Wednesday, 12 October 2016

October 12, 2016

Born on this date
Happy Birthday, Nancy Fullerton!

150 years ago

Born on this date
Ramsay MacDonald
. Prime Minister of the United Kingdom, 1924, 1929-1935. Mr. MacDonald was one of the founders of the British Labour Party; he was first elected to the House of Commons in 1906, and became leader of the party in 1914. He became the first Prime Minister from the Labour Party when he led a minority government from January-November 1924, but Labour was defeated in the 1924 general election, and Mr. MacDonald was Leader of the Opposition until 1929, when the general election resulted in a Labour government, with Liberal support. The onset of the depression resulted in a decline of support for the Labour government, but Mr. MacDonald formed a National Government, which included Conservatives and Liberals, and which won a majority in the 1931 general election, but led many members of the Labour Party to regard Mr. MacDonald as a traitor to the party. Mr. MacDonald was known for his interest in foreign policy, and was criticized as an appeaser of Germany's Nazi regime. Mr. MacDonald's health declined, and he resigned as Prime Minister in 1935 in favour of former Prime Minister Stanley Baldwin, a Conservative. Mr. MacDonald died on November 9, 1937 at the age of 71, while at sea on a voyage to improve his health.

125 years ago

Born on this date
Fumimaro Konoe
. Prime Minister of Japan, 1937-1939, 1940-1941. Prince Konoe (also spelled Konoye) was Prime Minister during the war with China in the late 1930s, but resigned in January 1939 because he didn't want to be a "robot" of the Japanese military. He returned as Prime Minister in July 1940 as a result of Japanese Army dissatisfaction with the policies of Prime Minister Mitsumasa Yonai. Prince Konoe was Prime Minister in the months leading up to the December 7, 1941 attack by Japanese forces on the U.S. naval base at Pearl Harbor, Hawaii. He attempted to avoid war, but resigned on October 16, 1941 when it became clear that his efforts were unsuccessful. Prince Konoe committed suicide with a potassium cyanide capsule at the age of 54 on December 16, 1945 after coming under suspicion as a war criminal.

120 years ago

Died on this date
Christian Emil Krag-Juel-Vind-Frijs, 78
. Council President of Denmark, 1865-1870. Count Krag-Juel-Vind-Frijs was the first Council President (forerunner of the modern position of Prime Minister) from the conservative Højre party, which governed Denmark from 1865-1901. He also served as Denmark's Foreign Minister concurrently with his term as Council President.

110 years ago

World Series
Chicago Cubs 1 @ Chicago White Sox 0 (Best-of-seven series tied 2-2)

Three Finger Brown pitched a 2-hitter to win the pitchers' duel over Nick Altrock before 18,385 fans at South Side Park in a game that was played in 1 hour 36 minutes. The only was was scored with 2 out in the 7th inning when Johnny Evers singled home Frank Chance. With 2 out in the bottom of the 9th, Fielder Jones drew a base on ball and advanced to second base on a passed ball, but Frank Isbell grounded out to Mr. Brown to end the game. Mr. Altrock allowed 7 hits in pitching a complete game.

100 years ago

The Montreal newspaper La Bataille was first published.

Economics and finance
The Royal Bank of Canada absorbed the Bank of Québec.

World Series
Brooklyn Robins 1 @ Boston Red Sox 4 (Boston won best-of-seven series 4-1)

Ernie Shore pitched a 3-hit complete game and the Red Sox scored a run in the 2nd inning, 2 in the 3rd, and another in the 5th to overcome a 1-0 2nd-inning deficit to defeat the Robins before 43,620 fans at Braves Field and win their second straight World Series championship. The game that was played in 1 hour 43 minutes

75 years ago

On the radio
The New Adventures of Sherlock Holmes, starring Basil Rathbone and Nigel Bruce, on NBC
Tonight's episode: The Six Napoleons

Died on this date
Harry Daugherty, 81
. U.S. politician. Mr. Daugherty, a Republican, was U.S. Attorney General from 1921-1924 in the administrations of Presidents Warren G. Harding and Calvin Coolidge. As a member of the "Ohio Gang"--Republican cronies of Mr. Harding dating back to the President's days as a United States Senator--Mr. Daugherty was suspected of involvement in the Teapot Dome scandal involving payments of kickbacks from oil companies to government officials in exchange for extremely favourable extraction leases in Wyoming. He was officially cleared of wrongdoing, but after the death of Mr. Harding on August 2, 1923, new President Calvin Coolidge, at first reluctant to dismiss Mr. Daugherty, received his resignation on March 28, 1924. In 1926 Mr. Daugherty was indicted for improperly receiving funds in the sale of American Metal Company assets during World War I, and narrowly escaped conviction. He spent his later years attempting to rehabilitate his reputation, and died after a year of declining health.

German dispatches reported that a column had reached a point 98 miles west of Moscow.

70 years ago

Hit parade
#1 single in the U.S.A. (Billboard): To Each His Own--Eddy Howard and his Orchestra (9th week at #1)

On the radio
The New Adventures of Sherlock Holmes, starring Tom Conway and Nigel Bruce, on ABC
Tonight's episode: The Stuttering Ghost

This was the first episode of the season, the first on ABC, and the first with Mr. Conway as Sherlock Holmes, after Basil Rathbone declined to renew his contract.

Died on this date
Joseph Stilwell, 63
. U.S. military officer. General Stilwell, nicknamed "Vinegar Joe" because of his personality, was a United States Army officer mainly known for commanding Allied forces in the China-Burma-India theatre during World War II, where he preferred ground troops to air power. He had difficult relationships with British commanders, and had an especially poor relationship with Nationalist Chinese leader Generalissimo Chiang Kai-shek, which eventually led to Gen. Stilwell's recall from command in October 1944. Gen. Stilwell continued to serve the Army in other capacities until his death after an operation for stomach cancer.

The Paris Peace Conference approved the Bulgarian peace treaty but left the Bulgarian-Greek border question unresolved.

The Iranian government reported that the Ghashghai tribes of southern Iran were suing for peace after a three-week revolt against the central government.

Economics and finance
Japan's first post-World War II Diet adjourned after approving a record peacetime budget of $8 billion.

Toronto (4-2-1) 6 @ Montreal (3-2-2) 28
Hamilton (0-5-2) 6 @ Ottawa (3-2-2) 6

Winnipeg (4-2) 0 @ Calgary (5-3) 6

Sarnia (3-3) 1 @ Hamilton (4-1-1) 18
Ottawa (0-6) 0 @ Toronto Indians (5-0-1) 5

Canadian university
Western Ontario (2-0) 8 @ Queen's (0-2) 0
McGill (1-1) 3 @ Toronto (1-1) 5
Alberta (1-0) 8 @ Saskatchewan (0-1) 0

Bill Wusyk kicked a field goal and 3 singles off missed field goal attempts as the Stampeders blanked the Blue Bombers at Mewata Stadium.

Harry Hobbs scored the touchdown for the Golden Bears as they shut out the Huskies on a snow-covered field at Griffiths Stadium in Saskatoon. There were 18 fumbles in the game.

60 years ago

Hit parade
#1 single in the U.K. (New Musical Express): Lay Down Your Arms--Anne Shelton (4th week at #1)

Following three days of discussions with United Nations Secretary-General Dag Hammarskjold, Egyptian Foreign Minister Mahmoud Fawzy, French Foreign Minister Christian Pineau, and U.K. Foreign Secretary Selwyn Lloyd agreed to continue talks on Suez Canal operations

Israel warned that the anticipated entry of Iraqi troops into Jordan would constitute a "direct threat to the security of Israel" and "jeopardize the status quo in the area."

The Yugoslavian Foreign Ministry claimed that the country's neutrality had been unaffected by talks between President Marshal Josip Tito and Soviet leaders.

U.S. President Dwight Eisenhower authorized Defense Mobilization Agency Director Arthur Flemming to begin a study of U.S. oil tanker needs in anticipation of a possible disruption of Suez Canal traffic.

Politics and government
Speaking in Oakland, Pennsylvania Governor George Leader drew the ire of Republicans when he suggested that U.S. Vice President Richard Nixon be "retired" to Alcatraz Island.

The government of Singapore ordered the expulsion of 140 students and the closure of two private schools in an effort to combat Communist agitation.

The Congress of the American College of Surgeons in San Francisco heard a report on a method of making intermission heart surgery safe by temporary stoppage of blood flow through chilling.

British Royal Navy Boatswain George Wookey, wearing a flexible diving suit and breathing a mixture of oxygen and helium, set a world diving record of 600 feet in Norwegian waters.

50 years ago

Hit parade
Australia's top 10 (Go-Set):
1 Yellow Submarine/Eleanor Rigby--The Beatles (2nd week at #1)
2 Sunshine Superman--Donovan
3 Needle in a Haystack--The Twilights
4 With a Girl Like You--The Troggs
5 Step Back/Cara Lyn--Johnny Young and Kompany
6 Born a Woman--Sandy Posey
--Judy Stone
7 Summer in the City--The Lovin' Spoonful
8 Somewhere My Love (Lara's Theme)--Ray Conniff and the Singers
9 Lil' Red Riding Hood--Sam the Sham and the Pharaohs
10 Born Free--Matt Monro

Singles entering the chart were Land of 1000 Dances by Wilson Pickett (#20); Wild One by Grantley Dee (#22); See See Rider by Eric Burdon & the Animals (#26); The Joker Went Wild by Brian Hyland (#31); Walk with Me by the Seekers (#33); Sunny Afternoon by the Kinks (#37); Got to Get You Into My Life by Cliff Bennett and the Rebel Rousers (#38); and Rhapsody in the Rain by Lou Christie (#40).

40 years ago

Hit parade
#1 single in Sweden (Topplistan): Dancing Queen--ABBA (8th week at #1)

National League Championship Series
Philadelphia 6 @ Cincinnati 7 (Cincinnati won best-of-five series 3-0)

Ken Griffey's infield single with 1 out in the bottom of the 9th inning drove home Dave Concepcion with the winning run to give the Reds the win before 55,047 fans at Riverfront Stadium, and their second straight NL pennant. The Phillies led 6-4 going into the bottom of the 9th, but George Foster and Johnny Bench hit consecutive home runs to tie the game, prompting Philadelphia manager Danny Ozark to remove relief pitcher Ron Reed in favour of Gene Garber.

American League Championship Series
Kansas City 3 @ New York 5 (New York led best-of-five series 2-1)

The Royals scored 3 runs in the top of the 1st inning, but the Yankees came back with 2 in the 4th and 3 in the 6th to win before 56,808 fans at Yankee Stadium.

30 years ago

U.S. President Ronald Reagan and Soviet leader Mikhail Gorbachev failed to reach agreement in a disarmament summit at Reykjavik.

Montreal (3-11) 11 @ Saskatchewan (6-7-1) 29

National League Championship Series
Houston 3 @ New York 1 (Best-of-seven series tied 2-2)

Mike Scott pitched a 3-hitter for his second win of the series. Losing pitcher Sid Fernandez gave up just 4 hits, but they included a 2-run home run by Alan Ashby in the 2nd inning, and a solo home run by Dickie Thon in the 5th.

American League Championship Series
Boston 7 @ California 6 (11 innings) (California led best-of-seven series 3-2)

The Angels led 5-2 going into the 9th inning and were just 2 outs away from their first AL pennant when Don Baylor hit a 2-run home run off starting pitcher Mike Witt to reduce the lead to 5-4. Mr. Witt retired the next batter, but relief pitcher Gary Lucas hit Rich Gedman with a pitch. Donnie Mooore was then brought in to face Boston center fielder Dave Henderson, and quickly got 2 strikes on him. Mr. Henderson began fouling off pitches and then launched a 2-run homer into the left field stands to give the Red Sox a 6-5 lead. The Angels scored a run in the bottom of the 9th to tie the game, and loaded the bases with 1 out, but were unable to produce the winning run. The Red Sox loaded the bases in the top of the 11th, and Mr. Henderson drove in a run with a sacrifice fly. Calvin Schiraldi retired the Angels in order to preserve the win for the Red Sox before 64,223 shocked fans at Anaheim Stadium.

25 years ago

Hit parade
#1 single in Australia (ARIA): Love...Thy Will Be Done--Martika

#1 single in Japan (Oricon Singles Chart): Say Yes--Chage and Aska (11th week at #1)

#1 single in Italy (FIMI): Rapput (Senza Fiato)--Claudio Bisio; Rocco Tanica (7th week at #1)

#1 single in Spain (PROMUSICAE): Asi Me Gusta--Chimo Bayo (4th week at #1)

#1 single in Flanders (Ultratop 50): (Everything I Do) I Do it for You--Bryan Adams (10th week at #1)

#1 single in France (SNEP): (Everything I Do) I Do it for You--Bryan Adams

#1 single in the Netherlands (De Nederlandse Top 40): (Everything I Do) I Do it for You--Bryan Adams (10th week at #1)

#1 single in the U.K. (Chart Information Network): (Everything I Do) I Do it for You--Bryan Adams (14th week at #1)

#1 single in the U.S.A. (Billboard): Emotions--Mariah Carey

U.S. top 10 (Cash Box)
1 Emotions--Mariah Carey
2 I Adore Mi Amor--Color Me Badd
3 Do Anything--Natural Selection featuring Niki Haris
4 Romantic--Karyn White
5 Hole Hearted--Extreme
6 Good Vibrations--Marky Mark and the Funky Bunch featuring Loleatta Holloway
7 Love of a Lifetime--Firehouse
8 Shiny Happy People--R.E.M.
9 Something to Talk About--Bonnie Raitt
10 Love...Thy Will Be Done--Martika

Singles entering the chart were When a Man Loves a Woman by Michael Bolton (#54); Street of Dreams by Nia Peeples (#67); It's So Hard to Say Goodbye to Yesterday by Boyz II Men (#77); Live for Loving You by Gloria Estefan (#87); Stand by My Woman by Lenny Kravitz (#88); Ring My Bell by D.J. Jazzy Jeff and Fresh Prince (#89); and For Your Mind by Robbie Nevil (#90).

Canada’s top 10 (RPM)
1 The Real Love--Bob Seger
2 Hole Hearted--Extreme
3 Shiny Happy People--R.E.M.
4 Time, Love and Tenderness--Michael Bolton
5 The Promise of a New Day--Paula Abdul
6 Can't Stop this Thing We Started--Bryan Adams
7 Emotions--Mariah Carey
8 The Motown Song--Rod Stewart (with the Temptations)
9 Calling Elvis--Dire Straits
10 My Town--Glass Tiger

Singles entering the chart were What About Now by Robbie Robertson (#28); Get a Leg Up by John Mellencamp (#31); Set the Night to Music by Roberta Flack with Maxi Priest (#61); Broken Arrow by Rod Stewart (#64); Love is the Subject by the Odds (#79); Hey Donna by Rythm Syndicate (#85); If There were No Dreams by Neil Diamond (#88); Live for Loving You by Gloria Estefan (#90); Live for Today by Young Saints (#91); Political by Spirit of the West (#93); and Never Look Back by Darby Mills (#94).

Edmonton (10-5) 45 @ British Columbia (9-6) 38 (OT)

Henry "Gizmo" Williams made a spectacular catch for a touchdown on a pass from Tracy Ham in overtime to give the Eskimos the win over the Lions before 54,108 fans at B.C. Place Stadium in Vancouver. B.C. quarterback Doug Flutie broke Warren Moon's Canadian Football League record for yards passing in a season with a 582-yard performance in the loss.

Alberta 17 @ Calgary 24

American League Championship Series
Minnesota 9 @ Toronto 3 (Minnesota led best-of-seven series 3-1)

The Twins scored 4 runs in the 4th inning and 2 more in the 6th as Jack Morris won his second game of the series.

National League Championship Series
Pittsburgh 3 @ Atlanta 10 (Atlanta led best-of-seven series 2-1)

The Braves scored 4 runs in the bottom of the 1st inning and led 6-1 after 3. Greg Olson, Ron Gant, and Sid Bream hit home runs for the Braves.

20 years ago

Hit parade
#1 single in Australia (ARIA): Macarena--Los Del Rio (7th week at #1)

#1 single in Italy (Hit Parade Italia): Stranger in Moscow--Michael Jackson

#1 single in Flanders (Ultratop 50): Wannabe--Spice Girls (4th week at #1)

#1 single in Wallonia (Ultratop 40): Wannabe--Spice Girls (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in Ireland (IRMA): Words--Boyzone (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in the U.K. (Chart Information Network): Setting Sun--The Chemical Brothers

#1 single in the U.S.A. (Billboard): Macarena (Bayside Boys Mix)--Los Del Rio (11th week at #1)

#1 single in the U.S.A. (Cash Box): I Love You Always Forever--Donna Lewis (6th week at #1)

Edmonton (10-6) 34 @ British Columbia (4-11) 31

Sean Fleming missed a field goal on the last play of regulation time, but when B.C. returner Cory Philpot kicked the ball out of the end zone, Brandon Hamilton was called for no yards on the Edmonton returner, and Mr. Fleming then kicked a 22-yard field goal to win the game before 16,031 fans at B.C. Place Stadium in Vancouver. Shalon Baker scored one of the Edmonton touchdowns on a pass from Danny McManus; it was his last touchdown in the CFL. The game was badly officiated, with most of the questionable calls going in favour of the Eskimos.

British Columbia (3-3) 35 @ Alberta (3-2) 14

American League Championship Series
New York 8 @ Baltimore 4 (New York led best-of-seven series 3-1)

National League Championship Series
Atlanta 2 @ St. Louis 3 (St. Louis led best-of-seven series 2-1)

10 years ago

Died on this date
Gillo Pontecorvo, 86
. Italian film director. Mr. Pontecorvo was best known for La battaglia di Algeri (The Battle of Algiers) (1966) and Queimada (Burn!) (1969).

Johnny Callison, 67. U.S. baseball player. Mr. Callison played right field with the Chicago White Sox (1958-1959); Philadelphia Phillies (1960-1969); Chicago Cubs (1970-1971); and New York Yankees (1972-1973), batting .264 with 226 home runs and 840 runs batted in in 1,886 games. He led the National League in triples in 1962 (10) and 1965 (16), and in doubles in 1966 (40), and led the NL in outfield assist for four straight seasons (1962-1965). Mr. Callison is best remembered for the 1964 season, when he batted .174 with 31 home runs and 104 RBIs, playing in all 162 games. He was runner-up to Ken Boyer of the St. Louis Cardinals for Most Valuable Player in the National League, and probably would have won the award if the Phillies hadn't collapsed in the last two weeks of the season after having an apparently insurmountable lead, finishing a game behind the Cardinals in the pennant race. Mr. Callison did win the award as most valuable player in the major league All-Star Game that year for hitting a 3-run homer to end the game, giving the NL a 7-4 win.

National League Championship Series
St. Louis 0 @ New York 2 (New York led best-of-seven series 1-0)

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