Thursday, 13 October 2016

October 13, 2016

240 years ago
1776


War
British forces commanded by General Guy Carleton cornered and defeated Benedict Arnold's American rebel fleet at Crown Point, New York. General Arnold ran part of his fleet ashore to avoid capture, while the British retreated to Canada for the winter. General Arnold's efforts in slowing the British bought the colonists nine months in which to consolidate their hold in northern New York.

150 years ago
1866


Disasters
Fire destroyed 2,500 buildings in Québec City.

125 years ago
1891


Born on this date
Irene Rich
. U.S. actress. Miss Rich, born Irene Luther, appeared in numerous silent films, often playing society women, and co-starred in eight movies with Will Rogers. She hosted the radio anthology program Dear John from 1933-1944. Miss Rich died on April 22, 1988 at the age of 96.

120 years ago
1896


Health
The Canadian Red Cross Society was founded in Toronto.

110 years ago
1906


Politics and government
The first Canadian federal-provincial conference took place in Ottawa.

Football
ORFU
Toronto Argonauts (1-1) 6 @ Hamilton (2-0) 19
Toronto Victorias (0-2) 7 @ Peterborough (1-1) 17

Baseball
World Series
Chicago White Sox 8 @ Chicago Cubs 6 (White Sox led best-of-seven series 3-2)

Frank Isbell hit 4 doubles, scored 3 runs, and drove in 2 as the "hitless wonders" erupted for 12 hits and overcame a 3-1 deficit after 2 innings to defeat the Cubs before 23,257 fans at West Side Park. The White Sox needed the hits and runs to offset 6 errors that led to 5 unearned runs. Ed Walsh allowed 5 hits, 5 bases and balls, and 1 earned run in 6+ innings to get his second win of the series, while Doc White allowed just 1 hit in 3 scoreless innings in earning the first save in World Series history. Ed Reulbach started on the mound for the Cubs and allowed 5 hits, 2 bases on balls, and 3 earned runs in 2+ innings before being relieved by Jack Pfiester, who allowed 3 hits, a base on balls, and 4 earned runs in 1 1/3 innings to take his second loss of the series.

75 years ago
1941


War
The U.S.S.R. admitted that Russian troops had retreated from Vyazma, about 130 miles west of Moscow. The Soviet government decided to evacuate many government offices from Moscow to Kuibyshev. The Chinese government admitted that their forces had evacuated Ichang after occupying the city for three days.

Defense
U.S. President Franklin D. Roosevelt announced that "within the past few days, large amounts of supplies have been sent to Russia." He added that "everything possible is being done to send material to Russia to help the brave defense which continues to be made." U.S. Secretary of State Cordell Hull, Secretary of the Navy Frank Knox, and Secretary of War Henry Stimson testified before the House of Representatives Foreign Affairs Committee that the Neutrality Act should be amended to permit the arming of U.S. merchant ships and allow them to enter war zones.

Politics and government
The Argentine Radical Party issued a manifesto denouncing acting President Ramon Castillo's dissolution of the Buenos Aires municipal council as an unconstitutional and "dictatorial" act.

Academia
The Southern University Conference voted unanimously to drop the University of Georgia from its ranks because of the dismissal of Professor Walter Cocking. Dr. Cocking, the dean of the university's College of Education since 1937, had been fired at the insistence of Georgia Governor Eugene Talmadge for allegedly supporting the admission of Negro students to previously all-white institutions.

Education
Philadelphia school superintendent Alexander Stoddard told a meeting of school officials that Americans should replace their critical attitude toward history with one of loyalty for the nation's founders. He said, "There has been too much tinkering with respect to our great leaders who gave us this country."

Football
WIFU
Winnipeg (4-1) 17 @ Vancouver (1-6) 0

Fritz Hanson and Wayne Sheley scored touchdowns for the Blue Bombers, while Ches McCance added a convert and field goal and Art Stevenson punted for 3 singles.

70 years ago
1946


War
The Paris Peace Conference approved the Hungarian peace treaty after an unsuccessful U.S. attempt to reduce Hungarian war reparations.

Politics and government
France adopted the constitution of the Fourth Republic.

Rural district elections in the British occupation zone of Germany resulted in a majority of votes going to the Social Democrats, but more district council seats to the Christian Democrats.

Terrrorism
Meyer Weisgal, American director of the Jewish Agency for Palestine, charged in London that British policy and the British Army were contributing to the growth of terrorism in Palestine.

Baseball
World Series
Boston Red Sox 1 @ St. Louis Cardinals 4 (Best-of-seven series tied 3-3)

The Cardinals scored 3 runs in the 3rd inning to provide the necessary scoring in support of Harry Brecheen's pitching as they evened the series before 35,768 fans at Sportsman's Park. Mr. Brecheen pitched a 7-hit complete game to earn his second win of the series, winning the pitchers' duel over Mickey Harris, who allowed 5 hits, a base on balls, and 3 earned runs in 2 2/3 innings to take his second loss of the series.

60 years ago
1956


Hit parade
#1 single in Australia (Kent Music Report): Que Sera, Sera (Whatever Will Be, Will Be)--Doris Day (5th week at #1)

#1 single in West Germany (Media Control): Heimweh--Freddy Quinn (12th week at #1)

#1 single in the U.K. (Record Mirror): Lay Down Your Arms--Anne Shelton (4th week at #1)

#1 singles in the U.S.A. (Billboard): Hound Dog/Don't Be Cruel--Elvis Presley (Best Seller--9th week at #1; Jukebox--7th week at #1); Don't Be Cruel--Elvis Presley (Disc Jockey--6th week at #1; Top 100--6th week at #1)

U.S. top 10 (Cash Box)
1 Don't Be Cruel--Elvis Presley (5th week at #1)
2 Honky Tonk (Parts 1 and 2)--Bill Doggett
3 Tonight You Belong to Me--Patience and Prudence
--Lawrence Welk and his Sparkling Strings
4 Canadian Sunset--Hugo Winterhalter and his Orchestra with Eddie Heywood
--Andy Williams
5 Just Walking in the Rain--Johnnie Ray
6 Hound Dog--Elvis Presley
7 The Green Door--Jim Lowe
8 Whatever Will Be, Will Be (Que Sera, Sera)--Doris Day
9 My Prayer--The Platters
10 Friendly Persuasion (Thee I Love)--Pat Boone
--The Four Aces

Singles entering the chart were Love Me Tender by Elvis Presley (#40); Two Different Worlds, with versions by Don Rondo, and Roger Williams and Jane Morgan (#43); Please Don't Leave Me by the Fontane Sisters (#48); and I Don't Care if the Sun Don't Shine by Elvis Presley (#50).

Diplomacy
The United Nations Security Council met to consider a revised Anglo-French draft resolution urging that any Suez settlement satisfy six principles agreed on by the United Kingdom, France, and Egypt. Israeli Ambassador to the United States Abba Eban charged Egypt with violating the 1951 UN Security Council resolution condemning Egypt's blockade of Israeli shipping.

Politics and government
Former Hungarian Premier Imre Nagy was restored to Communist Party membership.

Medicine
Professor Erwand Schamirowitsch of the Pavlov Institute in Leningrad described instruments capable of predicting an oncoming ulcer attack.

Horse racing
In his last race before retiring to stud, Nashua set a U.S. record time of 3:20 for two miles in winning the $54,700 Jockey Club Gold Cup at Belmont Park, New York.

Football
IRFU
Ottawa (4-7) 24 @ Hamilton (6-5) 40
Montreal (9-2) 28 @ Toronto (3-8) 13

WIFU
Edmonton (9-4) 37 @ Saskatchewan (8-5) 17
Winnipeg (8-5) 40 @ British Columbia (5-8) 8

ORFU
London (2-6) @ Rochester (0-5) (cancelled)
Toronto (6-3) 41 @ Sarnia (3-5) 17

Canadian university
Toronto (1-0-1) 15 @ McGill (0-2) 13
Western Ontario (1-1) 0 @ Queen's (1-0-1) 35

Bill Walker scored 2 touchdowns for the Eskimos as they defeated the Roughriders at Taylor Field in Regina. Reed Henderson returned a fumble for another Edmonton TD, while Jackie Parker and Rollie Miles scored the other Eskimo touchdowns. Joe Mobra completed the Edmonton scoring with 4 converts and a field goal.

Bob McNamara scored 6 touchdowns to lead the Blue Bombers over the Lions at Empire Stadium in Vancouver; his 6 touchdowns and 36 points remain Canadian Football League records for a single game.

Ron Murray, Gene Rossi, Bernie Custis, Harry Babcock, Bob Smith, and Nayland Moll scored touchdowns for Balmy Beach in their win over the Golden Bears at Norm Perry Park. Tom Urowitz kicked 4 converts and Bill Rankin added another convert. Matt Robillard and Cal Weaver scored Sarnia touchdowns, with Embry Robinson adding a convert, field goal, and single.

50 years ago
1966


Hit parade
#1 single in the U.K. (Record Retailer): Distant Drums--Jim Reeves (4th week at #1)

Crime
Robbers got away with a $1-million mail theft at Dorval Airport in Montréal.

40 years ago
1976


War
Syrian troops in Lebanon attacked Palestinian forces near Beirut in an attempt to force a settlement in the civil war.

Health
The first electron micrograph of an Ebola viral particle was obtained by Dr. F. A. Murphy of the U.S. Centers for Disease Control.

Disasters
A Bolivian Boeing 707 cargo jet crashed in a busy city street in Santa Cruz, Bolivia, killing 100, with 97, mostly children, killed on the ground.

Baseball
American League Championship Series
Kansas City 7 @ New York 4 (Best-of-five series tied 2-2)

Freddie Patek drove in 3 runs with a pair of doubles, and also added a single and a run to help the Royals defeat the Yankees before 56,355 fans at Yankee Stadium. Doug Bird, the second of three Kansas City pitchers, was credited with the win, while Catfish Hunter, who allowed 5 hits and 5 runs--all earned--in 3+ innings, took the loss.

30 years ago
1986


Hit parade
#1 single in Australia (Kent Music Report): Venus--Bananarama (5th week at #1)

#1 single in Spain (PROMUSICAE): Easy Lady--Spagna (5th week at #1)

Canadiana
Expo '86 closed in Vancouver; over 22 million visited the world's fair, whose theme was "Transportation and Communication: World in Motion - World in Touch."

Olympics
The International Olympic Committee announced that baseball would be a full medal sport in the 1992 summer games in Barcelona.

Football
CFL
Winnipeg (10-5) 18 @ Ottawa (3-11) 16
Toronto (7-7) 14 @ Calgary (9-6) 37

The Rough Riders scored a touchdown on the last play of their game against the Blue Bombers before 13,572 fans at Lansdowne Park when quarterback Todd Dillon's pass from the Winnipeg 47-yard line was deflected and caught by receiver Mark Barousse, but a 2-point convert attempt was unsuccessful when Mr. Dillon's pass was batted away by Winnipeg defensive back Ken Hailey.

Linebacker Alvis Satele had 4 of 11 sacks by the Calgary defense against Toronto quarterback Condredge Holloway and J.C. Watts as the Stampeders beat the Argonauts before a Thanksgiving Day crowd of 25,939 at McMahon Stadium.

25 years ago
1991


Hit parade
#1 single in New Zealand (RIANZ): All 4 Love--Color Me Badd

#1 single in Austria (Ö3): (Everything I Do) I Do it for You--Bryan Adams (3rd week at #1)

#1 single in Switzerland: (Everything I Do) I Do it for You--Bryan Adams (11th week at #1)

Football
CFL
Ottawa (6-9) 24 @ Calgary (10-5) 44

Newcomer Eric Mitchel rushed 26 yards for a touchdown and scored another TD on a 75-yard pass from Steve Taylor as the Stampeders beat the Rough Riders before 18,761 fans at McMahon Stadium.

Baseball
American League Championship Series
Minnesota 8 @ Toronto 5 (Minnesota won best-of-seven series 4-1)

Trailing 5-2, the Twins scored 3 runs in the top of the 6th inning and added 3 more in the 8th to win the AL pennant before 51,425 fans at SkyDome.

National League Championship Series
Pittsburgh 3 @ Atlanta 2 (10 innings) (Best-of-seven series tied 2-2)

Mike LaValliere's pinch-hit single with 2 out in the top of the 10th inning drove in Andy Van Slyke with the winning run before 51,109 fans at Atlanta-Fulton County Stadium. The Braves scored both their runs in the bottom of the 1st inning.

20 years ago
1996


Hit parade
#1 single in New Zealand (RIANZ): Twisted--Keith Sweat (6th week at #1)

#1 single in Austria (Ö3): Break My Stride--Unique II (4th week at #1)

#1 single in Switzerland: Wannabe--Spice Girls (5th week at #1)

Religion
This blogger was in attendance as Beulah Alliance Church in Edmonton celebrated its 75th anniversary with a service at the Northern Alberta Jubilee Auditorium.

Aviation
Bombardier's new Global Express business jet made its first test flight from Mirabel airport in Québec.

Football
CFL
Saskatchewan (4-12) 14 @ Winnipeg (8-7) 20

The Winnipeg defense forced turnovers on three straight Saskatchewan turnovers in the 4th quarter before quarterback Reggie Slack scored the winning touchdown in front of 26,161 fans at Winnipeg Stadium.

Baseball
National League Championship Series
Atlanta 3 @ St. Louis 4 (St. Louis led best-of-seven series 3-1)

American League Championship Series
New York 6 @ Baltimore 4 (New York won best-of-seven series 4-1)

10 years ago
2006


Diplomacy
The United Nations General Assembly appointed South Korean Foreign Minister Ban Ki-moon the next UN Secretary-General.

Football
CFL
Montreal (9-7) 26 @ Saskatchewan (8-8) 27

Luca Congi's 32-yard field goal on the final play of regulation time gave the Roughriders their win over the Alouettes before 25,329 fans at Mosaic Stadium in Regina.

Baseball
American League Championship Series
Oakland 0 @ Detroit 3 (Detroit led best-of-seven series 3-0)

National League Championship Series
St. Louis 9 @ New York 6 (Best-of-seven series tied 1-1)

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