150 years ago
The Reno brothers held up an eastbound Ohio & Mississippi Railroad passenger train near Seymour, Indiana in what is regarded as the first train robbery.
140 years ago
The American Library Association was founded in Philadelphia.
130 years ago
Matt Kilroy pitched a no-hitter for the Baltimore Orioles as they blanked the Pittsburgh Alleghenys 6-0 at Recreation Park in Pittsburgh.
125 years ago
Died on this date
Charles Stewart Parnell, 45. U.K. politician. Mr. Parnell was an Irish nationalist who transformed the Home Rule League into the Irish Parliamentary Party, which he led from 1882 until his death. He represented Meath in the House of Commons from 1875-1880 and Cork City from 1880 until his death. Mr. Parnell was regarded as one of the most brilliant politicians of his time, but revelations of a lengthy adulterous affair created in a major scandal, resulting in a splintering of the Irish Parliamentary Party into several factions. Mr. Parnell's health broke, and he died of pneumonia.
The Baltimore Orioles swept a doubleheader from the Washington Statesmen 14-3 and 15-11 at Boundary Field in Washington in what turned out to be the last 2 games played in the 10-year history of the American Association major league. The Orioles, Statesmen, Louisville Colonels, and St. Louis Browns were admitted to the National League after the season, and the owners of the remaining AA franchises were bought out.
110 years ago
Toronto Argonauts (1-0) 21 Toronto Victorias (0-1) 3
Hamilton (1-0) 37 @ Peterborough (0-1) 0
90 years ago
New York Yankees 10 @ St. Louis Cardinals 5 (Best-of-seven series tied 2-2)
Babe Ruth became the first player ever to hit 3 home runs in a World Series game, driving in 4 runs to help the Yankees win before 38,825 fans at Sportsman's Park.
80 years ago
New York Yankees 13 @ New York Giants 5 (Yankees won best-of-seven series 4-2)
The Yankees led 6-5 after 8 innings, but scored 7 runs in the top of the 9th inning to win the World Series before 38,427 fans at the Polo Grounds. Lefty Gomez picked up his second win of the series, with Freddie Fitzsimmons absorbing his second loss. Yankees' left fielder Jake Powell batted 3 for 5 with a 2-run home run, 3 runs, and 4 runs batted in. He finished the series batting .455. Mel Ott and Jo Jo White homered for the Giants.
75 years ago
Radio reports from Moscow claimed that three million German troops had begun a two-pronged drive to Moscow along a 300-mile front.
The Panamanian cabinet refused to authorize the arming of ships as protection against Axis raiders on the grounds that the country's neutrality did not justify such a procedure.
Politics and government
A new Chilean cabinet was formed under President Dr. Leonardo Guzman as Radical Party members returned to the government.
U.S.S.R. officials disclosed that the bi-monthly magazine Anti-Religioznik, published by the League of Militant Atheists, had been suspended because of a paper shortage.
A tornado struck suburban Kansas City, Missouri, killing 3 people, injuring 40 others, and causing much property damage.
New York Yankees 3 @ Brooklyn Dodgers 1 (Yankees won best-of-seven series 4-1)
Ernie "Tiny" Bonham pitched a 4-hitter to win the pitching duel over Whit Wyatt before 34,072 fans at Ebbets Field, and Tommy Henrich hit a home run for the Yankees. New York leadoff hitter and first baseman Johnny Sturm batted 1 for 4, getting a hit in every game of the series and finishing with an average of .286. He had batted .239 during the season, playing the final 124 games of the regular season at first base. Oddly, 1941 turned out to be Mr. Sturm's only season in the major leagues; he served in the military during World War II, and was unable to make it back to the major leagues after the war.
70 years ago
Died on this date
Per Albin Hansson, 60. Prime Minister of Sweden, 1932-1936; 1936-1946. Mr. Hansson, a Social Democrat, was Prime Minister for all but three months of the 14-year perios frm 1932-1946. An uneasy parliamentary majority forced his resignation in June 1936, but he formed a coalition with his adversary, Farmers' League chairman Axel Pehrsson-Bramstorp. Mr. Hansson's government was known for a foreign policy of neutrality and domestic policies that created a welfare state and social corporatism. He died of a heart attack while stepping off a tram in Stockholm on his way home from work late at night, 22 days before his 61st birthday.
The U.S. Army B-29 Pacusan Dreamboat arrived in Cairo from Honolulu, completing a flight of 8,750 miles over the North Pole in 39 hours 36 minutes.
Italian crowds shouting "Duce" and giving the Fascist salute attacked a Communist-organized Slovene demonstration in the Italian province of Gorizia.
A group of University of Chicago scientists headed by Dr. Andrew Ivy reported isolating a hormone called enterogastrone, which may be a permanent chemical cure for peptic ulcers.
Ottawa (3-2-1) 23 @ Montreal (2-2-2) 23
Boston Red Sox 3 @ St. Louis Cardinals 2 (10 innings) (Boston led best-of-seven series 1-0)
Rudy York hit a solo home run with 2 out in the top of the 10th inning to break a 2-2 tie and give the Red Sox the win before 36,218 fans at Sportsman's Park.
60 years ago
#1 single in Australia (Kent Music Report): Que Sera, Sera (Whatever Will Be, Will Be)--Doris Day (4th week at #1)
#1 single in West Germany (Media Control): Heimweh--Freddy Quinn (11th week at #1)
#1 single in the U.K. (Record Mirror): Lay Down Your Arms--Anne Shelton (3rd week at #1)
#1 singles in the U.S.A. (Billboard): Hound Dog/Don't Be Cruel--Elvis Presley (Best Seller--8th week at #1; Jukebox--6th week at #1); Don't Be Cruel--Elvis Presley (Disc Jockey--5th week at #1; Top 100--5th week at #1)
U.S. top 10 (Cash Box)
1 Don't Be Cruel--Elvis Presley (4th week at #1)
2 Canadian Sunset--Hugo Winterhalter and his Orchestra with Eddie Heywood
3 Honky Tonk (Parts 1 and 2)--Bill Doggett
4 Tonight You Belong to Me--Patience and Prudence
--Lawrence Welk and his Sparkling Strings
5 Hound Dog--Elvis Presley
6 My Prayer--The Platters
7 Whatever Will Be, Will Be (Que Sera, Sera)--Doris Day
8 Just Walking in the Rain--Johnnie Ray
9 The Green Door--Jim Lowe
10 Friendly Persuasion (Thee I Love)--Pat Boone
--The Four Aces
Singles entering the chart were the version of Tonight You Belong to Me by Lawrence Welk and his Sparkling Strings; Blueberry Hill by Fats Domino (#34); I Can't Love You Enough by LaVern Baker (#37); Cindy, Oh Cindy, with versions by Vince Martin with the Tarriers, and Eddie Fisher (#41); The ABC's of Love by Frankie Lymon and the Teenagers (#42); and See Saw by the Moonglows (#44).
Died on this date
Charles E. Merrill, 70. U.S. banker. Mr. Merrill founded the investment banking firm Merrill Lynch in 1915.
Charging that the United Kingdom and France had attempted to ensure "that the Suez Canal can be finally amputated and severed from Egypt," Egyptian Foreign Minister Mahmoud Fazi told the United Nations Security Council that both nations had made "military and economic" threats against Egypt.
Hungarian leaders attended state funerals for the exhumed bodies of former Foreign Minister Laszlo Rajk and other officials who had been executed in 1949 as alleged Titoist agents and U.S. spies.
U.S. Senator Hubert Humphrey (Democrat--Minnesota), endorsing proposals tha the United States take the lead in efforts to end hydrogen bomb tests, released a Senate disarmament committee staff study urging the international control of long-range missiles.
Dr. Albert Sabin of the University of Cincinnati announced the development of a polio vaccine containing live virus, of which one dose, taken orally, could produce long-term immunity against three major polio strains.
Montreal (7-2) 42 @ Ottawa (4-5) 35
Toronto (3-6) 6 @ Hamilton (4-5) 42
Edmonton (7-4) 7 @ Winnipeg (7-4) 10
Calgary (2-9) 7 @ British Columbia (5-7) 24
Queen's (0-0-1) 7 @ Toronto (0-0-1) 7
McGill (0-1) 3 @ Western Ontario (1-0) 6
Brooklyn Dodgers 3 @ New York Yankees 5 (Brooklyn led best-of-seven series 2-1)
Enos Slaughter hit a 3-run home run in the bottom of the 6th inning to provide the winning margin for the Yankees before 73,977 fans at Yankee Stadium. Whitey Ford pitched an 8-hit complete game victory.
50 years ago
#1 single in the U.K. (Record Retailer): Distant Drums--Jim Reeves (3rd week at #1)
The camera system failed aboard the U.S. weather satellite ESSA-1, which had been launched on February 3, 1966.
Baltimore Orioles 6 @ Los Angeles Dodgers 0 (Baltimore led best-of-seven series 2-0)
The Dodgers made 6 errors, 3 of them by center fielder Willie Davis in a disastrous 5th inning, as they were shut out before 55,947 fans at Dodger Stadium. With the score 0-0 and Boog Powell on first base in the top of the 5th, Mr. Davis lost Paul Blair's fly ball in the sun for an error; he then dropped Andy Etchebarren's fly, allowing Mr. Powell to score, and then threw wildly to third base, allowing Mr. Blair to score. Mr. Etchebarren then scored on a double by Luis Aparicio. Jim Palmer pitched a 4-hitter for the shutout in his first World Series game, winning the pitchers' duel over Sandy Koufax, who allowed 6 hits and 4 runs--1 earned--in 6 innings in the last game of his 12-year Hall of Fame major league career.
40 years ago
New Premier Hua Guofeng ordered the arrest of the Gang of Four and associates, and ended the Cultural Revolution in the People's Republic of China.
Cubana de Aviación Flight 455 crashed into the Atlantic Ocean shortly after taking off from Bridgetown, Barbados, after two bombs, placed on board by terrorists with connections to the U.S. Central Intelligence Agency, exploded. All 73 people on board were killed.
A coalition of right-wing paramilitary and government forces massacred from 46 to over 100 students gathering at Thammasat University in Bangkok to protest the return of former dictator Thanom Kittikachorn, triggering the return of the military to government.
Politics and government
In the second of three debates with Democratic Party presidential candidate Jimmy Carter, U.S. President Gerald Ford claimed there was "no Soviet domination of eastern Europe." Mr. Ford later conceded that he had misspoken.
30 years ago
#1 single in Australia (Kent Music Report): Venus--Bananarama (4th week at #1)
#1 single in Spain (PROMUSICAE): Easy Lady--Spagna (4th week at #1)
The day after The Sunday Times published Israeli nuclear technician Mordechai Vanunu's expose of Israel's nuclear weapons program, Mr. Vanunu disappeared in London. It was later confirmed that he had been kidnapped by the Israeli intelligence agency Mossad and taken back to Israel, where he was convicted of treason and spent 18 years in prison.
The Baltimore Orioles announced that veteran third base coach Cal Ripken, Sr. would be the team's manager in 1987, replacing the retiring Earl Weaver. The Orioles had finished seventh and last in the American League East Division in 1986 with a record of 73-89, losing 42 of their last 56 games to finish 22 1/2 games behind the first-place Boston Red Sox.
25 years ago
#1 single in New Zealand (RIANZ): (Everything I Do) I Do it for You--Bryan Adams (8th week at #1)
#1 single in Austria (Ö3): (Everything I Do) I Do it for You--Bryan Adams (2nd week at #1)
#1 single in Switzerland: (Everything I Do) I Do it for You--Bryan Adams (10th week at #1)
Saskatchewan (5-9) 25 @ Ottawa (6-8) 42
British Columbia (9-5) 49 @ Calgary (9-5) 34
The Rough Riders scored 24 points in the 1st quarter and coasted to victory over the Roughriders before 22,038 fans at Lansdowne Park.
B.C. quarterback Doug Flutie completed 30 of 38 passes for 408 yards and 3 touchdowns, connecting with his brother Darren for over 200 yards and 2 touchdown in the Lions' win over the Stampeders before 21,146 fans at McMahon Stadium. It was the only CFL game for B.C. wide receiver Nigel Codrington.
David Cone struck out 19 batters and allowed just 3 hits as he pitched the New York Mets to a 7-0 win over the Philadelphia Phillies before 29,676 fans at Veterans Stadium in Philadelphia.
John Smiley allowed 5 hits and no runs in 7 innings to finish the regular season with a record of 20-8 as the Pittsburgh Pirates shut out the Montreal Expos 7-0 before 23,429 fans at Three Rivers Stadium in Pittsburgh.
Kevin Maas hit 2 home runs and Mel Hall added another to help the New York Yankees defeat the Cleveland Indians 7-4 before 17,863 fans at Yankee Stadium.
In a preview of the American League Championship Series, Rob Ducey led off the 10th inning with a home run to break a 2-2 tie and give the Toronto Blue Jays a 3-2 win over the Minnesota Twins before 37,794 fans at Hubert H. Humphrey Metrodome in Minneapolis.
Gary Gaetti's 3-run home run in the 5th inning provided all the scoring necessary as the California Angels defeated the Kansas City Royals 3-1 before 27,588 fans at Anaheim Stadium. Winning pitcher Mark Langston allowed 5 hits and 1 earned run in 7 2/3 innings to finish the season with a record of 19-8.
20 years ago
#1 single in New Zealand (RIANZ): Twisted--Keith Sweat (5th week at #1)
#1 single in Austria (Ö3): Break My Stride--Unique II (3rd week at #1)
#1 single in Switzerland: Wannabe--Spice Girls (4th week at #1)
15,000 workers at the General Motors plant in Boisbriand, Québec walked off the job.
Hamilton (7-8) 26 @ Saskatchewan (4-11) 37
Hamilton quarterback Anthony Calvillo completed 29 of 51 passes for 518 yards and rushed for a touchdown, but the Tiger-Cats still lost to the Roughriders before 15,025 fans at Taylor Field in Regina. Heath Rylance started at quarterback for Saskatchewan, but suffered a serious, season-ending knee injury on the first play when he was sacked and caught his shoe in the artificial turf.
10 years ago
Died on this date
Buck O'Neil, 94. U.S. baseball player and manager. John Jordan O'Neil was a first baseman with the Memphis Red Sox (1937) and Kansas City Monarchs (1938-1943, 1946-1947) in the Negro American League, and was a member of the Monarchs' Negro World Series championship team in 1942. He had five seasons in which he batted .300 or better, and led the NAL with a .350 percentage in 1946. He managed the Monarchs from 1948-1955, leading them to NAL pennants in 1953 and 1955. Mr. O'Neil joined the Chicago Cubs after the 1955 season to become the first Negro scout in major league baseball, and became the first Negro coach in the major leagues when he joined the Cubs' staff in 1962. He achieved national prominence as an interview subject in Ken Burns' PBS television documentary series Baseball in 1994.
Calgary (9-7) 13 @ British Columbia (11-4) 39
Buck Pierce passed for 297 yards and Geroy Simon caught 8 passes for 120 yards and a touchdown as the Lions beat the Stampeders before 32,232 fans at B.C. Place Stadium in Vancouver to clinch first place in the West Division.
American League Division Series
Minnesota 3 @ Oakland 8 (Oakland won best-of-five series 3-0)
New York 0 @ Detroit 6 (Detroit led best-of-five series 2-1)
Pre-Confederation St. Lawrence maritime pilot certificates at Library and Archives Canada - By Rebecca Murray The details of when and where our ancestors were born, lived and died are the building blocks of genealogical research. Knowing how they ...
6 hours ago