Monday, 24 October 2016

October 24, 2016

125 years ago
1891


Born on this date
Rafael Trujillo Molina
. President of the Dominican Republic, 1930-1938, 1942-1952. Generalissimo Trujillo ruled the Dominican Republic as a dictator, either as President or as military strongman through puppet presidents, from 1930 until his assassination on March 30, 1961 at the age of 69. He was responsible for the deaths of as many as 50,000 people.

Football
ORFU
Round 2
Bye: Osgoode Hall
London 0 @ Hamilton 59

120 years ago
1896


Football
ORFU
Round 2 (First games of 2-game total points series)
University of Toronto 18 @ Queen's College 16
Royal Military College 13 @ Toronto Athletic Club 8

90 years ago
1926


Popular culture
U.S. magician and escape artist Harry Houdini gave his final performance, at the Garrick Theater in Detroit. He had been diagnosed with acute appendicitis and had a fever of 104 F., several days after being punched in the abdomen by McGill University student J. Gordon Whitehead. Mr. Houdini reportedly passed out during the show, but revived and finished the performance. He was taken to Grace Hospital in Detroit, where he died a week later.

Communications
The first beam system of wireless transmission to England was inaugurated at Montréal.

Football
AFL
Philadelphia @ Brooklyn (cancelled, rain)
Los Angeles (2-4) 0 @ New York (3-2) 6
Rock Island (2-3-1) 0 @ Newark (0-3-2) 0
Cleveland (3-1) 12 @ Chicago (2-3-1) 19

80 years ago
1936


Football
IRFU
Hamilton (2-2) 0 @ Ottawa (2-2) 21
Montreal (1-3) 4 @ Toronto (3-1) 12

WIFU
Finals (1st game of 2-game total points series)
Winnipeg 7 @ Regina 4 (Winnipeg led series 9-4)

Eddie James recovered a fumble by punt returner Ralph Pierce for the game's only touchdown in the 1st quarter. Paul Kirk kicked a field goal for the Roughriders. Because the Blue Bombers had outscored the Roughriders 33-31 in the regular season games between them, they were awarded a 2-point bonus to begin the series. Their lead going into the second game was thus 9-4.

75 years ago
1941


War
German troops captured Kharkov. German authorities executed 50 more French hostages in reprisal for the October 21 assasination in Bordeaux of Major Hans Gottfried Reimers.

Politics and government
The new Japanese cabinet announced that it would convoke the Diet in an extraordinary session beginning November 15 to approve war expenditures and taxation.

The Afrikaaner Party of the Union of South Africa issued a statement repudiating leader General J.B.M. Hertzog's expression of support for Nazism. The statement also reaffirmed the party's belief in democratic principles.

Defense
U.S. President Franklin D. Roosevelt said that Congress would soon be asked for funds with which to double the present tank program because of military lessons learned from the U.K.-Axis fighting in North Africa.

Dr. Vannevar Bush, director of the U.S. Office of Scientific Research and Development, said that 2,000 scientists working under the sponsorship of the National Defense Research Committee were turning "ideas into copper and iron" three times faster than in peacetime.

Scandal
A grand jury in Washington, D.C. indicted George Hill, aide to Representative Hamilton Fish (Republican--New York) on charges of giving false testimony in its investigation of Nazi activities.

Business
The Dominican Republic bought the Ciudad Trujillo branch of the National City Bank of New York.

Labour
Coal mine operators and Congress of Industril Organizations officials in Birmingham, Alabama reached an agreement to provide 15,000 striking miners with a basic daily wage of $5.25.

Adventure
Arthur Starns of Calumet City, Illinois jumped from a plane at an altitude of 30,800 feet near Chicago and fell 29,300 feet in 1 minute 56 seconds before opening his parachute at 1,500 feet, setting a record for the longest delayed leap.

70 years ago
1946


Died on this date
Kurt Daluege, 49
. German war criminal. SS-Oberst-Gruppenführer Daluege ruled the Protectorate of Bohemia and Moravia as Deputy Protector after Reinhard Heydrich's assassination in 1942. In reprisal for the assassination, SS-Oberst-Gruppenführer Daluege ordered the villages of Lidice and Ležáky razed to the ground, and ordered the murders of all the men in both villages. SS-Oberst-Gruppenführer Daluege was replaced in 1943 after suffering a serious heart attack; he was arrested by British authorities in May 1945 and extradited to Czechoslovakia in September 1946. He was convicted of war crimes and hanged in Pankrác prison in Prague.

Space
A V-2 rocket packed with scientific instruments rose to an altitude of 65 miles at White Sands, New Mexico and took the first photograph of earth from space.

War
Brigadier General Telford Taylor, new U.S. prosecutor in Germany, said that 250-500 top German industrialists and others would be tried as war criminals within three months for their actions during World War II.

Diplomacy
At the first business meeting of the United Nations General Assembly, Secretary-General Trygve Lie denounced the Spanish regime of Generalissimo Francisco Franco, and smaller nations criticized the Big Five (U.S.A., U.K., U.S.S.R., China, France) veto power on the Security Council. Sir Carl August Berendsen of New Zealand was elected chairman of the UN Social and Humanitarian Affairs Commission. Chinese Communists in Yenan radioed an appeal to the United Nations General Assembly to investigate U.S. involvement in Chinese affairs.

Politics and government
A joint session of the Chilean Congress chose Radical party candidate Gabriel Gonzales Videla as President.

Protest
Manilal Gandhi, son of Indian nationalist activist Mohandas Gandhi, chose to spend 30 days in jail with 357 other passive resisters rather than pay a $12 fine after refusing to observe a housing segregation law in Pretoria, South Africa.

60 years ago
1956


Died on this date
Henry Ridley, 100
. U.K. botanist. Mr. Ridley spent much of his life in Singapore, and was responsible for introducing rubber trees into the Malay Peninsula and developing rubber as a commerical product.

Politics and government
The Hungarian Communist Party Central Committee readmitted former Premier Imre Nagy to the Central Committee and Politburo and named him Premier to replace Andras Hegedus. Erno Gero remained Communist Party First Secretary, but the Politburo was reorganized to include former Interior Minister Janos Kadar.

U.S. Assistant Attorney General Warren Olney reported that the Justice Department was investigating complaints in five Southern states accused of racial discrimination in voter registration.

Defense
Egyptian War Minister Major General Abdel Hakim Amer said that a proposed agreement to place the armies of Syria and Jordan under his command would provide for Egyptian strategic leadership of the three armies in the event of war with Israel.

Baseball
The Baseball Writers Association of America named Birdie Tebbetts of the Cincinnati Redlegs as the National League's Manager of the Year. Mr. Tebbetts led the Redlegs to a record of 91-63, third in the NL and just 2 games behind the pennant-winning Brooklyn Dodgers. The Redlegs had posted a record of 75-79 in 1955, fifth in the NL and 23 1/2 games behind the champion Dodgers.

50 years ago
1966


Hit parade
#1 single in Spain (PROMUSICAE): Strangers In The Night--Frank Sinatra (3rd week at #1)

#1 single in Ireland (IRMA): Merry Ploughboy--Dermot O'Brien (5th week at #1)

Canada's top 10 (RPM)
1 See See Rider--Eric Burdon & the Animals (2nd week at #1)
2 Last Train to Clarksville--The Monkees
3 96 Tears--? (Question Mark) & the Mysterians
4 Girl on a Swing--Gerry and the Pacemakers
5 Wipe Out--The Surfaris
6 Reach Out I'll Be There--Four Tops
7 Psychotic Reaction--Count Five
6 Cherish--The Association
8 Cherry, Cherry--Neil Diamond
9 I've Got You Under My Skin--The 4 Seasons
10 All Strung Out--Nino Tempo and April Stevens

Singles entering the chart were Bound to Fly by 3's a Crowd (#67); Respect by the Rationals (#92); I Symbolize You by Last Words (#93); La Poupee Qui Fait Non by Les Sultans (#94); But it's Alright by Lorraine Ellison (#96); Wheel of Hurt by Margaret Whiting (#97); Knock on Wood by Eddie Floyd (#98); A Symphony for Susan by the Arbors (#99); and Don't Be a Drop-Out by James Brown and the Famous Flames (#100).

Music
The album Parsley, Sage, Rosemary and Thyme by Simon and Garfunkel was released on Columbia Records.

Diplomacy
The two-day Manila Conference opened. U.S. President Lyndon Johnson represented the United States, as he, with representatives of the Philippines, Australia, New Zealand, South Korea, South Vietnam, and Thailand discussed progress of the war in Vietnam and expressed their views on a unified effort to develop the economies of Southeast Asia.

Politics and government
Five days after the civic election, Edmonton's new city council was sworn in at City Hall. Vincent Dantzer returned as mayor, with aldermen Morris Weinlos, Ivor Dent, Julia Kiniski, Les Bodie, James Bateman, Frank Edwards, Ed Leger, Una Evans, Cec Purves, Angus McGugan, Neil Crawford, and Reg Easton.

Canada's provincial premiers agreed on a new tax regime which provided an additional $150 million in equalization plus a similar amount for education. Following the Bladen report indicating that the number of students would increase from 179,000 to 460,000 by 1975 and that government assistance to education would increase from $355 million to $1.7 billion, the federal government decided to increase its support to higher education and retraining of the workforce.

Communications
SATCOM earth station--Canada's first satellite communications earth station--began operations near Mill Village, Nova Scotia.

40 years ago
1976


Protest
Millions of Chinese concluded three days of demonstrations in major cities in support of Chairman Hua Guo-feng and the purge of "radical" leaders including Chiang Ching, widow of recently-deceased Chairman Mao Zedong.

Football
CFL
Ottawa (9-4-1) 48 @ Hamilton (6-8) 10
Winnipeg (8-6) 21 @ Saskatchewan (10-5) 19
British Columbia (5-7-2) 31 @ Calgary (1-11-2) 31

Art Green scored 3 touchdowns and John Palazeti and Tony Gabriel each scored 2 TDs for the Rough Riders as they came back from an early 10-0 deficit to rout the Tiger-Cats before 21,568 fans at Ivor Wynne Stadium. Jimmy Edwards scored the Hamilton touchdown; Ken Clark converted and kicked a field goal.

Bob Macoritti missed a 22-yard field goal on the last play of the game, allowing the Blue Bombers to escape with a victory over the Roughriders before 22,508 fans at Taylor Field in Regina. Mr. Macoritti had had a 23-yard FG attempt blocked a few minutes before his last attempt.

Lui Passaglia missed a 46-yard field goal on the last play of the game, and it was returned out of the end zone by the Calgary Stampeders to perserve a tie with the Lions before 22,763 fans on a sunny but crisp Sunday afternoon at McMahon Stadium. Tom Forzani scored 2 Calgary touchdowns on passes from John Hufnagel.

30 years ago
1986


Hit parade
#1 single in West Germany (Media Control): The Final Countdown--Europe (3rd week at #1)

Diplomacy
The United Kingdom broke off diplomatic relations with Syria after revelations of official Syrian complicity in a plot to blow up an El Al jetliner.

Football
CFL
Calgary (10-7) 32 @ Montreal (4-12) 12

Gary Allen rushed for 131 yards and a touchdown to help the Stampeders beat the Alouettes before 9,665 fans at Olympic Stadium.

25 years ago
1991


Hit parade
#1 single in Ireland (IRMA): The Fly--U2

Died on this date
Gene Roddenberry, 70
. U.S. television producer. Mr. Roddenberry was best known as the creator and producer of the television science fiction series Star Trek and subsequent movie series. He died after several years of declining health.

Football
CFL
Larry Ryckman acquired the Calgary Stampeders from the Stampeder Football Club Limited.

Baseball
World Series
Minnesota Twins 5 @ Atlanta Braves 14 (Atlanta led best-of-seven series 3-2)

The Braves broke a 0-0 tie with 4 runs in the bottom of the 4th inning. After the Twins had reduced the lead to 5-3, the Braves scored 6 in the 7th and 3 in the 8th. David Justice, Lonnie Smith, and Brian Hunter hit home runs for the Braves. Tom Glavine was the winning pitcher over Kevin Tapani before 50,878 fans at Atlanta-Fulton County Stadium.

20 years ago
1996


Hit parade
#1 single in Denmark (Nielsen Music Control & IFPI): Wannabe--Spice Girls (9th week at #1)

#1 single in Finland (Musiikkituottajat – IFPI Finland): Insomnia--Faithless (7th week at #1)

Baseball
World Series
New York Yankees 1 @ Atlanta Braves 0 (New York led best-of-seven series 3-2)

An unearned run in the 4th inning accounted for all the scoring as Andy Pettitte won the pitchers' duel over John Smoltz before 51,881 fans in the last game ever played at Atlanta-Fulton County Stadium. Charlie Hayes led off with a fly ball to center field, which Marquis Grissom dropped for a 2-base error after Jermaine Dye crossed in front of him. Mr. Hayes advanced to third base on a ground out by Bernie Williams and scored on a double by Cecil Fielder.

10 years ago
2006


Baseball
World Series
Detroit Tigers 0 @ St. Louis Cardinals 5 (St. Louis led best-of-seven series 2-1)

Chris Carpenter allowed just 3 hits and no bases on balls in 8 innings to win the pitching matchup over Nate Robertson before 46,513 fans in the first World Series game ever played at the new Busch Stadium. Jim Edmonds drove in 2 runs with a bases-loaded double in the 4th inning to provide all the necessary scoring.

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