Friday, 7 October 2016

October 7, 2016

325 years ago
1691


Americana
The English royal charter for the Province of Massachusetts Bay was issued.

190 years ago
1826


Transportation
The Granite Railway began operating in Massachusetts as the first commercial railway in the United States.

175 years ago
1841


Born on this date
Nikola I
. Prince of Montenegro, 1860-1910; King of Montenegro, 1910-1918. Nikola I succeeded his uncle Danilo I as Prince of Montenegro. He carried out various reforms, and Montenegro's independence was recognized by the Congress of Berlin in 1878. Nikola took the title King of Monenegro in 1910 and sided with the Allies in World War I, but was deposed at the end of World War I, and Montenegro was merged into the country that became known as Yugoslavia. King Nikola I went into exile in France and died on March 1, 1921 at the age of 79.

100 years ago
1916


Football
U.S. college
Cumberland 0 @ Georgia Tech 222
Oklahoma Central Normal 183 Oklahoma Methodist 0

The Yellow Jackets scored 32 touchdowns against the Phoenix at Grant Field in Atlanta in the most lopsided college football game in American history. Oklahoma Central Normal scored 27 touchdowns in their rout of Oklahoma Methodist.

Baseball
World Series
Brooklyn Robins 5 @ Boston Red Sox 6 (Boston led best-of-seven series 1-0)

The Red Sox led 6-1 going into the 9th inning, but the Robins rallied for 4 runs against Boston starting pitcher Ernie Shore, who was relieved by Carl Mays with 2 out and the bases loaded. Mr. Mays yielded a run-scoring single to Chief Meyers, and with the bases still loaded, Jake Daubert grounded out to shortstop to end the game. 36,117 were in attendance at Braves Field.

90 years ago
1926


At the movies
The Better 'Ole, starring Sydney Chaplin, received its premiere screening at the Colony Theatre in New York City.

Baseball
World Series
New York Yankees 3 @ St. Louis Cardinals 2 (10 innings) (New York led best-of-seven series 3-2)

Mark Koenig singled to lead off the 10th inning and scored on an outfield fly by Tony Lazzeri to break a 2-2 tie and give the Yankees their win before 39,552 fans at Sportsman's Park. Winning pitcher Herb Pennock and losing pitcher Bill Sherdel both pitched complete games.

75 years ago
1941


War
The Finnish government rejected the United Kingdom's warning that Finland would be regarded as an enemy if she continued her invasion of Russia. A secret Yugoslav radio broadcast claimed that 300 Italians had been killed in a battle with guerrillas in Plevije. Japanese military authorities in Shanghai admitted that Chinese forces had recaptured Ichang, northwest of Hankow in the province of Hupeh.

Diplomacy
An 11-man Chamber of Deputies committee was appointed in Montevideo to investigate subversive German activities in Uruguay.

Economics and finance
The U.S. House of Representatives voted 69-25 against an amendment to bar the U.S.S.R. from receiving any aid under the bill to increase the lending authority of the Reconstruction Finance Corporation.

U.S. Representative Carl Vinson (Democrat--Georgia) introduced a bill in the House of Reperesentatives to limit defense profits to 7% of the manufacturing cost.

U.S. Undersecretary of State Sumner Welles declared that America's post-World War I high tariff policy had helped bring "disaster and despair to countless people," paving the way for the rise of dictatorships. He said that after the present war, the United States must adopt a free trade policy.

Labour
In an address to the American Federation of Labor convention in Seattle, U.S. President Franklin D. Roosevelt called upon labour and management to avert strikes and lockouts.

Disasters
Six people were reported killed as a hurricane moved across Florida and into Georgia.

Baseball
New York writers named New York Yankees' second baseman Joe Gordon the outstanding player of the World Series, which had concluded the previous day with the Yankees defeating the Brooklyn Dodgers 4 games to 1. Mr. Gordon batted .500 (7 for 14), with 2 runs, a home run, double, triple, and 5 runs batted in.

70 years ago
1946


Hit parade
U.S. top 10 (Cash Box)
1 To Each His Own--Eddy Howard and his Orchestra (9th week at #1)
--Freddy Martin and his Orchestra
--Tony Martin
--The Modernaires with Paula Kelly
--The Ink Spots
2 Five Minutes More--Frank Sinatra
--The Three Suns
--Tex Beneke and the Glenn Miller Orchestra
3 South America, Take it Away--Bing Crosby and the Andrews Sisters
--Xavier Cugat and the Waldorf-Astoria Orchestra
4 Surrender--Perry Como
--Woody Herman and his Orchestra
5 Rumors are Flying--Frankie Carle and his Orchestra
--Betty Rhodes
--The Andrews Sisters with Les Paul
6 This is Always--Harry James and his Orchestra
--Jo Stafford
7 Blue Skies--Count Basie and his Orchestra
--Benny Goodman and his Orchestra
8 Choo Choo Ch' Boogie--Louis Jordan and his Tympany Five
9 Doin' What Comes Natur'lly--Dinah Shore and Spade Cooley and his Orchestra
--Freddy Martin and his Orchestra
--Jimmy Dorsey and his Orchestra
10 Ole Buttermilk Sky--Kay Kyser and his Orchestra
--Paul Weston and his Orchestra with Matt Dennis

Singles entering the chart were the version of Rumors are Flying by the Andrews Sisters with Les Paul; the version of Ole Buttermilk Sky by Paul Weston and his Orchestra with Matt Dennis; Passe, with versions by Tex Beneke and the Glenn Miller Orchestra, and Margaret Whiting (#24); Too Many Irons in the Fire by the Mills Brothers (#30); and On the Boardwalk (In Atlantic City) by the Charioteers (#32).

On the radio
The Casebook of Gregory Hood, starring Elliott Lewis and Howard McNear, on MBS
Tonight's episode: The Sad Clown

War
Truce negotiations between Dutch administrators and Indonesian nationalist leaders began in Batavia under British chairmanship.

World events
Hjalmar Schacht, Franz von Papen, and Hans Fritzsche, acquitted in Nuremberg of war crimes six days earlier, were arrested by German police for trial before a denazification court.

Diplomacy
Chilean Communists protested the forthcoming visit of five U.S. warships for the Chilean presidential inauguration on November 4, 1946.

Economics and finance
The U.S.S.R. and Sweden signed a trade treaty providing for a $2.8-billion Swedish credit to the Soviet Union for 15 years at 3% interest and a $2.8-million barter arrangement for five years.

Crime
Ben Fishel, head of an automobile black market ring with a $3-million turnover, was fined $65,000 and sentnenced to two years' imprisonment in Cairo, Illinois.

Football
WIFU
Calgary (4-3) 3 @ Winnipeg (4-1) 6

Don Hiney kicked 2 field goals in the 4th quarter to give the Blue Bombers their win over the Stampeders before 2,500 fans at Osborne Stadium. The game was scoreless until Bill Wusyk kicked a single in the 3rd quarter to give Calgary a 1-0 lead heading into the 4th quarter. The Stampeders scored a safety touch late in the game to close the scoring.

Baseball
World Series
Boston Red Sox 0 @ St. Louis Cardinals 3 (Best-of-seven series tied 1-1)

Harry Brecheen pitched a 4-hitter and singled home Del Rice with the game's first run in the 3rd inning as the Cardinals blanked the Red Sox before 35,815 fans at Sportsman's Park.

60 years ago
1956


On television tonight
Alfred Hitchcock Presents, on CBS
Tonight's episode: Fog Closing In, starring Phyllis Thaxter, Paul Langton, and George Grizzard

Died on this date
Clarence Birdseye, 69
. U.S. naturalist and entrepreneur. Mr. Birdseye founded the frozen food industry; he established Birdseye Seafood, Inc. in 1922, which went bankrupt in 1924. In 1925 Mr. Birdseye founded General Seafood Corporation in 1925, which proved much more successful, and became part of General Foods when he sold it in 1929. Birds Eye Frozen Food Company remains prominent today.

Hans Joachim, 68. German-born U.S. physicist. Dr. Joachim was an assistant to Albert Einstein, and invented the sound-guided torpedo.

Diplomacy
Bulgarian Deputy Premier Georgi Chankov and Yugoslavian Vice President Aleksander Rankovic signed an agreement after two days of talks restoring Yugoslavian-Bulgarian party relations, broken off in 1948.

Politics and government
Honduran President Julio Lozano Diaz's Reformist Movement Party won all 56 seats in elections for the country's Constituent Assembly.

U.S. Attorney General Herbert Brownell released a memo claiming that the Communist Party U.S.A. was on the decline as a result of the actions of the administration of President Dwight Eisenhower.

Freedom House presented its 1956 awards to Puerto Rico Governor Luis Munoz Marin and Philippine President Ramon Magsaysay for democratic leadership.

Religion
Pope Innocent XI (1676-1689), who had rallied Roman Catholic Europe against Turkish invaders in the 1680s, was beatified in Vatican City by Pope Pius XII.

Football
ORFU
Sarnia (4-3) @ Rochester (0-5) (cancelled)

Baseball
World Series
Brooklyn Dodgers 2 @ New York Yankees 6 (Best-of-seven series tied 2-2)

Mickey Mantle hit a solo home run in the 6th inning and Hank Bauer hit a 2-run homer in the 7th to help the Yankees win before 69,705 fans at Yankee Stadium. Tom Sturdivant pitched a 6-hit complete game to get the win over Carl Erskine.

50 years ago
1966


Hit parade
#1 single in New Zealand: Yellow Submarine--The Beatles (3rd week at #1)

Edmonton's top 10 (CJCA)
1 Last Train to Clarksville--The Monkees (2nd week at #1)
2 Black is Black--Los Bravos
3 Sunshine Superman--Donovan
4 Bus Stop--The Hollies
5 With a Girl Like You--The Troggs
6 Poor Side of Town--Johnny Rivers
7 Almost Persuaded--David Houston
8 96 Tears--? (Question Mark) & the Mysterians
9 Mr. Dieingly Sad--The Critters
10 Born a Woman--Sandy Posey
Pick hit of the week: I Can't Control Myself--The Troggs
New this week: Love is a Bird--The Knickerbockers
I Can Make it with You--The Pozo-Seco Singers
Nineteen Days--The Dave Clark Five
You're Gonna Miss Me--The Thirteenth Floor Elevators
All that I Am--Elvis Presley

Died on this date
Smiley Lewis, 53
. U.S. musician. Mr. Lewis, born Overton Lemons, was a singer and guitarist from New Orleans who recorded for Imperial Records in the 1950s. He recorded several songs which became better known as hits for fellow Imperial artist Fats Domino, such as Blue Monday (1954); I Hear You Knocking (1955); and One Night (1956), although the latter two were hits on the Billboard Rhythm and Blues chart. Mr. Lewis's fortunes declined in the late 1950s through the 1960s, and he died of stomach cancer several days before a benefit concert in his honour was scheduled to take place.

40 years ago
1976


Politics and government
Centre Party leader Thorbjorn Falldin took office as Prime Minister of Sweden. Mr. Falldin headed a three-party coalition that had combined to win 180 seats in the Riksdag in the September 19 election. The Social Democrats--who had governed Sweden since 1932--and Communists had combined to win 169 seats.

30 years ago
1986


Baseball
American League Championship Series
California 8 @ Boston 1 (California led best-of-seven series 1-0)

25 years ago
1991


Hit parade
#1 single in Finland (Musiikkituottajat – IFPI Finland): You Could Be Mine--Guns N' Roses (6th week at #1)

Died on this date
Leo Durocher, 86
. U.S. baseball player and manager. "Leo the Lip" was a shortstop with the New York Yankees (1925, 1928-1929); Cincinnati Reds (1930-1933); St. Louis Cardinals (1933-1937); and Brooklyn Dodgers (1938-1941, 1943, 1945), batting .247 with 24 home runs and 567 runs batted in in 1,637 games. He managed the Dodgers (1938-1948); New York Giants (1948-1955); Chicago Cubs (1966-1972); and Houston Astros (1972-1973), compiling a record of 2,008-1,709. He led the Dodgers to the National League pennant in 1941, but was suspended for the 1947 season for keeping company with men of questionable character. Mr. Durocher's Giants defeated the Dodgers in a three-game playoff to win the 1951 NL pennant, and swept the Cleveland Indians in an upset to win the World Series in 1954. Mr. Durocher produced winning records with the Cubs, but the team collapsed late in 1969 after leading the National League East Division for most of the season, and never did win a pennant under Mr. Durocher. Mr. Durocher was inducted into the Baseball Hall of Fame in 1994.

Baseball
The New York Yankees fired manager Stump Merrill. Mr. Merrill had replaced the fired Bucky Dent during the 1990 season and had compiled a record of 49-64 as the Yankees finished seventh and last in the American League East Division. In 1991 they posted a record of 71-91, fifth and 20 games behind the first-place Toronto Blue Jays.

20 years ago
1996


Hit parade
#1 single in Spain (PROMUSICAE): Stranger in Moscow--Michael Jackson (3rd week at #1)

Canada's top 10 (RPM)
1 Key West Intermezzo (I Saw You First)--John Mellencamp (5th week at #1)
2 If it Makes You Happy--Sheryl Crow
3 Let's Make a Night to Remember--Bryan Adams
4 Who You Are--Pearl Jam
5 I Love You Always Forever--Donna Lewis
6 E-Bow the Letter--R.E.M.
9 Standing Outside a Broken Phone Booth with Money in My Hand--Primitive Radio Gods
7 Change the World--Eric Clapton
8 It's All Coming Back to Me Now--Celine Dion
10 Gift Shop--The Tragically Hip

Singles entering the chart were Muzzle by Smashing Pumpkins (#72); I Feel a Change Coming by the Boomers (#80); Mouth by Merril Bainbridge (#88); 700 Ft. Ceiling by the Tragically Hip (#91); Never Gonna Say I'm Sorry by Ace of Base (#95); So Hard by Voice of the Beehive (#97); Angel of the Silences by Counting Crows (#98); and Beautiful Disguise by Marc Jordan (#100).

On television today
Fox News Channel began broadcasting.

10 years ago
2006


Died on this date
Anna Politkovskaya, 48
. U.S.-born Russian journalist. Ms. Politkovskaya, born Anna Mazepa in New York City, was best known for reporting on conditions in Chechnya, and was critical of Russian President Vladimir Putin. She was shot to death in the lift of her apartment building in Moscow.

Football
CIS
Manitoba (5-0) 35 @ Saskatchewan (5-1) 16
Calgary (0-5) 3 @ Regina (2-3) 27
Simon Fraser (0-4-0-1) 6 @ British Columbia (3-2) 41

Baseball
National League Division Series
San Diego 3 @ St. Louis 1 (St. Louis led best-of-five series 2-1)

New York 9 @ Los Angeles 5 (New York won best-of-five series 3-0)

American League Division Series
New York 3 @ Detroit 8 (Detroit won best-of-five series 3-1)

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