Monday, 3 October 2016

October 3, 2016

100 years ago

Born on this date
James Herriot
U.K. veterinarian and author. Dr. Herriot, born James Alfred Wight, was a veterinary surgeon in rural England whose experiences served as the basis for a number of books, published separately in Britain but collected into several omnibus volumes in North America under the titles All Creatures Great and Small (1972); All Things Bright and Beautiful (1974); and All Things Wise and Wonderful (1977). He died on February 23, 1995 at the age of 78.

The Philadelphia Athletics, with the worst record of any major league team of the 20th century, swept a doubleheader from the American League champion Boston Red Sox 5-3 and 7-5 at Braves Field in Boston. Rube Parnham allowed 6 hits and 1 earned run in 5 innings and batted 1 for 2 to win the first game; Axel Lindstrom relieved him and allowed 2 hits and 2 earned runs in 4 innings to get the save, batting 1 for 2 in his only major league game. Elmer Myers allowed 5 hits and 1 earned run in 5 innings to win the second game, finishing the season with a record of 14-23. Jack Nabors, who had a record of 1-20 for the season and had lost his last 19 decisions, pitched the last 4 innings of the second game; he allowed 7 hits and 4 earned runs, but was credited with his only major league save. Carl Mays and Babe Ruth were the respective losing pitchers. Philadelphia third baseman Tom Healy batted 0 for 3 and was hit by a pitch and scored a run and had 1 puout in the first game, and was 2 for 5 with a triple and 2 runs, with 1 putout, 4 assist, and an error, while starting a double play in the second game, ending his major league career after 2 years and 29 games. The Athletics won 3 of their last 4 games to finish with a record of 36-117-1, a winning percentage of .235. They finished 40 1/2 games behind the seventh-place Cleveland Indians.

The New York Yankees, trailing 5-0 after 2 1/2 innings, scored 2 runs in the bottom of the 9th to tie the Washington Nationals 9-9, and no further scoring took place until the game was called after 11 innings because of darkness at the Polo Grounds in New York. Jess Buckles, the second of 4 New York pitchers, allowed 2 hits, 1 base on balls, and 2 runs--1 earned--in 3 innings in his second and last major league game.

The Brooklyn Robins, trailing the New York Giants 3-0 after 1 1/2 innings at Ebbets Field in Brooklyn, came back to win 9-6 and clinch the National League pennant when the second-place Philadelphia Phillies lost a doubleheader to the Boston Braves. New York right fielder Dave Robertson batted 4 for 4.

Dick Rudolph and Lefty Tyler were the respective winning pitchers as the Boston Braves swept a doubleheader from the Philadelphia Phillies 6-3 and 6-1 at Baker Bowl in Philadelphia. Eppa Rixey and Erskine Mayer were the respective losing pitchers.

90 years ago

Chicago (0-2-1) 7 @ Brooklyn (1-0) 12
Boston (1-0) 3 @ Newark (0-1-1) 0
Los Angeles (0-2) 14 @ Cleveland (2-0) 17
New York (1-1) 26 @ Rock Island (1-1) 0

World Series

St. Louis Cardinals 6 @ New York Yankees 2 (Best-of-seven series tied 1-1)

Billy Southworth hit a 3-run home run in the top of the 7th inning to break a 2-2 tie and Pete Alexander pitched a 4-hit complete game to give the Cardinals their first win ever in a World Series game as they defeated the Yankees before 63,600 fans at Yankee Stadium. St. Louis shortstop Tommy Thevenow hit an inside-the-park home run in the 9th inning. Urban Shocker allowed 10 hits and 6 earned runs in 7 innings to take the loss.

80 years ago

Toronto (1-0) 18 @ Ottawa (0-1) 1
Montreal (0-1) 10 @ Hamilton (1-0) 21

Winnipeg (3-1-1) 6 @ Regina (2-2-1) 6

Reg de Gruchy Memorial Trophy
University of Toronto 5 Toronto Balmy Beach (ORFU) 3

Cam Gray's field goal and Bob Isbister's 2 singles offset 3 singles by Ab Box as the Varsity Blues defeated Balmy Beach before 5,000 fans at Varsity Stadium to win the trophy representing the city championship of Toronto.

ORFU-university (Exhibition)
University of Western Ontario 3 @ Sarnia (ORFU) 19

Canadian university
Saskatchewan 5 Alberta 3

World Series
New York Giants 1 @ New York Yankees 2 (Yankees led best-of-seven series 2-1)

Bump Hadley pitched a 4-hitter to win the pitching duel over Freddie Fitzsimmons before 64,842 fans at Yankee Stadium. Lou Gehrig of the Yankees and Jimmy Ripple of the Giants each hit a solo home run.

75 years ago

At the movies
The third filmed version of The Maltese Falcon received its premiere screening in New York City.

German Wehrmacht troops occupied Orel on the Russian front, and German Fuehrer Adolf Hitler declared in a speech in Berlin that Russia had been "broken" and would "never rise again."

The Peruvian government announced that Peru and Ecuador had agreed to create a neutral zone in the area of their border dispute.

The Japanese government announced its protest to the United Kingdom and Iran on September 30 against the suspension of diplomatic immunity for the mails and code messages of the Japanese legation in Tehran.

U.S. President Franklin D. Roosevelt expressed alarm over the general health of the nation in light of the high ratio of draft rejections because of physical disability. Reports indicated that 50% of the men examined were being rejected.

Six synagogues in Paris were wrecked by bombs.

World events
German dispatches reported that Prague Mayor Otakar Klapka had been sentenced to death for allegedly participating in a plot against Germany.

Politics and government
Australian Prime Minister Arthur Fadden submitted his resignation after 37 days in office upon the United Australia Party-Country Party coalition government losing a non-confidence vote 36-33 in the House of Representatives. Governor General Lord Gowrie summoned Arthur Coles and Alexander Wilson--two independent MPs who had been supporting the government before changing their votes--and asked if they would support Australian Labour Party leader John Curtin as Prime Minister. They said yes, and Mr. Curtin took office as Prime Minister four days later.

U.S. aviator Charles Lindbergh told an America First rally at Gospel Tabernacle in Fort Wayne, Indiana that U.S. President Franklin D. Roosevelt was leading the United States along a road which, "not many steps ahead," might involve the suspension of the Congressional elections in 1942.

70 years ago

The Italian Political and Territorial Commission of the Paris Peace Conference adopted a French proposal for international control of Trieste, putting the city under United Nations Security Council authority.

Yugoslavian President Marshal Josip Tito demobilized several large army units and most partisan units remaining from World War II.

The U.S.Maritime Commission sold the former luxury liner SS Normandie as scrap to Lipsett, Inc., an American salvage company based in New York City, for $161,680. The French-built ship had entered service in 1935, but had been seized by U.S. authorities in New York in December 1941 and renamed USS Lafayette, and sank as the result of a major fire in February 1942.

An American Overseas Airlines Douglas DC-4 en route from New York to Berlin exploded near Stephenville, Newfoundland, killing all 39 on board in the worst commercial airline disaster in U.S. history to date.

Whitey Kurowski, Enos Slaughter, and Marty Marion each batted in 2 runs as the St. Louis Cardinals defeated the Brooklyn Dodgers 8-4 before 31,437 fans at Ebbets Field in Brooklyn to sweep a best-of-three playoff to determine the winner of the National League pennant. Winning pitcher Murry Dickson took an 8-1 lead into the bottom of the 9th inning, but the Dodgers mounted a furious rally, and Harry Brecheen relieved Mr. Dickson with the score 8-3 with 1 out and runners on first and second bases. Bruce Edwards singled home Carl Furillo to make the score 8-4, and pinch hitter Cookie Lavagetto walked to load the bases, with the next batter(s) representing the potential tying run. Mr. Brecheen then struck out Eddie Stanky and pinch hitter Howie Schultz to end the game.

60 years ago

Israel announced a boycott of the Israeli-Jordanian Mixed Armistice Commission to protest Arab attacks and allegedly biased rulings of the commission.

Economics and finance
U.K. Chancellor of the Exchequer Harold Macmillan disclosed that finance ministers of other Comonwealth countries had indicated their support for a British plan to enter a European free trade area.

A bus fire killed 23 passengers near Multan, West Pakistan.

World Series
New York Yankees 3 @ Brooklyn Dodgers 6 (Brooklyn led best-of-seven series 1-0)

A 3-run home run by Gil Hodges in the bottom of the 3rd inning broke a 2-2 tie and enabled the Dodgers to defeat the Yankees before 34,479 fans at Ebbets Field. Mickey Mantle hit a 2-run homer to give the Yankees the lead just 3 batters into the game, and Jackie Robinson hit a solo home run as part of a 2-run inning for Brooklyn in the 2nd; it was the last home run of Mr. Robinson's career. Sal Maglie pitched a 9-hit complete game to win the pitching matchup over Whitey Ford.

50 years ago

Hit parade
#1 single in Spain (PROMUSICAE): Strangers in the Night--Frank Sinatra

#1 single in Ireland (IRMA): Merry Ploughboy--Dermot O'Brien (2nd week at #1)

Canada's top 10 (RPM)
1 Cherish--The Association
2 Get Away--Georgie Fame and the Blue Flames
3 Sunny Afternoon--The Kinks
4 Merry Ploughboy--The Carlton Showband/Off to Dublin in the Green--The Abbey Tavern Singers
5 You Can't Hurry Love--The Supremes
6 Wipe Out--The Surfaris
7 Sunshine Superman--Donovan
8 Black is Black--Los Bravos
9 Yellow Submarine/Eleanor Rigby--The Beatles
10 Beauty is Only Skin Deep--The Temptations

Singles entering the chart were Born Free by Roger Williams (#92); If I Were a Carpenter by Bobby Darin (#93); Ain't Gonna Lie by Keith (#95); Melody for an Unknown Girl by the Unknowns (#96); Come on Up by the Young Rascals (#97); Mas Que Nada by Sergio Mendes and Brasil '66 (#98); Cast Your Fate to the Wind by Shelby Flint (#99); and Here, There and Everywhere by Greg Hamon (#100).

Tunisia severed diplomatic relations with the United Arab Republic, charging that Egypt had "waged a continued campaign of insults."

Politics and government
U.S. Attorney General Nicholas Katzenbach was named Undersecretary of State, succeeding Geroge Ball.

The Brazilian Congress elected War Minister Arthur Costa e Silver as President, with his four-year term to begin on March 15, 1967.

Hamilton (7-3) 10 @ British Columbia (3-8) 17

The Lions were leading the Tiger-Cats 11-10 before 22,107 fans at Empire Stadium in Vancouver and lined up for a field goal attempt, but faked it, and when holder Ernie Allen couldn't find an open pass receiver, he rushed 40 yards for a touchdown. Willie Fleming scored the first B.C. touchdown, while Gerry McDougall scored the Hamilton TD.

40 years ago

Politics and government
The West German federal election resulted in a sharply-reduced majority for the coalition government of Chancellor Helmut Schmidt. The Social Democrats and Free Democrats won 264 of 518 seats in the Bundestag. The Christian Democrats, led by Helmut Kohl, won 201 seats, and their Bavarian ally, the Chiristian Social Union, took 53 seats, leaving them with 10 fewer seats than the governing coalition.

Hamilton (6-6) 26 @ Montreal (5-5-1) 19

Joe Harris returned a fumble 69 yards for a touchdown late in the 4th quarter to give the Tiger-Cats their win over the Alouettes before 58,730 fans at Olympic Stadium in Montreal. Gerry Dattilio, playing on special teams for the Alouettes, recovered a fumble in the Hamilton end zone for a Montreal touchdown.

Rick Burleson singled home Butch Hobson with 1 out in the bottom of the 15th inning to give the Boston Red Sox a 3-2 win over the Baltimore Orioles before 19,845 fans at Fenway Park in Boston. Luis Tiant pitched the first 12 innings for Boston, allowing 11 hits and 2 earned runs.

Dave Roberts pitched an 8-hit complete game victory as the Detroit Tigers defeated the Milwaukee Brewers 5-2 before 6,858 fans at County Stadium in Milwaukee. Detroit catcher Bill Freehan batted 1 for 3 with a base on balls and a run batted in, and made 2 putouts and 2 assists and started a double play in the 1,774th and final game of his 15-year major league career, all of it with the Tigers. Meanwhile, Milwaukee designated hitter Hank Aaron was 1 for 3 with a run batted in in the 3,298th and last game of his 23-year Hall of Fame major league career. He was reportedly upset at manager Del Crandall for removing him for pinch runner Jim Gantner in the 6th inning after singling in a run, because Mr. Aaron wanted a chance to break a tie with Babe Ruth for the career major league record for runs. Amazingly, the two each scored 2,174 runs. Detroit left fielder Marvin Lane batted 1 for 5 and made 1 putout in the 90th and last game of his 5-year major league career.

The Minnesota Twins beat the Kansas City Royals 5-3 before 15,665 fans at Royals Stadium in a game that decided the American League batting championship. George Brett and Hal McRae of the Royals and Rod Carew of the Twins, who had won the title from 1972-1975, all had a chance going into the last game. Mr. Carew was 2 for 4, finishing the season at .331. Mr. Brett had 2 doubles in his first 3 at bats, and came to bat in the bottom of the 9th with 1 out, nobody on base, and the Royals trailing 5-2. He hit a fly ball to left field, but Minnesota left fielder Steve Brye was playing too deep, and the ball got by him for an inside-the-park home run. Mr. McRae, with 2 hits in his first 3 at bats, was the next batter; he grounded out to shortstop, and made rude gestures toward Minnesota manager Gene Mauch on his way back to the dugout. Mr. Brett won the batting title with a .333 percentage, followed by Mr. McRae at .332 and Mr. Carew at .331. After the game, Mr. McRae alleged that Mr. Brye had deliberately allowed the last ball hit by Mr. Brett to drop in front of him in order to prevent a Negro from winning the batting title. If Mr. McRae had singled in his last at bat, he would have won the title with a .334 percentage. If Mr. Brett had been retired in his last at bat, he would have finished at .332 (.3317), behind Mr. McRae's .3320.

Len Barker, in his second major league game, pitched a 3-hit shutout for his first major league win as the Texas Rangers blanked the Chicago White Sox 3-0 before 4,455 fans at Arlington Stadium. Chicago pitcher Goose Gossage allowed 7 hits and 3 earned runs in pitching a complete game, finishing the season at 9-17. Texas center field Dave Moates batted 1 for 4 and singled home Jim Sundberg for the game's final run in his last at bat, and made 4 putouts, in the 140th and last game of his 3-year major league career. Texas shortstop Ken Pape batted 0 for 1 with a base on balls, and was hit by a pitch and scored the game's second run in the 7th inning, while making 1 putout and 3 assists and starting a double play in the 21st and last game of his only major league season. It was the last game for Paul Richards as manager of the White Sox; he had come out of a long retirement to take the position, but the team finished sixth and last in the American League West Division with a record of 64-97.

Nolan Ryan pitched a 2-hitter and struck out 14 batters to win the pitchers' duel over Mike Torrez as the California Angels edged the Oakland Athletics 1-0 before 9,155 fans at Oakland-Alameda County Coliseum. Terry Humphrey singled home Ron Jackson in the 7th inning for the only run against Mr. Torrez, who allowed 8 hits in pitching a complete game. California shortstop Mike Miley batted 0 for 4 and made 1 putout and 3 assists, participating in a double play, in the 84th and last game of his 2-year major league career; he was killed in a car accident three months later at the age of 23. Oakland designated hitter Jim Holt batted 0 for 2 with a base on balls in the 707th and last game of his 9-year major league career. Tommy Sandt started at shortstop for Oakland and was 0 for 1 with a base on balls, a putout, and 3 assists in the 42nd and last game of his 2-year major league career. Don Hopkins entered the game for Oakland in the 8th inning in the 85th and last game of his 2-year major league career. This game marked the last game in an Oakland uniform for many players, as the upcoming off-season was the first since the beginning of free agency for major league players, and few members of the Athletics wanted to continue playing for owner Charlie Finley. Players other than those already mentioned who saw their last action for Oakland in this game were outfielder Denny Walling; second baseman Phil Garner; designated hitter Willie McCovey; first baseman Ron Fairly; third baseman Ken McMullen; Sal Bando, normally a third baseman, but a substitute shortstop in this game; first baseman and catcher Gene Tenace, a pinch hitter in this game; and catcher Larry Haney. It was also the last game for Chuck Tanner as the Athletics' manager; he was traded to the Pittsburgh Pirates in the off-season for catcher Manny Sanguillen.

Jim Rooker and Jerry Reuss, respectively, pitched shutouts as they swept a doubleheader from the St. Louis Cardinals 1-0 and 1-0 before 24,228 fans at Three Rivers Stadium in Pittsburgh. John Denny and Pete Falcone, the respective losing pitchers, also pitched complete games. The second game was scoreless going into the bottom of the 9th inning, but Richie Zisk, playing his last game in his six years as a Pirate, led off with a single. Miguel Dilone pinch ran for him, stole second base, and scored on a 2-out single by center fielder Tony Armas, who batted 2 for 4 in his fourth major league game, and his last in a Pittsburgh uniform. The hits were the first of Mr. Armas' career. Lee Richard played in the first game for the Cardinals as a pinch runner and played the last 5 innings of the second game at second base, batting 0 for 2 and making 1 putout in the 173rd and last game of his 5-year major league career. Charlie Chant played left field for St. Louis in the first game, batting 1 for 3 and making 1 putout in the 20th and last game of his 2-year major league career.

Steve Carlton pitched a 3-hit complete game victory to finish the season with a record of 20-7 as the Philadelphia Phillies edged the New York Mets 2-1 before 25,632 fans at Veterans Stadium in Philadelphia. The only New York run came on a home run by Pepe Mangual in the 2nd inning. Leon Brown entered the game for New York as a pinch runner in the 8th inning in the 64th and last game of his only major league season.

The Cincinnati Reds erupted for 7 runs in the bottom of the 8th inning as they routed the Atlanta Braves 11-1 before 47,313 fans at Riverfront Stadium in Cincinnati. The Reds led 4-0 when Atlanta relief pitcher Rick Camp took the mound to begin the 8th inning. He allowed 4 straight singles before being relieved by Pablo Torrealba, and all 4 runners scored. Don Gullett, the third of four Cincinnati pitchers, allowed 1 hit and no runs in 5 innings of relief to get the win and finish the season with a record of 11-3. Ken Griffey, who led Bill Madlock of the Chicago Cubs in the race for the National League batting title, started the game on the bench, but entered the game as a pinch hitter in the 7th inning, and struck out then and again in the 8th inning to finish at .336, 3 points behind Mr. Madlock. Mr. Griffey entered the day batting exactly .3375, with Mr. Madlock at .333. Even if Mr. Griffey had hit safely in 1 of his 2 at bats, he still would have finished behind Mr. Madlock.

Bill Madlock batted 4 for 4, Joe Wallis 3 for 4, and Manny Trillo 3 for 5 as the Chicago Cubs beat the Montreal Expos 8-2 before 9,486 fans at Wrigley Field in Chicago. Mr. Madlock won his second straight National League batting title, finishing at .339, 3 points ahead of Ken Griffey of the Cincinnati Reds. In the 8th inning, Rob Sperring pinch hit for Mr. Madlock and singled. Rick Reuschel pitched an 8-hit complete game victory and doubled in the last 2 runs of a 5-run 3rd inning to give the Cubs an insurmountable lead. Earl Williams, playing his 61st and last game as an Expo, hit the game's only home run, opening the scoring in the top of the 3rd inning. Chip Lang, the second of 6 Montreal pitchers, allowed 3 hits and 1 earned run in 2/3 inning in the 30th and last game of his 2-year major league career, while Chuck Taylor, the fifth Montreal pitcher of the day, allowed 1 hit and no runs in 1 2/3 innings in the 305th and last game of his 8-year big league career. Roger Freed came to bat as a pinch hitter for Mr. Taylor in the 8th inning and singled in his 8th and last game in a Montreal uniform. It was the final game for Jim Marshall as manager of the Cubs; he had replaced Whitey Lockman in mid-season in 1974 and had led the team to consecutive 75-87 records in 1975 and 1976. It was also the final game for Charlie Fox as manager of the Expos; he had replaced the fired Karl Kuehl and led the team to a 12-22 record as the Expos finished 1976 with the worst record in the major leagues at 55-107. The game was played in 1 hour and 57 minutes, which is remarkably fast for a game in which the teams combined for 27 hits--19 for the Cubs--and in which the Expos made 3 mid-inning pitching changes.

Pinch hitter Merv Rettenmund drew a base on balls with the bases loaded and 2 out in the top of the 8th inning to force Mike Ivie home to break a 2-2 tie and give the San Diego Padres a 3-2 win over the Los Angeles Dodgers before 33,205 fans at Dodger Stadium. Rick Sawyer pitched a 6-hit complete game victory, and singled in a run. Los Angeles catcher Ellie Rodriguez batted 1 for 2, was hit by a pitch, and scored a run, while making 7 putouts and 1 assist in the 775th and last game of his 9-year major league career. Leron Lee pinch hit for Mr. Rodriguez in the 8th inning and singled in the 614th and last game of his 8-year big league career, while Jim Lyttle came to bat for the Dodgers as a pinch hitter in the 9th inning and popped out to shortstop in the 391st and last game of his 8-year major league career.

30 years ago

Hit parade
#1 single in West Germany (Media Control): Rage Hard--Frankie Goes to Hollywood (2nd week at #1)

Died on this date
Vince DiMaggio, 74
. U.S. baseball player. Mr. DiMaggio, the older brother of center fielders Joe and Dom DiMaggio, was a center fielder with the Boston Bees (1937-1938); Cincinnati Reds (1939-1940); Pittsburgh Pirates (1940-1944); Philadelphia Blue Jays/Phillies (1945-1946); and New York Giants (1946), batting .249 with 125 home runs and 584 runs batted in in 1,110 games. He led National League batters in strikeouts 6 times, but stayed in the majors because of his outstanding defensive ability. Vince and Joe were teammates in spring training in 1939 when Vince was property of the New York Yankees, but the Yankees didn't have room for Vince, and he was sent down to the Kansas City Blues of the American Association, with whom he hit 40 home runs. He was sold to Cincinnati at the conclusion of the AA season, but joined the Reds too late in the season to be eligible to play for them in the World Series against the Yankees. Mr. DiMaggio hit 21 homers and drove in 100 runs with the Pirates in 1941, and hit a home run, triple, and single for the National League in the 1943 Major League All-Star Game after entering the game as a pinch hitter in the 4th inning.

Ground-breaking ceremonies were held for SkyDome, the 56,000-seat stadium with a retractable roof built on vacant railway land on Front Street.

Tandem Accelerator Superconducting Cyclotron (TASCC), a superconducting cyclotron at the Chalk River Laboratories in Deep River, Ontario, was officially opened.

Ottawa (3-11) 21 @ Calgary (8-6) 41

Rick Johnson threw 3 touchdown passes, 2 to Emanuel Tolbert, to lead the Stampeders over the Rough Riders before 26,074 fans at McMahon Stadium. Calgary kicker J.T. Hay added 4 converts, 4 field goals, and a single. The Rough Riders fired Joe Moss as head coach after this game and replaced him with assistant coach Tom Dimitroff. Since taking over the position before the 1985 season, Mr. Moss had compiled a record of 10-21.

25 years ago

Hit parade
#1 single in Ireland (IRMA): I'm Too Sexy--Right Said Fred

Toronto 3 @ Montreal 4

The National Hockey League began its 75th season with a match at the Montreal Forum between its oldest franchises. The Maple Leafs travelled to Montreal by train.

20 years ago

Hit parade
#1 single in Denmark (Nielsen Music Control & IFPI): Wannabe--Spice Girls (6th week at #1)

#1 single in Finland (Musiikkituottajat – IFPI Finland): Insomnia--Faithless (4th week at #1)

National League Division Series
San Diego 4 @ St. Louis 5 (St. Louis led best-of-five series 2-0)
Atlanta 3 @ Los Angeles 2 (Atlanta led best-of-five series 2-0)

10 years ago

Politics and government
Shawn Graham was sworn as Premier of New Brunswick, 15 days after his Liberal party unseated the Progressive Conservative government of Premier Bernard Lord in the provincial election.

National League Division Series
St. Louis 5 @ San Diego 1 (St. Louis led best-of-five series 1-0)

American League Division Series
Oakland 3 @ Minnesota 2 (Oakland led best-of-five series 1-0)
Detroit 4 @ New York 8 (New York led best-of-five series 1-0)

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