Friday, 28 October 2016

October 29, 2016

425 years ago
1591


Religion
Cardinal Giovanni Antonio Facchinetti was elected Pope Innocent IX, succeeding Gregory XIV.

125 years ago
1891


Born on this date
Fanny Brice
. U.S. entertainer. Miss Brice, born Fania Borach, was a singer, comedienne, and actress who made many appearances in plays and films, but was perhaps best know for playing the character Baby Snooks on radio from 1937-1951. She died on May 29, 1951 at the age of 59, five days after suffering a cerebral hemorrhage, which occurred two days after the latest episode of The Baby Snooks Show. Miss Brice was the subject of the play (1964) and film (1968) Funny Girl, and the film sequel Funny Lady (1975).

100 years ago
1916


Died on this date
John Sebastian Little, 65
. U.S. politician. Mr. Little, a Democrat, represented Arkansas in the United States House of Representatives from 1894-1907. He took office as Governor of Arkansas on January 8, 1907, but suffered a nervous breakdown shortly thereafter, and was succeeded by interim Governor John Isaac Moore on February 15, 1907. Mr. Little never recovered, and died in the Arkansas State Hospital for Nervous Diseases.

80 years ago
1936


On the radio
The Adventures of Sherlock Holmes, starring Louis Hector and Harry West, on MBS
Tonight's episode: The Haunted Bagpipes

Music
Nova Scotia country singer Hank Snow made his first recordings for RCA Victor in Montréal.

Politics and government
John Diefenbaker was chosen as leader of the Saskatchewan Conservative Party, which then held no seats in the province's Legislative Assembly.

75 years ago
1941


Died on this date
Harvey Hendrick, 43
. U.S. baseball player. Mr. Hendrick played football and baseball at Vanderbilt University before playing first base and outfield with seven major league teams from 1923-1934, batting .308 with 48 home runs and 413 runs batted in in 922 games. His best season was 1929, when he batted .354 with 14 homers and 82 RBIs with the Brooklyn Robins. As a rookie in 1923, Mr. Hendrick was a member of the New York Yankees when they won their first World Series championship, and batted 0 for 1 in the World Series. Mr. Hendrick committed suicide by shooting himself 11 days before his 44th birthday.

War
The German command announced that its forces had broken through Soviet defenses and entered the Crimean Peninsula after a battle lasting from October 18-28. U.S. Navy Secretary Frank Knox announced that the destroyer USS Kearny had been struck on October 17 by one of three torpedoes after she had dropped depth bombs on a submarine attacking a convoy west of Iceland.

Abominations
In a massacre known as the "Great Action," over 10,000 Jews were shot by German occupiers at the Ninth Fort in the Kaunas Ghetto in Lithuania.

Terrorism
The U.S. Justice Department announced the arrest of William Michael Etzel by federal agents in Baltimore on charges of sabotaging bombers at the Glenn L. Martin Company. Mr. Etzel was of German ancestry.

Politics and government
U.S. President Franklin D. Roosevelt appointed Charles Fahy to succeed Francis Biddle as U.S. Solicitor General.

Economics and finance
The U.S. Export-Import Bank announced that it would offer more than $70 million monthly to Latin American importers to finance purchases in the United States.

Labour
U.S. President Franklin D. Roosevelt conferred at the White House with Congress of Industrial Organizations United Mine Workers of America President John L. Lewis and asked Mr. Lewis to reopen struck coal mines pending consideration of the UMW's union shop demand by the National Defense Mediation Board.

The American Society of Composers, Authors and Publishers signed contracts in New York permitting the NBC and CBS radio networks to use its songs for the first time since January 1, 1941.

70 years ago
1946


War
Violence between Muslims and Hindus in India continued as Mohandas Gandhi's train was stoned at Aligarh.

Diplomacy
U.S.S.R. Foreign Minister Vyacheslav Molotov urged the United Nations General Assembly to recommend a general reduction of armaments, including the banning of the atomic bomb, but demanded the continuation of great power veto in nuclear matters.

Politics and government
France refused to approve an Allied Control Council proposal backed by the U.S.A., U.S.S.R., and U.K. to permit amalgamation of German political parties on a national basis.

60 years ago
1956


On television tonight
The Huntley-Brinkley Report, on NBC

This was the premiere broadcast of the newscast which featured co-anchors Chet Huntley in New York and David Brinkley in Washington.

Died on this date
Louis Rosier, 50
. French auto racing driver. Mr. Rosier participated in 38 Formula One races from 1950-1956, with his best results being consecutive third-place finished in the Swiss and Belgian Grand Prixs in 1950. He died a week before his 51st birthday as a result of injuries sustained in a crash at the Montlhéry track, south of Paris, on October 7, 1956.

Rafael Salas Canizares. Police Chief of Cuba. Chief Salas Canizares and 10 oppositionists were killed in gun battles as police raided the Haitian embassy in Havana searching for suspects wanted in the previous day's assassination of Cuban military intelligence chief Antonio Blanco Rio.

Literature
Compulsion, Meyer Levin's fictionalized account of the Leopold-Loeb murder trial in 1924, was published in New York by Simon & Schuster.

War
Israeli forces invaded and advanced more than 75 miles into the Egyptian Sinai Peninsula, to within 25 miles of the Suez Canal. An Israeli Foreign Ministry statement described the attack as "security measures to eliminate the Egyptian fedayeen bases in the Sinai Peninsula."

Defense
British and French naval units left Malta to cruise in the eastern Mediterranean Sea.

Diplomacy
The White House issued a statement reaffirming the U.S. pledge to assist the victim of any Middle East aggression, and promising to refer the Israeli attack on Egypt to the United Nations Security Council.

Protest
Rioting in Singapore ended with 14 dead, 130 injured, and 600 arrested after four days of skirmishes between security police and teenage students and their sympathizers.

Africana
The Tangier International Zone was nationalized by Morocco.

Society
Arguing that "progress toward equality has to be achieved finally in the hearts of men rather than in legislative halls," U.S. President Dwight Eisenhower repeated his 1952 statement that the civil rights question should be handled "to the greatest possible extent on a local and state basis."

50 years ago
1966


Hit parade
#1 single in Australia (Kent Music Report): Lady Godiva--Peter and Gordon

#1 single in France: L'Heure de la Sortie--Sheila

#1 single in Italy (FIMI): Strangers in the Night--Frank Sinatra (7th week at #1)

#1 single in West Germany (Media Control): Yellow Submarine--The Beatles (5th week at #1)

#1 single in the Netherlands (De Nederlandse Top 40): Little Man--Sonny and Cher (4th week at #1)

#1 single in the U.K. (New Musical Express): Reach Out I'll Be There--Four Tops

#1 single in the U.S.A. (Billboard): 96 Tears--? (Question Mark) & the Mysterians

U.S.A. Top 10 (Cash Box)
1 Last Train to Clarksville--The Monkees
2 96 Tears--? (Question Mark) & the Mysterians
3 Walk Away Renee--The Left Banke
4 Have You Seen Your Mother, Baby, Standing in the Shadow?--The Rolling Stones
5 Reach Out I'll Be There--Four Tops
6 Poor Side of Town--Johnny Rivers
7 Psychotic Reaction--Count Five
8 Dandy--Herman's Hermits
9 What Becomes of the Brokenhearted--Jimmy Ruffin
10 Hooray for Hazel--Tommy Roe

Singles entering the chart were Winchester Cathedral by the New Vaudeville Band (#33); You Keep Me Hangin' On by the Supremes (#36); On This Side of Goodbye by the Righteous Brothers (#66); Come Back by the Five Stairsteps (#83); I Got the Feelin' (Oh No No) by Neil Diamond (#84); I Wanna Meet You by the Cryan' Shames (#86); A Corner in the Sun by Walter Jackson (#89); Why Pick on Me by the Standells (#91); Games that Lovers Play by Eddie Fisher (#92); Distant Drums by Vic Dana (#93); Heartbreak Hotel by Roger Miller (#94); Help Me Girl by the Outsiders (#95); Games that Lovers Play by Wayne Newton (#97); Peep Peep Pop Pop by Dearly Beloveds (#98); and Run and Hide by the Uniques (#100).

Abominations
The U.S. National Organization for Women, based in Washington, D.C., was founded by Betty Friedan, who served as its first president.

Football
CFL
Toronto (5-9) 8 @ Hamilton (9-5) 5
Calgary (6-9-1) 29 @ Edmonton (6-9-1) 16

Dave Thelen, playing the last game of his 9-year Hall of Fame career, scored the game's only touchdown as the Argonauts edged the Tiger-Cats before 15,072 fans at Civic Stadium. It was the final game for Bob Shaw as Toronto head coach, and the final regular season game for Toronto quarterback Eagle Day.

The Eskimos had beaten the Stampeders 26-5 in their first 1966 meeting and the second had ended in an 18-18 tie, so the Stampeders needed to beat the Eskimos by more than 21 points to beat them out of the third and last playoff spot in the Western Football Conference, but fell short before 21,000 fans at Clarke Stadium. Terry Evanshen, Howard Starks, and Frank Budd scored Calgary touchdowns before Peter Liske scored the final Stampeder major on the last play of the game. Larry Robinson added 2 converts and 2 field goals. Jim Thomas and Trent Walters scored Edmonton touchdowns. With the Stampeders leading 23-9, Edmonton quarterback Randy Kerbow connected with Mr. Walters for a 79-yard touchdown that helped to clinch the Eskimos' first playoff spot in five years. Tommy-Joe Coffey added a convert and field goal. Among the Stampeders playing their final CFL game were Mr. Budd, centre Dale Parsons, and offensive tackle George Hansen. Edmonton centre Ron Capham suffered a broken arm, putting him out of action for the playoffs.

Canadian university
Manitoba (4-2) 9 @ Alberta (4-2) 33

Les Sorensen scored 2 touchdowns for the Golden Bears as they beat the Bisons before a small crowd at Varsity Stadium in Edmonton. Manitoba punter Dick Kohler set a Western Intercollegiate Football League record with an 88-yard punt for a single.

40 years ago
1976


Hit parade
#1 single in New Zealand: Don't Go Breaking My Heart--Elton John and Kiki Dee (9th week at #1)

#1 single in West Germany (Media Control): Daddy Cool--Boney M (7th week at #1)

#1 single in Switzerland: Daddy Cool--Boney M (3rd week at #1)

30 years ago
1986


Hit parade
#1 single in Sweden (Topplistan): Joey Killer--Magnus Uggla (6th week at #1)

Transportation
British Prime Minister Margaret Thatcher opened the last stretch of the M25 motorway, encircling almost all of greater London.

25 years ago
1991


Space
The American Galileo probe made its closest approach to 951 Gaspra, becoming the first probe to visit an asteroid.

Disasters
Fire destroyed the Yale Hotel in Grand Forks, British Columbia.

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