200 years ago
The Penang Free School, the oldest English-language school in Southeast Asia, was founded in George Town, Penang, Malaysia, by Rev. Robert Sparke Hutchings.
130 years ago
World Championship Series
Chicago White Stockings 5 @ St. Louis Browns 8 (7 innings) (Best-of-seven series tied 2-2)
Bill Gleason hit two 2-run singles to lead the Browns in the first game of the series to be played at Sportsman's Park.
125 years ago
Died on this date
Ed Daily, 29. U.S. baseball player. Mr. Daily was an outfielder and pitcher who played for seven major league teams from 1885-1891. In 640 major league games he batted .239 with 19 home runs and 288 runs batted in, while posting a 66-69 won-lost record as a pitcher with an earned run average of 3.39. Mr. Daily died of consumption.
100 years ago
Ottawa 1 @ Queen's University 5 (Ottawa won 2-game total points series 44-13)
75 years ago
Died on this date
Hans Gottfried Reimers. German military officer. Major Reimers, an officer with the occupying forces in France, was slain in Bordeaux, prompting German authorities to seize 100 French hostages in reprisal.
The German command announced the capture of the Ukrainian industrial city of Stalino, and of the Estonian island of Dagoe in the Baltic Sea. General Heinrich von Stulpnagel, German commander in occupied France, ordered the execution of 50 French hostages in Nantes in reprisal for the previous day's assassination of Lieutenant General Paul Hotz, commander of German forces in Nantes; the executions took place the next day. The Royal Canadian Navy ship HMCS The Pas was commissioned at Esquimalt, British Columbia.
The Mexican Foreign Office announced that Mexico and Britain had agreed to resume relations, which had been broken off in 1938.
Former Panamanian President Arnulfo Arias arrived in Nicaragua after being deported.
1940 Republican Party U.S. presidential candidate Wendell Willkie and more than 100 prominent Republicans in 40 states sent a message to members of Congress urging them to repeal the Neutrality Act.
Paul Merriman of Glenn L. Martin Company said that aircraft production would be increased 30% after spot welding of aluminum alloys had been fully developed.
U.S. officials disclosed that the United Kingdom had released 15 tankers to their American owners to relieve the oil shortage on the East Coast of the United States.
Politics and government
The Liberal Party, led by Premier Duff Pattullo, won 21 of 48 seats in the Legislative Aassembly in the British Columbia Provincial Election, down from 31 in the 1937 election. The Conservatives, led by John Hart, won 14 seats, the Co-operative Commonwealth Federation 12, and Labour 1. The Conservatives and CCF were then able to form a governing coalition, with Mr. Hart as Premier. Mr. Pattullo subsequently resigned as Liberal leader.
U.S. First Lady Eleanor Roosevelt announced that all formal White House social entertainments for the coming winter had been cancelled "because conditions are so serious."
Congress of Industrial Organizations workers voted to end a six-week strike at Great Lakes Steel Corporation in Ecorse, Michigan after they were warned that the United States Army was ready to take over the plant.
14 non-operating U.S. railroad unions with 900,000 members rejected the offer of U.S. President Franklin D. Roosevelt's fact-finding board to arbitrate demands for higher wages.
William Fox, bankrupt former head of the motion picture studio bearing his name, was sentenced to a year in U.S. federal prison and fined $3,000 on a charge of conspiracy to obstruct justice and defraud the government.
70 years ago
U.S. top 10 (Cash Box)
1 To Each His Own--Eddy Howard and his Orchestra (11th week at #1)
--Freddy Martin and his Orchestra
--The Modernaires with Paula Kelly
--The Ink Spots
2 Rumors are Flying--Frankie Carle and his Orchestra
--The Andrews Sisters with Les Paul
3 Five Minutes More--Frank Sinatra
--Tex Beneke and the Glenn Miller Orchestra
--The Three Suns
4 South America, Take it Away--Bing Crosby and the Andrews Sisters
--Xavier Cugat and the Waldorf-Astoria Orchestra
5 Surrender--Perry Como
--Woody Herman and his Orchestra
6 This is Always--Harry James and his Orchestra
7 Choo Choo Ch' Boogie--Louis Jordan and his Tympany Five
8 Pretending--Andy Russell
9 Blue Skies--Count Basie and his Orchestra
--Benny Goodman and his Orchestra
10 Ole Buttermilk Sky--Kay Kyser and his Orchestra
--Paul Weston and his Orchestra with Matt Dennis
Singles entering the chart were The Coffee Song (They’ve Got an Awful Lot of Coffee in Brazil) by Frank Sinatra (#24); The Woodchuck Song by Tex Beneke and the Glenn Miller Orchestra (#29); The Old Lamp-Lighter, with versions by Sammy Kaye and his “Swing And Sway” Orchestra, Kay Kyser and his Orchestra, and Hal Derwin (#30); Without You (Tres Palabras) by Frankie Carle and his Orchestra (#31); and The Rickety Rickshaw Man by Eddy Howard and his Orchestra (#32). The Coffee Song (They’ve Got an Awful Lot of Coffee in Brazil) was the B-side of The Things We Did Last Summer, which charted at #11 with the version by Vaughn Monroe and his Orchestra.
On the radio
The Casebook of Gregory Hood, starring Elliott Lewis and Howard McNear, on MBS
Born on this date
Happy Birthday, Donna Morrow!
U.S. network Hooperatings listed the most popular programs as those starring: Fred Allen; Fibber McGee and Molly; Bob Hope; Charlie McCarthy; and Jack Benny.
The International Telecommunications Conference ended in Moscow after recommending another meeting in the United States in 10 months; creation of an international board to register radio frequencies; and establishment of relations between the United Nations and the International Telecommunications Union.
Chinese Communist, Nationalist, and Democratic League representatives resumed truce negotiations in Nanking after the return of Communist leader Chou En-lai.
British authorities arrested members of the Arab Boycott Committee in Haifa for bombing Arab shops that refused to boycott Jews. The Zionist Stern Gang distributed handbills in Palestine containing threats to kill British soldiers and policemen.
Economics and finance
United Nations Relief and Rehabilitation Administration Director Fiorello La Guardia partially lifted the embargo on shipments to China as relief supplies began to move from harbour warehouses into the countryside.
U.S. cotton exhcanges reopened as cotton operator Thomas Johnson admitted in New Orleans that the October 19 "break" had resulted from his attempts to liquidate his large cotton holdings in a declining market.
U.S. aviators called their first strike when 1,400 members of the American Federation of Labor Airline Pilots Association walked out against Transcontinental & Western Air Inc. in a wage dispute.
Calgary 12 @ University of Alberta 1
Paul Rowe and Mr. Holdsworth scored touchdowns for the Stampeders as they beat the Golden Bears before 3,000 fans.
60 years ago
On television tonight
Alfred Hitchcock Presents, on CBS
Tonight's episode: Kill with Kindness, starring Hume Cronyn, Carmen Mathews, and James Gleason
British Army forces near Nyeri, Kenya captured Mau Mau leader Dedan Kimathi, believed responsible for at least 29 killings. Mr. Kimathi's capture signalled the ultimate defeat of the rebellion, essentially ending the British military campaign.
U.S. President Dwight Eisenhower assailed Soviet Premier Nikolai Bulganin for meddling in the U.S. presidential election and rejected Mr. Bulganin's suggestion that the two leaders negotiate an agreement to end atomic tests.
Hungarian student leaders began a series of demonstrations to support demands for internal liberalization and foreign policy independence.
A military junta in Honduras overthrew Chief of State Julio Lozano Diaz in a bloodless coup, and voided as fraudulent the recent election victory of Mr. Lozano's party.
At least 10 people in the Cambodian village of Kabal Khnon died in an outbreak of bubonic plague.
50 years ago
#1 single in New Zealand: With a Girl Like You--The Troggs
Edmonton's top 10 (CJCA)
1 Last Train to Clarksville--The Monkees (4th week at #1)
2 96 Tears--? (Question Mark) & the Mysterians
3 Hooray for Hazel--Tommy Roe
4 Poor Side of Town--Johnny Rivers
5 Cherish--The Association
6 See See Rider--Eric Burdon & the Animals
7 Psychotic Reaction--Count Five
8 Have You Seen Your Mother, Baby, Standing in the Shadow?--The Rolling Stones
9 Lady Godiva--Peter and Gordon
10 If I Were a Carpenter--Bobby Darin
Pick hit of the week: Good Vibrations--The Beach Boys
New this week: Run, Run, Look and See--Brian Hyland
Love is a Hurtin' Thing--Lou Rawls
A Hazy Shade of Winter--Simon and Garfunkel
All that I Am--Elvis Presley
At the movies
Way...Way Out, starring Jerry Lewis, Connie Stevens, and Robert Morley, opened in theatres.
A colliery spoil tip collapsed on the village of Aberfan in Wales, killing 144 people, mostly schoolchildren.
40 years ago
Saul Bellow was awarded the 1976 Nobel Prize for Literature.
Cincinnati Reds 7 @ New York Yankees 2 (Cincinnati won best-of-seven series 4-0)
Johnny Bench hit a 2-run home run in the 4th inning and a 3-run homer in the 9th to lead the Reds over the Yankees before 56,700 fans at Yankee Stadium to win their second straight World Series championship. Gary Nolan allowed 8 hits and 2 earned runs in 6 2/3 innings to get the win, while Will McEnaney pitched 2 1/3 scoreless innings to get the save. Ed Figueroa allowed 6 hits and 5 runs--all earned--in 8+ innings to take the loss. Mr. Bench, who batted .533, was named the series' Most Valuable Player; New York catcher Thurman Munson batted .529, with all 9 of his hits being singles. Cincinnati left fielder George Foster set a World Series record for putouts by an outfielder in a single game with 8, including the last out.
30 years ago
Died on this date
Lionel Murphy, 64. Australian politician and jurist. Mr. Murphy was Attorney General in the Labour Party government of Prime Minister Gough Whitlam from 1972-1975 before being appointed a Justice of the High Court of Australia, where he served until his death.
In Lebanon, pro-Iran kidnappers claimed to have abducted American writer Edward Tracy (he was released in August 1991).
New York Mets 7 @ Boston Red Sox 1 (Boston led best-of-seven series 2-1)
Len Dykstra led off the game with a home run and the Mets added 3 more runs in the top of the inning, cruising to an easy win before 33,595 fans at Fenway Park. Bob Ojeda was the winning pitcher over Oil Can Boyd.
25 years ago
#1 single in Finland (Musiikkituottajat – IFPI Finland): Onnellinen perhe--Ne Luumäet (2nd week at #1)
Politics and government
Roy Romanow led the New Democratic Party to victory in the Saskatchewan provincial election, winning 55 of 66 seats in the Legislative Assembly The Progressive Conservatives, who, under Premier Grant Devine, had been in power since 1982, were reduced to 10 setas, while Liberal leader Lynda Haverstock was the only member of her party to win a seat.
20 years ago
#1 single in Spain (PROMUSICAE): Stranger in Moscow--Michael Jackson (5th week at #1)
Canada's top 10 (RPM)
1 Let's Make a Night to Remember--Bryan Adams (2nd week at #1)
2 If it Makes You Happy--Sheryl Crow
3 It's All Coming Back to Me Now--Celine Dion
4 Nowhere to Go--Melissa Etheridge
5 Key West Intermezzo (I Saw You First)--John Mellencamp
6 Who You Are--Pearl Jam
7 I Love You Always Forever--Donna Lewis
8 E-Bow the Letter--R.E.M.
9 He Liked to Feel It--Crash Test Dummies
10 Head Over Feet--Alanis Morisette
Singles entering the chart were Me Wise Magic by Van Halen (#91); Bittersweet Me by R.E.M. (#92); Everything and After by the Doughboys (#94); Underwater by Midnight Oil (#96); Think of Tomorrow by Chris Isaak (#97); and Everything You're Missing by Ginger (#100).
Atlanta Braves 4 @ New York Yankees 0 (Atlanta led best-of-seven series 2-0)
Greg Maddux allowed 6 hits in 8 innings and Fred McGriff drove in 3 runs as the Braves blanked the Yankees before 56,340 fans at Yankee Stadium. Losing pitcher Jimmy Key allowed 10 hits and 4 earned runs in 6 innings.
10 years ago
Died on this date
Sandy West, 47. U.S. musician. Miss West was the drummer with the Runaways, who, from 1975-1979, became the first all-female rock band to achieve commercial success. She died of lung cancer after years of heavy smoking.
Edmonton (6-11) 30 @ Montreal (9-8) 20
Calgary (10-8) 13 @ Winnipeg (9-8) 28
Hamilton (4-14) 17 @ British Columbia (12-5) 23
Ron McClendon, playing his first game of the season, set a team record for yards rushing in a road game, carrying 25 times for 198 yards and a touchdown, and catching 4 passes for 27 yards, as the Eskimos played their best game of the season in defeating the Alouettes before 45,607 fans at Olympic Stadium. Edmonton quarterback Ricky Ray completed 16 of 20 passes for 152 yards and rushed 5 times for 19 yards and a touchdown, while rookie Steven Jyles saw some playing time, completing 4 of 5 passes for 36 yards and rushing 3 times for 7 yards and his first CFL touchdown. Montreal quarterback Anthony Calvillo completed touchdown passes to Kerry Watkins and Ben Cahoon. It was the oly CFL career for Edmonton receiver Toby Zeigler, who returned 2 punts for 12 yards and 1 kickoff for 35 yards.
Kevin Glenn threw 3 touchdown passes to lead the Blue Bombers over the Stampeders before 30,092 fans at Canad Inns Stadium.
Mark Washington's 40-yard interception return for a touchdown was the biggest play of a 20-point 3rd quarter for the Lions as they defeated the Tiger-Cats before 31,294 fans at B.C. Place Stadium in Vancouver. Terry Vaughn caught a touchdown pass for the Tiger-Cats; it was his only touchdown in a Hamilton uniform, and came in the last game of his 12-year CFL career.
Saskatchewan 28 @ Alberta (4-3) 11
St. Louis Cardinals 7 @ Detroit Tigers 2 (St. Louis led best-of-seven series 1-0)
The Cardinals scored 3 runs in each of the 3rd and 6th innings as they beat the Tigers before 42,479 fans in the first World Series game ever played at Comerica Park. Anthony Reyes allowed 4 hits and 2 earned runs in 8+ innings to win the pitching matchup over Justin Verlander, who allowed 6 hits and 7 runs--6 earned--in 5+ innings.
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9 hours ago