Tuesday, 11 October 2016

October 11, 2016

240 years ago

British troops led by General Guy Carleton inflicted heavy losses on General Benedict Arnold's American fleet in the Battle of Valcour Island off Crown Point, New York. The first naval battle of Lake Champlain was a narrow British victory, but it stalled General Carleton's plans to invade the rebel colonies from Canada.

210 years ago

Died on this date
William Weekes
. Canadian politician. Mr. Weekes represented Durham, Simcoe and East York in the Upper Canada Assembly. He died the day after being wounded in a duel in Niagara with William Dickson, a member of the Legislative Council. Mr. Weekes had challenged Mr. Dickson to a duel after the two got into a dispute over Mr. Weekes referring to recently-deceased Lieutenant-Governor Peter Hunter as a "gothic barbarian."

125 years ago

Died on this date
Will Smalley, 20
. U.S. baseball player. Mr. Smalley was the third baseman with the Cleveland Spiders of the National League in 1890 at the age of 19, batting .213 with no home runs and 42 runs batted in in 136 games. In 1891 he lost his job to Patsy Tebeau, who had held the position before jumping to the Players' League in 1890. Mr. Smalley played 11 games for the Washington Statesmen of the American Association, batting .158 with no homers and 3 runs batted in. He soon fell ill with stomach cancer, which caused his death.

110 years ago

The San Francisco public school board sparked a diplomatic incident between the United States and Japan by ordering Japanese students to be taught in racially segregated schools.

World Series
Chicago White Sox 3 @ Chicago Cubs 0 (White Sox led best-of-seven series 2-1)

Ed Walsh allowed 2 hits--both in the 1st inning--and struck out 12 to win the pitchers' duel over Jack Pfiester before 13,667 fans at West Side Grounds. All the scoring came in the 6th inning on a bases-loaded triple by George Rohe.

100 years ago

World Series
Boston Red Sox 6 @ Brooklyn Robins 2 (Boston led best-of-seven series 3-1)

Larry Gardner's 3-run inside-the-park home run in the 2nd inning enabled the Red Sox to overcome a 2-0 1st-inning deficit before 21,662 fans at Ebbets Field. Dutch Leonard won the pitching matchup over Rube Marquard.

90 years ago

Politics and government
Former Defence Minister Hugh Guthrie was chosen as interim party leader of the Conservative Party of Canada, replacing former Prime Minister Arthur Meighen, who had resigned after losing his seat in the recent federal election. Mr. Guthrie served as interim leader until October 12, 1927.

75 years ago

Hit parade
#1 single in the U.S.A. (Billboard): Piano Concerto in B Flat--Freddy Martin and his Orchestra (2nd week at #1)

Died on this date
Mihkel Pung, 65
. Estonian politician. Mr. Pung was Estonian Minister of Foreign Affairs in 1932 and Speaker of the National Council (upper chamber) from 1938-1940. He was arrested during the U.S.S.R. invasion of Estonia, and died in a Soviet gulag in Sverdlovsk Oblast, four days after his 65th birthday.

The U.S. Federal Communications Commission suspended indefinitely its ruling that the National Broadcasting Company must dispose of one of its two major networks.

Macedonian Partisans of the People's Liberation Army of Macedonia, part of the Yugoslav Partisan movement, started a political and military campaign to resist the occupation of Vardar Macedonia by Bulgarian, German, Italian, and Albanian forces. The Soviet government announced that all women and children not engaged in war industries would be removed from Moscow. A Chinese military spokesman in Chungking alleged that Japanese bombers had drpped 300 gas bombs on Chinese troops attacking Ichang.

Ecuador announced that a Peruvian patrol had seized 12 Ecuadorian farmers in the newly established "demilitarized zone" on the Peruvian-Ecuadorian border.

The Japanese embassy in the United States announced that under an agreement with the U.S. State Department, three Japanese ships would repatriate nearly 2,000 Japanese from the U.S. West Coast and Hawaii.

The U.S. Navy Department announced that a radio "manned by an agent of the German Gestapo and two Norwegians" had been discovered in Greenland and "disposed of."

Economics and finance
The Canadian government of Prime Minister Mackenzie King moved to curb "inflationary tendencies" by restricting credit buying.

U.S. Attorney General Francis Biddle said that factories and plants may pool their production facilities to obtain arms orders without fear of prosecution under the anti-trust laws.

Montreal (0-3) 3 @ Toronto Argonauts (3-0) 24
Toronto Balmy Beach (1-2) 1 @ Ottawa (2-1) 13

Winnipeg (3-1) 0 @ Regina (4-2) 9

70 years ago

The Paris Peace Conference approved the Romanian peace treaty, including U.S.- and U.K.-sponsored provisions for freedom of navigation on the Danube River and convocation of a Danubian conference six months after the treaty went into effect.

Nationalist Chinese forces claimed the capture of the major Communist base of Kalgan in northern China.

World events
A Zagreb court found Yugoslavian Roman Catholic Archbishop Aloysius Stepinac guilty of aiding Croatian Premier Ante Pavelich's Ustashi regime during World War II; provoking racial hatred; and forcibly converting Serbs to Catholicism. The court sentenced Archbishop Stepinac to 16 years' hard labour and loss of property. The trial and verdict were widely regarded as a miscarriage of justice.

An attempted military revolt against Portuguese Prime Minister Antonio de Oliveira Salazar's dictatorship was put down in Estarreja, with 900 arrests reported by the government.

U.S. Ambassador to the United Kingdom W. Bedell Smith stated in a note to the British Foreign Office that the United States stood by its position on the Dardanelles, favouring revision of the Montreux Convention, but rejecting the Soviet view that the straits issue concerned only Turkey and the U.S.S.R. He joined the U.K. in warning that the United Nations Security Council would be called into action if the straits were threatened "by an aggressor."

The U.S. Federal Bureau of Investigation arrested ex-servicemen George Comer, Miles Daubenheyer, and James Rike for an alleged attempt to sell photographs of atomic bomb material and equipment to the Baltimore News Post.

The U.S. Army cancelled all draft calls for the rest of 1946 due to increased voluntary enlistments.

Windsor (2-4) 2 @ Toronto Balmy Beach (3-3) 16

World Series
St. Louis Cardinals 3 @ Boston Red Sox 6 (Boston led best-of-seven series 3-2)

The Red Sox scored 3 runs in the 7th inning to clinch their victory before 35,982 fans at Fenway Park. Joe Dobson pitched a 4-hit complete game victory, allowing no earned runs. Harry Walker drove in all 3 St.Louis runs with a double and single.

60 years ago

Hit parade
#1 single in France (IFOP): La Plus belle chose au monde--Luis Mariano (2nd week at #1)

On television tonight
Playhouse 90, on CBS
Tonight's episode: Requiem for a Heavyweight, starring Jack Palance, Ed Wynn, Keenan Wynn, and Kim Hunter

Rod Serling wrote the teleplay for this broadcast, which was the first 90-minute program written specifically for television, and one of the most famous dramas of television's "Golden Age."

Israeli forces withdrew from Qalqilya following a cease-fire request from the Israeli-Jordanian Mixed Armistice Commission.

Politics and government
U.S. Representative Adam Clayton Powell (Democrat--New York) announced that he would campaign for the re-election of U.S. President Dwight Eisenhower because of Mr. Eisenhower's prestige overseas, his stand in favour of civil rights, and Democratic Party presidential candidate Adlai Stevenson's alleged snubs of Negro groups.

20 truck drivers were killed in landslides between Manizales and the Magdalena valley in west-central Colombia.

50 years ago

On television tonight
Wojeck, starring John Vernon, on CBC
Tonight's episode: The Cold Smile of Friends: Part 2

The Fugitive, starring David Janssen, on ABC
Tonight's episode: Ten Thousand Pieces of Silver, with guest stars Lin McCarthy, Joe Maross, and June Harding

Died on this date
Merrilee Aikens, 20
. Canadian crime victim. Miss Aikens, a native of Avonlea, Saskatchewan, was a secretary with Sterling Finance in Regina. She was an unsuccessful entrant in the Miss Saskatchewan Roughrider contest in 1965, Miss Aikens attended a party in Regina, and left to take her car to buy cigarettes. Her body was found outside the car near the airport northeast of Regina at about 8 P.M. Miss Aikens' throat had been slashed; a broken drinking glass was found in the area, and a broken kitchen knife was found in the car. Ernest Linscott of Brunswick, Maine, who worked at odd jobs with the Regina Flying Club, was charged with capital murder.

40 years ago

Hit parade
#1 single in Australia (Kent Music Report): Dancing Queen--ABBA (6th week at #1)

#1 single in Japan (Oricon Singles Chart): Pearl Color ni Yurete--Momoe Yamaguchi (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in Spain (PROMUSICAE): El Jardín Prohibido--Sandro Giacobbe (10th week at #1)

World events
The new head of the Chinese Communist Party, Hua Goufeng, snuffed out a coup led by Chairman Mao Zedong's widow Jiang Qing and three others party members, collectively known as the Gang of Four.

George Washington's appointment, posthumously, to the grade of General of the Armies by congressional joint resolution Public Law 94-479 was approved by U.S. President Gerald Ford.

Montreal (6-5-1) 34 @ Hamilton (6-7) 9
British Columbia (5-6-1) 12 @ Edmonton (8-4-1) 16

Sonny Wade threw 2 touchdown passes to Johnny Rodgers and another to Peter Dalla Riva as the Alouettes routed the Tiger-Cats before 32,185 fans at Ivor Wynne Stadium.

The Eskimos trailed 12-3 after 3 quarters but used a favouring wind to score 13 points in the 4th quarter to defeat the Lions before 25,982 fans at Clarke Stadium. It was the first CFL game for defensive back Ed Jones and running back Joe Lowery.

30 years ago

Hit parade
#1 single in Italy (FIMI): Easy Lady--Spagna (7th week at #1)

#1 single in Flanders (Ultratop 50): The Final Countdown--Europe

#1 single in the Netherlands (De Nederlandse Top 40): The Final Countdown--Europe (3rd week at #1)

#1 single in Ireland (IRMA): True Blue--Madonna (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in the U.K.: Don't Leave Me This Way--The Communards (5th week at #1)

#1 single in the U.S.A. (Billboard): When I Think of You--Janet Jackson

U.S. top 10 (Cash Box)
1 When I Think of You--Janet Jackson
2 Stuck with You--Huey Lewis and the News
3 Don't Forget Me (When I'm Gone)--Glass Tiger
4 Heartbeat--Don Johnson
5 Dreamtime--Daryl Hall
6 Throwing it All Away--Genesis
7 Two of Hearts--Stacey Q
8 True Colors--Cyndi Lauper
9 Typical Male--Tina Turner
10 Love-Zone--Billy Ocean

Singles entering the chart were Where did Your Heart Go? by Wham! (#72); Don't Get Me Wrong by the Pretenders (#83); Midas Touch by Midnight Star (#85); Stairway to Heaven by Far Corporation (#87); Good Music by Joan Jett and the Blackhearts (#88); Lady Soul by the Temptations (#89); and Fall on Me by R.E.M. (#90).

Canada’s top 10 (RPM)
1 Rumors--Timex Social Club (2nd week at #1)
2 Spirit in the Sky--Doctor and the Medics
3 Stuck with You--Huey Lewis and the News
4 Friends and Lovers--Gloria Loring and Carl Anderson
5 Take My Breath Away--Berlin
6 Venus--Bananarama
7 Walk This Way--Run-D.M.C.
8 True Colors--Cyndi Lauper
9 Higher Love--Steve Winwood
10 Dancing on the Ceiling--Lionel Richie

Singles entering the chart were Love will Conquer All by Lionel Richie (#75); I Feel the Magic by Belinda Carlisle (#76); The Way it Is by Bruce Hornsby and the Range (#81); Freedom Overspill by Steve Winwood (#90); Soul City by the Partland Brothers (#95); Sandra by Idle Eyes (#96); What About Love by 'Til Tuesday (#97); Find My Way Back by Billy Newton-Davis (#98); and Can't Hold On by DoubleDare (#99).

On television tonight
The Twilight Zone, on CBS
Tonight's episode: The Storyteller, starring Glynis O'Connor; Nightsong, starring Lisa Eilbacher

Died on this date
Norm Cash, 51
. U.S. baseball player. Mr. Cash saw limited action as an outfielder with the Chicago White Sox in 1958 and 1959, and was traded to the Cleveland Indians after that season. He played for the Indians during the pre-season of 1960, but was traded to the Detroit Tigers for Steve Demeter, who played just 4 major league games after the trade. Mr. Cash moved to first base and played 15 years for the Tigers, compiling a career major league batting average of .271, with 377 home runs and 1,103 runs batted in. He led the American League in 1961 with a .361 average, which he later attributed in part to the use of a corked bat. His only World Series appearance was in 1968, when he batted .385. He was released during the 1974 season. Mr. Cash had been drinking when he slipped getting out of a boat and hit his head on a rock. He drowned in 15 feet of water off Beaver Island in Lake Michigan.

U.S. President Ronald Reagan and Soviet leader Mikhail Gorbachev met in Reykjavík in an effort to continue discussions about scaling back their intermediate missile arsenals in Europe.

British Columbia 35 @ Alberta 7

UBC defensive back Mark Norman returned 2 interceptions for touchdowns to lead the Thunderbirds past the Golden Bears at Varsity Stadium in Edmonton.

American League Championship Series
Boston 3 @ California 4 (11 innings) (California led best-of-seven series 3-1)

The Angels trailed 3-0 going into the bottom of the 9th inning before 64,223 fans at Anaheim Stadium, but Boston ace Roger Clemens failed to preserve the shutout, and was replaced by Calvin Schiraldi, who failed to hold the lead.

National League Championship Series
Houston 5 @ New York 6 (New York led best-of-seven series 2-1)

Lenny Dykstra's 2-run home run off Dave Smith with 1 out in the bottom of the 9th inning gave the Mets their win over the Astros before 55,052 fans at Shea Stadium.

25 years ago

Hit parade
#1 single in Germany (Media Control): (Everything I Do) I Do it for You--Bryan Adams

Died on this date
Redd Foxx, 68
. American comedian and actor. Mr. Foxx, born John Elroy Sanford, became popular through a series of risque nightclub appearances and comedy albums in the 1950s and '60s, and achieved mainstream popularity as the star of the television comedy series Sanford and Son (1972-1977), taking the name of his character from his father and older brother. Mr. Foxx was starring in the comedy series The Royal Family (1991-1992) when he collapsed with a heart attack during a rehearsal, and died several hours later. His death was ironic, since he often faked having a heart attack on Sanford and Son.

Clay Kirby, 43. U.S. baseball pitcher. Mr. Kirby played with the San Diego Padres (1969-1973); Cincinnati Reds (1974-1975); and Montreal Expos (1976), compiling a record of 75-104 with an earned run average of 3.84 in 261 games. He was a member of the Reds' World Series championship team in 1975, but didn't see post-season action. Mr. Kirby is best remembered for a game against the New York Mets on July 21, 1970, when he was pitching a no-hitter after 8 innings, but the Padres were trailing 1-0. San Diego manager Preston Gomez sent Cito Gaston in to pinch hit for Mr. Kirby; he made an out, and relief pitcher Jack Baldschun gave up 2 hits and 2 runs in the 9th as the Mets won 3-0. Mr. Kirby died of a heart attack three months after surgery for a blocked artery.

Testifying before the U.S. Senate Judiciary Committee, Oral Roberts University law professor Anita Hill accused U.S. Supreme Court nominee Clarence Thomas of sexually harassing her; Mr. Thomas reappeared before the panel to denounce the proceedings as a "high-tech lynching."

Toronto (10-5) 27 @ Winnipeg (8-7) 28

The Blue Bombers took a 21-7 lead, fell behind 24-21, but played well over the final 20 minutes to edge the Argonauts before 30,760 fans at SkyDome.

The New York Mets hired Jeff Torborg as manager. Mr. Torborg had resigned as manager of the Chicago White Sox to take the position with the Mets, after leading the White Sox to an 87-75 record in 1991, second in the American League West Division.

American League Championship Series
Minnesota 3 @ Toronto 2 (10 innings) (Minnesota led best-of-seven series 2-1)

Mike Pagliarulo's pinch-hit home run in the top of the 10th inning off Mike Timlin gave the Twins the win over the Blue Jays before 51,454 fans at SkyDome.

20 years ago

Hit parade
#1 single in Germany (Media Control): Zehn kleine Jägermeister--Die Toten Hosen

#1 single in Sweden (Topplistan): Coco Jamboo--Mr. President (4th week at #1)

Died on this date
Joe Morris, 83
. U.K.-born Canadian labour leader. Mr. Morris, a native of Lancashire, moved to British Columbia in 1929, working as a logger and joining the International Woodworkers of America. He gradually moved upward in the Canadian Labour Congress, serving as President of the CLC from 1974-1978.

American League Championship Series
New York 5 @ Baltimore 2 (New York led best-of-seven series 2-1)

10 years ago

Died on this date
Eddie Pellagrini, 88
. U.S. baseball player and coach. Mr. Pellagrini was an infielder with five major league teams from 1946-1949 and 1951-1954, batting .226 with 20 home runs and 133 runs batted in in 563 games. He homered in his first major league at bat, helping the Boston Red Sox defeat the Washington Nationals on April 22, 1946. Mr. Pellagrini was baseball coach at Boston College from 1958-1968 and 1970-1988, compiling a record of 359-345-6.

Cory Lidle, 34. U.S. baseball pitcher. Mr. Lidle played with seven major league teams from 1997-2006, compiling a record of 82-72 with an earned run average of 4.57 in 277 games. His best season was 2001, when he was 13-6 with a 3.59 ERA with the Oakland Athletics. Mr. Lidle was traded from the Philadelphia Phillies to the New York Yankees in July 2006, and made his last appearance with them on October 7, when he allowed 4 hits and 3 earned runs in 1 1/3 innings in an 8-3 loss to the Detroit Tigers, a loss that ended the American League Division Series. Mr. Lidle was taking flying lessons, and was in a Cirrus SR20 with flight instructor Tyler Stanger, 21, when a gust of wind came up as the plane was making a 180-degree turn, causing it to crash into the Belaire Apartments in New York City. 21 people, including 11 firefighters, were injured, but only Messrs. Lidle and Stanger were killed. Pilot error was cited as the likely cause of the crash.

American League Championship Series
Detroit 8 @ Oakland 5 (Detroit led best-of-seven series 2-0)

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