175 years ago
Politics and govenrment
The Province of Canada published the first Canada Gazette (Gazette du Canada) as the official newspaper of the Government; it contained all acts of the Parliament of Canada.
110 years ago
Tommy Burns (33-2-7), who had won the world heavyweight title on February 23, 1906, defended his title for the first time, knocking out Fireman Jim Flynn (29-8-12) in the 15th round of a scheduled 20 rounds at Naud Junction Pavilion in Los Angeles in what was reportedly a fierce slugging match.
90 years ago
Hamilton (1-0) 12 @ Montreal (0-1) 10
Ottawa 3 @ Queen's University 7
Toronto Argonauts 5 University of Toronto 5
McGill Seniors 12 McGill Old Boys 3
Bert Gibb of the Tigers set a single-game record with 9 singles in helping his team defeat the Winged Wheelers before 4,000 fans at the Montreal Amateur Athletic Association Grounds.
Toronto (1-0) 14 @ University of Toronto II (0-1) 13 (OT)
Camp Borden (1-0) 10 @ Hamilton (0-1) 7
Balmy Beach and the "Orfuns" played 20 minutes of overtime at Varsity Stadium.
Chicago (0-1-1) 3 @ Philadelphia (1-0) 9
St. Louis Cardinals 1 @ New York Yankees 2 (New York led best-of-seven series 1-0)
Herb Pennock pitched a 3-hitter to win the pitchers' duel over Bill Sherdel before 61,658 fans at Yankee Stadium in the first World Series game the Cardinals ever played. Lou Gehrig singled home Babe Ruth to break a 1-1 tie in the 6th inning.
80 years ago
New York Yankees 18 @ New York Giants 4 (Best-of-seven series tied 1-1)
Every member of the Yankees' lineup made at least 1 hit and scored at least 1 run as they routed the Giants before 43,543 fans at the Polo Grounds. Tony Lazzeri hit a grand slam and drove in 5 runs for the Yankees. Yankees' catcher Bill Dickey also batted in 5 runs. The game ended when Yankees' rookie center fielder Joe DiMaggio caught a 490-foot drive from the Giants' Hank Leiber as he (DiMaggio) ran up the steps to the clubhouse. U.S. President Franklin Roosevelt was in attendance at the Polo Grounds and saluted Mr. DiMaggio as he (Mr. Roosevelt) rode away in a limousine. The Yankees' 18 runs remains a record for one team in a World Series game. Lefty Gomez was the winning pitcher over Hal Schumacher.
75 years ago
In Operation Typhoon, Germany began an all-out offensive against Moscow after a halt of two months. Japan claimed that her forces had begun a new offensive in the Chinese province of Hunan toward Chengchow, north of Hankow.
Paul Collette, a French resistance activist convicted of attempting to assassinate Vichy French politicians Pierre Laval and Marcel Déat in Versailles on August 27, was sentenced to death in Paris; his sentence was commuted the next day to life imprisonment.
A Gallup Poll reported final returns in a nationwide survey showing that 62% of Americans supported President Franklin D. Roosevelt's orders to shoot at German warships on sight.
U.S. Senator Joseph P. Guffey (Democrat--Pennslvania) denounced newspaper chains, declaring "venal, power-mad, money-mad, traitorous newspaper publishers" were responsible for France's defeat in the European war, and that "we have the same brand of journalism right here in this country."
Brooklyn Dodgers 3 @ New York Yankees 2 (Best-of-seven series tied 1-1)
Whit Wyatt pitched a 9-hitter to win the pitchers' duel over Spud Chandler before 66,248 fans at Yankee Stadium. The Dodgers rallied from a 2-0 deficit with 2 runs in the 5th inning and scored the winning run in the 6th when Dixie Walker led off by reaching first base on an error by second baseman Joe Gordon, advanced to third base on a single by Billy Herman, and scored on a single by Dolph Camilli.
70 years ago
In a note to U.S. representative General George Marshall, the Nationalist Chinese government said that it would agree to a cease-fire only if the Communists began integrating their forces into the National Army and participated in the proposed States Council and National Constituent Assembly.
The London Conference on Palestine adjourned until December 16 after Arab delegates presented a plan for an independent Palestine, to include an interim government of Arabs and Jews.
The U.S. War Department disclosed a plan for one year of compulsory military training for youths aged 18-20.
Politics and government
Reversing its original position, the U.S.S.R. afred to Western proposals on the Allied Control Council for demilitarization surveys to be conducted by four-power commissions in all German occupation zones. General Kuzma Derevyanko, Soviet member of the Allied Control Council in Japan, charged that former Japanese General Staff members continued to exert influence by taking refuge in the demobilization boards.
King George II of Greece approved Prime Minister Constantin Tsalaris's new cabinet, with no Communist or Liberal members.
J. Howard McGrath submitted his resignation as United States Solicitor General.
34 union leaders in New York formed the Congress of Industrial Organizations Committee for Democratic Trade Unionism to combat Communist activities in the CIO; leaders of the group were Jack Altman, vice president of the Retail, Wholesale and Department Store Clerks Union, and Charles Kerrigan, regional United Auto Workers director.
The Association for the Advancement of Research on Multiple Sclerosis was formed in New York.
60 years ago
Died on this date
Sarah Kussy, 87. U.S. social activist. Ms. Kussy aided Henrietta Szold in founding Hadassah, the Women's Zionist Organization of America, in New York in 1912.
Politics and government
The New York state committee of the American Labor Party voted to dissolve the party, ending its 22-year history.
Iraq Petroleum Company announced that it had abandoned work on a Lebanese line spur and would instead link its Kirkuk field with the Mediterranean Sea through Syria to carry two million tons per year.
50 years ago
Born on this date
Happy Birthday, Julia Dimitrieva!
The United States launched the weather satellite ESSA (Environmental Science Services Administration) 3 from Vandenberg Air Force Base, California.
Winnipeg (5-5-1) 11 @ Saskatchewan (7-4-1) 11
George Reed rushed for 165 yards and Bruce Bennett, who moved from the defensive backfield to relieve injured starter Ron Lancaster at quarterback in the 2nd quarter, rushed for a touchdown, enabling the Roughriders to get a tie with the Blue Bombers before 19,045 fans at Taylor Field in Regina. Art Perkins scored the touchdown for the Blue Bombers, who used Rich Badar at quarterback in place of injured starter Kenny Ploen.
40 years ago
#1 single in Italy (Hit Parade Italia): Margherita--Riccardo Cocciante (3rd week at #1)
#1 single in the Netherlands (Veronica Top 40): Dancing Queen--ABBA (5th week at #1)
#1 single in the U.K (New Musical Express).: Dancing Queen--ABBA (4th week at #1)
#1 single in the U.S.A. (Billboard): Play That Funky Music--Wild Cherry (3rd week at #1)
U.S.A. Top 10 (Cash Box)
1 Lowdown--Boz Scaggs
2 (Shake, Shake, Shake) Shake Your Booty--K.C. and the Sunshine Band
3 A Fifth of Beethoven--Walter Murphy and the Big Apple Band
4 Disco Duck (Part 1)--Rick Dees and his Cast of Idiots
5 Devil Woman--Cliff Richard
6 If You Leave Me Now--Chicago
7 Still the One--Orleans
8 Play That Funky Music--Wild Cherry
9 A Little Bit More--Dr. Hook
10 Getaway--Earth, Wind & Fire
Singles entering the chart were Do You Feel Like We Do by Peter Frampton (#48); A Dose of Rock 'n' Roll by Ringo Starr (#68); You Don't Have to Be a Star (To Be in My Show) by Marilyn McCoo and Billy Davis, Jr. (#86); Love Me by Yvonne Elliman (#89); Stand Tall by Burton Cummings (#93); Good Night and Good Morning by Jim Capaldi (#98); and My Sweet Summer Suite by the Love Unlimited Orchestra (#100).
Canada's top 10 (RPM)
1 A Fifth of Beethoven--Walter Murphy and the Big Apple Band (2nd week at #1)
2 Play That Funky Music--Wild Cherry
3 (Shake, Shake, Shake) Shake Your Booty--K.C. and the Sunshine Band
4 A Little Bit More--Dr. Hook
5 Lowdown--Boz Scaggs
6 I'd Really Love to See You Tonight--England Dan & John Ford Coley
7 If You Leave Me Now--Chicago
8 Devil Woman--Cliff Richard
9 You Should Be Dancing--Bee Gees
10 With Your Love--Jefferson Starship
Singles entering the chart were Like a Lover, Like a Song by April Wine (#88); Why Haven't I Heard from You by Funktion featuring Lizanne (#93); Muskrat Love by Captain & Tennille (#94); You Can't Stop Me Dancin' by John David Redmond (#95); Goofus by the Carpenters (#97); Hold On by Dan Hill (#98); It's a Long Way There by Little River Band (#99); and Just to Be Close to You by the Commodores (#100).
Ottawa (7-4-1) 20 @ Toronto (5-6-1) 20
Saskatchewan (8-4) 10 @ Winnipeg (6-5) 28
Edmonton (7-4-1) 27 @ British Columbia (5-5-1) 27
Zenon Andrusyshyn's 28-yard field goal with 11 seconds remaining in the game climaxed a 17-point 4th-quarter comeback to give the Argonauts their tie with the Rough Riders before 47,685 fans at Exhibition Stadium.
Jim Washington and Steve Beaird combined for 229 yards rushing and 2 touchdowns to help the Blue Bombers defeat the Roughriders at Winnipeg Stadium. Winnipeg quarterback Dieter Brock completed just 5 of 16 passes. Former Kansas City Chiefs' running back Robert Holmes looked impressive in his first game as a Roughrider, replacing the injured Keith Barnette.
The Lions scored 2 touchdowns in the last 3 minutes, opting for 1-point converts after both scores, to steal a tie against the Eskimos at Empire Stadium in Vancouver. Edmonton kicker Dave Cutler kicked 4 field goals, including the 200th of his 8-year CFL career, becoming the first man to reach that total.
Prince Edward Island 26 Mount Allison 15
New Brunswick 17 Dalhousie 11
St. Mary's 18 St. Francis Xavier 14
Concordia (1-2) 39 Bishop's (2-1) 14
Queen's (2-1) 28 Carleton (0-3) 18
Toronto (3-1) 31 Windsor (3-1) 21
Guelph (2-2) 42 York (0-4) 7
McMaster (1-3) 20 Waterloo (0-4) 8
Western Ontario (4-0) 36 Wilfrid Laurier (3-1) 31
Manitoba (1-4) 4 @ Saskatchewan (3-2) 11
Calgary (3-2) 16 @ Alberta (2-3) 21
The New York Yankees parlayed 5 bases on balls into 3 runs in the bottom of the 8th inning to defeat the Cleveland Indians 6-5 in the first game of a doubleheader before 22,905 fans at Yankee Stadium in the NBC Game of the Week telecast. In the second game, Graig Nettles tripled with 1 out in the bottom of the 7th and scored on a bunt single by Carlos May to break a 3-3 tie and give the Yankees a 4-3 win to cpmplete the sweep.
Mark Fidrych pitched a 5-hit complete game victory to finish his rookie season with a 19-9 record as the Detroit Tigers beat the Milwaukee Brewers 4-1 before 9,044 fans at County Stadium in Milwaukee in a game that was played in 1 hour 46 minutes. Losing pitcher Jim Slaton also pitched a complete game, allowing 8 hits and 3 earned runs as he finished the season at 14-15.
Rod Carew, battling George Brett and Hal McRae for the American League batting title, was 3 for 4, singling in the first run and scoring the third in a 3-run 6th inning as the Minnesota Twins defeated the Kansas City Royals 3-1 before 14,087 fans at Royals Stadium. Messrs. Brett and McRae, both with Kansas City, sat the game out. Bill Singer allowed 10 hits and 2 earned runs in 8 1/3 innings to get the win and finish the season at 13-10. The Royals placed runners on first and second bases with 1 out in the bottom of the 9th, but Bill Campbell relieved Mr. Singer and induced Dave Nelson to ground into a game-ending double play. Designated hitter Tommy Davis batted 2 for 4 and singled in the 9th inning in his last plate appearance in his 8th game in a Kansas City uniform and the 1,999th and last game of his 18-year major league career.
With 2 out in the bottom of the 10th inning and runners on first and third bases with 2 out, Pete Vuckovich walked Lenny Randle to load the bases and then walked Ken Pape to force in the winning run as the Texas Rangers edged the Chicago White Sox 5-4 before 9,406 fans at Arlington Stadium. Danny Thompson, pinch hitting for Texas designated hitter Roy Howell, struck out in the 9th inning in the 694th and last game of his 7-year major league career; he died two months later at the age of 29 after a long battle with leukemia. Rookie first baseman Doug Ault, in his 9th and last game in a Texas uniform, had 2 singles and a double in 3 at bats, and made 6 putouts; he was taken by the Toronto Blue Jays in the American League expansion draft soon after.
Gene Tenace singled home Don Baylor with the bases loaded and 2 out in the bottom of the 14th inning to give the Oakland Athletics a 9-8 win over the California Angels before 3,139 fans at Oakland-Alameda County Coliseum. Chris Batton started on the mound for Oakland and allowed 5 hits, 2 bases on balls, and 4 runs--all earned--in 2+ innings, while striking out 4 batters in his only start and the second and last game of his only major league season. Billy Williams entered the game for Oakland as a pinch hitter for designated hitter Sal Bando in the 7th inning and grounded out, but remained in the game and singled in the 9th inning to end his major league career after 18 seasons and 2,488 games.
J.R. Richard allowed just 4 hits while striking out 13 batters and walking only 1, to finish the season with a record of 20-15, and batted 3 for 4 with a home run and 3 runs batted in to lead the Houston Astros to a 10-1 win over the San Francisco Giants before 7,612 fans at the Astrodome.
30 years ago
Kal Daniels hit a 2-run home run with 2 out in the top of the 13th inning to break a 4-4 tie and give the Cincinnati Reds a 6-4 win over the Atlanta Braves before 4,636 fans at Atlanta-Fulton County Stadium. The Reds had tied the game with 4 runs in the 9th.
Bill Doran led off the top of the 10th inning with a home run to break a 1-1 tie and give the Houston Astros a 2-1 win over the San Francisco Giants before 8,656 fans at Candlestick Park in San Francisco. The Astros had tied the game with 2 out in the 9th when Kevin Bass scored from third base on a wild pitch by Scott Garrelts. Will Clark's double leading off the bottom of the 7th broke up Houston starting pitcher Mike Scott's bid for a second consecutive no-hitter, and Candy Maldonado doubled him home for the game's first run. Mr. Scott recorded 8 strikeouts in 7 innings to reach 306 for the season. Vida Blue started on the mound for San Francisco and allowed 2 hits and no runs in 5+ innings, but was ejected, along with manager Roger Craig, by home plate umpire Greg Bonin for arguing balls and strikes after Dave Lopes walked to lead off the inning. For Mr. Blue, it was the 508th and last game of his 17-year major league career.
Jack Morris pitched a 5-hit complete game to finish the season with a 21-8 record, winning the pitchers' duel over Pete Vuckovich, as the Detroit Tigers edged the Milwaukee Brewers 2-1 before 6,268 fans at County Stadium in Milwaukee. The only run against Mr. Morris came on Ben Oglivie's home run leading off the 9th inning. Alan Trammell hit a solo homer for Detroit with 2 out in the 5th. Mr. Vuckovich allowed 6 hits and 1 earned run in 6 innings to finish the season at 2-4 in the 286th and last game of his 11-year major league career.
John Cangelosi drew a bases-loaded walk and Tim Hulett followed with a 3-run double as the Chicago White Sox scored 4 runs in the top of the 10th inning to break a 4-4 tie and defeat the Minnesota Twins 8-4 before 5,673 fans at Hubert H. Humphrey Metrodome in Minneapolis. Al Woods came to bat as a pinch hitter for Minnesota in the 8th inning and singled in a run. It was the 618th and last game in Mr. Woods' 7-year major league career, which had begun with a home run as a pinch hitter in his first plate appearance with the Toronto Blue Jays on April 7, 1977.
The California Angels scored a run in the top of the 9th inning to break an 8-8 tie, but the Texas Rangers came back with 2 in the bottom of the 9th to win 10-9 before 13,190 fans at Arlington Stadium. Texas shortstop Scott Fletcher batted 5 for 6, while second baseman Jerry Browne was 4 for 5.
25 years ago
#1 single in Sweden (Topplistan): (Everything I Do) I Do it for You--Bryan Adams (8th week at #1)
Died on this date
Demetrios I, 77. Eastern Orthodox Ecumenical Patriarch of Constantinople, 1972-1991. Demetrios I, born Demetrios Papadopoulos, was Metropolitan Bishop of Imvros before succeeding Athenagoras I as Ecumenical Patriarch of Constantinople. Demetrios I helped further the ecumenical movement, meeting with two different Archbishops of Canterbury, and proclaiming the establishment of the official theological dialogue between the Eastern Orthodox Church and the Roman Catholic Church, then led by Pope John Paul. Pope John Paul received Patriarch Demetrios at the Vatican in 1987, and the two recited the Nicene-Constantinopolitan Creed of the Church in Greek, in a ceremony at St. Peter's Basilica. Demetrios I was succeeded as Ecumenical Patriarch by Barholomew I.
Hazen Argue, 70. Canadian politician. Mr. Argue was a member of the Co-operative Commonwealth Federation (CCF), and represented the Saskatchewan ridings of Wood Mountain (1945-1949) and Assiniboia (1949-1963) in the Canadian House of Commons. He succeeded M.J. Coldwell as leader of the CCF in 1960, but at the August 1961 convention where the CCF was reconstituted as the New Democratic Party, Tommy Douglas defeated Mr. Argue for the party leadership. Mr. Argue crossed the floor early in 1962 to join the Liberal caucus, expressing disappointment that the socialist party had changed from representing the interests of farmers to representiing the interests of organized labour. He was re-elected in 1962, but lost his seat in the 1963 federal election, and was defeated again in the 1965 election. Prime Minister Pearson appointed Mr. Argue to the Senate in 1966, where he sat as a Liberal and represented Regina. Sen. Argue was Minister of State for the Canadian Wheat Board in the cabinet of Prime Minister Pierre Trudeau (1980-1984) and John Turner (1984). In 1989, Sen. Argue became the first senator ever charged with misuse of public funds and fraud, in connection with helping his wife's bid for the Liberal nomination in their Ottawa-area riding in the 1988 federal election. The charges were dropped in 1991 because it was apparent that Sen. Argue was near death from cancer.
Eric Lindros, selected first overall in the 1991 draft by the Québec Nordiques, refused to sign with the team; his rights were eventually traded to the Philadelphia Flyers for five young players, making the team a strong contender in the Atlantic Division.
The Toronto Blue Jays scored 2 unearned runs in the bottom of the 9th inning to defeat the California Angels 6-5 and clinch the American League East Division title. 50,324 people were in attendance at SkyDome in Toronto, making the Blue Jays the first team in sports history to draw four million fans at home in one season.
Steve Sax led off the bottom of the 8th inning with a home run to break a 3-3 tie and give the New York Yankees a 4-3 win over the Baltimore Orioles before 12,088 fans at Yankee Stadium. Baltimore designated hitter Sam Horn batted 3 for 3 with a home run and 2 runs batted in. Pascual Perez started on the mound for New York and allowed 7 hits and 2 runs--both earned--in 5 innings in the 228th and last game of his 11-year major league career.
Five years to the day after the Kansas City Royals obtained outfielder Jim Eisenreich from the Minnesota Twins for the waiver price of $1, Mr. Eisenreich batted 2 for 3 with a home run, 2 runs, and 4 runs batted in to help the Royals rout the Oakland Athletics 16-5 before 18,552 fans at Royals Stadium. The Athletics scored all their runs in the 2nd inning to take a 5-0 lead, but the Royals came back with 3 in the 2nd, 3 in the 5th, and 6 in the 6th. Steve Chitren pitched the 7th inning for Oakland, allowing 2 hits, 1 base on balls, and 2 runs--both earned--in the 64th and last game of his major league career. Ron Witmeyer, who entered the game at first base at the same time that Mr. Chitren took the mound, grounded out to lead off the 9th inning and made 3 putouts in the 11th and last game of his only major league season.
Greg Maddux pitched a 3-hitter and singled home Luis Salazar with the game's only run in the 7th inning to improve his 1991 record to 14-11 as the Chicago Cubs edged the Philadelphia Phillies 1-0 before 13,680 fans at Veterans Stadium in Philadelphia. Losing pitcher Jose De Jesus also pitched a 3-hit complete game, dropping to 10-9. Mr. De Jesus had a no-hitter going for 6 2/3 innings, but Mr. Salazar singled, advanced to third base on a single by Rey Sanchez, and scored on the single by Mr. Maddux.
Kevin McReynolds hit a 3-run home run to break a 5-5 tie and the New York Mets added another run in the top of the 11th inning as they beat the Pittsburgh Pirates 9-6 before 13,328 fans at Three Rivers Stadium. The Pirates had tied the game with a run in the 8th and 3 in the 9th.
The Atlanta Braves scored all their runs in the top of the 1st inning and coasted to a 6-3 win over the Cincinnati Reds before 16,192 fans at Riverfront Stadium in Cincinnati. The Reds scored 2 unearned runs in the bottom of the 1st against Tom Glavine, who allowed 5 hits and 1 earned run in 8 innings to reach the 20-win mark for the first time in his career, finishing the season at 20-11. Cincinnati first baseman Carmelo Martinez batted 1 for 4 and singled home the first 2 runs, while making 14 putouts and 2 assists in the 1,003rd and last game of his 9-year major league career.
20 years ago
Died on this date
Robert Bourassa, 63. Canadian politician. Mr. Bourassa, a Liberal, was Premier of Quebec from 1970-1976 and 1985-1994. He won the leadership of the Liberal Party of Quebec in January 1970 and led them to victory in the provincial election three months later, unseating the Union Nationale government. Mr. Bourassa was a strong advocate of more powers for Quebec within the Canadian federation, but his government was defeated in the 1976 provincial election by the separatist Parti Québécois, led by René Lévesque, and Mr. Bourassa lost his seat in the National Assembly. Mr. Bourassa resigned the Liberal party leadership and stayed out of politics until 1983, when he regained the Liberal leadership, leading the party back into power in the 1985 election. Mr. Bourassa advocated "distinct society" status in the Charlottetown constitutional accord, but the accord was defeated in a national referendum in 1992, even being rejected in Quebec, where Mr. Bourassa was criticized for giving away too much in negotiations with the federal government of Prime Minister Brian Mulroney. Mr. Bourassa retired from politics in 1994 and was succeeded as Premier by Daniel Johnson, Jr. Mr. Bourassa died of skin cancer.
Andrey Lukanov, 58. Prime Minister of Bulgaria, 1990. Mr. Lukanov joined the Communist Party in 1963 and was the last Communist Prime Minister of Bulgaria, serving from February 3-December 7, 1990. He led the Communists to victory in June 1990 in the country's first democratic elections since 1931, but resigned after large demonstrations and a general strike, having failed to form a coalition with the opposition. Six days after his 58th birthday, Mr. Lukanov was assassinated outside his apartment building in Sofia by a lone gunman.
The Electronic Freedom of Information Act Amendments were signed by U.S. President Bill Clinton.
Aeroperú Flight 603, a Boeing 757, crashed into the Pacific Ocean shortly after takeoff from Lima, Peru, killing 70.
American League Division Series
Cleveland 4 @ Baltimore 7 (Baltimore led best-of-five series 2-0)
Texas 4 @ New York 5 (12 innings) (Best-of-five series tied 1-1)
National League Division Series
Atlanta 2 @ Los Angeles 1 (10 innings) (Atlanta led best-of-five series 1-0)
10 years ago
Died on this date
Helen Chenoweth-Hage, 68. U.S. politician. Mrs. Chenoweth-Hage, born Helen Palmer, was a Republican who represented Idaho's 1st District in the United States House of Representatives from 1995-2001. She was a staunch advocate of private property rights and a critic of President Bill Clinton. Mrs. Chenoweth-Hage was killed in a vehicle accident.
Tamara Dobson, 59. U.S. actress. Miss Dobson was known for her starring roles in the movies Cleopatra Jones (1973) and Cleopatra Jones and the Casino of Gold (1975). She died of pneumonia and multiple sclerosis.
Charles Carl Roberts IV, 32, murdered five girls and wounded five others in a shooting at West Nickel Mines School, an Amish school in Nickel Mines, Pennsylvania, and then committed suicide.
Today in History: Hogan Block Fire Leaves Destruction in its Wake - At 6:30 am on March 14th 1891, a fire was discovered at the Hier and Leighton Cigar Factory at West Fayette and Franklin Street, also known as the Hogan ...
5 hours ago