew member survived.

Ottawa (3-12) 21 @ Toronto (8-7) 35
Calgary (9-7) 30 @ Edmonton (12-3) 38

Tim Cowan threw 2 touchdown passes within a span of 27 seconds to help the Argonauts defeat the Roughriders before 27,320 fans at Exhibition Stadium.

53,505 fans at Commonwealth Stadium on a sunny Sunday afternoon saw the Stampeders lead 16-2 and 30-21 before the Eskimos came back to earn their seventh straight win. Edmonton starting quarterback Matt Dunigan left in the second half with a concussion and was ably replaced by Damon Allen. Calgary punter Glenn Harper had 3 kicks blocked, 2 by James Zachery and 1 by Larry Wruck.

World Series
Boston Red Sox 9 @ New York Mets 3 (Boston led best-of-seven series 2-0)

The Red Sox shelled New York starting pitcher Dwight Gooden for 6 runs--5 earned--on 8 hits over 5 innings, while Boston starter Roger Clemens was pulled after giving up 3 runs--all earned--on 5 hits and 4 bases on balls in 4 1/3 innings. Every Red Sox starter except Mr. Clemens had at least 1 hit. Steve Crawford was the winning pitcher and Bob Stanley picked up the save, while Mr. Gooden took the loss before a crowd of 55,063 at Shea Stadium.

25 years ago

Hit parade
#1 single in Australia (ARIA): Rush--Big Audio Dynamite

#1 single in Japan (Oricon Singles Chart): Say Yes--Chage and Aska (12th week at #1)

#1 single in Italy (FIMI): Rapput (Senza Fiato)--Claudio Bisio; Rocco Tanica (8th week at #1)

#1 single in Spain (PROMUSICAE): Asi Me Gusta--Chimo Bayo (5th week at #1)

#1 single in Flanders (Ultratop 50): (Everything I Do) I Do it for You--Bryan Adams (11th week at #1)

#1 single in France (SNEP): (Everything I Do) I Do it for You--Bryan Adams (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in the Netherlands (De Nederlandse Top 40): (Everything I Do) I Do it for You--Bryan Adams (11th week at #1)

#1 single in the U.K. (Chart Information Network): (Everything I Do) I Do it for You--Bryan Adams (15th week at #1)

#1 single in the U.S.A. (Billboard): Emotions--Mariah Carey (2nd week at #1)

U.S. top 10 (Cash Box)
1 Emotions--Mariah Carey (2nd week at #1)
2 Do Anything--Natural Selection featuring Niki Haris
3 Romantic--Karyn White
4 Hole Hearted--Extreme
5 I Adore Mi Amor--Color Me Badd
6 Good Vibrations--Marky Mark and the Funky Bunch featuring Loleatta Holloway
7 Love of a Lifetime--Firehouse
8 Something to Talk About--Bonnie Raitt
9 Can't Stop this Thing We Started--Bryan Adams
10 Love...Thy Will Be Done--Martika

Singles entering the chart were Blowing Kisses in the Wind by Paula Abdul (#55); Broken Arrow by Rod Stewart (#70); Save Up All Your Tears by Cher (#75); True Companion by Marc Cohn (#83); Set Adrift on Memory Bliss by PM Dawn (#85); Do You Feel Like I Feel? by Belinda Carlisle (#86); Monsters and Angels by Voice of the Beehive (#87); and Conviction of the Heart by Kenny Loggins (#89).

Canada’s top 10 (RPM)
1 The Real Love--Bob Seger (2nd week at #1)
2 Can't Stop this Thing We Started--Bryan Adams
3 Emotions--Mariah Carey
4 Hole Hearted--Extreme
5 Calling Elvis--Dire Straits
6 Life is a Highway--Tom Cochrane
7 Shiny Happy People--R.E.M.
8 Love...Thy Will Be Done--Martika
9 The Promise of a New Day--Paula Abdul
10 My Town--Glass Tiger

Singles entering the chart were A Dream Like Mine by Bruce Cockburn (#61); Wild Hearted Son by the Cult (#85); Stand by My Woman by Lenny Kravitz (#86); A Funny Place (The World Is) by Mitsou (#88); Blowing Kisses in the Wind by Paula Abdul (#89); I Wonder Why by Curtis Stigers (#90); Without Your Love by Acosta/Russell (#95); and Rush by Big Audio Dynamite II (#96).

Hamilton (2-14) 14 @ Winnipeg (9-7) 68

The Blue Bombers scored 8 touchdowns--4 in the 1st quarter--as they set a club record for points in a single game, beating the old record of 65, set against the Ottawa Rough Riders in 1984. Winnipeg quarterback Tom Burgess completed just 13 of 27 passes, but for 290 yards and 4 touchdowns. Robert Mimbs rushed for 124 yards, reaching the 100-yard mark for the 10th time in 1991. The score was 68-6 until the Tiger-Cats scored a touchdown and 2-point convert with just 26 seconds remaining in the game before 27,127 fans at Winnipeg Stadium.

World Series
Atlanta Braves 2 @ Minnesota Twins 5 (Minnesota led best-of-seven series 1-0)

Greg Gagne's 3-run home run in the bottom of the 5th inning was the big blow, and Kent Hrbek also homered for the Twins before 55,108 fans at Hubert H. Humphrey Metrodome in Minneapolis. Jack Morris was the winning pitcher over Charlie Leibrandt.

20 years ago

Hit parade
#1 single in Australia (ARIA): Macarena--Los Del Rio (8th week at #1)

#1 single in Italy (Hit Parade Italia): Born Slippy--Underworld

#1 single in Flanders (Ultratop 50): Wannabe--Spice Girls (5th week at #1)

#1 single in Wallonia (Ultratop 40): Wannabe--Spice Girls (3rd week at #1)

#1 single in Ireland (IRMA): Words--Boyzone (3rd week at #1)

#1 single in the U.K. (Chart Information Network): Words--Boyzone

#1 single in the U.S.A. (Billboard): Macarena (Bayside Boys Mix)--Los Del Rio (12th week at #1)

U.S.A. top 10 (Cash Box)
1 I Love You Always Forever--Donna Lewis (7th week at #1)
2 Macarena (Bayside Boys Mix)--Los Del Rio
3 It's All Coming Back to Me Now--Celine Dion
4 Mouth--Merril Bainbridge
5 Where Do You Go--No Mercy
6 Last Night--Az Yet
7 If Your Girl Only Knew--Aaliyah
8 Twisted--Keith Sweat
9 Change the World--Eric Clapton
10 My Boo--Ghost Town DJ’s

Singles entering the chart were Nobody by Keith Sweat featuring Athena Cage (#17); Sittin' on Top of the World by Da Brat (#29); No Diggity by BLACKstreet (featuring Dr. Dre) (#35); This is for the Lover in You by Babyface featuring LL Cool J, Howard Hewett, Jody Watley & Jeffrey Daniels (#36); What Kind of Man Would I Be by Mint Condition (#37); The Child (Inside) by Qkumba Zoo (#58); Falling by Montell Jordan (#60); Bohemian Rhapsody by the Braids (#63); Me and Those Dreamin' Eyes of Mine by D’Angelo (#67); and When You Love a Woman by Journey (#69).

Politics and government
New Democratic Party leader Piers McDonald was sworn in as Premier of Yukon Territory, replacing John Ostashek. The NDP had won 11 of the Legislative Assembly's 17 seats in the September 30 territorial election, unseating the government of Mr. Ostashek's Yukon Party.

Ottawa (3-13) 25 @ Montreal (10-6) 39
British Columbia (4-12) 19 @ Saskatchewan (5-12) 27

Gary Harrell, Anthony Drawhorn, Mike Pringle, and Michael Soles scored touchdowns for the Alouettes, who built a 39-11 lead before surrendering two late TDs to the Rough Riders before 18,671 fans at Olympic Stadium. Terry Baker added three field goals for Montreal.

Jimmy Kemp scored on a 1-yard quarterback sneak to cap a 10-point 4th-quarter comeback for the Roughriders as they defeated the Lions before 25,155 fans at Taylor Field in Regina.

10 years ago

Died on this date
Phyllis Kirk, 79
. U.S. actress. Miss Kirk, born Phyllis Kirkegaard, appeared in various movies and television programs, mostly in the 1950s. She played Nora Charles, with Peter Lawford as Nick Charles, in the television series The Thin Man (1957-1959).

Economics and finance
The Dow Jones industrial average closed above 12,000 for the first time, finishing the day at 12,011.73.

National League Championship Series
St. Louis 3 @ New York 1 (St. Louis won best-of-seven series 4-3)

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